The history and description of the famous cathedral of St. Paul's, London: [pt.1]

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ST. PAUL's CATHEDRAL.

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THE HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION Of the famous CATHEDRAL OF St. Paul's , London.

Printed for Tho. Boreman, Bookſeller, near, the two giants in Guildhall, London. 1741. [Price 4 d.

To Maſter Tommy Boreman, Near the Two Giants in Guildhall, LONDON.

[Page]
I send this greeting, Maſter Tommy,
Tho', I believe, you may not know me;
To ſhew how greatly I am ſmitten
With what ſo lately you have written.
[Page vi] Whether your age, your parts and ſtature
Agree with mine, it is no matter;
Or whether, like old Dad of Jaſon,
Yo've drank Medea's magick baſon;
And after ſixty years compleated,
Begin to find your youth repeated;
As once, I now remember well,
[Page vii] I've heard papa from Ovid tell.
Howe'er it be, the Books you write
Give me much paſtime and delight.
My ſiſter Betſy, (ſet her down,
And one of your Subſcribers own)
Has ſome degree of wit and ſpirit.
And loves, ſhe ſays, t' encourage merit,
[Page viii] Bobby and Jemmy, tho' as yet
They have not learn'd to read a bit,
Take much delight to hear your wit;
Add them to your Subſcribers number
If 't won't too much your page incumber.
For my part, I ne'er yet did ſee
What you deſcribe ſo prettily;
[Page ix] And long to have it in my power
To ſee the Giants and the Tower.
I' th' mean time what you publiſh more
Mark me ſix books, I'll pay the ſcore:
And whate'er profit I can make ye
Believe me heartily

Yours, JACKY. HEATHERLY.

SUBSCRIBERS To the HISTORY of St. PAUL'S.

[Page x]

A.

  • Maſter Johnny Atkinſon.
  • Maſter James Atkinſon.
  • Maſter Jemmy Pettit Andrews, of Bloomsbury-Square.
  • Maſter Sammy Athawes.
  • [Page xi] Maſter Tommy Allen.
  • Miſs Fanny Allen.
  • Miſs Polly Athawes.
  • Miſs Nanny Abdy, Golden-Square.

B.

  • Maſter Dicky Boys, of Colcheſtor,-Books.
  • Maſter Jacky Boſworth.
  • Maſter Matty Blackett.
  • Maſter William Boreman, of Margate, Kent,
  • Maſter Neddy Boreman.
  • Maſter Sammy Beachcroft,
  • Miſs Betſy Beachcroft, a [...]
  • [Page xii] Miſs Polly Beachcroft, all of Leadenhall-ſtreet.
  • Maſter Jacky Bakewell.
  • Maſter Jacky Boulton,
  • Maſter Harry Boulton,
  • Miſs Polly Boulton, and
  • Miſs Patty Boulton, all of Cheapſide.
  • Maſter Peter Blunt.
  • Miſs Polly Blunt.
  • Miſs Debby Blunt.
  • Miſs Nancy Blunt.
  • Miſs Diaſe Bragn.
  • Miſs Molly Bezor.
  • Miſs Leny Brereton, 7 Sets.
  • [Page xiii] Miſs Penelope Brindley, of New Bond-ſtreet, 7 Sets.
  • Miſs Nanny Burroughs, of Clerkenwell.
  • Miſs Blayney, of Worceſter.
  • Miſs Grace Batts, of Elbow-lane.
  • Miſs Polly Baker.
  • Miſs Lydia-Mercy Bland.
  • Miſs Jenny Byrche.
  • Miſs Byrche.
  • Miſs Nanny Brayne, of Strutton Ground.
  • Miſs Diana Brayne, of Tothill-ſtreet.
  • [Page xiv] Miſs Molly Bolwerk, of Billiter-lane.

C.

  • Maſter Charly Churchill.
  • Maſter Jacky Churchill.
  • Maſter James Chater.
  • Maſter John Chater.
  • Maſter Danny Creſpin
  • Miſs Molly Creſpin, and Aby Creſpin, all of St. Albans.
  • Maſter Dicky Caldwell, 50 Sets.
  • Maſter Charly Cabrier.
  • Maſter Tommy Cave.
  • [Page xv] Maſter Jacky Cam.
  • Maſter Jacky Cuthbert.
  • Maſter Billy Cuthbert.
  • Maſter Charly Chambers.
  • Maſter Jacky Chambers.
  • Maſter Chriſtop Chambers.
  • Maſter Tommy Chapman, of the Poultry.
  • Maſter John Collingwood.
  • Miſs Molly Corrie.
  • Miſs Mary Eliz. Coleuo.
  • Miſs Nancy Coatſworth.
  • Miſs Molly Churchill.
  • Miſs Betſy Child.
  • Miſs Hannah Chater.
  • [Page xvi] Miſs Sarah Chater.
  • Miſs Rebecca Cabrier.
  • Miſs Phill Cuthbert.
  • Miſs Peggy Chambers, of Madeira.
  • Miſs Sophia Chambers.
  • Miſs Fanny Chambers.

D.

  • Maſter Jacky Duncombe.
  • Miſs Clara Duncombe.
  • Miſs Patty Duncombe.
  • Miſs Amelia Deviſine.
  • Miſs Nabby Davenport, of Boſton, New-England.
  • Miſs Betſy Durance.

E.

  • Miſs Ellis, of Laurence-lane.

F.

  • Maſter Jackman Foote.
  • Maſter Paul Ferris.
  • Maſter Tommy Fetter.
  • Maſter Natty Ford.
  • Maſter George Fryar, of Kenſington.
  • Miſs Patty Ford.
  • Miſs Su [...]y Le Febure.
  • Miſs Sally Le Febure.
  • Miſs Molly Farrer.
  • [Page xviii] Miſs Freeman, of Daventry.

G.

  • Maſter Franky Gregg.
  • Maſter Tommy Gregg.
  • Maſter Tommy Mc Guire.
  • Maſter Fide Gibſon.
  • Maſter Richard Gough.
  • Maſter George Good.
  • Maſter Lewis Peak Garland.
  • Maſter Tommy Gape, of St. Albans.
  • Maſter Harry Goddard.
  • Maſter Dicky Goddard.
  • Maſter Jacky Gyles.
  • [Page xix] Miſs Nanny Louiſa Goring.
  • Miſs Frances Goring.
  • Miſs Sally Gyles.
  • Miſs Betſy Gyles.
  • Miſs Kitty George.
  • Miſs Peggy George.
  • Miſs Nancy George.
  • Miſs Betſy Gregg.
  • Miſs Nancy Gregg.
  • Miſs Amelia Gregg.
  • Miſs Molly Gibſon.
  • Miſs Sarah Garland.
  • Miſs Polly Gibſon, of Birmingham.

H.

  • Maſter Harry Heathcote.
  • Maſter Gilly Heathcote.
  • Maſter Alex. Hume.
  • Maſter Hugh Holbeck.
  • Maſter Matthew Harriſon,
  • Maſter Benjamin Harriſon,
  • Maſter Thomas Harriſon. &
  • Maſter Joſeph Harriſon, all of Fanchurch-ſtreet.
  • Maſter Dicky Hutchinſon.
  • Miſs Polly Hutchinſon, both of Norwich.
  • Maſter Jemmy Hall,
  • Maſter Humphry Hall,
  • [Page xxi] Maſter Ammy Hall,
  • Miſs Molly Hall,
  • Miſs Mille Hall, and
  • Miſs Betſy Hall, all of Great Ormond-ſtreet.
  • Maſter Neddy Haſted.
  • Maſter Jacky Heatherly, Author of Poem, 6 Sets
  • Maſter Bobby Heatherly.
  • Maſter Jemmy Heatherly.
  • Miſs Betſy Heatherly.
  • Maſter Tommy Hayward, of Friday-ſtreet.
  • Maſter Bobby Halhed.
  • [Page xxii] Maſter Tommy Hooker.
  • Maſter Bobby Hall
  • Maſter Sammy Howard.
  • Maſter Mantty Hammond, of New-Inn.
  • Maſter Jacky Hales.
  • Maſter Jacky Hedges.
  • Miſs Jenny Heathcote.
  • Miſs Henny Hitchcock, of Oporto.
  • Miſs Nanny Haſted.
  • Miſs Harp.
  • Miſs Nanny Hiccock, and
  • Miſs Lydia Hiccock, of Daventry.
  • [Page xxiii] Miſs Nancy Hunt.
  • Miſs Becky Hunt.
  • Miſs Suky Harren, George-ſtreet, York-Building.

I.

  • Maſter Billy Jacobſon.
  • Maſter Neddy Jones.
  • Maſter Matty Jefferys, of Kidderminſter.
  • Miſs Nacy Jolly, of WeſtHam.
  • Miſs Alice Jones.
  • Miſs Polly Jacobſon.

K.

  • Maſter Jacky Knapp, of Baſinghall-ſtreet.
  • Miſs Jenny Kemeys.
  • Miſs Nanny Kemeys.
  • Miſs Polly Kemeys.
  • Miſs Suky Andry Kemeys.
  • Miſs Betſy Kemp.
  • Miſs Molly Killer.

L.

  • Maſter Henry Sebaſtian L [...].
  • Maſter Jacky Leadbeter, at Bu [...] Hall.
  • Maſter John Larcheveſque.
  • [Page xxv] Maſter Charly Langley.
  • Maſter Stephen Leake.
  • Maſter Jacky Leake.
  • Maſter Franky Lodge.
  • Maſter Tommy Liell,
  • Miſs Nancy Liell,
  • Miſs Betty Liell, and
  • Miſs Polly Liell, all of Steney.

M.

  • Maſter Sammy Mathu, of Boſton, New England.
  • Maſter Jacky Mann.
  • Maſter Jacky Moore.
  • Maſter Tommy Morton,
  • [Page xxvi] Maſter Daniel Moſſett.
  • Maſter Billy Markes, of Cheapſide, 3 Sets.
  • Miſs Betty Maynard.
  • Miſs Nanny Mortimer.
  • Miſs Betſy Moffett.
  • Miſs Betſy Muſcell, of Bethnal-Green, 7 Sets.
  • Miſs Patty Morton.
  • Miſs Betſy Macrabie.

N.

  • Maſter Jemmy Norman,
  • Miſs Molly Norman, and
  • Miſs Nanny Norman, all of Wincheſter-ſtreet.
  • [Page xxvii] Maſter Jacky Nourſe
  • Maſter Billy Newman.
  • Maſter Edmund Newland.
  • Maſter Dicky Newton, of Aldermanbury.
  • Miſs Debby Newton.

O.

  • Maſter Billy Oldham.
  • Maſter Billy Oliver.
  • Miſs Patty Oliver.
  • Miſs Polly Oliver, of Boſton, New-England.
  • Miſs Sally Oneal, of Good man's-fields.

P.

  • Maſter Mark Pye.
  • Maſter James Pratt, Wells. Row, Iſlington.
  • Maſter John Pond,
  • Miſs Deborah Pond,
  • Miſs Frances Pond,
  • Miſs Paulina Pond, and
  • Miſs Mary Pond, all of Fenchurch-ſtreet.
  • Miſs Suky Philpot.
  • Miſs Charlot Phillips.
  • Miſs Amelia Phillips.
  • Miſs Betſy Payne.
  • Miſs Nancy Paulhar.
  • [Page xxix] Miſs Lizzy Pye.
  • Miſs Hetty Putland.
  • Miſs Suky Phillips.

R.

  • Maſter Tommy Robens.
  • Maſter Richardſon.
  • Maſter Laurance Richardſon, of Chicheſter.
  • Maſter Tommy Richardſon, of Whetſtone.
  • Maſter Billy Rawlinds.
  • Maſter Natty Rogen, of Boſton, New-England.
  • Maſter Watty Rawlinſon, of Fenchurch-ſtreet, 6 Sets.
  • [Page xxx] Maſter Dicky Rawlingſon, for himſelf, and Miſs Betty Shute of More-fields, 2S
  • Maſter George William Ridgway. 7 Sets.
  • Maſter Hedworth Reed.
  • Miſs Betry Richardſon.
  • Miſs Nanny Richardſon.
  • Miſs Molly Richardſon.
  • Miſs Caroline Robinſon, of Norton, Kent.
  • Miſs Polly Robinſon.
  • Miſs Patty Royers, 4 Sets.
  • Miſs Sarah Reyner, of St. Paul's College.
  • [Page xxxi] Miſs Molly Ratcliff, of Bow-lane.

S.

  • Maſter Benj Shield.
  • Maſter Sammy Stouten.
  • Maſter Billy Stanley.
  • Maſter Harry Stanley.
  • Maſter Franky Stanley.
  • Maſter Ward Smith.
  • Maſter Tommy Stracy.
  • Maſter Tommy Singleton.
  • Maſter Joe Sharp.
  • Maſter Jemmy Smith,
  • Maſter Pennington Smith,
  • Miſs Jenny Smith, and
  • [Page xxxii] Miſs Polly Smith, all of Daventry.
  • Miſs Sally Sellar, of Exford.
  • Miſs Polly Stracy, of Elbow-lane.
  • Miſs Molly Stanley.
  • Miſs Fatty Stanley.
  • Miſs Sarah Saville.
  • Miſs Nanny Saville.
  • Miſs Martha Saville.
  • Miſs Peggy Savage.
  • Miſs Frances Stracy.
  • Miſs Elizabeth Maria Senex, 6 Sets.
  • [Page xxxiii] Miſs Gracey Shakilton.
  • Miſs Anna Catharina Spotſwood.
  • Miſs Betſy Sedgwick.
  • Miſs Amelia Skutz, of New Bond-ſtreet.
  • Miſs Polly Sheafe.
  • Miſs Hannah Sheafe.

T.

  • Maſter Billy Tomlinſon.
  • Maſter Paul Terris.
  • Maſter Tim. Tullie.
  • Maſter Neddy Toywell, of Reading, Berks.
  • [Page xxxiv] Maſter Jacky Tiffui.
  • Miſs Molly Tiffui.
  • Miſs Molly Tombes.
  • Miſs Suky Thorisby, and
  • Miſs Betty Thorisby, both of St. Mary Ax.

W.

  • Maſter Bobby Walpole.
  • Maſter Tommy Whonwood.
  • Maſter Jacky Whiting.
  • Maſter Joe Woodgate.
  • Maſter Harry Webſter.
  • Miſs Lucretia Wells, of Pimlico.
  • [Page xxxv] Maſter Simmey Warner,
  • Miſs Peggy Warner, both of Rotherhith.
  • Maſter Tommy Wallis.
  • Miſs Peggy Wallis.
  • Miſs Nancy Woodgate.
  • Miſs Nanny Wigget, of Norwich.
  • Miſs Wellman, of Poundisford, 4 Sets.
  • Miſs Suky Wheeler.

Y.

  • Maſter Philip York.
  • Miſs Betſy York.

SUBSCRIBERS Names omitted.

  • Maſter Jacky Cooke.
  • Maſter Jemmy Gibſon, 7 Sets.
  • Maſter Nat. Stackhouſe, of Bengal, Eaſt-Ind. 7 Sets.
  • Maſter Bayne Ramſay, 6 Sets.
  • Maſter Allick Hume, and
  • Maſter Bobby Hume, both of South-Carolina.
  • Maſter Allick Hume, of Mile-End.
  • [Page xxxvii] Miſs Molly Hume, of Sackville ſtreet.
  • Miſs Eliz. Guertz, 4 Sets.
  • Miſs Betty Newham.
  • Miſs Sally Welldon.
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OLD ST. PAUL's.

1. THE HISTORY OF St. PAUL'S.

[Page]

1.1. BOOK I.

1.1.1. CHAP. I. Of old St. Paul's.

IT will be proper firſt to inform my young [Page 40] Readers, that upon the ſame ſpot of ground on which St. Paul's now ſtands, there was formerly a fine old church, built by Ethelbert king of Kent in the year of our Lord ſix hundred and ten, and dedicated to the ſame Apoſtle. This church ſuffered many times by lightning, fire, and other accidents; which was as often repaired: and ſuch parts of it [Page 41] as fell to decay thro' age, were rebuilt; till at laſt it was deſtroy's in the great fire of London in 1666, and one thouſand and fifty-ſix years from its firſt building.

1.1.2. CHAP. II. Of the foundation, building, and ſituation of the preſent Church.

THE old church of St. Paul's having been deſtroy'd, [Page 42] as mention'd in the firſt chapter, and the ruins and rubbiſh of it cleared in about eight or nine years after; the firſt foundation ſtone of this preſent church was laid by Mr. Strong, a maſon, and the ſecond by Mr. Long. land, on the twenty firſt of June, 1675. at the northeaſt corner, facing Cheapſide: From which time it was not completely finiſh'd [Page 43] till the year 1724. being about forty-nine years in building. It was begun and finiſh'd by the ſame architect, Sir Chriſtopher Wren, and by the ſame maſon, Mr. Strong abovementioned: The charge of which is ſaid to amount to one million of money, or upwards. The whole building is encompaſſed with ſtrong iron paliſades, all curiouſly turn'd, [Page 44] about five and twenty hundred in number; which coſt fifteen thouſand pounds.

This magniſicent ſtructure, which ſtands upon the higheſt ground in the city, near to the weſt gate, called Ludgate, is the firſt Cathedral in England built according to the rules of architecture. Its walls are of fine Portland ſtone, ruſtic work. Two ranges [Page 45] of pilaſters adorn the outſide, one above the other; the lower conſiſts of about an hundred and twenty, with their entablatues of the Corinthian order, and the upper of as many of the Compoſite, or Roman order: beſides twenty columns at the weſt and four at the eaſt end, and thoſe of the portico's, &c.

The ſpaces between the arches of the windows and [Page 46] the architrave of the lower order, are filled with great variety of curious enrichments, ſuch as cherubims, feſtoons of flowers, &c. and at the eaſt end is the cipher of W. R. within a garter, on which are the words HONI SOIT QUI MALY PENSE; in Engliſh, Evil be to him that evil thinks: and this within a fine compartment of palm-branches, and placed under an [Page 47] imperial crown, &c. all finely cut in ſtone.

All the parts of this grand church, both within and without, are built with ſuch proportion and art, that the eye is charmed with the exact order of its pillars, which ſupport the portico's dome, &c. the beauty of their capitals; the rich corniſh wherewith they are embelliſhed; the number of ſpacious [Page 48] windows, &c. In ſhort, the whole fabrick is full of beauty and harmony; and in bigneſs, ſtrengh of building, figure, and other enrichments in wood, ſtone, iron, &c. equal, if not ſuperior, to any church in Europe.

1.1.3. CHAP. III. Of the length, breadth, heighth, and other dimenſions of St. Paul's Church.

[Page 49]

ITS lenght within the wall, from eaſt to weſt is five hundred feet.

The breadth of the weſt end is a hundred and ſixty two feet.

The breadth between [Page 50] the north and ſouth portico's, or doors, within the walls, is two hundred and forty nine feet.

The breadth of the reſt is about a hundred and ſeventeen feet.

The circuit of the walls outwardly is two thouſand two hundred and ninety two feet.

The ground plot that this great church ſtands upon, is two acres, ſixteen [Page 51] perches, twenty three yards and one foot.

Its height within, over the middle iſle, is eighty-eight feet.

To the top of the weſt pediment, under the figure of St. Paul, a hundred and twenty feet.

The height of the two Towers at the weſt front, two hundred and eight feet.

To the gallery of the [Page 52] cupolo, two hundred and eight feet.

To the upper gallery two hundred and ſeventy ſix feet; and from thence to the top of the croſs, ſixty four feet.

The height of the croſs from the ball, is ten feet; the diameter of the ball is ſix feet; its circumference eighteen feet; and it will contain ninety buſhels; and I have been told, that [Page 53] ſince it has been up, ſixteen men have been drinking in it at one time; I ſuppoſe, to the good health of all their friends round about St. Paul's.

Figure 1. Four INDIAN KINGS.

1.1.4. CHAP. IV. Of the ſtrange conceptions four Indian Kings had of this great building; and how they imagin'd it at firſt to be one grent rock that grew in that place.

[Page 55]

SA Ga Yean Qua Raſh Tow, one of the four Indian Kings who were in this country about thirty-two years ago, amongſt [Page 56] other curious remarks which he made whilſt he was in England, left behind him the following concerning St. Paul's church.

There ſtands, ſays he, on the moſt riſing part of the town a huge houſe, big enough to contain the whole nation of which I am king.

Our good brother, E Tow O Koam, king of the [Page 57] Rivers, is of opinion it was made by the hands of the great God to whom it is conſecrated (meaning St. Paul.)

The kings of Granajah and of the Six Nations, believe that it was created with the earth, and produced on the ſame day with the ſun and moon.

But, ſays he, for my own part, and from the beſt information that I can [Page 58] get of this matter, I am apt to think that this vaſt temple was faſhioned into the ſhape it now bears by ſeveral tools and inſtruments, of which they have a wonderful variety in this country.

I imagine it was at firſt only an huge miſ-ſhapen rock that grew upon the top of the hill; which the natives of the country, after having cut it into a [Page 59] kind of regular figure, bored and hollowed with incredible pains and induſtry; till they had wrought in it all thoſe beautiful vaults and caverns into which it is divided at this day.

As ſoon as this rock was thus curiouſly ſcooped to their liking, then a prodigious number of hands muſt have been employ'd in chipping the outſide of [Page 60] it, and ſmoothing the ſurface; which is in ſeveral places hewn out into pillars, that ſtand like the trunks of ſo many trees, bound about the top with garlands of leaves.

It is probable, ſays this Indian monarch, that when this great work was begun, which muſt have been many hundred years ago, there was ſome religion among this people; [Page 61] for they give it the name of a Temple, and have a tradition that it was deſigned for men to pay their devotions in.

And indeed, there are ſeveral reaſons which make us think that the natives of this country had formerly among them ſome ſort of worſhip; for they ſet apart every ſeventh day as ſacred. But upon my going into one [Page 62] of thoſe holy houſes on that day, I could not obſerve any circumſtance of devotion in their behaviour: There was indeed a man in black who, mounted above the reſt, ſeemed to utter ſomething with great vehemence; but as for thoſe underneath him, inſtead of paying their worſhip to the Deity of the place, they were moſt of them bowing and curtefying [Page 63] to one another; and a great number of them fall aſleep.

Whether theſe were the real thoughts of thoſe royal ſtrangers, I will not take upon me to anſwer. But what wonder is it that ſuch ſavage kings, whoſe dwellings are in huts and thickets, ſhould form ſuch wild notions of this prodigious ſtructure, [Page 64] when we ourſelves, who ſee it daily, are filled with aſtoniſhment at the magnitude and grandeur of this glorious building; and how ſuch a work could be performed by mortal hands!

WE ſhall now proceed to examine the particular curioſities of this church.

1.1.5. CHAP. V. Of the fine ſtatue of the late Queen ANNE.

[Page 65]

BEfore the weſt front of this grand Cathedral, is a ſpacious yard; in which, upon a lofty pedeſtal, ſtands the effigy of the late queen Anne; with four ſupporters, repreſenting thoſe dominions in her title.

Figure 2. QUEEN ANNE.

[Page 67] She has her crown upon her head; the ſcepter in her right hand, and the globe in her left: her dreſs is very rich, and the workmanſhip of it exceeding curious.

On her right hand is Britannia; who appears with a very lovely and chearful countenance: ſhe has a crown of laurel upon her head; a ſpear in her right hand, and her left [Page 68] reaching to the royal arms in the front of the pedeſtal.

On her left hand is France: ſhe ſeems much dejected, very thoughtful, and in a languiſhing ſtate. Her right hand reſts upon a truncheon, and her left holds a crown, which lies down in her lap. She is clothed with a very rich robe, adorned with flower de lis; and upon her head [Page 69] ſhe has a warrior's cap, or helmet.

Behind the queen is Ireland, with her harp in her lap: her looks are amiable and pleaſant.

The fourth is America, in the habit of her country; her body being almoſt naked: ſhe has upon her head a crown of curious feather, a bow in her left hand, and a quiver of arrows on her back: [Page 70] ſhe has the head of an European under her foot, with an arrow ſticking in it; ſuppoſed to have been juſt ſhot from her bow. There is likewiſe an allegator creeping from beneath her feet; being an animal very common in ſome parts of America, and which lives both on the land and in the water.

The queen's, and all the other figures, are of [Page 71] fine Italian, ſtatuary marble; the pedeſtal of veined marble.

The former were all cut out of one ſolid, rough block of marble, which was taken by one of our Engliſh ſhips, during the late war, in its paſſage from Leghorn to France; and was deſigned for the effigy of Lewis the fourteenth, on horſeback.

The carver was the late [Page 72] ingenious Mr. Francis Bird.

The foot of the pedeſtal is encircled with three marble ſteps; and the whole encompaſſed with beautiful, ſtrong, iron paliſades.

This royal ſtatue, on account of its grand ſupporters, fines pedeſtal, and curious workmanſhip, is eſteemed ſuperior to all others in Europe.

1.1.6. CHAP. VI. Of the weſt front of St. Paul's.

[Page 73]

MY young readers having ſatisfy'd their curioſities in examining the queen's ſtatue, &c. from thence they have a full view of this grand church, whrer they may behold the beauty and majeſty of the whole, and the juſt [Page 74] ſymmetry of all its parts.

Obſerve firſt, the twelve large pillars which ſupport the portico, each four feet thick, and eight and forty in height, of the Corinthian order.

Second, the eight ebove, which ſupport the pediment, of the Compoſite, or Roman order; each three feet and a half thick, and about thirty four feet in height.

[Page 75] See in the large triangular pediment a lively repreſentation of St. Paul's converſion in his journey to Damaſcus, carved in relievo, by the ingenious hand of the late Mr. Bird; the hiſtory of which my young readers will ſee hereaſter.

Over the pitch or too of this pediment, is the figure of St. Paul wi [...] [...] ſword in his hand, [...] [Page 76] his right hand is St. Peter with a cock; and on his left, St. James.

In the front of the two loſty and beautiful towers, are the four Evangeliſts: In the north, St. Matthew with an angel, and St. Mark with a lion. In the ſouth, St. Luke with an ox, and St. John with an eagle.

Theſe two towers are each adorn'd with circular ranger of columns, of the [Page 77] Corinthian order, with domes on the upper part, and on the top of each a gilded pine apple.

In the ſouth tower is the famours large clock, the bell of which weighs four ton and four hundred and four pounds; and its ſound may be heard at five or ſix miles diſtance. The work of this clock is large and curious: it is kept in excellent good order, and generally [Page 78] nerally carries the hour of the day very exectly; a skilful perſon being appointed to look after it for that purpoſe.

Obſerve likewife the fine carvings, and other rich embelliſhments, over the whole front of this noble ſtructure.

And laſtly, you aſcend to the great door by twenty four ſpacious ſtone ſteps; the firſt ten of which [Page 79] extend in width above forty yards each, and the other fourteen full thirty ſix yards.

The door caſe is white marble: and over the entrance is cut in relievo the hiſtory of St. Paul preaching to the Bereans. It conſiſts of a group of nine ſigures beſides that of St. Paul, with books, &c. Theſe Bereans were a ſort of people ingenous and [Page 80] mild, and who ſpent great part of their time in reading the Scriptures, obſerving whether what Paul taught was agreeable with what the Scriptures ſay of the Meſſias: and many of whom, from his preaching, chearfully embraced the faith. Acts xvii. 11.

Under the arch on the right hand, in a pannel, is St. Paul's impriſonment; and on the left hand in the [Page 81] pannel, his preaching to the Athenians, with ſome other ſcripture ſtories, all neatly carved in ſtone, by the ſame hand as the converſion.

My young readers will find the hiſtory of St. Paul's impriſonment in the ſixteenth chapter of the Acts, and his preaching to the Athenians in the ſeventeenth chapter, both beautifully related.

1.1.7. CHAP. VII. Of the north portico of St. Paul's.

[Page 82]

THE aſcent to the north portico is by twelve circular ſteps of black marble: The dome of the portico is ſupported and adorn'd with ſix very ſpacious columns of the Corinthian order. Above the door-caſe is a [Page 83] large urn, with feſtoons, &c. over this is a large pediment, where are the royal arms with the regalia, ſupported by two angels, with each a palmbranch in their hands; under whoſe feet appear the figures of the lion and unicorn; and over the pediment; on the top of this north front, are the effigies of five Apoſtles, carved in ſtone.

1.1.8. CHAP. VIII. Of the ſouth portico of St. Paul's.

[Page 84]

YOU aſcend to the ſouth portico by twenty five ſteps, the ground on this ſide of the church being lower than that on the norſh: The portico is ſupported with ſix grand loſty columns, like thoſe of the weſt an north fronts; [Page 85] and is in moſt other reſpects like the latter.

In the pediment over it is the figure of a phoenix, with her wings expanded, ariſing out of the flames; which emblem ſignifies, a new church ariſing out of the old one; under which is the word RESURGAM; that is, I ſhall riſe again.

RESURGAM.

Figure 3. PHOENIX.

[Page 87] On the top of the pediment is the effigy of St. Andrew, and thoſe of two other ſaints on each hand of him.

Theſe five figures, with thoſe on the north and weſt fronts, repreſent the four Evangeliſts, and the reſt of the Apoſtles. They bear in their hands the ſeveral inſtruments whereby they ſuffer'd death; or ſuch remarkable enſigns as [Page 88] allude to ſome important incident of their lives.

Theſe images are each about eleven feet high, and their pedeſtals about four feet: they were all carv'd by the late Mr. Bird, before mention'd, and are reckon'd to be well done.

1.1.9. CHAP. IX. Of what is remarkable in going up the cupola, ar top of St. Paul's.

[Page 89]

HAving examin'd what is moſt curious on the outſide of St. Paul's, I ſhal next endeavour to aſcend the cupola; and in my journey to the top of it, take notice of what I meet with moſt worthy of [Page 90] my young readers attention.

To go up St. Paul's, you muſt enter a door at the ſouth ſide, which ſtands open all the day long for that purpoſe.

After you have aſcended a few ſteps, you come to a door which will not open till each perſon pays Twopence.

The whole number of ſteps to the upper gallery [Page 91] is five hundred and thirty four; of which the firſt two hundred and ſixty are ſo exceeding eaſy, that a child might go up them; they being but about four or five inches deep.

The other two hundred and ſeventy four ſteps are pretty ſteep, and in many places, from the large ſtone gallery to the upper gallery, very dark; ſo that one perſon can ſcarce diſcern another.

[Page 92] In this place we have a glimmering ſight of ſuch prodigious works in iron, ſtone, and timber, which hold together the dome, cupola, &c. that it is impoſſible to convey an idea of it to my readers: And though theſe amaſing works are very curious to ſee, yet my young maſters and miſſes muſt not by any means venture themſelves here without a guide.

[Page 93] The iron gallery on the top of the cupola, is the higheſt any one is ſuffer'd to go; above that are the lantern, ball and croſs; to the top of which, from the gallery juſt mention'd, is ſixty four feet; and the paſſage thither by ladders, very difficult and dangerous to aſcend.

From this gallery, in fine clear weather, we may agreeably obſerve the vaſt [Page 94] extent of this great city and ſuburbs; the great number of churches, ſteeples, publick buildings and houſes that preſent themſelves, which way ſoever we turn our eyes; as alſo the ſhips in the river, that look like a huge foreſt, and the veſſels, boats, &c. ſpread allover the Thames. Here likewiſe we have a delightful proſpect of the country, for many miles round about.

1.1.10. CHAP. X. Of the whiſpering-gallery, and fine paintings within the cupola.

[Page 95]

IN your return from the top of St. Paul's, you will be ask'd to ſee the whiſpering-gallery, which will coſt Two-pence each perſon.

This gallery is a very great curioſity: 'Tis a [Page 96] large circle, which runs round the bottom of the inſide of the dome, of about an hundred and forty three feet in diameter, or croſs the wideſt part: 'tis rail'd in with iron of very fine workmanſhip, gilt with gold. The walls all around are painted and gilded with great beauty: but the greateſt curioſity of all is the whiſpering-place; where, leaning your [Page 97] head againſt the wall, you may eaſily hear all that is ſaid, though it be ever ſo low, and at the moſt diſtant place from you in the gallery: which affords great matter of ſurprize and innocent diverſion to all young perſons who come to amuſe themſelves with this curioſity.

Here you have the beſt view of the eight pieces of hiſtory on the inſide of the [Page 98] dome, painted by the late Sir James Thornhill, with inimitable art and beauty.

The firſt repreſents the converſion of St. Paul. Acts ix. 4.

The ſecond, Elymas the ſorcerer ſtruck with blindneſs. Acts xiii 2.

Third, the prieſt of Jupiter, offering ſacrifice to Paul and Barnabas. Acts xiv. 15.

Fourth, the jaylor converted. Acts xvi. 30.

[Page 99] Fifth, Paul preaching at Athens. Acts xvii. 1 [...].

Sixth, the conjuring books burnt. Acts xix. 19.

Seventh, King Agrippa almoſt perſuaded to be a Chriſtian. Acts xxvi. 28.

Eighth, St. Paul's ſhipwreck on the iſland of Melita. Acts xxviii. 6.

Figure 4. Converſion of St. PAUL.

1.1.11. CHAP. XI. Of the converſion of St. Paul.

[Page 101]

ST. PAUL, before his converſion, having been principally concern'd in the death of St. Stephen, and his bloody mind not ſatisfied with this cruelty, threatens nothing leſs than priſons and death to the Chriſtians wherever [Page 102] he found them. And to qualify himſelf the better for the execution of this bloody purpoſe, he goes to the high prieſt to enlarge his commiſſion: and having obtain'd power to ſeiſe all Chriſtians, and ſend them bound to Jeruſalem to be try'd, he immediately ſets out for Damaſcus to put it in practice: but whilſt he was on the road, entertaining himſelf with [Page 103] the bloody proſpect, God, in mercy to him, and thoſe he went to perſecute, takes him off from his wicked deſign: a bright ſhining cloud incompaſſed him, which ſtruck him with great terror, as at the preſence of God, and threw him proſtrate on the ground, where as he lay he heard a voice out of it, ſaying unto him. Saul, Saul, why perſecuteſt thou [Page 104] me? This increas'd his amazement: and being deſirous to know the meaning of this viſion, he asks, Who art thou, Lord! The voice reply'd, I am JESUS, whom thou preſecuteſt: It is in vain for thee to reſiſt the decrees of providence, therefore be no longer diſobedient, but hearken to the commands that ſhall be given thee. At this Saul, full [Page 105] of fear and trembling, cried out, 'Lord, inſtruct me what thou wouldſt have me to do:' The voice returned, 'Go to Damaſcus, and there thou ſhalt know my will.

Thoſe who attended Paul on this journey, were ſtruck dumb with fear and amazement, wondring that, they ſhould hear a voice, but [...]e no man ſpeakings therefore taking up Saul, [Page 106] they led him to the city; and by this miraculous viſion he was converted to the Chriſtian ſaith.

This hiſtory is the ſubject of the firſt piece of painting.

1.1.12. CHAP. XII Elymas the Sorcerer ſtruck blind.

PAul and Mark, as they travelled through the [Page 107]
Figure 5. SORCERER ſtruck blind.
[Page 108] iſle of Cyprus, came to the city of Paphos, where the temple of Venus was; at which place they met with Elymas a noted forcerer; who being intimate with Sergius Paulue the proconſul, a prudent virtuous man, and inclinable to receive the faith, did all he could to divert him from the converſation of theſe two Apoſtles. But Paul, in an holy rage, caſting [Page 109] his eyes on Elymas, this expreſſed his abhorrence; 'O thou vile Sorcerer, like the Devil, by whom thou workeſt, thou art an enemy to all goodneſs; wilt thou perſiſt in ſorcery, in defiance of the faith of Chriſt, which comes armed with a much greater power of miracles, than thoſe to which thou falſly pretendeſt? Thou ſhall ſoon ſee the vengeane [Page 110] of heaven upon thee; for thou that perverſly holdeſt out againſt the light of the goſpel, ſhalt loſe thy ſight, which by the immediate power of God ſhall be taken from thee for ſome time. And immediately he was ſtruck blind, begging the aid of Tome kind hand to lead him: and the proconſul, convinced by this miracle, was converted to the Chriſtian faith

[Page 111] This is the ſubject of the ſecond piece of painting.

1.1.13. CHAP. XIII The prieſt of Jupiter offering ſacrifice to Paul and Barnabas.

Figure 6. PAUL and BARNABAS.

When they ſaw it, they concluded this miracle could not be done but by the immediate preſence of the Deity; and therefore running about in great confuſion, they cried out, [Page 114] that the gods had put on human ſhape, and were come down among them.

They look'd on Barnabas as Jupiter, the ſupreme God; and Paul, as Mercury, the interpreter of the will of the gods, becauſe he ſpoke more than Barnabas.

But as ſoon as this miracle came to the ear of the prieſt of Jupiter, he came to Paul and Barnabas, [Page 115] bringing oxen with garlands of flowers; being ſuch victims as they offered to the gods they worſhiped, intending to offer ſacrifice to the Apoſtles: but they abhorring ſuch idolatry, rent their garments; endeavouring by arguments drawn from ſome of the plaineſt inſtances of nature, ſuch as day, night, ſummer, winter, &c to convince them, [Page 116] that worſhip was due only to that God who was the author of all thoſe bleſſings; yet this diſcourſe, ſo preſſingly urg'd by the Apoſtles, could ſcarce reſtrain thoſe poor idolaters from ſacrificing to them.

This is the hiſtory of the third piece of painting in the cupola.

1.1.14. CHAP. XIV. The jaylor converted.

[Page 117]
Figure 7. JAYLOR Converted.

This is the hiſtory of the fourth piece of painting in the cupola of St. Paul's.

[Page 123]
THE other paintings in the cupolo,
And num'rous beauties in the church blow,
Muſt all into my SECOND VOLUME go.
For tho' my Books folk do Gigantick call,
ONE will not hold the great church of St Paul.
Kind reader, in my next you'll ſee a wonder,
The Monument ſo tall,
Shall come cloſe to S. Paul,
Tho' now ſo far aſunder.

[Page 124] THE SECOND Volume of this Hiſtory, with an Account of the Monument added to it, will be ready to deliver to the Subſcribers punctually on Saturday the 20th of June 1741. and all thoſe who intend to have their names inſerted, and deſired to ſend them ſpeedily to T. Boreman in Guildhall, London.

The reader is deſired to excuſe the delay in publiſhing [Page 125] this Volume, as [...] was occaſion'd by the author's illneſs; who takes this opportunity to inform his young readers, that the Hiſtory of Weſtminſter Abbey is now in hand, and will he got ready for the preſs with al convenient ſpeed: Subſcribers are deſired to bring or ſend their names as above, and to pay down Six-pence a Set in part at ſubſcribing, it being a large undertaking.

Juſt Publiſhed, (Price Four pence each Volumes finely bound)

[Page]

Dedicated to all the little Maſters and Miſſes in town and country, the Third Edition beautifully printed, of

  • THE Hiſtory of the two famous Giants and other Curioſities in Guildhall London.
  • [Page] 2. The ſecond Cigane [...] Volume, which compleats the Hiſtory of Guildhall: To which is added, a particular Account of the whole Proceſſion of my Lord Mayor's Shew.
  • 3. Curioſities in the Tower of London. The Second Edition.
  • 4. The Second Volume of the Curioſities in the Tower, which compleats tha [...] Hiſtory.

[Page] The above Gigantick Hiſtories are printed for and ſold by Thomas Boreman, Book letter near the Two Giants in Guildhall, London? 8 SEP 26

N. B. All wholeſale Dealers in Toys, Haberdaſhery Goods, &c. may be furniſh'd with thele entertaining Books to diſpoſe of, with good Allowance.