Discourse context and the processing of contrastive focus in silent reading (SPSS data files)

Title

Discourse context and the processing of contrastive focus in silent reading (SPSS data files)

Author

Paterson, Kevin

Availability

Distributed by the University of Oxford under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Download: zip

Languages

English

Editorial Practice

Statistical data for SPSS in .sav format

OTA keywords

Databases

LC keywords

Comprehension
Psychology tests
Eye Movements

Extent
  • designation: CollectionText
  • size: 4 files : ca. 411 KB
Creation Date

The data was collected between October 2005 and June 2006. The data files were created in July 2006.

Source Description

no source record

Notes

Mode of access: Online. OTA website

Title proper taken from AHDS Catalogue Form

Words such as “only” and “even” indicate that a contrast is to be made between information that is given in a sentence and some alternatives. For example, a sentence such as “Only Mary kissed John” means that Mary kissed John but no-one else did. However, sentences that contain these words often have more than one possible meaning, depending on which part of the sentence is used to form the contrast. We conducted three experiments in which we analysed eye movements during reading to investigate skilled readers’ understanding of sentences containing “only”. The results demonstrated that skilled readers make rapid use of grammatical and contextual knowledge to select the appropriate meaning of a sentence, but that grammatical knowledge has the more important role. Although these findings are directly informative about skilled reading, they may also provide insights into problems that might be encountered by beginning readers or people with reading difficulty.