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  • First folio of Shakespeare: machine readable text format

Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616


Wells, Stanley W., 1930- (ed.)


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Editorial Practice

This is a legacy resource. It is likely to be difficult to use, and is now mainly of interest for the study of the history of text encoding or digital humanities.

Encoding format: COCOA markup references used

Each text line corresponds with the same line in the copy text and begins with a space

* beginning a line instead of a space indicates a fully justified line -- i.e. a line where it is possible that the spelling has been affected by the compositor's need to fit several words to his measure

For folio texts the lineation corresponds with that established by Hinman, except that words broken at the end of a line are given in full at the end of the line in which they begin

Hyphenation has been retained when a word is broken over two lines

# appears in those situations where hyphenation has been retained because of a word breaking over two lines in the copy text and the word in question would most probably have had a hyphen anyway -- eg. lily-#livered man.

# is also used to distinguish some common homographs -- eg. "#will" (i.e. legacy) is distinguished from "will" (auxiliary verb)

% marks a hyphen where words hyphenated across a boundary have been joined together and included at the end of the first line

_ is used to indicate that a blank line did not appear in the original text where the second part of a hyphenated word was the only word on that line and has been carried back to the line above in the electronic transcription

Turnovers have been joined together on the first line, and the character "|" has been used to mark this point

The full upper and lower case character set is used, with all spelling and typographical variations carefully preserved, with the exception of long and short s which are not distinguished. I/J and U/V are preserved

{} enclose italicised sections of the text

LC keywords

Plays -- England -- 16th century
Plays -- England -- 17th century
Comedies -- England -- 16th century
Comedies -- England -- 17th century
Tragedies -- England -- 16th century
Tragedies -- England -- 17th century

  • designation: Text data
  • size: (38 files : ca. 5.6 MB)
Creation Date


Source Description

Shakespeares comedies, histories & tragedies : being a reproduction in facsimile of the first folio edition, 1623, from the Chatsworth copy in the possession of the Duke of Devonshire, K.G. / with introduction and census of copies by Sidney Lee Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 Lee, Sidney, Sir, 1859-1926 xxxv, 908 p. : facsims. ; 39 cm. Clarendon Press Oxford: 1902

Note: "One thousand copies of this facsimile have been printed"--verso of half t.p.

Note: Facsim. reprint of ed. published, London : printed by Issac Iaggard and Ed.[ward] Blount, 1623 with original t.p.: Mr. William Shakespeares comedies, histories, & tragedies

Note: Original colophon reads: Printed at the charges of W.[illiam] Iaggard, Ed.[ward] Blount, I.[ohn] Smithweeke [i.e. Smethwick], and W.[illiam] Aspley, 1623

Note: Contents: The tempest. The two gentlemen of Verona. The merry wives of Windsor. Measvre, for measure. The comedie of errors. Much adoe about nothing. Loues labour's lost. A midsommer nights dreame. The merchant of Venice. As you like it. The taming of the shrew. All's well, that ends well. Twelfe night, or what you will. The winters tale. The life and death of King Iohn. The life and death of King Richard the second. The first part of Henry the fourth. The second part of Henry the fourth. The life of Henry the fift. The first part of Henry the sixt. The second part of Henry the sixt. The third part of Henry the sixt. The tragedy of Richard the third. The famous history of the life of King Henry the eight. The tragedie of Troylus and Cressida. The tragedy of Coriolanvs. The lamentable tragedy of Titus Andronicus. The tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet. The life of Tymon of Athens. The tragedie of Ivlivs Caesar. The tragedie of Macbeth. The tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke. The tragedie of King Lear. The tragedie of Othello, the moore of Venice. The tragedie of Anthonie, and Cleopatra. The tragedie of Cymbeline

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SGML TEI Lite markup version of this text (0019) available at 1694

Analysis of transcription and encoding carried out by the University of Oxford Text Archive at the Oxford University Computing Service and contained in the file, shakdoc.0119 [shakdoc0119.txt]

Publication based on this text: The complete works / William Shakespeare ; general editors, Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor ; editors Stanley Wells ... [et al.] ; with introductions by Stanley Wells. -- Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1986. -- (Oxford Shakespeare). -- ISBN 0-19-812926-2

Publication based on this text: The complete works / William Shakespeare ; general editors, Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor ; editors, Stanley Wells ... [et al.] ; with introductions by Stanley Wells ; and an essay on Shakespeare's spelling and punctuation by Vivian Salmon. -- Original-spelling ed. / Stanley Wells ... [et al.]. -- Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1986. -- (Oxford Shakespeare). -- ISBN 0-19-812919-X

Another publication of interest: William Shakespeare : a textual companion / by Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor, with John Jowett and William Montgomery. -- Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1987. -- Partial contents: Pp. 69-109. The canon and chronology of Shakespeare's plays -- pp. 80-89. Function words. -- ISBN 0-19-812914-9

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