The peerage of Scotland: containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that Kingdom. ... By George Crawfurd, Esq;.

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THE PEERAGE OF SCOTLAND: Containing an Hiſtorical and Genealogical ACCOUNT OF THE NOBILITY of that Kingdom.

Collected from the Publick Records of the NATION, the Charters and other Writings of the NOBILITY, and from the moſt approved Hiſtories.

By GEORGE CRAWFURD, Eſq

EDINBURGH: Printed for the AUTHOR: Sold by George Stewart, at the Book and Angel in the Parliament-Cloſe. 1716.

THE PREFACE.

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THE Nature of this Work ſeeming to render ſomething of a Preface neceſſary, I ſhall, for that Reaſon, intirely dedicate it to the Service of the Reader, in as few Words as poſſibly I can.

Having formerly written a ſhort Eſſay upon the Royal Family of STEWART, to which was prefixed an Hiſtorical Account and Deſcription of the Shire of Renfrew: I had no ſooner publiſh'd that little Book; than ſeveral Perſons of eminent Diſtinction for their Learning and Knowledge in the Antiquities of the Nation, for whoſe Judgment I had the moſt profound Regard, ſet upon me to write A Peerage of SCOTLAND, a Book very much wanted; which at length, by their Importunity and promiſed Aſſiſtance, I was prevailed with to undertake.

When I firſt ſet about this Work, as I did entirely devote and dedicate my Time to the Study of Antiquities, particularly thoſe of our own Country, ſo I made it my Buſineſs to collect all thoſe Hiſtorical and Genealogical Tracts that had been done on the Nobility, that I could come to the Knowledge of. The Oldeſt of that Kind I have met with, was a few looſe Sheets on the Genealogies [Page 4] of our Nobility, ſaid to be done by James Lord Ochiltree, in the Hands of my very worthy Friend, and one of our beſt Antiquaries, Mr. Baillie of Caſtlecary; but the Accounts even of the few Families that Lord treats of, are very lame; and I obſerve where he goes much higher than his own Time, they are purely traditional, and therefore I could not depend on them.

I peruſed alſo the large Genealogical Collections concerning the Nobility, by Sir James Balfour, who was Lord Lyon King at Arms, in the Reign of King Charles I. but they are written ſo very looſely, and I have ſeen them contradicted ſo frequently by Writs and Charters, that I give them but little Credit. I ſuppoſe Sir James never intended theſe Papers ſhould have gone further than his own Cloſet, for he was a Learned and Curious Gentleman, as appears from his Annals, in which he is much more exact, eſpecially as to what occurred in his own Time.

I procured likewiſe a Copy of the Hiſtorical Eſſay on the Principal Families of the Kingdom, Alphabetically digeſted, by the learned Lord Advocate, Sir George Mackenzie of Roſehaugh; but I apprehend theſe Papers have been only ſome firſt Draught of a greater Work Sir George intended, which he lived not to finiſh: Of this there are many Copies in ſeveral Hands, the moſt exact by very far of any of them I have ſeen, was that which I had the Uſe of from Thomas Crawfurd of Cartsburn, my Brother, who by his own Reading and Knowledge in the Antiquities of the Nation, has rectified a great many of Sir George's Miſtakes, at leaſt of his Amanuenſis, and has with great Accuracy, embelliſhed his own Copy with a vaſt deal of fine Hiſtorical Remarks, that it well deſerves the Character of a curious Manuſcript.

I had moreover a Sight of the Genealogies of the Nobility, collected by Mr. Dunlop, the late Principal of the College of Glaſgow, who was Hiſtoriographer for Scotland, a Gentleman of great Integrity and Learning, and an excellent Antiquary. I underſtand he intended to have written A Peerage of SCOTLAND, and for that End made very full Collections on that Subject: But I obſerve that moſt of Mr. Dunlop's Accounts are compoſed of thoſe Genealogical Deſcents that the Nobility have in their own Families, and are handed about by their Friends; and that ingenious Gentleman did with great Accuracy and Judgment, [Page 5] add Hiſtorical Memoirs to the Genealogies, which give them a great Ornament; and he is very exact as to his Authorities. The M.S. was communicated to me by my very worthy Friend, Mr. Dunlop, the preſent Profeſſor of Greek in the Univerſity of Glaſgow, the Principal's Son.

But after I had made all thoſe Collections I have mentioned, and a great deal more of that Kind, I cannot ſtay to particularize, I found I had not any tolerable Foundation for the carrying on the Work I had undertaken, for the Honour of the Country, (the Deſign it was principally for) or my own Reputation; and therefore, by the Advice and Direction of my ingenious Friends, who had engaged me in the Deſign, I did with as much Humility and Modeſty as I was Maſter of, addreſs every Peer by myſelf or ſome Friend, for the Aſſiſtance of their own Charters and Writings, to enable me to do their Families Juſtice in this Undertaking.

Such Helps as I ſought were very generouſly afforded me by the greater Part of the Nobility, who allowed me the Peruſal of their Charter-Cheſts and original Writings, from which I compoſed the Accounts of their Families as they ſtand in my Book. Severals indeed I did not ſee; ſome were unwilling to ſhew their Family Writs for divers Reaſons, ſome were Minors, others were Abroad, and out of the Country; and even to ſuch I have done all the Juſtice was poſſibly in my Power. But if the Accounts of ſuch Families, whoſe Charters I have not had Acceſs to, be ſhorter and leſs connected than others, that was what cannot be ſuppoſed I could help: I took Care timeouſly to advertiſe every Body concerned, and if they did not incline to ſhew me their Writs, the Blame cannot be laid on me.

But that I might be the better able to carry on the Work I had undertaken with Advantage, and to form Accounts of thoſe noble Families whoſe Writs I had not ſeen, and to ſupply, if a Hiatus did happen, (as it frequently did) in ſuch Families whoſe Writings I had peruſed I ſearched all the Publick Offices and Libraries about Edinburgh a, and noted every Thing as exactly [Page 6] as I could; and the Keepers of theſe Offices were ſo obliging as to allow me Acceſs at all Hours, ordinary and extraordinary, whenever I call'd, and to whom therefore I do, with all due Gratitude, return my moſt humble and hearty Acknowledgments.

But after all my Labour, I am ſo far from being ſo vain as to imagine this Eſſay is not capable of any further Improvement, that on the contrary I am ſenſible, I have, thro' Inadvertency, and the Errors of the Preſs, eſpecially in Dates and Proper Names of the preſent Age, fallen into many Miſtakes; but I beg the ingenious Reader will pardon theſe Omiſſions, which are inevitable in ſuch Books, and where he diſcovers an Error, he will correct it with his Pen.

Perhaps ſome may think, that I have been fuller upon ſome Families, (even ſome that are extinct) than on others who are much more ancient than thoſe I enlarge more upon. The Reaſon is plain, the Repreſentatives, Relations, or Deſcendents of thoſe noble Families ſhew'd me their Writs, and encouraged my Deſign. If others had done ſo, I doubt not but I ſhould have been able to have done them as full, and vouched them as well. For I can ſay, and do here declare on the Word of a Gentleman, That I had no Regard in the doing of Juſtice in my Province as an Author, to the Encouragement I received from any Man, otherwiſe than to reckon myſelf very much obliged to ſuch; and I own I did not ſpare either Time or Pains to diſcover any Particular, I thought could give an Ornament to the Antiquity, or a Luſtre to the Honour of their Families.

But where I have been aſſiſted from the Publick Records or Authentick Hiſtory, I have been as full on thoſe Families who never incouraged the Deſign, as I have been upon thoſe who gave me the greateſt Aſſiſtance every Way; and for the Truth of this, I can and do appeal to ſeverals of the Nobility themſelves, who will find very long deduced, and well vouched Deſcents of their Families, in this Peerage, who never encouraged my Undertaking in any Degree. But as I ſaid before, That I had had no Reſpect to; for my chief and only Regard was, and ſhall be Truth, and the Honour of our Country, as far as I am capable to diſcover the one, or defend the other.

[Page 7] As to the Work it ſelf, I ſhall ſay nothing: But after ſo great Labour, and Expence of Time, the Eſſay (being new and never before attempted) how defective ſoever it may be, I cannot but hope, will meet with a favourable Reception from the Ingenious, and more particularly have the Approbation and Countenance of Perſons of Diſtinction, who frequently read ſuch Books, and know how uſeful and acceptable Undertakings of this Kind have ever been accounted in all the Polite Nations of Europe.

THE Peerage of SCOTLAND.

1. HAMILTON Earl of Abercorn.

THE Firſt of this Collateral Branch of the Family of Hamilton, was Lord Claud Hamilton, third Son of James Duke of Chatlerault, Governour of Scotland by the Lady Margaret Douglaſs, Daughter of James, fourth Earl of Mortoun.

Which Lord Claud, was promoted to be Commendator of the Abbacy of Paiſly, upon the Reſignation of John Arch-Biſhop of St. Andrews, Anno 1553, which was ratified and approven by Pope Julius III.

Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, he adhered to the Intereſt of Queen Mary, by whom he was conſtituted one of the principal Commanders of her Army at the Field of Langſide, Anno 1568, where he perform'd the Part of a brave and valiant General, and reſolutely perſiſted in her Majeſty's Service, for which his Eſtate was Forfeited, and continued in other Hands, till his Majeſty King James VI. in 1585, was pleas'd to reſtore the long injur'd Family of Hamilton: And in Teſtimony of the great Senſe he had of that Gentleman's Sufferings for his Loyalty to Queen Mary, did create him Lord Paiſly, Anno 1591: He Married Margaret Daughter of George Lord Seaton, by whom he had Iſſue,

James, firſt Earl of Abercorn.

Sir Claud Hamilton the ſecond Son, was firſt of the Branch of Elieſtoun.

The third, Sir George.

The fourth, Sir Frederick, a Colonel in the Iriſh Wars in the Reign of King Charles I.

Beſide theſe Sons, he had likewiſe a Daughter Margaret, Married to William firſt Marqueſs of Douglaſs, and had Iſſue.

But before I proceed, 'tis proper to take Notice, That James Maſter of Paiſly being a Man of great Parts, was by King James VI. made one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber; and by reaſon of his ſpecial Merit, was advanc'd to the Dignity of a Lord of Parliament, by the Stile and Title of Lord Abercorn, Anno 1604, being the ſame Year appointed one of the Commiſſioners on the Part of Scotland, to Treat of an Union with England; His Majeſty being pleas'd further to Dignify him with the Title of Earl of Abercorn, by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 10 of July 1606.a

He Married Marion Daughter of Thomas Lord Boyd, by whom he had five Sons and two Daughters.

1. James his Succeſſor in his Eſtate and Dignity.

2d. Claud, whom he provided in his Iriſh Fortune, which he had by the Bounty of King James, after his [Page 2] Acceſſion to the Crown of England, Anno 1603, whom his Majeſty by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 8 of May 1618, created a Baron of Ireland by the Deſignation of Lord Straband a.

3d. Sir William died ſans Iſſue.

4th. Sir George, of whom is deſcended the preſent Earl of Abercorn.

5th. Sir Alexander, Father of Count Hamilton in Germany, dignified by the late Emperor with the Honour of Prince of Nowburgh.

His Daughters were, Anne, married to Hugh Lord Semple, and Margaret to Sir William Cauningham of Capringtoun. He dying on the 3d. of March 1618, (his Father ſurviving him three Years, Died in the Year 1621) his Eſtate and Dignity devolved upon James his Son and Heir.

Which James, Earl of Abercorn, married Katharin the Daughter and ſole Heir of Gerviſe Lord Cliftoun, of the Kingdom of England, Widow of Eſme, Duke of Lennex, by whom he had James his Son and Heir, who in the Year 1651, diſpoſed of his Eſtate in Scotland, and retired into England: his Male Iſſue failing, the Dignity came to Claud Lord Straband, his Heir Male, who dying without Iſſue, left his Eſtate and Title to Charles his next Brother and Heir, who dying without Male Iſſue, the Title of Lord Straband failed, but the Honour of Abercorn, by reaſon of an Entail upon the Heirs Male, deſcended and came to James Hamilton Eſq his Couſin, Son and Heir of James Hamilton Eſq one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber, in the Reign of King Charles II. (by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of John Lord Culpeper) who was Son of Sir George Hamilton, one of the younger Sons of James firſt Earl of Abercorn.

Which James, the preſent Earl, was by King William created Viſcount of Straband, of the Kingdom of Ireland, and is one of the Lords of the Privy Council in that Kingdom.

In 1706, to preſerve his Scots Peerage, he came over, and ſat in that Seſſion of Parliament which concluded the Union; He hath married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir Robert Reading, by whom he hath Iſſue James Lord Paiſly.

1.1. ARMS.

Two Coats quarterly, firſt and fourth Gules, three Cinque foiles Ermine, ſecond and third Argent, a Ship with her Sails trus'd up, Sable, ſupported by two Antelops, for Creſt a Saw cutting through a Tree, Motto, Through.

2. SANDIELANDS Lord Abercromby.

THE firſt who enjoyed this Dignity, was Sir James Sandielands of St. Monans, deſcended of the Family of Torphichan, who was Created by King Charles I. in Conſideration of his good Services Lord Abercromby, by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 12 of December 1647,b.

He married Anne Carnegy Daughter of David firſt Earl of Southesk, by whom he had James his Son and Heir, who dyed without Succeſſion, in the Year 1681, whereby the Dignity became Extinct.

2.1. ARMS.

Two Coats quarterly, firſt Argent, a Bend Azure, ſecond Argent, a Heart proper, crown'd with an Imperial Crown, Or, on a chief Azure, Three Moletts of the Firſt, the Third as Second, Fourth as Firſt.

3. GORDON, Earl of Aberdeen.

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DESCENDED of an Ancient Family of that Name, who have been for many Ages poſſeſſed of a large Eſtate in Aberdeen-ſhire, and ſprung of a Branch of the Illuſtrious Houſe of Gordon, 300 Years ago, of which Family John Gordon of Haddo, was created a Baronet the 13 of Auguſt 1642.

Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, he eminently diſtinguiſh'd himſelf by his Loyalty to King Charles I. ceaſing not to hazard either Life or Fortune in aſſiſting the Royal Cauſe; He defended his Caſtle of Haddo with great Reſolution and Courage, againſt the Parliaments Forces, Anno 1644; but the Garriſon being treacherouſly Betray'd by the Souldiers, he was ſeiz'd, ſent Priſoner to Edinburgh, Condemn'd and Executed the 14 of July 1644a.

This Loyal Gentleman married Mary, Daughter of William Forbes of Tolquhon, by whom he had two Sons, Sir John, who dying without Iſſue, left his Eſtate and Title of Baronet to Sir George, his Brother and Heir.

Which Sir George, being a Perſon of excellent Parts and Learning, but more eſpecially in the Laws, was promoted to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, Anno 1680, and thereafter on the firſt of November 1681, was conſtituted Preſident of the Seſſion, in Room of Sir James Dalrymple of Stair, and the next enſuing Year he was promoted to be Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, upon the deceaſe of John Duke of Rothes. Having faithfully Demean'd himſelf in all thoſe great Imployments, he was by his Majeſty (King Charles II.) in Conſideration of the untainted Loyalty of his Anceſtors in all preceeding Times, the great Loyalty and Sufferings of his Father, and his own conſtant Zeal and Affection to the Intereſt of the Monarchy, by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 30 of November 1682, advanced to the Dignity and Titles of Earl of Aberdeen, Viſcount of Formartin, Lord Haddo, Methlick, Tarves, and Kellie.

He married Anne, Daughter and ſole Heir of George Lockhart of Torbreaks, by Anne his Wife, Daughter of Sir James Lockhart of Lee, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and by her he had Iſſue William Lord Haddo, his Son and Heir; likewiſe four Daughters.

Anne married to Alexander Earl of Eglintoun, and had Iſſue.

Martha, to John Udney of That Ilk, and had Iſſue.

Mary, to Alexander Maſter of Saltoun, Son and Heir of William Lord Saltoun, and has Iſſue.

Margaret unmarried.

William Lord Haddo in his Father's time married Mary, Daughter of David Earl of Leven, by whom he has one Daughter.

3.1. ARMS.

Azure, Three Boars Heads Couped Or, within a Border, charged with Thiſtles, Roſes, and Flower-de-Lys, ſupported by two Doctors in their Doctoral Habits, Motto, Fortuna Sequatur.

4. Lord Abernethy.

THE Firſt of this Noble Family I have found upon Record, was Orme the Son of Hugh, who flouriſh'd in the Reign of King William: He obtained from that Monarch a Grant of the Lands of [Page 4] Abernethy, whence, according to the Cuſtom of that Time, he aſſumed a Sirname; he left Iſſue a Son Hugh, who got from King Alexander II. the Lands of Dunlopyn, to be holden of him and his Heirs in free Forreſtry, by a Charter dated the 15 of May, the Eight Year of his Reign. He left a Son

Laurence, Lord Abernethy, who obtained from King Alexander II. a Grant of certain Lands in Roxburgh Shire, by a Charter, dated at Edinburgh the 24 of June, the Ninteenth Year of his Reigna.

Alexander, Lord Abernethy, his Succeſſor, in the Reign of King Robert Bruce, dying without Male Succeſſion, his Inheritance came to be ſhared betwixt his Three Daughters, and Co Heirs, thus Married

Margaret, to John Stewart Earl of Angus.

Helen, to David Lindſay of Crawford.

Mary, to Andrew Leſly of Rothes.

4.1. ARMS.

Or, a Lyon Rampant Gules, ſurmounted of a Riband Sable.

5. GORDON, Earl of Aboyn.

AMONG many others, who by reaſon of their ſpecial Merits, were advanced to Titles of Honour, upon the Reſtauration of King Charles II. was Lord Charles Gordon, Son of George, ſecond Marqueſs of Huntly, by the Lady Anne Campbel Daughter of Archbald Earl of Argyle.

Which Charles, highly manifeſting his Loyalty to King Charles I. in the time of the Civil War, and firmly adhering to King Charles II. during the Uſurpation, was, in Conſideration of thoſe his acceptable Services, raiſed to the Degree and Dignity of Earl of Aboyn, by Letters Patent, the 10 of September 1661, and departing this Life Anno 1680, left Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of John Earl of Strathmore, Charles his Succeſſor.

2d. George.

3d. John in Arms abroad.

And a Daughter Eliſabeth, married to John Lord Caſtlehaven, Son and Heir of George Earl of Cromerty.

Which Charles Earl of Aboyn, married Eliſabeth Daughter of Patrick Earl of Strathmore, his Couſin German, and dying Anno 1705, left Iſſue Charles now Earl of Aboyn, his Son and Heir, a Minor.

5.1. ARMS.

Azure, a Chiveron betwixt three Boars Heads, erazed, Or. within a double Treſſore flowr'd with Flowr de-Lys within, and contra Creſcents without, ſupported by two Chevaliers compleatly Armed, holding each a Halbard in his Hand, for Creſt a Demi Lyon, Gules, armed and langued, Azure, Motto, Stant caetera tigno. b

6. OGILVIE, Earl of Airly.

THE Ogilvies, according to our Hiſtorians, derive their Deſcent from Gilbert Son of Gilebred, and Brother of Gilchriſt Earl of Angus, who flouriſh'd in the Days of King William, he obtained from that Monarch the Barony of Ogilvy, [Page 5] from whence he aſſumed a Sirname according to the Cuſtom of that Time. Of the Family of Ogilvy, that of Auchterhouſe ſeems to be the principal Branch, whoſe Anceſtor Sir Wolter Ogilvy, in the Fifteenth of King Robert II. had a Grant for his good Services done to that Prince, Annuum redditum vigeſimi noni Librorum debiti nobis de Thanagio de Kinclyes in Vic. de Forfar. He likewiſe had the Barony of Auchterouſe by the Marriage of the Heir-Female of Sir William Ramſay, and was thereafter ſlain at the Battle of Hairlaw, the 29th of July 1411, leaving Iſſue by his Wife aforeſaid, Sir Alexander Ogilvy, Sheriff of Angus, and Sir Walter Ogilvy of Lintrethan, who laid the Foundation of this noble Family.

Which Sir Walter being a Man of Parts and Underſtanding, was upon the Reſtauration of King James I. choſen of the King's Council, and conſtituted Lord High Treaſurer of Scotland a: In which Office he continued for the Space of Seven Years, till the 1431, he was made Maſter of the Houſholdb, and he held the Place till the Death of the King, Anno 1437, and giving Way to Fate in 1441, he left Iſſue by Iſobel his Wife, Sir John his Son and Heir, who flouriſhed in the Quality of a Knight under King James IIc. He married Marion, Daughter of Sir William Seaton of That-Ilk, by whom he had Sir James his Son and Heir, and Three Daughters, Chriſtian married to John Forbes of Pitſligo d Elizabeth to . . . . Kieth of Inverugy, and Marion to Henry Stewart of Roſyth.

Which Sir James being a Perſon of good Parts, was by King James IV. ſent Ambaſſador to Denmark, Anno 1492, in which Negociation he behaved with ſo much Prudence and Dexterity, that upon his Return he was raiſed to be a Peer of the Realm, by the Title of Lord Ogilvy. He married Elizabeth, a Lady of the Family of the Kennedies, and had John his Succeſſor, and again Elizabeth, Daughter to Archbald Earl of Angus. By her he had Walter Ogilvy, the firſt of the Branch of the Ogilvies of Balfour, of the County of Forfar.

Which John married Jean Daughter of William Lord Graham, and had Iſſue, James his Succeſſor, Anthony, Abbot of Glenluce, and Two Daughters, Elizabeth married to William Wood of Bonnieton, and Janet to . . . . Lichton of Ulyſſes-haven, in Vic. de Forfar.

Which James married Elizabeth Daughter to the Earl of Crawfurd e, by whom he had James his Succeſſor, alſo ſeveral Daughters. Margaret married to David Lyon of Coſſins, Iſobel to David Strachan of Carmylie; and Beatrix to . . . . . Garden of Leyes.

James next Lord Ogilvy, married Margaret Daughter of Henry Lord Sinclair, and had Iſſue, James his Succeſſor, Thomas of whom the Ogilvies of Innerkeilor, Alexander Ogilvy of Kinmundy, Archbald Ogilvy of Laton; alſo Four Daughters, Marion married to Patrick Lord Gray, Margaret to David Graham of Fintry, and had Iſſue, Anne to Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin, Helen to John Lord Innermeath.

Which James married Catharine, Daughter of Sir John Campbel of Calder; and departing this Life in the Month of May 1554, left Iſſue James his Son and Heir, and two Daughters, Agnes married to John Erskine of Dun, and Helen to John Ogilvy of Innerwharity, and had Iſſue.

Which James did firmly adhere to Queen Mary during her Troubles; for which he ſuffer'd a long and tedious Impriſonment till King James VI. took the Government on himſelf, that he was releas'd; and in 1596, ſent upon a ſolemn Embaſſy to Denmark, [Page 6] to aſſiſt at the Coronation of King Criſtern IV. He married Jean, Daughter of William Lord Forbes: By her he had James who ſucceeded him, Sir John Ogilvy of Craig, David Ogilvy of Pitmouies, George Ogilvy of Fornalt, and Sir Francis Ogilvy of Grange; likewiſe a Daughter Margaret married to George Earl Mareſchal; and departing this Life Anno 1606, was ſucceeded by

James his Son, who married Jean, Daughter of William Earl of Gowrte, and had by her

James his Son and Heir, who having given ſeveral eminent Inſtances of his Loyalty and Fidelity to King Charles I. at the Beginning of the Troubles, was, in Conſideration thereof, as well as the Loyalty and Merit of his Anceſtors in all preceeding Times, rais'd to the Honour of Earl of Airly, by Letters Patent, bearing Date at York, April 2d, 1639, and to the Heirs Male of his Body for ever. When the Civil War broke out, this noble Earl did heartily and perſonally engage himſelf in the King's Service, and in all Actions and Interpriſes of the greateſt Hazard and Danger; whereby he became in the firſt Form of thoſe who were moſt obnoxious to the Parliament. By Iſobel his Wife, Daughter of Thomas firſt Earl of Haddingtoun; he had James his Succeſſor, Sir Thomas, a young Man of great Courage and Valour, who from the Beginning of the War in the Time of King Charles I. ſerved his Majeſty very bravely in the Head of a Regiment, which he himſelf had rais'd, with which he fought ſeveral Battles, where he had always Succeſs and Victory, till the Fight at Inverlochy where he loſt his Life; and was very generally lamented, Sir David Ogilvy of Clova; likewiſe a Daughter Helen, married to Sir John Carnagy of Bonymoon.

Which James was like very faithful to the Crown in the Time of the Civil War, during the Reign of King Charles I. for as ſoon as the Marquis of Montroſe took the Field, and declared for the King, the Lord Ogilvy frankly engaged his Perſon in the Service, and always behaved with ſignal Courage. At the unfortunate Adventure of Philiphaugh he was taken Priſoner, and tried and condemn'd by the Parliament to be executed, but was ſo happy as to make his Eſcape the very Night before his Execution, in his Siſter's Dreſs, and again engaged in the ſame Service, and with the ſame Affection: And after very great Sufferings ſuſtained with great Firmneſs and Conſtancy, he liv'd to ſee the King reſtored. He married Helen, Daughter of George Lord Banff: By her he had David his Son and Heir, Marion married to James Lord Coupar; and again to John Lord Lindores, Margaret to Alexander Lord Halkertoun, Mary to Sir John Wood of Bonnieton, and had Iſſue, Helen to Sir John Gordon of Park, and had Iſſue.

Which David married Griſel, Daughter of Patrick Earl of Strathmore; by whom he had James Lord Ogilvy, John Ogilvy Eſq and a Daughter Lady Helen.

6.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Lyon paſſant guardant, Gules, crown'd Or, ſupported by Two Bulls proper. Creſt, a Lady from the middle upward, holding a Portcullis in her Arms. Motto, A Fin.

7. STEUART, Duke of Albany.

THE Firſt who enjoyed this Title, was Robert Stewart, third Son of King Robert II. by Eliſabeth Mure, who in Right of Margaret his Wife, Grandchild and Heir of Allan [Page 7] Earl of Menteth, came to that Honour, and had the Earldom of Fife, by the Reſignation of the Counteſs of Fife; both which Titles he uſed, till he was rais'd to a higher Honour.

The Earl of Fife and Menteth was a Perſon of great Parts and Spirit, which he manifeſted in all his Actions, both in Peace and War. His Father the King had ſo great an Eſteem of his Abilities, that in his old Age, he made him Governor of Scotland; and he continued in the Adminiſtration till the Death of the King.

Upon the Acceſſion of his Brother Robert III. to the Crown, the King being aged and valitudinary, thought fit to continue the Earl of Fife his Brother in the Regency, and further dignified him with the Title of Duke of Albany, Anno 1399, and he diſcharged that great Truſt very well throughout the Whole of his Brother's Reign; and the Prince King James I. being a Priſoner in England at the Time of his Father's Death, the Duke came of Right to be Governor of the Kingdom, and he enjoyed the Office till his Death, September 3d, Anno 1420.

He married firſt Margaret, Daughter and Heir of the Earl of Menteth aforeſaid, by whom he had Murdack his Succeſſor, and ſeveral Daughters, Iſobel married to Alexander Earl of Roſs, and again to Sir Walter Halliburton of Dirleton, Marjory to Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, and Elizabeth to Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar; next, Mauriella, Daughter of Sir William Keith Mareſchal of Scotland; by her he had John Earl of Buchan, and Sir Robert Stewart Kt.

The Duke of Albany was ſucceeded by Murdack his Son, both in his Eſtate and in the Government of Scotland, but he came very far ſhort of his Father, for being a weak Man, and of ſmall Parts, was ſcarce able to govern his own Family, much leſs the Kingdom: But that which ſhould attone for all his Overſights, and preſerve his Memory from all unkind Reflections, was the glorious Part he acted, in conducing ſo much toward the Reſtauration of King James I. in which he was the great Inſtrument. Not long thereafter, the King growing jealous of the Duke's Power, which no doubt was very great, and diſcovering ſome treaſonable Intrigue in which he was concern'd, he was firſt put under Arreſt, and ſent Priſoner to the Caſtle of Carlaverock; and being ſhortly after brought to his Trial, he was found guilty of High-Treaſon by his Peers, for which he loſt his Head on the 19th May 1425.

This great but unfortunate Duke, married Iſobel, Daughter and Heir of Duncan Earl of Lennox, by whom he had Sir Walter, and Alexander, who being found acceſſory to their Father's Treaſon, both ſuffer'd Death for the ſame, and Sir James who fled to Ireland, where he ſpent the after Part of his unfortunate Life, and left a Son behind him, Sir Andrew Stewart of Stratheven, who came over to Scotland in the Time of King James II. who afterward roſe to great Wealth and Honour, and laid the Foundation of the Family of Evandale and Ochiltree.

The next illuſtrious Brench of the Royal Family who enjoy'd this Title, was Alexander of Scotland, ſecond Son to King James II. who was created Duke of Albany, Anno 1452, which he afterwards forfaulted for his unnatural Rebellion againſt his Brother King James III. and all his Meaſures being broke, he retired to France, where he liv'd till his Death. He left Iſſue by Katharine, Daughter of William Earl of Orkney, from whom he was divorced, a Son Alexander, who was declared illegitimate, and thereupon he enter'd into Orders, and was made Biſhop of Murray. Alſo by Anne his ſecond Wife, Daughter [Page 8] to the Count de Bulloign, the Duke left a Son.

John Duke of Albany, to whom the Adminiſtration of the Affairs of the Kingdom was committed in the Minority of King James V. and he diſcharged that great Truſt with invincible Conſtancy and Courage, till the King came to Age, that he retired into France, where he had a fair Fortune in Right of his Wife. In the Service of that Crown he exerciſed the higheſt military Commands under Francis I. with great Honour and Reputation, even till his Death, Anno 1536. The Title by Reaſon he had no lawful Iſſue, did extinguiſh with him.

The next who had this Honour by Creation, was that comely and graceful Prince, Henry Lord Darnly, whom Queen Mary, a few Days before ſhe took him to be her Husband, did with great Solemnity inveſt in the Title of Duke of Albany; which ceas'd again upon his Marriage, that he was proclaim'd King of Scotland, and had his Name put upon the Coin with the Queen's; Henricus & Maria Rex & Regina Scotorum.

Prince Charles, the ſecond Son of King James VI. was in the Third Year of his Age, Anno 1601, created Duke of Albany, and he bore the Title till by the Death of that incomparable Prince, Prince Henry his elder Brother, he became Prince and Steward of Scotland, Anno 1612; after which this Title lay dormant, till his Majeſty King Charles II. on the Reſtauration, did create his Royal Brother James Duke of York, Duke of Albany, by Letters Patent 31ſt of December 1660a: And this Title his Royal Highneſs always us'd till by the Demiſe of the King his Brother, he came to the Crown by the Name of King James VII.

8. KER, Earl of Ancrum.

SIR Robert Ker, having long ſerv'd his Majeſty King James VI. and King Charles I. in the Quality of a Gentleman of the Bedchamber, and being a Perſon of very fine Parts, was rais'd to the Honour of Earl of Ancrum, the 24th of June 1633. He married firſt Eliſabeth, Daughter of . . . . . Murray of Blackbarrony, by whom he had William Earl of Lothian; next, Anne, Daughter of William Earl of Darby, to the Heirs of which Marriage the Honour was limited; by her he had Charles his Son, Earl of Ancrum, who died without Iſſue, and thereby the Title became extinct.

9. Earls of Angus.

GILBERT is the firſt Earl of Angus we read of in the Time of King Malcolm III. and Gilchriſt Comes de Angus his Son, was famous for his warlike Exploits under King William. He married the King's Siſter, by whom he had Duncan, Comes de Angus, who ratified to the Monks of Arbroath, the Grant of his Father to their Convent, of the Churches of Strathechen and Keriemoir.

Malcolm Comes de Angus was his Son and Succeſſorb, who dying without Iſſue, the Earldom devolved to Matilda, Comitiſſa de Angus, his Father's Siſterc, who married Sir Gilbert de Umfraville, an Engliſh [Page 9] Gentleman, to whom the Lady brought the Title of Earl of Angus. By him ſhe had a Son, Gilbert Earl of Angus, who was forfaulted for adhering to the Intereſt of the Baliols.

10. STEWART, Earl of Angus.

SIR John Stewart Kt. of Bonkle, Son of Sir John Stewart, who was kill'd at Falkirk, and Nephew to the Lord High Steward of Scotland, was at the Coronation of King David II. created Earl of Angus a, and was afterward ſlain at Hallydownhill, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter and Co-Heir of Sir Alexander Abernethy, Kt. Thomas his Son and Heir, who by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Sinclair of Roſline b, had Thomas his Succeſſor; Margaret Counteſs of Angus, and Elizabeth Wife of Sir Alexander Hamilton of Innerweek, Kt.c, and had Iſſue.

Which Thomas married Margaret, Daughter and Heir of Donald Earl of Marr; but dying without Iſſue, Anno 1377, his Eſtate and Title came to Margaret his Siſter, who was married firſt to Thomas Earl of M [...]r, but being left a Widow by him without any Iſſue, ſhe married again William the firſt Earl of Douglas, to whom ſhe was ſecond Wife, and by him had a Son Sir Gearge Douglas d, firſt Earl of Angus.

11. MURRAY, Earl of Annandale.

THE ancient Family of Cockpool in Dumfries-Shire, took Beginning in the Reign of King Robert I. Thomas Earl of Murray then gave Willielmo de Moravia, Nepoti ſuo, pro homagio & ſervitio ſuo, omnes terras, & omnia Tenementa, cum pertinen. totius Medietatis tenementorum de Cumlongan, & Rivell, in vallis Annandiaee. This Branch of the Murrays were well known by the Title of Cockpool. Cuthbert Murray of Cockpool, was a Perſon of great Note in the Time of King James I. as Charles his Son was under James II.f; by whom he was nam'd one of the Commiſſioners on a Treaty of Peace with the Engliſh, Anno 1457g, Cuthbert his Son flouriſh'd under King James IV. Of him frequent Mention is made in the Annals of that Reignh. Sir John Murray of Cockpool Kt. his Soni, was the Father of Cuthbert, of the Place foreſaid, and he of Sir Charles Murray of Cockpool, who was one of the moſt zealous Barons for the Reformation of Religion. He married Margaret, Daughter of Hugh Lord Somervel k, by whom he had Sir James, Sir David, and Sir Richard Murray of Cockpool, Bart. who all died without Iſſue Male, and [Page 10] Sir John Murray of Dundrenan, who was the firſt Earl of Annandale.

He was early brought into the Court, under the Favour of the Earl of Mortoun, where his accompliſh'd Parts and Breeding made him quickly taken Notice of, inſomuch as he was in ſhort Time made one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber to King James VI. Maſter of the Horſe, and knighted: Upon the King's Acceſſion to the Engliſh Crown, Sir John Murray waited on his Maſter into that Realm, under no other Character than a Gentleman of the Privy-Chamber, and had ſo great Credit in the Court, that he quickly got the Reputation of a Favourite. The King beſtow'd immenſe Bounties on him, whereby he came to have one of the beſt Eſtates in Scotland; and therefore, that he might have Titles of Honour equal to his Eſtate, his Majeſty was pleaſed firſt to raiſe him to be Viſcount of Annan a, and then Earl of Annandale, by Letters Patent, 13th of March 1624b, wherein his long and faithful Services to his Majeſty, are very amply acknowledged. He continued in a good Degree of Favour with King Charles I. which he had enjoyed ſo many Years under the Father, even till his Death, Anno 1640. By Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Sir John Schaw, Kt. he had James his Son and Heir, who in the Time of the Civil War, withdrew to England; where he liv'd privately till his Death, 28th of December 1658c, leaving no Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of James Earl of Southesk; ſo that the Honour became extinct. This Earl entail'd his Eſtate and Honours to Sir Robert Crichton, his near Kinſman, Nephew to the Earl of Dumfries, who aſſumed the Sirname of Murray and the Title of Cockpool; and he dying without Iſſue Male, left Two Daughters by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of John Lord Madertie, who were Co-heirs, Margaret the Elder, married to George Stirling of Herbert-ſhire, and had Iſſue; and Anne the Younger, to Lord James Murray of Doually, and had Iſſue.

12. JOHNSTON, Marquis of Annandale.

THE firſt conſpicuous Perſon of this noble Family I have found upon Record, was Sir John Johnſton, who was a Knight of great Valour and Fame in the Reign of King Robert II.d. Sir Adam Johnſton of that Ilk, was very remarkable for his Loyalty to his Prince, and Love to his Country in the Time of James II. and was particularly inſtrumental in ſuppreſſing the Rebellion of the Earl of Douglas e; for which eminent Service to the Crown, he got a Gift of the [Page 11] Lands of Pitenen in Lanerk-Shirea. John Johnſton of that Ilk, his Son, was one of the Conſervators of the Peace with England, Anno 1457b, and afterwards ſignaliz'd his Valour and Courage at the Battle of Kirkonnel, in the unnatural Invaſion of the Duke of Albany, againſt his own Brother King James III. Anno 1483. By Mary his Wife, Daughter of Maxwell of . . . . . . he had James his Heir, and John, of whom the Branch of Wamfray c, of which Lands he became poſſeſſed by the Marriage of Catharine, Daughter and Heir of John Boyle of Ryſholm.

Which James behaved gallantly in ſeveral Encounters on the Borders with the Engliſh, in the Reign of King James IV. By . . . . . Daughter of . . . . . his Wife, he had John his Succeſſor, 2d Robert, 3d Adam of Corry, 4th William.

John Johnſton of that Ilk, his Son, behaved gallantly at the Battle of Pinky, and was afterwards one of the Commiſſioners about the debatable Lands in the Border, Anno 1552d. He married firſt Elizabeth, Daughter of . . . . . . Jerden of Apple-girth, by whom he had John his Succeſſor, Robert of Stabletoun; and a Daughter Dorothea, married to John Mattland of Achincaſtle e, and again Nicolas Douglaſs, of the Houſe of Drumlanrig, by whom he had a Son William, of whom the Branch of the Johnſtons of Corhead.

Which John was a Man of great Spirit and Courage, which he manifeſted in ſuppreſſing of Inroads on the Borders, which much abounded in his Time. He married Margaret, Daughter of Sir John Hamilton of Samuelſtoun, by whom he had John his Son and Heir, and a Daughter Morgaret, married to Sir Robert Douglas of Caſhogle.

Which John being a Gentleman of great Sagacity and Conduct, was much in the Favour of King James VI. by whom he was made Warden of the Eaſt Marches, and Juſticiary, Anno 1579f; and he diſcharged the Office with ſingular Courage and Fidelity till his Death, June 5th, 1581g. By Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Scot Younger of Buccleugh h, he had Sir James his Succeſſor, and ſeveral Daughters, Janet married to Sir John Carmichael, Captain of Grawfurd, and had Iſſue; and Griſel to Sir Robert Maxwell of Orchardtoun, and had Iſſue.

Sir James Johnſton of that Ilk, his Son, was likewiſe a great Favourite of King James VI. he was nam'd Warden of the Weſt Marches, Anno 1596, after his Father, and continued in the Office, till the King's Entrance to England, that all National Animoſities were remov'd by the happy Union of the Two Nations. He was kill'd in a Family Quarrel by the Lord Maxwell, the 6th of April 1608i, much regreted, ſays the Reverend Biſhop Spotiſwood, being a Gentleman full of Wiſdom, and very well inclin'd. He married Sarah, Daughter of John Lord Harries, by whom he had Sir James his Son and Heir, who was by the ſpecial Favour of King Charles [Page 12] I. rais'd to the Honour of Lord Johnſton, 20th June 1633a, and that for the greater Splendor of his Majeſty's Coronation; and thereafter by other Letters Patent, bearing Date 18th March 1643, was created Earl of Hartfiel b. In the Time of the Civil War, this noble Earl gave many ſignal Teſtimonies of his Loyalty, for which he ſuffer'd both Impriſonment and the Sequeſtration of his Eſtate. He died Anno 1656, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of William Earl of Queensberry, James his Son and Heir; likewiſe three Daughters, Mary married to Sir George Graham of Nedderby, Anceſtor to the Viſcount of Preſton, Janet to Sir William Murray of Stanhope, and had Iſſue, Margaret to Sir Robert Dalziel of Glenae, Anceſtor to the Earl of Carnwath.

James Earl of Hartfiel, upon the Reſtauration of King Charles II. with the Approbation of the Crown, exchanged his Title of Hartfiel to Annandale, Anno 1661, being then one of the Lords of his Majeſty's moſt honourable Privy-Council; and dying 16th July 1674c, left Iſſue by Henrietta his Wife, Daughter of William, firſt Marquis of Douglas, by Mary his ſecond Wife. Daughter of George Marquis of Huntley, William his Succeſſor: Alſo Three Daughters,

1ſt Mary married to William Earl of Crawfurd, and had Iſſue.

2d, Margaret, to Sir James Montgomery of Skelmurly, Bart. and had Iſſue.

3d, Henrietta, to Sir John Carmichael of Bonnytoun, Baronet, and had Iſſue.

Which William was after the Revolution, choſen one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King William and after that one of the Commiſſioners of the Treaſury; likeas he was by the ſpecial Favour of the ſaid Prince, June 24th, 1701d, rais'd to the Honour of Marquis of Annandale.

Upon the Acceſſion of her Majeſty Queen Anne to the Crown, the Marquis was made Preſident of the Council, on the Removal of the Earl of Melvil; and thereafter nam'd conjunct Secretary of State, Anno 1704. From which Office he was ſoon removed, the Earl of Mar being put in his Room. In the Parliament 1706, his Lordſhip oppoſed the Union, and deliver'd ſeveral Speeches and Proteſtations, containing the Reaſons of his Diſſent, which were all enter'd in the Records of Parliament, where they will remain as laſting Monuments to the Honour of his Name.

His Lordſhip married Sophia, Daughter and ſole Heir of Mr. John Fairholm of Craigiehall, by whom he has Iſſue two Sons and a Daughter,

James, Lord Johnſton,

Lord William.

Lady Henrietta, married to Charles Earl of Hopetoun, and has Iſſue.

12.1. ARMS.

Quarterly, firſt and fourth, Argent a Saltyre Sable, on a Chief Gules, three Cuſhions Or. Second and Third Or, an Anchor Gules, (for the Name of Fairholm) ſupported on the Dexter with a Lyon rampant, Gules, armed and langued, Azure, crown'd with an Imperial Crown, Or; and on the Siniſter, with a Horſe, Argent, furniſhed Gules. Creſt, a wing'd Spur, with this Motto, Nunquam non paratus.

13. CAMPBELL, Duke of Argyle.

[Page 13]

THIS noble antient Family is deriv'd from a Series of illuſtrious Anceſtors, who poſſeſs'd Lochow in Argyle-Shire, according to the traditional Accounts by the Bards and Sanachies, as early as the Time of King Fergus II. who reſtor'd our Monarchy, Anno Chriſti 404.

The firſt Appellation they us'd was O Dwbin, which, according to an early Cuſtom they aſſum'd from Diarmed O Dwbin, one of their Anceſtors, a brave and warlike Man, who flouriſh'd under King . . . . from whom they are in the Iriſh Language call'd to this Time, Seol Diarmed, that is, the Poſterity and Offspring of Diarmed.

From this Diarmed O Dwbin, the Bards have recorded a long Series of the Barons of Lochow a, whoſe Actions they tell us, were very renown'd both for Valour and Courage.

Paul O Dwbin Lord of Lochow his Succeſſor, call'd Paul in Spuran, ſo denominate from his being the King's Treaſurer, having no Male Iſſue, his Eſtate went to his Daughter Eva, who married Gileſpick O Dwbin, a Relation of her own, who got the Name firſt chang'd from O Dwbin to Cambel, to preſerve and perpetuate the Memory of a very noble and heroick Piece of Service perform'd by him in the Service of the Crown of France, in the Reign of King Malcolm Canmore. By his Lady he left a Son Duncan, who was Lord of Lochow; He was the Father of Colin, and He again of Archbald, called Gileſpick, and he of Duncan, Baron of Lochow.

This laſt mentioned Duncan was the Father of another Gileſpick Cambel, Kt. Lord of Lochow, whoſe Son and Heir Sir Colin More, call'd Dominus Colinus Cambel, Miles, Filius quondam Domini Gileaſpick Cambell, did acquire from Sir William Lindſay, Kt. the Lands of Symontoun in Air-Shire; the Reddendo of which he made over to the Monks of Newbottle, Die Martis in craſtino beati Clementis Martyris & Pontificis, Anno 1293b. I find he was alſo one of the great Men who were ſummon'd to Berwick upon the Part of Robert de Bruce, in the Competition with John de Baliol for the Crown, on the Demiſe of Queen Margaret c; which is all I have found memorable of him in our pulick Records.

The particular Hiſtory of the Family of Argyle does repreſent this Sir Colin More to have been a very renown'd and warlike Chieftain, they tell us, That he was ſlain, in a Conflict with a great Neighbour of his own, the Lord of Lorn; that after he had defeat his Adverſary, purſuing the Victory too eagerly, he was ſlain at a Place called the String in Cowall, and there interr'd, where a great Obelisk was erected over his Grave d.

His Death occaſion'd great Bloodſhed in thoſe Parts, and kindled ſuch a Flame betwixt the Two Families [Page 14] of Lochow and Lorn, as was not extinguiſhed for many Years thereafter, even ſo long as the Argadii, Lords of Lorn, exiſted.

From this Colin it is that the Head of the Family of Argyle are call'd by the Iriſh, MackCallan More even to this Time. By his Wife, a Lady of the Family of the Sinclairs a, he had Two Sons, Sir Neil his Succeſſor, and Sir Donald Campbell of Redhouſe, of whom the Family of London b, and the other Cadets of this illuſtrious Branch of the Campbels derive themſelves.

Sir Neil his Son was honoured with Knighthood, by King Alexander III. in the End of his Reignc. but from the Silence of our Authors, I can particularize none of his Archievements, till the Year 1292, that upon the Demiſe of Queen Margaret, he was one of the Magnates Scotiae ſummon'd to Berwick, upon the Part of Robert de Bruce, when he and all the other Competitors for the Crown had referr'd the Deciſion of their reſpective Claims to Edward I. of Engalnd d; and when that Prince did declare in Favour of John de Baliol, Sir Neil Campbel did ſo far acquieſce in the Deciſion, as to continue faithful to King John, till that unhappy Prince did unking himſelf by an inglorious Surrender of the Independency of the Crown to a Foreign Potentate the King of England, whom he acknowledged Superior and direct Lord of Scotland e.

But no ſooner did King Robert Bruce aſſert his Title to the Crown, and form a rational Project of recovering his own Right, and of redeeming his Country from the Subjection it was under to a Foreign Power, than Sir Neil Campbel was among the earlieſt Patriots, who firſt reſorted to him, own'd his Title, and gave quickly ſo many Proofs of his Zeal and Merit, for the Liberty and Honour of his Country, and of his Loyalty to that heroick Prince; inſomuch that he was thought moſt worthy, and pitched upon to command a Party of Loyaliſts that were ſent to Argyle-Shire, to curb and overawe the Lord of Lorn f, who was a declared Enemy to his Country, and of Conſequence to the Brucian Title; and he perform'd that Service committed to him with Honour and Succeſs, inſomuch that in a ſhort Time he recovered the Countries of Argyle and Lorn, and brought them to ſubmit to King Robert, notwithſtanding the joint Efforts of the Lord Lorn, and his numerous Accomplices on the contraryg; which ſhews him to have been a very reſolute and hardy Patriot: After which Sir Neil ſtuck cloſe to King Robert, and was among the few [Page 15] Scots Patriots, who accompanied him to Scoon, and aſſiſted at the Solemnity of his Coronation, anno 1306. After which he gave many ſignal Inſtances of his Stedfaſtneſs and Loyalty to that Monarch, even in his worſt Circumſtances: For when he was very far from being firmly eſtabliſhed on the Throne, Sir Niel Campbel entered into an Aſſociation with Sir Gilbert Hay, and Sir Alexander Seton, wherein, in a moſt ſolemn Manner, they bound themſelves to deſend, till the laſt Period of their Lives the Liberties of their Country, and Right of Robert Bruce, their King, againſt all Mortals, French, Engliſh, and Scots, to which they appended their Seals at the Abbay of Cambuskenneth, 9 Sept. 1308.

Anno 1314, he was one of the Commiſſioners upon the part of Scotland, authoris'd to Treat with the Engliſh for a Peace, which at that Time, took not its deſir'd Effect: And the next enſuing Year, he was one of the Barons at the Parliament, held at Air, where they made an Entail of the Crown to King Robert and his Heirsa. About which Time, in Conſideration of his good Services, and ſignal Loyalty, he obtain'd a Grant of ſeveral Lands, then in the Crown, by the Forfaulture of thoſe who adhered to the Intereſt of the Baliol; and to oblige him the more, the King beſtow'd upon him the Lady Mary Bruce, his Siſter in Marriage. He departed this Life, in the latter End of the Year 1315, leaving Iſſue two Sons, Colin his Succeſſor, and

John Campbel, who was by King David Bruce, dignified with the Title of Earl of Athole, but dying ſans Iſſue, the Honour went no further in the Family.

Which Sir Colin Campbel of Lochow, began early to diſtinguiſh himſelf for Military Atchievements. He was in the Expedition made into Ireland, anno 1316, in behalf of Edward Bruce, then King of that Realm, where he behav'd with exceeding Gallantry, and perform'd many ſignal Services: In Conſideration whereof, he obtained a Grant of diverſe Lands in Argyle Shire, by a Charter yet extant,b, having faithfully demean'd himſelf during the whole Courſe of King Robert's Reign. He continu'd no leſs ſtedfaſt to King David his Son; for whoſe Service, even when his Affairs were lookt upon to be loſt, he rais'd 400 Men, and took the Caſtle of Dunoon, then in the Hands of the Engliſh; for which notable Service, when that Prince came to be eſtabliſhed upon the Throne, he made him hereditary Governour, which his Deſcendants ſtill enjoyc.

He married a Daughter of the Family of Lennox d, by whom he had Three Sons and a Daughter, viz. Archbald his Succeſſor.

John Campbel was Author of the Branch of Barbreck, of whom deſcended Campbel of Succoch

3d. Sir Dougal Campbel, who loſt his Eſtate for adhering to Edward Baloil.

Alicea, his Daughter, was married to Allan Lauder of Hatton e.

He had a natural Son, Niel, of whom the Campbel's of Melfort derive their Deſcent.

He departing this Life about the Year 1340, was ſucceeded by Archbald his Son, who conſtantly adhered to King David, during his Captivity in England, after the Battle of Durham, and that Prince, upon his Return, to reward his Loyalty, beſtow'd upon him ſeveral Lands then in the Crown, by the Forfaulture of Sir Dougal Campbel, his own Brother, anno 1357f.

[Page 16] He married Mary, Daughter of Sir John Laumont a, by whom he had Colin his Succeſſor, who obtain'd from King David II. a Charter ratifying the Alienation made by Chriſtian, Daughter and Heir of Sir Dougal Campbel, of the Lands of Craigniſh, to be holden of him and his Heirs in as ample manner as Duncan Mackdwyne, his Anceſtor, held the Barony of Lochow, which bears Date 25 March 1370b. He was employ'd by King Robert II. in reſtraining the Incurſions of the Highlanders, who then infeſted the Weſtern Parts of this Realm, whom he reduc'd to the King's Obedience: In Conſideration whereof, he obtain'd from the ſaid King ſundry Lands yet in the Family.

He married Mary Campbel, a Lady of his own Family, by whom he had two Sons, Duncan his Succeſſor.

Colin the ſecond, was Founder of the Family of Arkinlaſs c, of whom Sir James Campbel, Baronet, is lineal Heir. Of Arkinlaſs the Families of Arutenet, Dunoon, Carrick, Skipniſh, Blythſwood, Shawfield, Rachane, Auchvwillen, and Dergachie are Branches.

Beſides which two Sons, he had a Daughter, Chriſtian, maried to Malcolm Mackfarlane of Arochar d.

He had likewiſe two natural Sons, Dougal, Progenitor of the Family of Dunſtafuage, of whom Colin Campbel of Ederlin, and Robert Campbel of Balvie are deſcended.

The ſecond, Duncan, was firſt of that Branch of Duntroon.

To Sir Colin Campbel ſucceeded Sir Duncan his Son: This Duncan being a Perſon of great Parts, arriv'd to very high Advancements, as well in Honour as Eſtate: He married firſt the Lady Marjory Steuart, Daughter of Robert Duke of Albany, Governour of Scotland, and improv'd the Opportunity of his near Allyance with Murdoch Duke of Albany, Governour, while King James 1. was detain'd Priſoner in England, ſo far, that he prevail'd with him, to ranſom and reſtore the King to his Fathers Throne. This prudent Prince, diſcerning ſo much his Abilities, he conſtituted him one of his Privy Council, and his Juſticiar, and Lieutenant within the Shire of Argyle e, was continued in the ſame Office to King James II. by whom he was advanc'd to the Dignity of a Lord of Parliament, by the Title of Lord Campbel, anno 1445f. This much as to his civil Actions. I come to his Works of Piety, which were great and many. He gave in pure Alms to the Monks of the Abbey of Sandale, in Kintyre, the Lands of Blairnatiber, for the Safety of his Soulg, and founded the Collegiate Church of Kilmun, by his Charter, 4 Auguſt 1442h; which Grant he expreſſes to be made, In honorem Dei, heatae virginis Mariae & Sancti Mundi, pro ſalute Animae olim recolendae Memoriae Jacobi Regis & Joannae Reginae ſuae; nec non pro ſalute Animae Jacobi moderni Regis Scotorum meaque propria ſalute & animae quondam Marjoriae Conjugis meae & modernae Conſortis meae, & quondam Caeleſtini filii mei primogeniti omnium Auteceſſorum & Succeſſorum meorum.

This noble Lord left Iſſue by Marjory his firſt Wife, aforeſaid, Daughter of Robert Duke of Albany; three Sons. 1ſt. Caeleſtine, dyed ſans Iſſue.

2d. Archbald, from whom the Male Line of this noble Family ſprung: He [Page 17] married in his Father's Time Eliſabeth. Daughter of Sir John Somervel of Carnwath, Anceſtor to the Lord Somervel, by whom he had a Son Colin, who ſucceeded his Grand-father.

3d. Sir Colin, who was firſt of that Branch of the Family of Glenurchie, now dignified with the Title of Earl of Broadalbin.

By his ſecond Wife Margaret, Daughter of Sir John Steuart of Blackhall, natural Son of King Robert III. he had three Sons;

Duncan, firſt of the Branch of Achinbreak, of whom Sir James Campbel, Baronet, is lineal Heir Male. This Family hath produc'd the Campbel's of Glencardel, Glenſadale, Kilduskland, Kilmorie, weſter Keams, Kilberry, and Dana.

Niel, the ſecond Son, was Anceſtor of Campbel of Ellengreg, whereof the Heir is Sir Niel Campbel. Of this Family, is Colin Campbel of Ormandale, now Major General in the Muſcovite Service.

Of the 3d. Son Iſſued the old Campbel's of Ottar, extinct.

Lord Duncan departing this Life, 1453, was buried in the Church of Kilmun, where there is a noble Monument erected over him, with the Statue of Himſelf, as big as the Life, about the Verge of the Tomb, is this Inſcription,‘ Hic Jacet
Dominus Duncanus, Dominus le Campbel, Miles de Lochow.

To Duncan Lord Campbel ſucceeded immediately Colin his Grand-ſon and Heir, who was created Earl of Argyle, by K. James II. anno 1457a; being a Man of eminent Parts, was in the Reign of James III. employ'd in the higheſt Offices in the State, as Privy Seal, Maſter of the Houſhold, and Lord high Chancellor; all which he diſcharged with great Ability and Integrity: He was in no leſs Favour with King James IV. after his Acceſſion to the Throne (tho without having any particular Hand in the Contrivances and barbarous Actions, which were exercis'd in Order thereto) who conſtituted him again Chancellor, anno 1488b. He enjoy'd that Office till his Death, anno 1492.

He married Iſabel, one of the Daughters and Co-heirs of John Steuart, Lord Lorn, by whom he had two Sons, Archbald his Succeſſor, and Thomas, a younger Son, of whom deſcended the Family of Lundie in Angus c, likewiſe five Daughters.

1. Margaret, married to George Lord Seton, and had Iſſue.

2d. Iſabel, to William Maſter of Drummond, Son and Heir of John Lord Drummond, and had Iſſue.

3d. Helen, to Hugh, firſt Earl of Eglintoun, and had Iſſue.

4th. Eliſabeth, to John, ſecond Lord Oliphant, and had Iſſue.

5th. Mary, to Aeneas Mackdonald, natural Son and Heir of Tailzie to John Earl of Roſs.

Archbald Earl of Argyle, his Son, ſucceeded him, being a noble Man of great Parts and Wiſdom: He was by King James IV. promoted to be Chancellor of Scotland, anno 1494d, Lord Camberlain, Anno 1495e, and Maſter of the Houſhold, 1498f. At the Battle of Flowden, he Commanded the Van-Guard of the Army; and behaving himſelf with great Valour, was there killed, with his Royal Maſter King James IV. and the Flower of his Nobility, 9 of September 1513, leaving Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of John, firſt Earl of Lennox, four Sons, Colin his Succeſſor.

Archbald Campbel of Skipniſh, was the ſecond, which failed in an Heir Female, in the Reign of Queen Mary.

Sir John Campbel, third Son, came to the Poſſeſſion of a fair Eſtate, by [Page 18] the Marriage of Morella, Daughter and ſole Heir of John Calder of that-Ilk, whoſe Succeſſor is Sir Hugh Campbel of Caldar: Of this Branch of the Family of Argyle, are the Campbel's of Archattan, Airds, and Sir Archbald Campbel of Clunies deſcended.

Donald, fourth and youngeſt Son, was Abbot of Couper, of whom the Campbel's of Kythack in Angus derive their Deſcent.

Beſides theſe Sons, he had likewiſe four Daughters. Margaret, married to John Lord Erskin, and had Iſſue. Iſabel, to Gilbert, ſecond Earl of Caſſils, and had Iſſue. Mary, to John Steuart Earl of Athole, and had Iſſue. And Jean, to Sir John Laumont of Inneryne, and had Iſſue.

Colin, Earl of Argyle, his Son, was nam'd one of the four Counſellours to King James V. anno 1525; in 1528 he was conſtituted Lieutenant of the Borders, and Warden of the Marches; which Office he diſcharged ſo much to his Majeſty's Satisfaction, that he obtain'd firſt a Grant of the Lordſhip of Abernethy, then in the Crown, by Angus's Forfaulture, and after an ample Confirmation of the hereditary Sheriffſhip of Argyle Shire, Juſticiary of Scotland, and heretable Maſter of the Houſholda.

He married Janet, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Huntly, by whom he had two Sons, and one Daughter, viz. Archbald who ſucceeded him.

John Campbel, ſecond Son, from whom is deſcended the Branch of Lochnel, which produc'd the Campbel's of Balerno and Stonfield.

Alexander Campbel, third Son, Dean of Murray, had no Succeſſion.

Margaret, married firſt to James Steuart Earl of Murray, natural Son of King James IV. and then to John Earl of Sutherland.

He departing this Life, anno 1542, was ſucceeded by Archbald his Son and Heir; which Archbald was one of the Peers, who upon the Death of King James V. entred into an Aſſociation to oppoſe the then intended Match betwixt Queen Mary and King Edward VI. of England, and conſequential Union of the Crowns, as tending, To the high Diſhonour, perpetual Skaith, Dammage and Ruin of the Liberty, and Nobleneſs of this Realm, as it runs in the Original yet extant, bearing Date the 4th. July, 1543b.

Upon the breaking out of the War with England, he remarkably diſtinguiſh'd himſelf by his Valour and Conduct, both at the Battle of Pinkie, anno 1547, and at the Siege of Haddingtoun, 1548, in Defence of his Queen and Country, related at large by our Hiſtoriansc. This noble Lord was the firſt of his Quality who imbrac'd the Proteſtant Religion, in the Beginning of the Reformation, of which he was a hearty Promoter, and continu'd ſtedfaſt in the Profeſſion thereof; when adying he recommended to his Son, to propogate the preaching of the Goſpel, according to the reform'd Principles, and the ſuppreſſing Romiſh Superſtition and Idolatry. He dyed anno 1558d, leaving Iſſue by Lady Helen Hamilton his firſt Wife, Daughter of James Earl of Arran; Archbald his Son and Heir, and by his ſecond Wife Mary Graham, Daughter of William Earl of Monteith,

Sir Colin Campbel of Buchuan, and two Daughters,

1. Margaret, married to James Steuart Lord Down, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Murray, and had Iſſue.

2d. Janet, to Hector Macklane of Dowart, and had Iſſuee.

Archbald Earl of Argyle, his Son being a Perſon of ſingular accompliſhments, [Page 19] was by the Eſtates of Scotland, ſent Ambaſſador to the Queen, then in France, anno 1559, to Supplicate her Majeſty in Favour of the Reformation: But that taking no Effect, he, together with the Earls of Glencairn, Morton, and others, entred into an Aſſociation, wherein they bound themſelves to aſſiſt one another in advancing the Cauſe of Religion, which at laſt they got happily eſtabliſh'd by Act of Parliament, anno 1560a.

Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, in the Reign of Queen Mary, he eſpous'd her Intereſt, and was General of her Forces, at the Battle of Langſide, againſt the Earl of Murray, then Regent. After which he ſubmitted to the Authority of her Son, King James, and came to be ſo conſiderable in that Party, that upon the Death of Matthew Earl of Lennox, Regent, anno 1571, he ſtood a Candidate for that Poſt; but the Earl of Marr being preferr'd to the Regency, he was conſtituted Lord High Chancellor. He enjoy'd that Office with univerſal Reputation for the Space of Three Years, even to his Death, which happen'd in September 1575b, to whoſe Memory the famous Mr. Johnſton c, compos'd this Epigram.

Gens Albina vetus, gemini incunabula Regni
Quae poſuit, (fuerant nam duo Regna prius:)
Illa viris armiſque potens, totque aucta tropaeis,
Quae dominos rerum tot dedit una Deos;
Hec & avos, atavoſque dedit, loca priſca tenemus,
Tecta, Lares, mores, & decora alta ducum.
Sufficeretque vetus nobis ea gloria: verum
Major ad ignoti nos vehit aſtra poli.
Adſcriptique Dei jam ſancta in faedera cives,
Magnanimi audemus pro pietate mori.
Gens quae jura prius dederat, nunc accipit. Ergo
Bis felix: quae dat, quae nova jura capit.

This worthy Lord married two Wives, 1ſt. Lady Jean Steuart, natural Daughter of King James V. 2dly. Jane, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Glencairn, but by none of 'em left any Iſſue; whereupon his Eſtate and Honour came to Sir Colin Campbel of Buchuan, his Brother and Heir.

Which Colin was conſtituted one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King James VI. anno 1577, and Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, upon the Deceaſe of John Earl of Athole, 1579, which, together with ſeveral other great Employments in the State, he enjoy'd till his Death, in the Year 1584d.

He was married firſt to Janet Steuart, Daughter of Henry Lord Methven, but by her he had not any Iſſue; and by Agnes his ſecond Wife, Daughter of William Earl Mariſhal, and Widow of James Earl of Murray, He had two Sons, Archbald who ſucceeded him, and Sir Colin Campbel of Lundy, Baronet.

Which Archbald Earl of Argyle was conſtituted General of the Forces rais'd againſt the Earls of Huntly and Errol, at the Battle of Glenlivet, anno 1594e, and ſuppreſt the Inſurrection of the Mackgregors 1603f, and another more formidable by the Mackdonalds, in the Weſtern Iſles, 1614g: In Reſpect whereof, and his other great Merits, he obtain'd a Grant of the Country of Kintyre, anno 1617, which was ratified by a ſpecial Act of Parliamenth.

In 1618, he went to Spain, and ſignaliz'd himſelf in that Service againſt the States of Holland, and aſſiſted at taking ſeveral Places of Strength, but by his Majeſty's Permiſſion returning to England, he dyed at London, anno 1638i. He married firſt Anne, Daughter of William Earl of Morton, by whom he had Archbald his Succeſſor, and four Daughters.

1. Anne, married to George, ſecond Marqueſs of Huntly, and had Iſſue.

[Page 20] 2d. Annabel, to Robert, ſecond Earl of Lothian, and had Iſſue.

3d. Jean, to John, firſt Viſcount of of Kenmure, and had Iſſue.

4th. Mary, to Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmurly, and had Iſſue.

2dly. He married Anne, Daughter of Sir William Cornwallis of Brome, Anceſtor to the Lord Cornwalis in England, by Mary his Wife, third Daughter, and one of the Coheirs of John Lord Latimer a, by whom he had a Son James, created firſt Lord Kintyre, by King James VI. anno 1622, and by King Charles I. dignified with the Title of Earl of Irvine, by Letters Patent, bearing Date 28 March 1642b, and a Daughter Mary married to James Lord Rollo, and had Iſſue.

Archbald Earl of Argyle, his Son, was a Man of great Learning, ſingular Judgment, and other Endowments, which recommended him ſo much to the Favour of King Charles I. that he conſtituted him one of the Lords of his Privy Council.

In 1628, he reſign'd in his Majeſty's hands the Juſticiary of all Scotland (which had been in his Family for divers Ages) reſerving to himſelf and his Heirs, the Juſticiary of Argyle and the Weſtern Iſles, and where ever elſe he had Lands in Scotland, which was ratified by Act of Parliament, in 1633, where his Majeſty was preſent in Perſon. Not long after which, in reſpect of his own Merit, as well as the remarkable Fidelity and Loyalty of his Family in former Times to the Crown, his Majeſty was graciouſly pleas'd to create him Marqueſs of Argyle, by Letters Patent, bearing Date 15th. November 1641.

When the Troubles began in that Reign he joyn'd with the Parliament of Scotland, and ſhew'd himſelf a Zealous aſſerter of the Presbyterian Church Government, which was then eſtabliſh'd.

After the horrid Murder of the King, he contributed much to the dutiful Reception of his Majeſty King Charles II. into Scotland, anno 1650, and at the Solemnity of his Coronation 1ſt. January 1651, he aſſiſted ſoeminently as to put the Crown upon his Head: But upon the Reſtoration of his Majeſty, anno 1660, he was attainted of High Treaſon, for correſponding and complying with Oliver Cromwel (the too too common Fault of the Times) and found guilty by the Parliament, was beheaded at Edinburgh, the 27 of May, anno 1661. Imediately before his Execution, he ſolemnly declar'd, That from his Birth, to that Moment, he was free of any Acceſſion to the Death of King Charlesc, and like a good Chriſtian, pray'd God to bleſs his preſent Majeſty, in his Perſon and Government.

This great Peer was married to Margaret, Daughter of William Earl of Mortoun, by whom he had two Sons, Archbald Earl of Argyle. And

Lord Niel Campbel of Ardmaddie, ſometime Governour of Dunbartoun Caſtle, married firſt Vere, Daughter of William Earl of Lothian, by whom he had Mr. Archbald Campbel his Son and Heir, a Gentleman of eminent Learning, and other Accompliſhments: Alſo by his ſecond Wife Suſanna, Daughter of Sir Alexander Menzies of Weim, he had two Sons, Mr. Neil Campbel Advocate, and Mr. Alexander Campbel. The Marqueſs had likewiſe three Daughters.

1ſt. Anne, a Lady of excellent Endowments, never married.

2d. Jean, married to Robert firſt Marqueſs of Lothian, and had Iſſue.

3d. Mary, to George Earl of Caithneſs, ſans Iſſue, after his Death, to John Earl of Broadalbin, and had Iſſue.

The Title of Marqueſs of Argyle failing by the Forfaulture of this [Page 21] Archbald, his Majeſty was graciouſly pleas'd to reſtore Archbald Lord Lorn his Son, to the Eſtate, Title, and Precedency formerly enjoy'd by his Anceſtors, Earls of Argyle a.

Which Archbald, Earl of Argyle, was conſtituted Captain of his Majeſty's Foot Guards, anno 1650, with this Speciality, That tho all Commiſſions were then given by the Parliament, yet he would not ſerve without a Commiſſion from the Kingb. After the Deſeat of the Royal Army at Worceſter, anno 1651, he took Arms for his Majeſty's Service, which incens'd Oliver Cromwel ſo much againſt him, that tho he granted a Pardon and general Indemnity to the People of Scotland, by his Proclamation the 12 of April 1654, yet was he, with ſeveral other Loyaliſts, particularly excepted; notwithſtanding of which, with ſingular Conſtancy, he preſerv'd his Duty and Fidelity to his Majeſty inviolated, in the worſt Times, would never capitulate, till he had General Midelton's Order from the King ſo to do, bearing Date 31 of December 1655c: Then he made his Compoſition, without any other Engagment than laying down his Arms, whereupon he retired to his own Houſe, that he might live quietly, and retain'd ſtill his Affection and Fidelity to the King; of which his Majeſty was ſo perfectly ſenſible, that he was pleas'd to make his eminent Loyalty and Zeal toward the Reſtoration, the onerous Cauſe of reſtoring him to his Father's Fortune, anno 1663. Not long after he was nam'd a Privy Counſelour, and one of the Commiſſioners of the Treſaury, which for many Years he diſcharged with great Fidelity, and thro' all Changes appear'd an earneſt Eſpouſer of the Proteſtant Intereſt: For ſeeing to what Paſs things were like to come, he propos'd in a Committee of Council, that to the Teſt might be added ſome Acts againſt Popery, which was ſo ill taken, that all methods imaginable were devis'd to ruin him, which at laſt was effected, under a Pretence of his putting his own Senſe and Explanation upon the Teſt, when he took d it in theſe Words,

I have conſider'd the Teſt, and am deſirous to give Obedience, as far as I can; I am confident, the Parliament never intended to impoſe contradictory Oaths; and therefore I think no Man can explain it, but for himſelf, and reconcile it, as it is genuine, and agrees in its own Sence; and I take it ſo far as it is conſiſtent with it ſelf, and the Proteſtant Religion: And I do declare, I mean not to bind up my ſelf, in my Station, but in a lawful Way, to endeavour any thing I think for the Advantage of the Church or State, not repugnant to the Proteſtant Religion, and my Loyalty: And this I underſtand, as part of my Oath.

For which, by the inſinuating Perſwaſions of ſome who bore him no good Will, the King was ſo far incens'd againſt him, that he not only commanded him Priſoner to the Caſtle of Edinburgh, but gave Order for his Tryal. Being found Guilty of high Treaſon, he made his Eſcape out of the Caſtle, very dexterouſly, in the Dreſs of a Lady's Pagee, got over to Holland, whence with a few Men he invaded this Kingdom, 1685, in the Beginning of the Reign of King James VII. a little before the Duke of Monmouth landed in England, f but never having got together above 2000 Men, was ſoon after totally routed near Kilpatrick, and taken Priſoner: He was Beheaded at the Croſs [Page 22] of Edinburgh the 30 of June 1685, upon his former Sentence. 'Tis ſaid, he compos'd this EPITAPH a few Hours before his Death.

Thou Paſſenger, that ſhalt have ſo much Time,
As view my Grave, and ask what was my Crime:
No Stain of Error, no black Vices brand,
Did me compel to leave my native Land.
Love to my Country, Truth condemn'd to die,
Did force my Hands forgotten Arms to try,
More from Friends Fraud my Fall proceeded hath,
Than Foes, the Thrice they did attempt my Death.
On my Deſign, the Providence did frown,
Yet GOD at laſt, will ſurely raiſe his own:
Another Hand, with more ſucceſsful Speed.
Shall raiſe the Remnant, bruiſe the Serpent's Head.

This Archbald, Earl of Argyle, married Mary Steuart, Daughter of James 3d. Earl of Murray, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Home, by whom he had four Sons, viz.

Archbald late Duke of Argyle.

John Campbel of Mamore, 2d. Son, Member of Parliament for Dunbarton Shire, married ---- Daughter of John Lord Elphingſtoun, and has Iſſue.

Colonel Charles Campbel 3d. Son.

Colonel James Campbel 4th. Son, married Margaret, Daughter of David Leſly, Lord Newark, and has Iſſue.

Alſo two Daughters.

Anne, married firſt to Richard Earl of Lauderdale, and now to Charles Earl of Murray.

Jean, to William Marqueſs of Lothian, and has Iſſue.

Archbald Lord Lorn his Son, was one of the few Scots Peers that came over from Holland with the Prince of Orange, the late King William, into Britain, anno 1688. He was own'd by the Convention of Eſtates as Earl of Argyle, before the Forfaulture of his Father was reſcinded, which, by The Claim of Right, was declar'd to be A Reproach to the Nation. He was particularly Active to have the Crown eſtabliſhed on the Prince and Princeſs of Orange, as the Engliſh had done; which being by a great Majority carried in the Houſe, his Lordſhip was ſent from the Nobility, with other two from the Barons and Burroughs, to offer the Crown in the Name of the ſaid Convention to their Majeſties, and tender'd them the Coronation Oath, for which, and many other good Services, upon their Advancement to the Throne of this Realm, he was admitted one of the Privy Council 1ſt. of May 1689, and anno 1690, made one of the Lords of the Treſaury, and after that Colonel of the Scots Guards of Horſe, and one of the extraordinary Lords of the Seſſion, upon the Deceaſe of William Duke of Hamilton, in the Year 1694: And further, in Conſideration of his good Services, he was by his ſaid Majeſty created into the Dignity and Titles of Duke of Argyle, Marqueſs of Kintyre and Lorn, Earl of Campbel and Coual, Viſcount of Lochow and Glenyla, Lord Innerara, Mull, Morvern, and Tyrie, by Letters Patent, bearing Date at Kenſingtoun the 23 of June, 1701. Likeas, he carried over a Regiment to Flanders for King William's Service, conſiſting almoſt, both Officers and Souldiers, of his own Name and Family, who bravely diſtinguiſh'd themſelves thro' the whole Courſe of the War.

He married Eliſabeth, Daughter of Sir Lionel Talmaſh of Helingham, by Eliſabeth Dutches of Lauderdale, his Wife, Daughter and Heir of William Murray Earl of Dyſart, and Siſter to Lionel now Earl of Dyſart, by whom he had Iſſue, two Sons and a Daughter.

John, the preſent Duke of Argyle.

Archbald Campbel Earl of Ilay.

Anne, married to James Steuart, 2d. Earl of Bute.

He departing this Life the 28 of September 1703, was ſucceeded by

John, the preſent Duke of Argyle, his Son and Heir, who from his Youth, according to the Rule of his great Anceſtors, betook himſelf to a Military Life, was Colonel of a Regiment of Foot, at the End of the laſt War, when not full Seveenteen Years of Age, and even then gave ſignal Proofs of his Valour.

[Page 23] In the Beginning of this War, he was conſtituted Brigadeer and Colonel of a Regiment of Foot, Major General, and then Lieutenant General in which Characters he has in a very eminent Mannerdiſtinguiſh'd himſelf thro' the whole Courſe of this preſent War; was at the Battle of Ramllies, and at the Siege of Menin, of which he took Poſſeſſion; commanded and took the Fort of Plaſandale, and aſſiſted at the Siege of Oſtend; was remarkably Active in the Pight at Audenard, and afterward took Poſſeſſion of Lille, (the Siege of which Town he had aſſiſted in) as alſo of Ghent and Bruges, and particularly ſignaliz'd himſelf in the Campaign 1709, at the Siege of Tournay, and the Battle of Blareignes; In ſhort, there has ſcarce been a Battle or Siege this War in Flanders, at which he did not aſſiſt in Perſon.

Upon his Father's Deceaſe, he was conſtituted one of the Lords of Her Majeſty's Privy Council, and Captain of the Scots Guards of Horſe, and one of the extraordinary Lords of Seſſion, and Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Thiſtle, anno 1704.

In the Year 1705, Her Majeſty was pleas'd to add to his other Employments, that of Lord High Commiſſioner to Repreſent Her Royal Perſon in the Parliament, when not above 23 Years of Age: And upon his Return to Court, in Conſideration of his many ſignal Services, he was created a Peer of England, by the Title of Baron of Chatham, and Earl of Greenwich.

In 1710, He was appointed Generaliſſimo of Her Majeſty's Forces in Spain, elected Knight of the Garter, and diſpatch'd with the Character of Ambaſſador-Extraordinary, and Plenipotentiary to Charles III. of Spain.

His Grace has married Mary, Daughter of Thomas Brown Eſq and Niece to Sir Charles Duncomb, late Lord Mayor of London.

13.1. ARMS.

Quarterly, 1ſt. and 4th. Girony of Eight, Sable and Or, 2d. and 3d. Argent, a Galley with her Oars in Action, ſupported by two Lyons Rampant, Gules, Creſt a Boars Head eraz'd, Or, Motto, Ne Obliviſcaris.

14. Earls of Athole.

AThole had early Earls in the Reign of King Malcolm IV. Malcolm is then Earl of Athole: He out of his Devotion to God, gave in pure Alms to the Monks of Scoon the Church of Logen-mabed, with four Chappels thereunto belonginga, for the Safety of his Soul, and to the Abbay of Dumfermling, the Tithes of the Church of Mollin, Pro ſalute animae ſuae & animae Sponſae ſuae & Regum Predeceſſorum ſuorum ibidem requieſcentium, which was ratified by King William b. He left Iſſue,

Henry his Son and Heir, from whom the Title of Earl of Athole came to Alanus Oſtiarius Domini Regis: For I have found him deſign'd Earl of Athole, in a Confirmation he made to the Abbacy of Arbroth, of the Wood of Torfeach in Aberdeen-Shire, formerly given by Thomas de Lundin Oſtiarius Regis his Father, to that Convent, which King Alexander II. ratified by his Charter, the 12th. of October, the 19th. Year of his Reignc.

From this Family the Title of Earl of Athole was transfer'd to Thomas of Galloway, by Marriage of Iſabel, the Heir Female. Patrick Earl of Athole their Son, was burnt in his own Lodging at Haddingtoun, anno 1241d, whereupon his Eſtate [Page 24] and Title deſcended to his Mother's Siſter, then the Wife of David Haſtings, an Engliſh Gentlemana, by whom he had one Daughter, married to John de Strathbolgie b. David Earl of Athole, their Succeſſor, was Conſtable of Scotland, in the Beginning of the Reign of King Robert I. He's ſo deſign'd in a Charter granted by that Monarch, erecting the Lands of Tarves into a Regality, in favour of the Monks of Arbroth, 26th. of February 1311c. And another David Earl of Athole, his Succeſſor, who was conſtituted Governour of Scotland, by Edward Baliol; for whoſe Service he rais'd an Army, but was totally routed, and himſelf killed, at the Battle of Kilblain, by the Scots, under the Conduct of Patrick Earl of March, and Sir Andrew Murray, anno 1335. His Eſtate by Forſalture falling to the Crown, it ſo continued till King David II. was pleas'd to beſtow both the Eſtate and Title of Earl of Athole, upon John Campbel, Son of Sir Neil Campbel of Lochow, by the Lady Mary Bruce his Wife, Daughter of Robert Earl of Carrick, and Siſter to King Robert Bruce; but he dying without Succeſſion, the Title became extinct by his Death, but did not long ſo continue, for King Robert II. was pleas'd to revive it again in the Perſon of Walter Steuart his ſecond Son, by Eupham Roſs his Queen in the 5th. Year of his Reign, anno 1375d. He founded the Collegiate Church of Methven, anno 1433, which he amply endow'd with Lands and Tithes within his own Territories, for the Salvation of his Soul, according to the Devotion of theſe Days; and conſiderably enrich'd himſelf by the Marriage of Margaret, eldeſt of the Daughters and Co-Heirs of Sir David Barclay of Brechin, by whom he had David his eldeſt Son, who died in England, one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James I. and Alan Steuart, Earl of Caithneſs, who was killed, fighting bravely in the Service of his Country at the Battle of Innerlochy, anno 1428e.

This Walter Earl of Athole, was the principal Actor in the horrid Murder of King James I. his Nephew, which proceeded (ſays our Hiſtorians) from a Reſponſe he had from ſome of his Highlanders, that before his Death he ſhould be Crown'd in a ſolemn Aſſembly. For this horrid and unnatural Crime, the Sentence of Death was executed upon him, in a moſt exemplary Manner, famous over all Europe; and his Eſtate was annexed to the Crown.

15. STEUART, Earl of Athole.

THE Firſt of this Illuſtrious Branch of the Family of Steuart, who attain'd this Dignity, was, John Steuart Son and Heir of Sir James Steuart, for Diſtinction call'd The black Knight of Lorn, by Jean his Wife, Dowager of King James I. and Daughter of John Earl of Somerſet; which James was created Earl of Athole by his Uterine Brother, King James II.f

In the Reign of King James III. he was conſtituted his Majeſty's Lieutenant, againſt the Lord of the Iſles, then in Rebellion; and by his Valour and Conduct, he reduc'd him to the King's Obedienceg: For which ſignal Service, he had thereupon a ſpecial Grant of ſeveral Lands, and [Page 25] this Motto added to his Arms, Furth Fortune and fill the Fetters, in 1457, he was one of the Conſervators of the Peace with England, and in 14 [...] was join'd in Commiſſion with ſeveral others, to treat of a Peace with the Engliſh, which they then concluded. He married firſt Beatrix, Daughter of Archibald fifth Earl of Douglas, by whom he had a Daughter Eliſabeth, married to Patrick Lord Gray.

2dly. Eleanor Sinclair, Daughter of William Earl of Orkney, by whom he had John his Succeſſor, 2d. Andrew, Biſhop of Caithneſs, and Daughters.

Jean, married to Alexander Earl of Huntly, and had Iſſue.

Catharine, to John Lord Forbes, and had Iſſue.

Iſobel, to John Earl of Lennox, and had Iſſue.

Eliſabeth, to Alexander Robertſon of Strowan, and had Iſſue.

He departing this Life 19 September 1512; was ſucceeded by John his Son and Heir, who was killed at Floudoun 9 September 1513, leaving Iſſue by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Colin Earl of Argyle: John his Son and Heir, and Daughters, Janet married firſt to Alexander, Maſter of Sutherland, and had Iſſue. Then to Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains. And 3dly. To Henry Steuart Lord Methven, and had Iſſue. Helen to John Lord Lindſay, and had Iſſue. Eliſabeth, to John Mackenzie of Kintail, Anceſtor to the Earl of Seaforth.

John, 3d. Earl of Athole married Griſal Daughter and Coheir of Sir John Ratray of That-Ilk, by whom he had

John, 4th. Earl of Athole; his Son who was on the King's ſide, in the Minority of James VI. He was conſtituted Chancellour 19 April 1578, in the Room of John Lord Glamis deceaſed, and continu'd in that Office till his Death, which happen'd 24 April 1579. He was married to Margaret Daughter of Malcolm Lord Fleeming, Widow both of Robert Maſter of Montroſe, and of Thomas Maſter of Erskine, by whom he had Iſſue, John, his Succeſſor, and Daughters.

Eliſabeth, married to Hugh Lord Lovat, and had Iſſue. 2dly. To Robert Steuart Earl of March. And 3dly. She became the Wife of James Steuart, then called Earl of Arran.

Griſal, to David Earl of Crawfurd, and had Iſſue.

Ann, to Francis Earl of Errol, ſans Iſſue.

Jean, to Duncan Campbel of Glenurchie, and had Iſſue.

John, fifth Earl of Athole, was one of the Privy Council to King James VI. anno 1590. He married Mary Ruthven, Daughter of William Earl of Gourie, by whom he had Three Daughters.

Dorothea, married to William Earl of Tillibairn, whoſe Son John in her Right, came afterward to poſſeſs this Honour.

Mary, to James Steuart Lord Innermeath, ſans Iſue.

Jean, to Henry Steuart Lord St. Colme, and had Iſſue.

He departed this Life 18 November 1594a, whereby the Honour became Extinct, but did not ſo continue two Years, when King James was pleaſed to revive it again in the Perſon of James Lord Innermeath, by Letters Patent, bearing date 13 April 1596b, but he dying without Iſſue 1605c, the Title of Athole came to Dorothea, Counteſs of Tillibairn.

16. MURRAY Duke of Athole.

THIS Noble Family is of great Antiquity, in vice comitatu de Perth, and deſcends from Sir William Murray, Son of Sir Malcolm [Page 26] Murray Knight. He obtained the Barony of Tillibairn, by marrying of Adda, Daughter of Malyſe, Seneſcal of Strathern, as is clear from an Original Charter I have ſeen, bearing Date the Thurſday preceeding the Feaſt of St. Simon and St. Jude, Anno Dom. 1282a. This Sir William was one of the Scots Barons on the Part of John Baliol, who were call'd to Berwick when King Edward was to determine the Controverſy about the Crown of this Realm then in Diſpute; betwixt Robert de Bruce, and the ſaid John de Baliol, anno 1292b. By the ſaid Adda his Wife he left Iſſue Sir Andrew his Son and Heir, who gave in pure Alms to the Monks of the Abby of Inchaffry, an Annual Sum payable out of the Barony of Tillibairn, which had formerly been in Diſpute between him and the ſaid Convent, and that for the Health of his Soul, bearing Date on St. Bean's Day, (i. e. 16 December) 1331c. This is that Sir Andrew who took part with Edward Baliol, for which diſloyal Action his Eſtate was forfeited, and he beheaded at Perth in 1332, leaving Iſſue.

William his Son, who obtained a Grant of the Barony of Tillibairn, upon the Reſignation of Adda de Moravia, his Grand-mother, in which Sir William de Montefix Juſtitiario Scotiae ex boreali par [...]e aquae de Forth, is a Witneſs. This William had Iſſue.

Sir Walter Murray of Tillibairn his Son and Heir, who dying circa Annum 1390, left Iſſue by Margaret le Baird his Wife.

Sir David Murray his Son and Heir, who was knighted by King James I. He founded the Collegiate Church of Tillibairn in Strathern, dedicated in Honour of our Bleſsed Saviour, and dyed about 1446 leaving Iſſue, William his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Marion married to Malcolm Drummond of Cargill, the Anceſtor of the Family of Perth.

Which William, received the Honour of Knighthood from King James III. to whom he faithfully adhered, in Conſideration whereof he was conſtituted Stewart of Strathern, anno 1482, which was ratified by Act of Parliament, in 1491d. He married Mary Daughter to the Earl Mariſhal, by whom he had

Sir John, who dyed without Iſſue.

William, his Succeſſor.

The 3d. Sir Andrew Murray of Arngosk, anceſtor to the preſent Viſcount of Stormont.

4. David Murray of Strathgeth.

And Chriſtian, a Daughter married to George Lord Seton, and had Iſſue.

He departed this Life in a good advanced Age, about the Year 1509, was ſucceeded by William his Son and Heir, who married Katharin Daughter of Sir Duncan Campbel of Glenurchie, by whom he had Iſſue.

William, his Succeſſor.

2d. Alexander.

3d. James.

And Daughters, 1. Anabella married to John Earl of Mar, and had Iſſue. 2. Eupham firſt to Robert Steuart of Roſyth, then to Robert Pitcairn Commendator of Dunfermling, Secretary of State in the Minority of King James VI. 3. Katharin, to Robert Morray of Abercairny, 4. Jean to James Henderſon of Fordell, and had Iſſue; he departing this Life anno 1562, was ſucceeded by

William his Son and Heir, who was of the Privy Council to Queen Mary, and Comptroller of Her Majeſty's Houſhold, upon the breaking out of the Civil War in that Reign. He was one of the Barons who entred into that memorable Aſſociation to Defend the young Prince King James, and to proſecute Bothwell for the Murder of of the King; yet (ſays Sir James Melvil) He always retain'd a dutiful reſpect to Her Majeſty, and only entred into the Aſſociation for [Page 27] Safety of the young Prince, and Puniſhment of the Kings Murder. In 1572. he was joined in Commiſſion with Sir Alexander Erskin to be Governour to the young King, and joint Keeper of the Caſtle of Stirling, and dyed 1583, leaving Iſſue by Agnes his Wife, Daughter of William Earl of Montroſe, John his Succeſſor, Alexander, who was Colonel of a Regiment in the Netherlands.

Margaret, married to Sir Robert Bruce of Clackmanan, and had Iſſue.

Which Sir John Murray of Tillibairn was one of the Privy Council to King James VI. he being a well deſerving Perſon, and enjoying a very ample Fortune, was by the Favour of the ſaid King, advanced to the Dignity of Lord Murray of Tillibairn, 25 April 1604, and July 10 1606, to the Dignity of Earl of Tillibairn. He married Katharin Daughter of David Lord Drummond, by whom he had Iſſue.

1. William his Succeſſor, 2. Sir Patrick Murray Knight of the Bath, and one of the Gentlemen of his Majeſty's Bed-Chamber, and afterward Earl of Tillibairn. 3d. Mungow Viſcount of Stormont, who dyed without Iſſue. Likewiſe ſeveral Daughters.

Anne, married to Patrick Earl of Kinghorn, and had Iſſue.

Lilias, married to Sir John Grant of That-ilk, and had Iſſue.

Margaret, to James Hadden of Gleneagles, and had Iſſue.

Katharine to David Roſs of Balnagoun.

William Earl of Tillibairn his Son, being accidentally in the Town of Perth, 5 Auguſt, 1600 fortuned to be the happy Reſcuer of his Majeſty King James VI. from a Tumult of the Citizens, after the Death of John Earl of Gourie; for which ſignal Service, he obtained a ſpecial Grant of the Sheriffſhip of Perth-ſhire, which ſtill continues in his Family.

He married Dorothea Steuart eldeſt Daughter of John the fifth and laſt Earl of Athole, by whom he had John his Son and Heir, who ſucceeded to the Title, Dignity, and Precedency of Athole, (he then reſigning the Honour of Tillibairn), which John Earl of Athole, faithfully adhered to King Charles I. In the Beginning of his unhappy Troubles he raiſed his Men for his Majeſty's Service, againſt the the Marqueſs of Argyle, anno 1641, and dyed 1642, leaving Iſſue by Jean his Wife, Daughter of Sir Duncan Campbel of Glenurchie, John his Succeſſor, Mungow who died unmarried, and Anne married to James Earl of Tillibardin, but had no Iſſue.

Which John Earl of Athole, in Defence of King Charles II. loyally took up Arms, and had ſeveral Encounters with the Engliſh Uſurpers in the North of Scotland in 1653, when not above 18 Years of Age, for which he ſuffered in the common Calamity with other Loyaliſts; in Conſideration whereof, upon his Majeſty's Reſtoration, he was conſtituted Juſtice General in 1661, Lord Privy Seal, 1672; Captain of his Majeſty's Guards, and one of the extraordinary Lords of the Seſſion. And further, in Regard of his eminent Services, was created Marqueſs of Athole, by Letters Patent, bearing date 17 Feb. 1676.

Upon K. James's Acceſſion to the Throne; anno 1685, His Majeſty, confiding much in his Loyalty, commiſſioned him to go againſt the Earl of Argyle, then in Arms in the Weſt, where he contributed much to the ſuppreſſing of that Rebellion; for which ſignal Service he was conſtituted Lieutenant of Argyle-Shire, and in anno 1687, was elected Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Thiſtle.

This noble Lord married Aemilia Stanly, Daughter of that valiant and loyal Nobleman James Earl of Darby, by whom he had Iſſue,

John, the preſent Duke.

Charles, Earl of Dunmore.

Lord James Murray of Dowally, who [Page 28] married Anne Daughter of Sir Robert Murray of Cockpool, and has Iſſue,

William Lord Nairn, fourth Son.

Lord Edward Murray 5th. Son, married Katharin Daughter of Skeen of Halyards, and has Iſſue, and a Daughter Aemilia married to Hugh Lord Lovat, and had Iſſue. He departed this Life 6 May 1703, was inter'd in the Veſtry of the Cathedral Church of Dunkeld under a ſumptuous Monument of black and white Marble.

John, the preſent Duke of Athole has been imploy'd in ſome of the moſt eminent Offices in the State, both in this and the former Reign, which he ſtill diſcharged with the utmoſt Fidelity. In 1695 he was made Secretary of State, and by Letters Patent, bearing date 27 July 1697, created Earl of Tillibairn, in Conſideration of his good Services, as well as his near Relation in Blood to King William, and the ſame Year was Lord High Commiſſioner to the Parliament.

Upon Her Majeſties Acceſſion to the Throne, he was nam'd a Privy Counſellour, and 8 December 1702. conſtituted Lord Privy Seal, and the 30 April 1703, created Duke of Athole, and in 1704, elected Knight of the moſt noble Order of St. Andrew.

In the Parliament 1706, which concluded the Union of the Crowns, he was one of the Peers who made a very ſtrong and vigorous Oppoſition to it, and on the 4 November, when the firſt Article of the Treaty, was Enacted and Ratified, his Grace enter'd this Proteſtation, which from the Records of Parliament I tranſcribed.

I John Duke of Athole, Proteſt for my ſelf and all others who ſhall adhere to this my Proteſtation, that an Incorporating Union of the Crown of Scotland with the Crown of England, and that both Nations ſhould be repreſented by one and the ſome Parliament, as contain'd in the Articles of the Treaty of Union is contrary to the Honour, Intereſt, fundamental Laws and Conſtitutions of this Kingdom, the Birth-right of the Peers, the Privileges of the Barons and Burgeſses, and Act 10. Parl. 8. Ja. 6. it is ordain'd, that none of the Leiges preſume to take upon them to impugn the Dignity and Authority of the Three Eſtates of Parliament, or to ſeek or procure the Diminution of the Power and Authority of the ſaid Three Eſtates under the pain of Treaſon, and is contrary to the Claim of Right, Property and Liberty of the Subject. And the 3d. Act of Her Majeſty's Parliament, 1703, it is thereby declared high Treaſon in any of the Subjects of this Kingdom to quarrel or impugn, or endeavour by writing, or malicious and adviſed ſpeaking, or any other open Act or Deed to innovate the Claim of Right in any Article thereof.

Likeas on the 7 January, 1707, when the 22d. Article of the Treaty of Union in relation to the Number of Repreſentatives for Scotland in the Parliament of Great-Britain, came to be debated, the Duke gave in this Proteſt, which in Juſtice to his Grace I could not forbear to inſert.

Foraſmuchas the Peers of this Realm who are Hereditary Members of Her Majeſty's great Council and Parliament do hereby become Elective, and ſo Her Majeſty is deprived of Her born Counſellours, and the Peers of their Birth-right: And whereas at preſent they are 160 in Number, they are by this Article reduced to 16, which 16 are to be joined with the Houſe of Lords in England, whoſe Number at preſent conſiſts of above 180, whereby its plain, that the Scots Peers ſhare in the Legiſlative and Judicative Powers in the Britiſh Parliament is very unequal, to that of the Engliſh, tho the one be Repreſentative of as Free and Independent a Nation as the other, and is therefore a plain Forfaulture of the Peerage of this Kingdom, contrary to the [Page 29] Honour of the Monarchy, diſgraceful to the Kingdom, and prejudicial to the Barons and Burrows of this Realm.

This noble Lord married firſt the Lady Katharine Hamilton, Daughter of William and Anne Duke & Dutches of Hamilton, a Lady of incomparable prudence, and a ſingular example of Virtue and Piety, by whom he had Iſſue,

John Marqueſs of Tillibairn, a Youth of great Hopes and Expectation, who was killed at the Battle of Mons, 31 of Auguſt 1709, to the great Grief of his noble Relations,

William Marqueſs of Tillibairn.

Lord James

Lord Charles

Lord George

Lord Baſil

Lady Suſanna All unmarried.

2dly. He married Mary Daughter of William Lord Roſs, by whom he has Iſſue a Son John, an Infant.

16.1. ARMS

Quarterly 1ſt. and 4th Azure, three Molets Argent within a double Treſſure floured and Counter floured Or, 2d. and 3d. quarterly, 1ſt. and 4th. pale of ſix Sable and Or, 2d: and 3d Or, a Feſs Cheque Azure and Argent, ſupported on the Dexter with a Lyon Rampant Gules coloured Azure, charged with three Molets Argent, and on the Siniſter with a Savage proper, wreathed about the Loins with Lawrel, Creſt a Demi Savage, holding in his Dexter Hand a Key Or, and in his Siniſter a Dagger proper, with this Motto, Furth Fortune and fill the Fetters.

17. ARBUTHNET, Viſcount of Arbuthnet.

THIS Family hath been of great Antiquity in the Shire of Kincardin, and long poſſeſſed of the Barony of Arbuthnet there. The Name hath been originally writen Aberbothenoth, Duncan de Aberbothenoth is Witneſs in a Grant by King Alexander II. to the Abbacy of Aberbroth, anno 1242a.

In the Time of Alexander III. Hugh de Aberbothenoth, gave in pure alms to the Monks of Aberbroth the Patronage of the Church of Garvoch pro ſalute animae ſuae, Anno Dom. 1282b, and Philip de Aberbothenoth Dominus ejuſdem, was a Benefactor to the Church of Aberdeen, in anno 1367c, in the Time of King David II. He married Margaret Daughter of Sir James Douglaſs of Dalkeith d, from whom by lineal Succeſſion, was Sir Robert Arbuthnet of that Ilk, who manifeſting his Loyalty to K. Charles I. was by that Monarch created Viſcount of Arbuthnet 16 November, 1641. He married firſt Marion Daughter to David firſt Earl of Southesk, by whom he had Robert his Son and Heir, and by Margaret his ſecond Wife, Daughter of Simon Lord Lovat he likewiſe had Iſſue, and dying anno 1659e, was ſucceeded by Robert his Son and Heir, who married Mary Daughter of William Earl Mariſhal, by whom he had Robert, who ſucceeded him in his Eſtate and Honour; alſo by Katharine his ſecond Wife, Daughter of John Gordon of Pitlurg, he had Iſſue John Arbuthnet of Fordon, Alexander, who changed his Sirname to Maitland, by his Marriage with the Heretrix of Pitrichie, he's now one of the Barons of Her Majeſty's Exchequer [Page 30] in Scotland, 3d Thomas; alſo ſeveral Daughters.

This Lord dying anno 1684, was ſucceeded by Robert his Son, who departed this Life in 1692, leaving Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter of George Earl of Sutherland, Robert his Son and Heir, who died unmarried anno 1710, and John the preſent Viſcount of Arbuthnet who married Jean Daughter of William Moriſon of Preſtongrange.

17.1. ARMS.

Azure a Creſcent betwixt three Stars Argent ſupported by two Dragons, Creſt a Peacock's Head proper, Motto Laus Deo.

18. CUMMIN, Lord of Badenoch.

THIS noble and ſpreading Family of Norman Extractiona, is of very great Antiquity in this Realm. The firſt I have found mentioned, is, Comes Robertus Cummin, who was killed at the Battle of Anwick, anno 1609b. The next is William Cummin, who was Lord high Chancellor of Scotland, in the Reign of King David I. anno 1142, he left Iſſue Sir William, who was Chamberlain to King William c, and married Hexilda Grand child of Donald King of Scotland d, by whom he had William, Father of Sir Richard Cummin, who gave in pure Alms to the Monks of Kelſo the Church of Lyncudric, with half a Carrucate of Land thereunto belonging, pro ſalute Henrici Comitis Domini ſui qui obiit 1152e: He left Iſſue three Sons,

Sir John of Badenoch.

Sir Walter Earl of Monteith.

Sir William firſt Earl of Buchan.

Which Sir John for Diſtinction called The Reid Cummin, had Iſſue Sir John and three Daughters, the firſt married to Sir Godfrey de Murray, the 2d to Alexander of Argyle, Lord of Lorn, the 3d to Sir VVilliam Murray of Bothwell.

Sir John Cummin of Badenoch, uſually deſigned The Black Cummin, was choſen one of the ſix Governours of Scotland, anno 1286, upon the Death of K. Alexander III. In 1290 he was one of the Competitors for the Crown on the deceaſe of Queen Margaret, as Son and Heir of John Son and Heir of Richard, Son and Heir of VVilliam, Son and Heir of Hexilde, Daughter and Heir of Bethock Daughter and Heir of Donald, ſome time King of Scotland f: He left Iſſue by Marjory Daughter of John, and Siſter to John Baliol once King of this Realm, John his Son and Heirg. This is that John Cummin, who in 1305 entered into a ſolemn Treaty with Robert Bruce Earl of Carrick, for freeing their Country from Engliſh Servitude, which he perſidiouſly diſcovered to King Edward of England, for which King Robert Bruce killed him in the Church of Drumfriſe, 10 February 1306; by whoſe Death the chief branch of this noble Family expired.

19. LINDSAY, Earl of Balcaraſs.

THIS Family deſcends from Mr. John Lindſay of Balcaraſs, 2d Son of David Lindſay of Edzle, (Earl of Crawfurd,) by Janet [Page 31] his Wife, Daughter of Sir John Campbel of Calder.

Which Mr. John being a Man of great Parts and Learning, more eſpecially in the Laws, he was conſtituted one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice in 1584a, and after ſome time, one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſauryb, and Secretary of State, anno 1596, in room of the Lord Thirlſtane deceaſed; all which Offices he enjoyed with an univerſal Reputation till his Death. In 1598c, he married Margaret, Daughter of . . . . . . Guthry of Lunnen d, by whom he had Sir David his Son and Heir, and Daughters;

Janet married to Sir John Lindſay of Benholm.

Margaret to Sir Alexander Strachan of Thornfoun, and had Iſſue.

Mary to John Brown of Fordel, and had Iſſue.

Which Sir David was created Lord Lindſay of Balcaraſs, by K. Charles I. the 7 June 1633, immediately preceeding his Majeſty's Coronation. He married Sophia Daughter of Alexander Earl of Dunfermling, by whom he had Alexander his Succeſſor, and two Daughters, Sophia married to Sir Robert Moray, Juſtice Clerk in the Reign of King Charles II. of the Family of Abercairny, but had no Iſſue. Iſabel married to Thomas Boyd of Pinkhill, in vice comitatu de Air, ſans Iſſue.

Which Alexander, Lord Balcaraſs, being a Perſon of great Prudence, examplary Loyalty, and ſingular Affection to King Charles II. was by his Majeſty's Favour raiſed to the Dignity of Earl of Balcaraſs, in 1651. Upon the depreſſion of the Royal cauſe in Scotland, anno 1654, he followed the King into Foreign Parts, during the Uſurpation, and dyed in Holland in the beginning of the Year 1660, upon him the famous Poet Mr. Cowley wrote this Epitaph,

Balcaras who but th' other Day,
Did all our Love and our Reſpect command,
At whoſe great Parts, we all amaz'd did ſtand,
Is from a Storm, alas! caſt ſuddenly on Land, &c.

He left Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter of Colin Earl of Seaforth, two Sons, Charles who ſucceeded him in the Earldom, but dyed unmarried anno 1662, and Colin the preſent Earl: alſo three Daughters, 1ſt. Anne, who embraced the Romiſh Perſwaſion and dyed a Nun in France, Sophia married to Colonel Charles Campbel, Son to the late Earl of Argyle, and Henrietta to Sir Duncan Campbel of Auchinbraick, and had Iſſue.

Colin the preſent Earl was one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King Charles II. and King James VII. and one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury, he married firſt Margaret Daughter of Lewis de Naſſaw Lord Beverwart in Holland. 2dly. Jean Daughter of David Earl of Northesk, by whom he had one Daughter Anne, married to Alexander Earl of Kelly, and had Iſſue. To his 3d. Wife, he marred Jean Daughter of VVilliam Earl of Roxburgh, by whom he had Colin Lord Cumberland, who dyed unmarried in 1708, and a Daughter Counteſs of VVigtoun. 4thly. He married Margaret Daughter of James Earl of London, by whom he had Iſſue,

Alexander Lord Cumberland.

James in Her Majeſty's Sea Service.

Lady Eliſabeth.

Lady Eleanor, all unmarried.

19.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt. and 4th. Gules, a Feſs Cheque Argent and Azure, 2d and 3d. Or, a Lyon Rampant Gules ſurmounted of a Riban Sable within a border, Azure, charged with Stars Or, ſupporters two Lyons Sejant, Creſt a Tent, Motto, Aſtra Caſtra, &c.

20. BALLENDEN, Lord Ballenden.

[Page 32]

THIS Family began its Riſe in the Reign of King James V. at which time Thomas Ballenden of Auchinoule was Juſtice Clerk, and Director of the Chancery, anno 1541a, he dying anno 1546, left Iſſue; Sir John his Son and Heir, who was Juſtice Clerk in the Reign of Queen Mary and King James VI. for upwards of twenty Years: He married Barbara Daughter of . . . . . . . Kennedy of . . . . . . and left Iſſue Sir Lewis his Son and Heir and Mr. Adam, Doctor of Divinity, firſt Biſhop of Dunblain, and thereafter of Aberdeen.

Which Sir Lewis was made one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, anno 1584, he married Margaret Daughter of William Lord Livingſton, and left Iſſue Sir James his Son and Heir, who married Margaret Daughter of William Ker of Cesfurd, Siſter to Robert firſt Earl of Roxburgh, by whom he had Sir William his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Margaret married to Henry Lord Cardroſs.

Which Sir William having given many ſignal teſtimonies of his Loyalty to King Charles II. during the Uſurpation, in Conſideration thereof upon his Majeſty's Reſtoration, he was dignified with the Honour of Lord Ballenden, by Letters Patent bearing date 10 June 1661, and the ſame Year he was conſtituted Theſaurer Depute, and one of the Lords of his Majeſty's Privy Council, but dying unmarried, he made over his Eſtate, and got his Title of Lord conveyed to John Ker 4th. Son of William Earl of Roxburgh, who thereupon changed his Name to Ballenden; he married . . . . Mure Daughter to the Earl of Drogheda in the Kingdom of Ireland, Widow of William Earl of Dalhouſy, by whom he had the preſent Lord, who ſucceeded his Father in the Honour upon his Death, anno 1706.

20.1. ARMS.

Gules a Stags Head couped and attired with ten Tynes betwixt three croſs Croſlets, all within a double Treſſure Counterflour'd Or.

21. ELPHINSTON, Lord Balmerino,

THE Firſt of this collateral Branch, raiſed to the Dignity of Peerage, was Sir James Elphinſton 3d Son of Robert Lord Elphinſton, by Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffery, and of Janet his Wife, natural Daughter to King James IV.

Which Sir James having ſtudied the Laws, in ſhort time became ſo highly eſteemed for his Abilities, that he was conſtituted one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, in the Year 1586b, in 1595 one of the Lords of the Theſaury, then called The Octavians c, and Secretary of State anno 1598 in room of John Lindſay of Balcaras deceaſed: alſo Preſident of the Seſſion, upon the promotion of Alexander Earl of Dunfermling to be Chancellor, in 1605. In all which Imployments he deported himſelf with ſuch Learning, Judgment and Sufficiency, that King James, ſoon after his acceſſion to the Crown of [Page 33] England, created him Lord Balmerino, by Letters Patent, bearing date 25 April 1604, being then appointed one of the Commiſſioners on the part of Scotland to treat of a nearer Union with England, he took to Wife, firſt Sarah Daughter of Sir John Monteith of Carſe, by whom he had John his Son and Heir, and 2dly. Marjory Daughter of Hugh Maxwell of Tyling, by whom he had James Lord Couper, alſo two Daughters, Anne married to Andrew Lord Frazer, and had Iſſue, and Mary to John Homilton of Blair, and had Iſſue, he departing this Life in anno 1612a, was ſucceeded by John his Son and Heir, a Perſon likewiſe of great Parts and Learning, as appears by the Part he acted in the Reign of King Charles I. whereof Biſhop Guthry in his Memoirs gives a full Account: He married Anne Daughter of Sir Thomas Ker of Ferniehirſt, Siſter to Andrew Lord Jedburgh, and to Robert Earl of Somerſet and dying anno 1649, by the ſaid Anne his Wife left Iſſue,

John his Son and Heir, who dyed the 10th. of June 1704, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife Daughter to John Earl of Loudon, John his Son and Heir.

Which John, the preſent Lord Balmerino, was one of the Peers, who in 1706, oppoſed the Union with England in the Terms of the Treaty then before the Houſe, tho the Matter was then concluded. In 1710 he was made General of the Mint in place of the Earl of Lauderdale deceaſed: and Sheriff of Edinburgh Shire, then in Her Majeſty's Hands, by the Death of William Earl of Dalhouſie: and elected one of 16 Peers of Scotland to the Parliament of Great Britain, alſo in 1711 he was named one of the Commiſſioners for executing the Office of Chamberlain, which he at preſent enjoys.

This worthy Lord married firſt Chriſtian Daughter of Hugh Earl of Eglington, by whom he had Hugh, who was killed at the Seige of Liſle, anno 1708, James now Maſter of Balmerino, alſo two Daughters;

Margaret married to Sir John Preſton of Preſtounhall, and had Iſſue.

Jean to Francis Stuart Eſq Brother to the Earl of Murray, and has Iſſue.

Secondly. Anne Daughter of Dr. Arthur Roſs Arch-Biſhop of St. Andrews, by whom he has

Arthur.

Alexander.

Anne, all unmarried.

21.1. ARMS.

Argent a Chiveron Sable, charged with three Buckles of the ſield betwixt three Boars Heads erazed Gules b, ſupporters two Griffons proper, Creſt a Serpent ſtinging a Dove, Motto, Prudentia fraudis neſcia.

22. OGILVY, Lord Banff.

THE Progenitor of this Family was Sir Walter Ogilvy of Dunlugaſs, Son of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Boyn by Margaret his Wife, one of the Daughters and Coheirs of of Sir James Edmonſton of Thatilkec.

This Sir Walter acquired a fair Eſtate by the Marriage of Aliſon, one of the Daughters and Coheirs of Patrick Hume of Faſtcaſtle, tempore Jacobi [...]arti, he left Iſſue.

George Ogilvy of Dunlugaſs his Son and Heir, who married Beatrix Daughter of George Lord Seaton, by whom he had Walter his Succeſſor, and a [Page 34] Daughter married to Sir Alexander Frazer of Philorth, he departed this Life anno 1612, in the uncommon Age of 105, upon him Dr. Johnſton a wrote this Epitaph.

Vixit Olympides ter ſeptem Banfius aetas,
Ter fuit illuſtri poſteritate minor:
Virtutes numera pancos liquiſe nepotes,
Cum periis pancos evoluiſſe dies.

Sir Walter Ogilvy of Dunlugaſs his Son, married Helen Daughter of Sir John Urquhart of Cromarty, by whom he had George his Son and Heir, who was created Baronet by King Charles I. 30 July 1627: He ſignalized his Loyalty and Valour at the Bridge of Dee in his Majeſty's behalf againſt the Covenanters, under the Conduct of James Earl of Montroſe, an. 1639, and continuing firm in his Loyalty in the time of the Civil Wars, was in reſpect thereof raiſed to the Dignity of Lord Banff, by Letters Patent, bearing date 31 of Auguſt 1642. He married firſt Helen Daughter of Sir Alexander Irvin of Drum, by whom he had a Daughter Helen, married to James Earl of Airly, and had Iſſue. 2dly. Mary Daughter of Sir Alexander Sutherland of Duffus, by whom he had Iſſue George his Son and Heir, who ſucceeded him upon his Death, in 1663, he took to Wife Agnes Daughter of Alexander Lord Halkertoun, by whom he had George the preſent Lord, and Sir Alexander Ogilvy of Forglen, created Baronet 29 June 1701, and one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice in 1706.

Which George married . . . . . . . Daughter of William Earl Mariſhal, by whom he has George Maſter of Banff, who married Helen Daughter of Sir John Lauder of Fountainhall, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice.

22.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt. and 4th. Argent a Lyon paſsant, guardant, Gules, crown'd with an imperial Crown, Or, 2d and 3d. Argent three Papingoes Vert.

23. HAMILTON, Lord Bargeny.

DERIVES his Deſcent from Sir John Hamilton natural Son of John Marqueſs of Hamilton. This Sir John acquired a fair Eſtate in Carrick, which he tranſmitted to his Poſterity, and left Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Mr. Alexander Campbel Biſhop of Brechin, (a Son of the Family of Arkinlaſs,) Sir John his Succeſſor, alſo ſeveral Daughters,

Katharine married to Sir James Drummond of Machany, anceſtor to the preſent Viſcount of Strathallan.

Helen to Sir James Somervel of Camnethan, and had Iſſue.

. . . . to Sir William Weir of Stonbyres, but had no Iſſue.

Mary to Alexander Cleland of that-Ilk, and had Iſſue.

Sir John Hamilton of Bargeny, the 2d. of this Family, was by the bounty and favour of King Charles I. created into the Dignity of Lord Bargeny, anno 1639b, in 1648. He cordially put himſelf in Arms with others his Majeſty's loyal Subjects, in order to reſcue him, then a Priſoner in the Iſle of Wight. After the Murder of his Sovereign, he firmly adhered to King Charles II. for which he was forfeited by Oliver Cromwel, and ſuffered diverſe other Hardſhips.

He married Jean Daughter of William Marqueſs of Douglaſs, by whom he had William his Succeſſor, and four Daughters.

1ſt. Margaret married to Sir John Kennedy of Colzean, and had Iſſue, and [Page 35] thereafter to Sir David Ogilvy of Clova, and had Iſſue.

2d. Anne to Sir Patrick Houſton of that-Ilk, and had Iſſue.

3d. Katharine to Mr. William Cuningham of Enterkin, and had Iſſue.

4th. Marjory to William Baillie of Lamingtoun, ſans Iſſue. He dying anno . . . . was ſucceeded by William his Son and Heir, who married Mary Daughter of William Earl of Glencairn, by whom he had John Maſter of Bargeny, who dyed in the Lifetime of his Father leaving Iſſue by . . . . . his Wife, Daughter of Sir Robert Sinclair of Lochermackhouſe, one Daughter Joanna married to Sir Robert Dalrymple of North-Berwick Junior, and has Iſſue, William his Succeſſor, and Nicolas married to Sir Alexander Hope of Carſe, and had Iſſue.

Which William late Lord Bargeny dying anno 1711, left Iſſue by . . . . . his firſt Wife, Daughter of Sir James Primroſe of Carringtoun, one Daughter Griſal unmarried, and by Margaret his ſecond Wife Daughter of Robert Dundaſs of Arniſton, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, James now Lord Bargeny, a Child very young.

23.1. ARMS.

The quarter'd Coat of the Family of Hamilton with a ſuitable Difference.

24. DOUGLAS Viſcount of Belhaven.

THE Firſt who derived any Honour from this Place, was Sir Robert Douglas of Spot, Son of Malcolm Douglas of Mains, in vice-comitatu de Dunbarton lineally deſcended of Nicol Douglas a Son of the Family of Dalkeith in King Robert II's timea.

This Sir Robert was at firſt a Page of Honour to Prince Henry, and then Maſter of his Horſe. Upon the Death of that excellent Prince, he was made one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-chamber to the King, and continued in the ſame Office to King Charles I. by whom he was alſo conſtituted Maſter of the Houſhold, and one of the Lords of his Majeſty's Privy Council; And finally, in Recompenſe of all his acceptable Services he was by Letters Patent bearing date 24 June 1633, created Viſcount of Belhaven b, the Honour being limited to the Heirs Male of his Body. He married Nicolas Daughter to Robert Moray of Abercairny, but dying without Iſſue 14 January 1639, he was interr'd in the Veſtry of the Abby Church of Holy rood-houſe, where there's erected a Monument over him with his Statue in Alabaſter as big as the Life, with this Epitaph, wherein moſt of his remarkable Actions are taken notice of.

QƲod Reliquum apud nos eſt hic conditur Roberti Vicecomitis de Belhaven, Baronis de Spot, &c. Regi Carolo a ſecretioribus conſiliis, & inter familiares intimi; quippe qui & prius Henrico Valliae gratiſſimus, ejuſque stabulis praefectus erat: Illo vero fatis cedente, fratri Carolo, nunc rerum potito, in quaeſturam Domus adſcitus eſt, ſingulari favoris gradu acceptus, re & honoribus auctus. In juventute Nicolaae Moraviae Abercarniae Comarchae natae ad octodecim non amplius menſes, [...]nicae uxoris in puerperio ſimul cum faetu extinctae, lectiſſimo, conſortio fruebatur. Ingraveſcente ſenectute ab aulico ſtrepitu ſe ſubtrabens in patriam reverſus eſt. Archibaldum & Robertum Duglaſſios Equites auratos, primaevi fratris filios, terris & bonis, praeter quae Teſtamento legavit aequa lance diviſis haered [...]s ſeripſit; qui memoriae ejus gratitudinis ſuae pignus hoc monumentum poni curarunt.

Ingenium, quod literis cultura non implevit, ſagacitate Natura ſupplevit. Indolis bonitate & Candore, nulli ceſſit. Facile ſuccendi, at, dum loquimur, facilius deferveſcere, ei, in moribus, quod aeque ab omnibus vix acciperetur, unicum erat. Fide, in Regem; Pietate, in Patriam; Officiis, in Amicos; Charitate, in Egenos, nulli ſocundus: Cui, in Proſperis, modus & Comitas; In Adverſis, Conſtantia & Magnanimitas, ad ſupremum uſque diem, invaluere. Obiit Edinburgi prid. Idus Januarii, anno, ab Incarnatione Meſſiae, ſupra MDCxxix; aetatis vero, ultra Clymactericum magnum, tertio.

25. HAMILTON, Lord Belhaven.

[Page 36]

AMONGST thoſe who profeſſed the Senſe of their Duty and Fidelity to his Majeſty King Charles I. in the time of his Diſtreſs, was Sir James Hamilton of Broomhill, in whoſe Defence he Ioyally took up Arms and marched into England with the Scots Army, under the Conduct of James Duke of Hamilton, in 1648, being ſome time before created Lord Belhaven: He married Margaret natural Daughter to James Marqueſs of Hamilton, by whom he had three Daughters,

Margaret married to Sir Samuel Baillie of Lamingtoun, and had Iſſue.

Anne to Sir Robert Hamilton of Silvertounhill, and had Iſſue.

Eliſabeth to Alexander Viſcount of Kingſtoun, he departing this Life in 1679, the Honour devolved upon John Hamilton Son to Sir Robert Hamilton of Preſmanan, proceeding on his Reſignation ſome Years before.

Which John Lord Belhaven, I find did particularly ſignalize himſelf both in the Parliament 1681 and 1685, diſcovering then a firm Reſolution to ſupport the Proteſtant Religion. In 1689 he aſſiſted at the meeting of the Scots Nobility at London, and concurred with them in addreſſing the Prince of Orange to call a Convention of the Eſtates in Scotland for the ſetling the Government there.

His Lordſhip was preſent at the Convention, where he contributed much to the ſetling the Crown upon King William and Queen Mary, who upon their Acceſſion thereto, conſtituted him one of their Privy Council, and one of the Commiſſioners for executing the Office of Regiſter.

Upon Her Majeſty's acceſſion to the Throne, he was named a Privy Counſellour, and after that, one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury, which he executed with no little Approbation.

In the Parliament 1706, when the Union came to be debated, he joined with thoſe who oppoſed it, and on this Subject made ſeveral learned and elaborate Speeches containing his Reaſons, for which Poſterity will celebrate his Name with Honour as a Patriot of his Country.

He married Margaret Daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton of Silvertounhill, by Anne Daughter of John Lord Belhaven, by whom he had only two Sons,

John the preſent Lord.

Mr. James Hamilton Advocate, married Anne Daughter of John Walkingſhaw of that Ilk. He departed this Life at London 21 June 1708, was ſucceeded by,

John his Son and Heir, who married Mary Daughter of Andrew Bruce of Edinburgh Merchant, (of the Family of Earls-hall,) by whom he has John Maſter of Belhaven, and ſeveral other Children.

25.1. ARMS.

Gules a Sword pale-ways proper between three Cinque Foils Argent, ſupported by two Horſes Argent, Creſt an Unicorns Head, Motto Ride Through.

26. STUART Lord Blantyre.

THIS noble Family took beginning in the Reign of James III. in the Perſon of Sir Thomas Stuart of Minto, Son of Sir William Stuart of Garlies a, who greatly enriched [Page 37] himſelf by the Marriage of Iſobel Daughter and Coheir of Sir Walter Stewart of Arthurly, a by whom he had Sir John his Heir; William, who being bred to the Church, the firſt ſtep he made into it was to the Rectory of Lochmaben; after that he was preferred to the Proveſtry of Lincluden and then to the Biſhoprick of Aberdeen: b Likewiſe a Daughter Agnes, married to John Stewart of Cardonald. c Which Sir John married Janet Daughter of - - - - - Lord Fleming, by whom he had Robert his Succeſſur, who by Janet his Wife Daughter of - - - Murray of - - - had Sir John, who carried down the Line of the Family; Robert Prior of Whitern, and Eliſabeth married to John Maxwel of Calderwood.

Which Sir John married firſt a Lady of the Family of the Hepburns, by whom he had Sir Matthew his Succeſſour in the Barony of Miuto, whoſe Male-Line became extinct in Sir John Stewart of Minto, who died in the Expedition to Darien, Anno 1697, next Margaret Daughter of Captain James Stewart of Cardonald. By her he had,

Walter Commendator of Blantyre, who being from his Youth bred in the Court of King James VI. was Anno 1580 made one of the Gentlemen of the Bed Chamber, and preferred to be Lord Privy Seal in 1582,d in which Office he continued till the 1596, he was promoted to be Lord High-Theſaurer of Scotland: But he held the Place only two Years, for upon a Diſguſt occaſioned by ſome Affair of the Church, in which the Theſaurer had not gone the way of the Court, his Majeſty was pleaſed to take the White Staff from him, which was put into the Hands of the Earl of Caſſils. He bore the Diminution very well; for he was a wiſe Man and quickly recovered ſo much Grace and Favour that he was made a Peer by the Title of Lord Blantyre, July 10th 1606. He Married Nicolas Daughter of Sir James Somervel of Camnethan, by whom he had Sir James Stewart Knight of the Bath his Eldeſt Son, who was killed in a Duel by Sir George Wharton Anno 1609, William his Succeſſor, Walter Stewart Eſq e and a Daughter Margaret married to George Lord Saltoun, and dying Anno 1616,f was ſucceded by

William his Son, who died in the beginning of the Troubles in the Reign of King Charles I. November 29th 1638,g leaving Iſſue by Helen his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Scot of Ardroſs, Walter his Succeſſor, Alexander, who ſucceded his Brother in the Honour: Likewiſe a Daughter - - - married to Sir John Swinton of that Ilk.

Which Walter married Margaret Daughter of Sir William Mure of Rowallan, but dying without Iſſue in the Month of October of the Year 1641 was ſucceded by,

Alexander his Brother, who by Margaret his Wife Daughter of John Shaw of Greenock had Alexander his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Helen married to James Murehead of Bredieſolm and had Iſſue.

Which Alexander married firſt Margaret Daughter of Sir John Henderſon of Fordel, but by her he had no Iſſue; next Anne Daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton of Preſsmenen one of the Senators of the Colledge of Juſtice, and departing this Life 20th July 1704, left Iſſue by the Lady aforeſaid, [Page 38] Walter his Succeſſour, Robert the preſent Lord Blantyre, John Stewart Eſq Advocate, Hugh Stewart Eſq Likewiſe four Daughters.

Marion married to James Stirling of Keir and had Iſſue.

Franceſs to Sir James Hamilton of Roſehall Baronet.

Helen to John Maſter of Gray, at that Time Son and Heir apparent of John Lord Gray.

Anne.

Which Walter being a young Nobleman of very fine Parts, and a great Lover of his Country, was in the 1710 choſen one of the Sixteen Scots-Peers to ſerve in the enſuing Britiſh-Parliament. He died at London the 23d of June 1713 unmarried, his Eſtate and Honour devolving to

Captain Robert Stewart his Brother, who married Lady Helen Lyon Daughter of John Earl of Strathmore, by whom he has Alexander Maſter of Blantyre.

27. BORTHWICK, Lord Borthwick.

AS this noble Family was undoubtedly very antient, and ſaid to be of a Hungarion Extraction, ſo it was no leſs illuſtrious for it's Allyances, as the whole courſe of this Work doth teſtify, but in regard I had no Acceſs to ſee any of their Writes, I cannot make a Deduction of them. I ſhall only remark, that the laſt Lord, whoſe very Name I could never ſo much as learn, died without Iſſue, ſince the Reſtauration of King Charles II. and with him the Honour of the Family failed.

28. MURRAY, Lord of Bothwel.

ALL our Scots Hiſtorians make mention of the Moravii as a bold and Warlike Tribe, who about the middle of the firſt Century were very aſſiſtant to King Corbred I. in his Wars againſt the Romans, whoſe Captain Roderick and a great many of his followers were ſlain in that famous Expedition of Queen Baudicea related alſo by Cornelius Tacitus. But that I may proceed to my Deſign in giving a Hiſtorical and Genealogical deduction of the antient and noble Family of the Murrays properly ſo called, I ſhall begin with their Anceſtor one Friskinus, who was a great Man in the Northern parts in the Reign of King David I. Anno 1124: For it's certain he was not only poſſeſſed of the Country of Moravia now called Moray, but likewiſe that of Sutherland, which he divided betwixt two of his Sons, and from whence they took their reſpective Sirnames,a and his Deſcendents even to this Time carry the ſame Coat of Arms, viz. Three Molets differing only in the Tincture.

William de Moravia Filius Friſkini, ſeems to be a very great Man about the Court of King William, as appears from the frequency of his Witneſſing the Deeds of that pious Prince to the Cathedral Church of Moray, and to the Biſhops of that See,b to which this great Man was likewiſe himſelf a Benefactor. He left Iſſue,

[Page 39] William de Moravia who is intituled Willielmus de Moravia filius Willielmi filii Friskini in a Donation which he made in pure and perpetual Alms Eccleſiae ſancti Trinitatis de Spiny & Collegio Canonicorum ibidem Deo ſervientium Eccleſiam de Artindoll cum pertinen. coram Hugone fratre ſuo & Archibaldo de Dowglas.a He left Iſſue, ſeveral Sons, of whom diverſe antient Families of the Murray's branched,b beſide

Walter de Moravia Miles, who is deſigned filius Domini Willielmi deMoravia, c He gave to the Church of Elgin and the Chapter of the Epiſcopal See of Moray Eccleſiam de Inerallel cum pertinen. pro ſalute animae ſuae, and is the ſame Walterus, as I take it, who is one of the great Men, Magnates Scotiae, mentioned as a Guarantee in a Treaty of Peace betwixt our King Alexander II. and Henry III. of England, Anno 1244.d He left a Son

Willielmus de Moravia Filius Walteri de Moravia, who is ſo deſigned in the Act declaratory of the Succeſſion of the Scots Crown to King Alexander III. and his Heirs Anno 1284.e And is the ſame noble Perſon deſigned Panetarius Scotiae and Dominus de Bothwel, & Drumſargard f under which Title there are many Donations made by the Heirs of this noble Houſe to the Chapter of the Epiſcopal See of Moray after they came to have Poſſeſſions in the South, and ſpred there into many noble Branches.

This Willielmus de Moravia Dominus de Bothwel & Drumſhargard Panetarius Scotiae was one of the great Barons ſummoned to Bervick as an Auditor of the Claims of the Bruce and the Baliol, anent the Succeſſion to the Crowng when that great Affair was in Agitation, and which afterward was by King Edward I. of England, determined in favour of John de Baliol, how juſtly I ſhall not ſay.

The ſame illuſtrious Perſon, according to the Devotion of thoſe Times gave for the Safety of his Soul, Eccleſiae & Capitulo Glaſguen: jus Patronatus Rectoriae Eccleſiae de Woolſtoun coram Roberto Epo Glaſguen. & D. Andrea de Moravia fratre ſuo. h Likewiſe he gave Dicto Capitulo Glaſguen. jus Patronatus Eccleſiae de Smalum i under the Seal of his Arms, Exhiben. dictum Willielm. de Moravia deſign. Dominum de Bothwel equeſtrem, & in ſcato tres ſlellulas, multum attrito, much defaced, ſays my Authority, but ſtill to be ſeen by the learned and curious in the great Chartulary of the Epiſcopal See of Glaſgow in the Scots Colledge at Paris, k where they were depoſited by Biſhop Beaton at the Reformation in Scotland. By - - - his Wife Daughter of Sir John Cuming Lord of Badenoch l he had Sir Andrew his Succeſſor, and Sir John de Moravia, Dominus de Drumſhargard, [Page 40] who was the Anceſtor of the Murrays of Abercarny a in Perthſhire.

Andrew de Moravia Panetarius Scotiae & Dominus de Bothwel was juſt ſuch a Patriot as his Father, whom he did not long ſurvive; for he loſt his Life in the Attempt at Stirling to redeem his Country from the Subjection and Slavery it was under to the Engliſh on the memorable 13th September 1297b leaving Sir Andrew his Son and Heir, who tracing the Steps of his noble and loyal Father in a firm and reſolute Adherence to the Intereſt of his Country, of which he had given ſuch pregnant Inſtances, and of his eminent Courage and Conduct in diverſe Encounters with the oppoſite Party, that he was thought worthy to be joined with Sir William Wallace, in the Command of the Army which Anno 1298 entered England, and performed ſuch Actions of wonderful Courage, that they became very terrible to the Enemy; and thereafter when Robert the Bruce took upon him the Title of King of Scotland, and declared his Purpoſe of doing all was in his Power toward the Redemption of his Country, and the retriving of the Independency of the Nation, no body appeared more hearty in his Intereſt than Sir Andrew Murray, or ſtood more firm to that Glorious Monarch in all the Viciſſitudes of Fortune that befell him: And it was no doubt in Reward of his great Merit, that the King beſtowed upon him his Siſter, the Lady Chriſtian Bruce, in Marriage,c and gave him diverſe Lands of great Value and Extent.

As he continued moſt faithfull to King Robert, he was no leſs ſo to his Son King David the II. to whoſe Intereſt inviolably adhering, he was one of thoſe Patriots who joined the Governour and came to his Aſſiſtance before the Battle of Duplin, where he ſignalized his Courage, inſomuch as he was upon the Death of the Earl of Mar, the Governour, unanimouſly elected Regent in his Room, and he held that great Office (except a little time he was a Priſoner in England) with the univerſal Approbation of the whole Nation, and the Applauſe of all Men, even till his Death Anno 1338,d whoſe Character drawn [Page 41] by the Great Buchannan, I cannot paſs over. Speaking of his Death, he ſays ſummum apud omnes bonos deſiderium ſui reliquit, was much regrated by all good Men, and that tantas enim res biennio ac ſemeſtri quibus in Magiſtratu fuit, geſſit, ut ſuffecturae cujuſlibet magni Ducis aetati viderentur. He was ſolemnly interr'd with his Anceſtors in the Cathedral Church of Elgin under a Canopy of free Stone in Armour as big as the Life, with his Coat of Arms over him. Dr. Johnſtoun celebrates his praiſes in a very handſome Poem, which I ſhall take the Liberty to inſert here by way of Epitaph.

Obvius armato quoties ſeſe obtulit hoſti,
Cum quateret duro Sors fera cuncta pede!
Conſtans robur erat circum praecordia. Vincit
Dum capitur, nulla vincere vis potuit.
Victor caedit, agit, quatit, bostes, oppida, & arces.
Nemo unquam parvo tempore plura dedit.
Regum aequat merita: in Reges, pro Rege tuetur
Magnanimus patriae libera jura ſuae.
Vos [...] degeneres patriam ſic prodere veſtram!
Nempe ut MORAVII reſtituatur ope.

And tho' Mr. Winton the old Prior of Lochlevin be thought no good Poet now a Days, yet becauſe he has endeavoured to preſerve the Memory of ſo well deſerving a Perſon, and to tranſmit his Character to Poſterity in the beſt faſhion he could, I ſhall likewiſe amuſe the Reader with his Words in Commendation of the Governour,

Schir Andrew Muref guid and wight,
That was a flout and bald Knight,
That name better was in his Day,
Frae g [...]id King Robert was away.

By the Lady Chriſtian Bruce his Wife he left Iſſue John de Moravia Panetarius Scotiae his Son and Heir, who gave in pure and perpetual Alms, an Annuity of eight Merks Sterling out of his Lands of A [...]kly and Croy in Moray for the Maintenance of a Prieſt, who was perpetually to perform Divine Offices at the Altar of the Holy-Croſs, in the Cathedral Church of Elgin, Pro anima ſua & anima bonae memorie D. Andreae de Moravia patris ſui a: But he dying without Iſſue

Thomas his Brother was Heir to him. This noble Perſon was in the 1351 ſent to England as an Hoſtage for King David II.b and was afterward one of the Commiſſioners appointed to treat about the King's final Redemption Anno 1357c which was then happily brought about; likeas he gave, ratified and confirmed to the Church of Elgin his Brother's donation, adding by a new Deed of his own ten pounds to be diſtributed among the Chanons on the Day of his Father Sir Andrew's Anniverſaryd. But he dying without Male Iſſue, left a Daughter Jean his ſole Heir, married to Sir Archibald Douglaſs Lord of Galloway, thereafter Earl of Douglaſs, e which brought the Lordſhip of Bothwell to that illuſtrious Family.

The Male Line of this Antient Family was continued in Sir John de Moravia de Drumſhargard, a younger Son of Sir William de Moravia de Bothwell & Drumſhargard Panetarius Scotiae before mentioned,f who fixed his Reſidence at Abercarny in Perthſhire, in the Time of King Robert I, of which Lands he became poſſeſſed, as alſo of Ogilvie, Glenſherrop, &c. by the Marriage of Mary Daughter of Maliſe, Earl of Strathern, as from the Earl's Charter to him & Mariae Filiae noſtrae ſponſae [Page 42] dicti Domini Johannis de Moravia de Drumſhargard a

Upon the Death of this Earl of Strathern, it being then cuſtomary to renew the Infeftment upon the Change of the Superior, as well as of the Vaſſal, Sir John Murray obtained a new Charter from Maliſe Earl of Strathern his Brother in Law, whereby he narrates, quod nobilis vi [...] Maliſius bonae memoriae Comes de Strathern infeodavit Dominum Joannem de Moravia de Drumſhargard, Militem, de diverſis terris infraſcript. viz. Ogilvie, Abercarny, Glenſherop & medietat. de Kincouſy, nec non annuo reditu de Mochuverd, cum Hybergis infra Comitatum deStrathern, ac etiam de terris de Egy & Arthſmethen prout in Cartadicti Domini quondam Patris mei eidem Domino Joanni & heredibus ſuis confect. plenius contineur b

This noble perſon gave to the Monks of Arbroth, all his Right and Title to the Lands of Kingoldrum, which had formerly been in Diſpute with the Convent, and that for the health of his Soulc; which is all that I have found further memorable of him. By Mary his Wife aforſaid, he had Sir Maurice his Succeſſor, Sir Allexander Murray; and VValter, who got off the Lands of Drumſhargard, from which he is afterward deſigned VValterus de Moravia de Drumſhargard. d

Which Sir Maurice being a perſon of great Honour and Merit, was by the Favour of King David II. made Earl of Strathern e but being ſlain in the Service of his Country at the Battle of Durham Anno 1346, without Iſſue of his Body, the Title of Earl became extinct, his paternal eſtate deſcending to,

Sir Alexander de Moravia de Drumſhargard his Brother, who was ſerved Heir to his Father Sir John on the 30th of July 134--f He married Janet Daughter of Hugh Earl of Roſs, Widow of the Baron of Monimusk and Siſter to Euphame Queen of Scotland. The Marriage Articles are very ſolemn by way of Indenture,g wherein the Queen and David Count Palatine of Strathern her Son do contract for the Lady: But the Write it ſelf being very curious and ſingular, I ſhall for the Satisfaction of the learned, inſert it in the original Words.

PReſens Indentura per modum alphabeti facta, teſtatur quod viceſimo quarto die menſis Novembris anno Domini milleſimo trecenteſimo ſeptuageſimo quinto apud Perth, inter excellentiſſimam Dominam Dominam Euphemiam Dei gratia Reginam Seotie illuſtrem, & nobilem virum ac potentem dominum David Comitem Palatinum de Strathern & Comitem Cattanie ex parte una, & Alexandrum de Moravia de Drumſergorth ex altera, in hunc modum extitit concordatum, videlicz quod dictus Alexander ducet in uxorem Dominam Jonetam de Munymusk ſororem dicte Domine Regine; & predicta Domina Regina ac Comes fideliter promiſerunt facere cum toto conſilio ſuo & auxilio dictum Alexandrum habere conſilium Juriſperitorum & Advocatorum ſumptibus ſuis propriis & expenſis, pro recuperatione ſue hereditatis ſecundum viſum fuerit quod jus habet ad proſecutionem. Inſuper concordatum eſt inter eoſdem, quod dicta Domina Regina inveniet ſufficientem ſuſtentationem predicte ſororis ſue ad tempus unius anni vel duorum annorum. Preterea concordatum eſt [Page 43] inter eoſdem quod Walterus de Moravia frater dicti Alexandri, ſi velit, pro voluntatis ſue libito ſeniorem filiam predicte domine Jonete habebit in uxorem. In cujus rei teſtimonium perimplende & fideliter obſervande parti hujus indenture penes dictum Alexandrum remanenti ſigilla predictorum Domine Regine & Comitis ſunt appenſa, parti vero hujus indenture penes predictum Dominam Reginam remanenti ſigillum predicti Alex. eſt appenſum. Acta die anno & loco ſupradictis.

The Article whereby the Queen and the Earl of Strathern her Son do oblige themſelves to aſſiſt and patronize Sir Alexander Murray cum confilio ſuo & auxilio habere conſilium Jurisperitorum & Advocatorum pro recuperatione ſuae hereditatis, I think, as a perſon of knowledge in Antiquities has judiciouſly obſerved before me, reſpects Sir Alexander's Title to the Lordſhip of Bothwel as Heir Male, out of which he was kept by the power of the Earl of Dowglas, and adduces many Arguments to prove that pointa which I muſt paſs over, in regard they do not ſuit with the Brevity I intend in carrying on this Work, and only remark, that Sir Alexander Murray was overpowered in his Claim, and that he died in the 1410, leaving Iſſue, by the aforeſaid noble Lady his Wife, a Son

Sir Andrew Murray of Ogilvy and Abercarny, who by Agnes his Wife Daughter of Cunningham of Glengarnock in Vic. de Air, had Sir Humphry his Succeſſor, who by Catherine his Wife, Daughter of Patrick Lord Graham, had Andrew his Son and Heir, who took to Wife Margaret Daughter of Alexander Robertſon of Strowan. By her he had a Son George, who in the Lifetime of his Father was killed in the Service of his Country at the fatal Battle of Floudoun with King James IV. leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, a Lady of the Family of the Lindſeys, a Son John, who ſucceeded his Grandfather, to whom he was ſerved and retoured Heir in the 1518. He married Nicolas Daughter of William Earl of Montroſe, by whom he had William his Son and Heir, and Robert, who was his Brother's Succeſſor. This John was ſlain in the Defence of the Honour and Independency of his Country by the Engliſh at the Battle of Pinkycleugh, the 10th of September 1547 and was ſucceeded by,

William his Son, who married Margaret Daughter of Lawrence Lord Oliphant, but dying without Iſſue 1559, his Eſtate fell to,

Robert his Brother, who in the time of the civil War, in the Reign of Queen Mary, adhered to that unfortunate Princeſs, and was much eſteemed by her, as appears by ſeveral Documents in the Hands of his Heirs. He married Catherine, Daughter of Sir William Murray of Tillybairdin. By her he had Sir William, Sir David of Gorthy, who was Governour to Henry Prince of Wales, Mungo Murray Eſq Father to Sir Robert Murray, who was Juſtice Clerk in the Reign of King Charles II, a learned and polite Gentleman, and of Sir William Murray of Dreghorn, Mr. John Murray Miniſter of Dumfermling, alſo two Daughters, Nicolas married to Robert Viſcount of [Page 44] Beil heaven, and Anne to Sir William Moncrief of that Ilk, and dying anno 1595, was ſucceded by

Sir William his Son,a who being from his Youth, bred up at the Court of King James VI. was firſt made a Knight, then one of the Gentlemen of the Bed Chamber, and Maſter of Horſe to Queen Anne. He married Chriſtian Daughter of Andrew Mercer of Aldie, by whom he had Sir Robert his Son and Heir, and a Daughter Mary, married to William Murray of Auchtertyre.

Which Sir Robert in the Lifetime of his Father, married Helen Daughter of Alexander Bruce of Cultmalundie, by whom he had a Son Sir William, and a Daughter Anne, married to Alexander Murray of Strowan, and dying 1640, was ſucceeded by

Sir Wiliam his Grandſon, who ſurvived his Grandfather but a Year, for he dyed in the 1641, and left Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter of Sir George Hay of Keilour, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Errol, Sir Robert his Succeſſor, William, and Captain George Murray. Alſo two Daughters.

Iſabel, married to Sir Archbald Stewart of Burro,

Helen, to Mungo Graham of Gorthie.

Sir Robert his Son was a Gentleman of Parts, and who in a good Degree inherited the Vertue, Loyalty and Merit of his Anceſtors. He dyed the 11 of April 1704, leaving Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter of that valiant and loyal Gentleman Patrick Graham of Inſhbrakie, William his Succeſſor. Robert Murray Eſq Colonel John Mu [...] ray, Maurice Murray Eſq Likewiſe two Daughters.

Anne, married to David Grahame o [...] Fintrie,

Emilia to James Graham of Garvock.

29. JOHN RAMSAY, Earl of Bothwell.

SIR John Ramſay of Balmain, the great Favorite of King James the III. was by the ſaid Prince created Earl of Bothwell: b But he did not live long to enjoy the Honour, for he was ſlain with the King his Maſter at the Field of Stirling, on the 11th of June 1488.

30. HEPBURN Earl of Bothwell.

THIS Noble Family is deſcended of Sir Adam Hepburn, an Engliſh Knight, who tranſplanted himſelf into Scotland, in the Reign of King David the II. and had the Lands of Hailes by the Grant of George Earl of March.

Patrick Lord Hailes, was by King James the IV. raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Bothwell Anno 1488. By Margaret his Wife, Daughter to the Lord Dalketh, he had Adam his Son and Heir, who was ſlain at Floudoun Field, leaving Iſſue by Agnes his wife, Daughter to the Earl of Buchan, Patrick his Son, who was Father of the unhappy James Earl of Bothwell, who was created by Queen Mary Duke of Orkney, but was in the ſame Reign forfeited for Treaſon, whereupon he fled beyond Sea to Denmark, where he died Anno 1577.

31. Francis Stewart, Earl of Bothwel.

[Page 45]

THE Title of Earl of Bothwel, by the ſpecial Favour of King James VI. came next to Francis Stewart Eſq Son and Heir of John Prior of Coldingham, Lord Privy-Seal in the Reign of Queen Mary, a natural Son of King James V. He was alſo conſtituted Lord high Admiral of Scotland; but in the ſame Reign, for his treaſonable Deſign of ſeizing the King's Perſon in his own Palace of Holy-rood-houſe, he was forfeited Anno 1593. The Admirality was beſtowed on the Duke of Lennox, and moſt of his Eſtate in Lidſdale given to the Lord Buclugh. How the reſt went, I do not pretend to account for: All that I am to obſerve, is, that he tranſported himſelf into France, and thence into Italy, where he paſſed the remainder of his Days.a.

32. BRECHIN Lord of Brechin.

DAvid of Scotland Earl of Huntingtoun and Garioch, Brother to King William the Lyon, gave the Lordſhip of Brechin, a Part of his own Appanage, to Henry his natural Son, from whence he took a Surname; for in a Donation of John de Scotia Comes de Huntingtoun & Cheſter to the Cannons of St. Andrews, this Henry is deſigned de Brechin, filius Comitis David, b and in a Mortification by the ſaid Earl, of a Toft of Land in his Burgh of Dundee, to the Abbay of Aberbrothock, Henrico de Brechin fratre ſuo is a Witneſsc; and likewiſe in many Royal Charters to Scoon and Aberbrothock. He left Iſſue by Julian his Wife,

William de Brechin his Son, who deſign'd himſelf Willielmus de Brechin, filius Henrici de Brechin, filii Comitis David, in his Foundation of the Mayſon Dieu Hoſpital of Brechin, for the Salvation of the Souls of William and Alexander Kings of Scotland, John Earl of Cheſter and Huntingtoun his Brother, Henry his Father, and Julian his Mother, and for the Welfare of his own Soul, to which Albinus Biſhop of Brechin, Robert de Monte alto, and ſeveral other Perſons of Note are Witneſſes,d. This William made a very great Figure in all the publick Tranſactions both in the Reign of King Alexander II. and III. In the 1255, he was one of the great Men, Magnatum, as the Record calls them, with whoſe Counſel, & aliorum plurium Baronum noſtrorum, the King gave a Commiſſion to the Earls of Monteith, Buchan and Mar, to treat with the Engliſh, de negotiis regni noſtri, anent the Good and Utility of both Realmse. Likeas I find he was an Arbitrator in the Diſpute betwixt Sir Peter de Maulea Dominus de Panmure, & Domina Chriſtina de Valoniis his Wife, with the Abbot of Aberbrothock, about the Marches of the Baronies of Aberbrothock & Panmure; which Alexander Cumin Earl of Buchan, Juſticiary of Scotland, had perambulate by the King's ſpecial Command, and was at length to the Satisfaction of the Parties amicably compoſed Anno 1254.f. He alſo was one of the Privy Council to King Alexander III. and one of the Proceres Scotiae who oblige themſelves recepturos Margaretam Norvegiae, g the [Page 46] King's Grandchild, ut heredem Scotiae in failzure of his Iſſue Male. He married - - - Daughter of John C [...]in Earl of Buchan, by whom he had,

David Lord of Brethin his Son and Heir, who, after the Abdication of Baliol, was at the Battle of Methven, and ſeveral others, fought in the enſuing Wara, being in the Engliſh Intereſt, and no Friend to the Brucian Title, tho' he had the Honour to be in a very near Degree allied with that illuſtrious Family: For by his Wife, King Robert the Bruce's Siſter, he had a Son David, and a Daughter Margaret, married to Sir David Barclay Knight,b.

Which David Lord of Brechin was one of the Barons who wrote that bold and loyal Letter to the Pope Anno 1320: Soon after which, he was ſo unhappy as to be drawn into a Conſpiracy to deliver the Town of Berwick to the Engliſh; but that Combination being happily diſcovered, he was made Priſoner, and being tryed before the Parliament, was found guilty of high Treaſon, for as much as he had conceal'd and not reveal'd the Deſign, Ab conjurationis popularibus appellatus nunquam aſſenſerat: tantum eicrimini dabatur, quod in conſcientiam rei tam f [...]dae aſcitus eam tacitam habuit c, and ſuffered Death for the ſame, Anno 1321. His Caſe was much pitied and lamented; for beſides that he was the King's Nephew, he was a Perſon very eminent in the Arts both of Peace and War, Omnium aetatis ſuij [...]venum & belli &, pacis artibus longe primus habebatur, ſays my Author. Andd continues he, Dederat etiam ſuae virtutis in Syria bello ſacro praeclarum ſpecimen. His Eſtate was not forfeited as the reſt of the Conſpirators were, but went to Margaret his Siſter, who was his Heir.

33. BARCLAY. Lord of Brechin.

SIR David Barclay, Lord of Brechin in Right of his Wife the Heir of David de Brechin, was a Perſon of very ſignal Fidelity to the Brucian Intereſt, and is famous in the Wars of King Robert Bruce, to whom he did many remarkable Services.e This Sir David and Margaret his Wife gave in pure Alms to the Monks of Balmerino a Fiſhing upon the Water of Tay, for the good of their Souls;f and left Iſſue Sir David, and a Daughter Jean, married to Sir David Fleming of Biggar, by whom he had only one Daughter, Marion, married to William Maule of Panmure, Anceſtor to the Earl of Panmure. g

This laſt mentioned Sir David Barclay Lord of Brechin was eminent for his Activity and Valour in behalf of King David Bruce, to whom he performed many Actions of Honour and Courage; but at laſt falling into a fatal quarrel with the Douglaſſes, he was murdered by the Contrivance of William Douglas of Lidſdale, Anno 1348.h leaving Margaret his only Child, married to Walter Earl of Athole, i Son to King Robert II.

Walter Earl of Athole, by the aforeſaid Margaret his Wife, had Iſſue David Stewart Knight, who died in England, one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James the I. and Alan Earl of Caithneſs, who was killed [Page *46] at the Battel of Inverlochy in 1428, leaving no Iſſue. The Earl of Athole, tho' his Lady and Children died before himſelf, kept Poſſeſſion of this Lordſhip till he was execute for the Murder King James I. in Anno 1437. But when he was under Sentence of Death, he declared that he poſſeſſed the Lordſhip of Brchin only by the courteſie of Scotland ſince his Wife's Death, and that he had no other Title to that part of his Eſtate. Whereupon Sir Thomas Maule of Panmure laid Claim to this Lordſhip, as neareſt Heir to Margaret Barclay Counteſs of Athole, to whoſe Heirs it was provided, failing Heirs of her own Bodya, and accordingly he took an Inſtrument in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, upon the Earl's Declaration immediately before his Execution, wherein his Right and Proximity of Blood to the Lords of Brechin is ſet downb. And Thomas Biſſet of Balwylo, judicially declares, That Dame Jean Barclay, Wife to Sir David Fleming, was Grandmother to Sir Thomas Maule, who was killed at Harlaw c. Notwithſtanding of all which, the Council of King James the II. in his Minority, having in ſundry Caſes procured Deciſions to be made in Favours of the Crown, when the Competition run betwixt the Sovereign and the Subject, the Family of Panmure were baulked of their Right, and the Lordſhip of Brechin, in regard the Earl of Athole died poſſeſſed of it, was with the reſt of his Eſtate annexed to the Crown.d

But this Lordſhip being afterward diſſolved, it was purchaſed by Patrick Earl of Panmure, and has ever ſince been uſed as a Title of that noble Family, who are undoubted Heirs in Blood of the antient Lords of Brechin, both of the Brechin and Barclay Line.

34. CAMPBEL Earl of Bradalbin.

THO none of this Family arriv'd to the Dignity of Peerage till the preſent Earl, yet were they Baron [...] of great Account long before, and were dignified with the Title of Baronet at the Inſtitution of that Honour, Anno 1625. Their firſt Anceſtor Sir Colin Campbel, was a ſecond Son of the Family of Lochow, near three hundred Years ago, who by his Marriage with Margaret, one of the three Daughters and Co-heirs of John Stewart Lord Lorn, obtained a third Part of that Inheritance. From which Sir Colin they have continued remarkable in a direct Line, down to the preſent Time, ſpreading themſelves into ſeveral eminent and flouriſhing Branches by the Way, as are the Campbels of Lawers (ſprung from a Son of a ſecond Marriage of the firſt Sir Colin, by a Daughter of the Family of Keir) Glenlyon, Achriny, Lochbuskie, Mochaſter, Monzie, Glenfaloch, Carquhin, Kilpont, Aberuchil, Glendarual, &c.

The Family of Glenurchie has been remarkable in our Scots Hiſtory on ſeveral Occaſions; nor need I be at much Pains to ſhew the ſeveral Matches they have made with ſome of the moſt noble Families of this Kingdom, ſince the whole Courſe of this Book ſufficiently makes mention thereof, only I ſhall take notice, that John, now Earl of Bradalbin, is Son of Sir John Campbel of Glenurchie Baronet, by Mary his Wife, Daughter of William Earl of Airth and Monteith. He was created Earl of Caithneſs by King Charles II. 28 January 1677, in Conſideration of the Loyalty of his Anceſtors, as well as his own perſonal [Page **46] Merit; but this Title being adjudged to another, Anno 1681. he was then created Earl of Bradalbin, with Precedency, according to the former Patent. In 1692 he was named a Privy Counſellour, and one of the Commiſſioners of the Treaſury, which for ſome Time he enjoy'd.

His firſt Wife was Mary Rich, Daughter of Henry Earl of Holland, of the Kingdom of England, by whom he had Duncan Lord Ormly, who is not to ſucceed him, and John Lord Glenurchie. Alſo by Mary his ſecond Wife, Daughter of Archbald Marquis of Argyle, he had a Son Colin, who died unmarried.

John Lord Glenurchie, married firſt Frances Daughter and Co-heir of Henry Cavendiſh Duke of New Caſtle, but by her he had no Iſſue; And ſecondly Henrietta Daughter of Sir Edward Villiers Siſter to Edward late Earl of Jerſey, by whom he has John Maſter of Glenurchie.

34.1. ARMS.

Three Coats quarterly, 1ſt and 4th. Gyrone of eight Pieces Sable and Or, 2d Or, a Feſs cheque Argent and Azure, 3d. Argent, a Galey with her Oars in Action, Sable, ſupported by two Stags Proper. Creſt a Stag's Head eraz'd, Motto, Follow me.

35. CUMIN Earl of Buchan.

THE firſt of this noble Family was Sir William Cumin, Son of Sir Richard Cumin Knighta, who married Margaret Daughter of Fergus Earl of Buchan b, in Right of whom he came to enjoy that Honour. He was by King Alexander II. conſtituted Juſticiary of Scotland, Anno 1230. which he enjoy'd for many Years. Being a Perſon of ſingular Devotion, he founded the Abbay of Deer in Buchan, for Ciſtertian Monks, and endued it with many Lands in thoſe Partsc, and dying Anno 1233d, left Iſſue by the ſaid Margaret his Wife,

Alexander his Son and Heir, who was conſtituted Juſticiary of Scotland in the Reign of King Alexander III. He was commiſſioned Ambaſſador to England, Anno 1284e, and in 1286 was choſen one of the ſix Regents of this Realm, upon the Deceaſe of the ſaid King Alexander f. His Works of Piety were theſe; An Hoſpital of his Foundation at Turref in Buchan, for twelve poor old Men; Another at the New-Burgh of Buchan, and a Confirmation in moſt ample manner to the Monks of Arbroth of a Grant which Fergus Earl of Buchan, his Grand-father, had formerly made for the Salvation of his Soulg. All which ſhew not only the Greatneſs of his Eſtate, but alſo of his Piety. He dying Anno 1289h, left Iſſue by Iſabel his Wife, Daughther and one of the Co-heirs of Roger de Quincy Earl of Wincheſter (by Helen his Wife, Daughter of Alan Lord of Galloway Conſtable of Scotland) John Earl of Buchan Conſtable of Scotland his Son and Heir, who was ſent Ambaſſador to France to treat of a Peace, which was then happily concluded, Anno 1303i. Upon King Robert's Acceſſion to the Throne, Anno 1306, he adhered to the Engliſh Intereſt, for which Action his Eſtate was ſeized on, and dying in England in 1329 the 1ſt. Year of David II. left Iſſue by Iſabel his Wife, Daughter of Duncan Earl of Fife, two Daughters, Alicia [Page 47] Wife of Sir Henry de Beaumont, and Margaret of Sir John Roſs Knighta.

36. STEWART, Earl of Buchan.

THE next that enjoyed any Title from hence was Alexander Stewart Lord Badenoch, 4th Son to King Robert II. who was dignifyed with this Title, Anno 1374. He married Eupham Counteſs of Roſs b, and dying 20th February 1394, was interred in the Middle of the Choir, of the Cathedral Church of Dunkeld, with his Statue over him in a fair Stone, which continued intire, till a Party of Angus's Regiment having garriſoned the Church of Dunkeld at the Revolution, the Soldiers very much defaced it; but upon the Pedeſtal, there is this Inſcription.‘ Hic jacet Dominus Alexander Seneſcallus Comes de Buchan & Dominus de Badenoch bonae Memoriae, qui obiit 20 Die menſts Februarii, Anno Dom. 1394.’

From this Time the Honour of Buchan lay dormant till the Year 1419, when it was meritoriouſly beſtowed by Robert Duke of Albany, Governor of Scotland, upon John Steuart Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland, his Son. This Earl commanded the 7000 Scots Auxiliares that were ſent to the Aſſiſtance of Charles VI. againſt the Engliſh c, whoſe great and memorable Actions and Services to the Crown of France, are ſufficiently recorded in our Scots and French Hiſtories, and leave me very little to ſay here. He was killed at the Battle of Vernoil, anno 1424d, leaving Iſſue by Elizabeth his Wife, Daughter to Archibald Earl of Douglaſs, one ſole Daughter and Heir, Jean married to George Lord Seaton, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Wintoun e, which gave Occaſion to the noble Family to carry quarterly in the Atchievement the Coat of Buchan, viz, Azure, three Garbs, Or.

37. ERSKINE, Earl of Buchan

THE Honour and Earldom of Buchan coming to the Crown, (by the Death of John the laſt Earl without Male-iſſue), remain'd in the Royal Perſon of the King, as neareſt Heir-male to the ſaid Earl, till the Year 1469, when the ſame was by King James III. with the whole Lands which formerly compoſed that Earldom, beſtowed upon James Stewart, ſecond Son of Sir James Stewart (ſirnamed, The Black Knight of Lorn) by Queen Jean, Widow of James 1. of Scotland, and Daughter of John Duke of Somerſet, who was Son of John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaſter, 4th Son of Edward III. King of England, from whom the ſame has through ſeveral Deſcents hereafter deduced, devolved on Earls of the Sirname of Erskine, a Branch of the Illuſtrious Houſe of Mar, by whom it has been enjoyed for the Space of One hundred and thir [...]een Years, ſince the 1601.

Which James Earl of Buchan was a moſt faithful Counſeller to King James III. by whom he was conſtituted Warden of the Middle Marches toward [Page 48] England a and Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland. He married firſt Margaret, Daughter and ſole Heir of Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Auchterhouſe, high Sheriff of the County of Forfar, by whom he had Alexander his Son and Heir; alſo by Margaret, Daughter of . . . . . . . Murray of Philiphaugh, b he had James Stewart Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Traquair; alſo two Daughtersc, Agnes married to Adam Earl of Bothwel, afterwards to Robert Lord Maxwel, and Elizabeth to John Hume of Colding knows, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Hume d.

Which Alexander Earl of Buchan married Jean, Daughter of William Lord Ruthven, by whom he had Iſſue, John Earl of Buchan his only Son and Heir, who was one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King James V. who, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir John Scrimgeor of Duddop Knight, had Iſſue John, who died before him, and one Daughter, who was married to Thomas Dempſter of Muirask in Bamff-ſhire, and had Iſſue.

Which John, Eldeſt Son of the ſaid Earl, was with the Flower of the Nobles of Scotland, killed at the Battle of Muſteburgh on the 10th of September 1547, in the Lifetime of his Father; having been twice married: Firſt, To Mary Daughter of James Earl of Murray, by whom he had no Iſſue; and, 2dly, To Beatrix; Daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Boyn, by whom he had one Daughter Chriſtiana, who, anno 1551, ſucceeded her Grandfather in the Earldom of Buchan, and married Robert Do [...]glas (Brother of William Earl of Mortoun) in Right of her afterward Earl of Buchan, by whom ſhe had Iſſue James, who ſucceeded her; and two Daughters,

Janet married to Alexander Irvine of Drum, and had Iſſue.

Elizabeth married to Andrew Frazer of Muchil, in the County of Aberdeen, Anceſtor of Charles, now Lord Fraſer.

To which Robert and Chriſtiana (Earl and Counteſs of Buchan) ſucceeded

James Earl of Buchan, their only Son and Heir, who, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Walter Lord Deskford, Anceſtor of James now Earl of Findlater, had Iſſue one Daughter, Mary, who, anno 1601, ſucceeded the ſaid James her Father in the Earldom of Buchan.

Which Mary Counteſs of Buchan married James Erskine eldeſt Son of the ſecond Marriage of John Earl of Mar, Lord High Treaſurer of Scotland, and Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Garter, by the Lady Mary Stewart, ſecond Daughter of Eſme Duke of Lennox: Upon which Marriage, the Right of Succeſſion to the Earldom of Buchan (which before had been to the Heirs whatſoever) was by a Charter under the Great Seal, proceeding upon a Reſignation, limited to the ſaid Mary Counteſs of Buchan, and the ſaid James her Huſband, and the Heirs Male of the ſaid Marriage; which failing, to the ſaid James's neareſt lawful Heirs Male whatſoever.

Which James Earl of Buchan being a Perſon of great Merit and Accompliſhments, and much in the Favour of King Charles I. (to whom he was a Gentleman of his Bed-chamber) lived moſt of his Time in England, where he had Iſſue by his ſaid Wife, James his eldeſt Son and Heir, and John who died unmarried; as alſo two Daughters.

Mary married to Alexander Lord Pitſtigo, and had Iſſue; and Margaret married to Sir James Graham, Son to the Earl of Monteith.

After the Death of whom, he married, 2dly Elizabeth, Daughter of Sir Philip Knevit of Bucknam Caſtle, in the County of Norfolk, Bart. by whom he had Iſſue, Dorthy married in [Page 51] England to [...] Walker in the County of Middleſex, Eſq and ſeveral other Children, who died young.

To whom ſucceeded James Earl of Buchan, his eldeſt Son and Heir, who by his Wife Mary, Daughter of William Earl of Dalhouſie, had Iſſue one Son William, who ſucceeded him, and five Daughters, Marjory the eldeſt, married firſt to [...] Fraſer of Inderalachie Eſq and 2dly to Charles Lord Fraſer. Anne the 2d to James Canaries D.D. Henriette the 3d. to Thomas Forbes of Tolquhon Eſq & Jean the 4th. to George Gray of Hackerton Eſq

Which William Earl of Buchan having joined himſelf at the Revolution in 1688 to thoſe who took up Arms in Scotland againſt the late King William, brought himſelf thereby into much Trouble: For being ſoon after taken by that King's Troops, he was committed Priſoner to the Caſtle of Stirling, where, tho by the Interceſſion of his Friends his Priſon was at laſt much enlarged, he continued to his Death, which happened anno 1695, without leaving any Iſſue, having never been married.

To whom ſucceeded David Lord Cardroſs, his neareſt Heir Male, being great Grandſon and Heir to Henry the firſt Lord Cardroſs, who was Brother to James Earl of Buchan, Grandfather to the ſaid William laſt deceaſed.

Which David Earl of Buchan in anno 1697 married Frances, eldeſt Daughter, and ſince ſole Heir of Henry Fairfax of Hurſt, in the County of Berks Eſq only Son and Heir of Henry Fairfax Eſq ſecond Son of Thomas Viſcount Fairfax: By the which Frances Counteſs of Buchan the ſaid Earl has had nine Sons,

Henry David, Lord Auchterhouſe, born in September 1699, who died very young.

David Lord Auchterhouſe, born in April 1703, who died an Infant.

Henry David, now Lord Cardroſs & Auchterhouſe, born 17th April 1710.

Fairfax, born Feb. 8th 1712.

George Lewis on Jan. 30 1714, and

George Auguſtus on December 27th, 1715, who died very young, and three more, who died ſoon after they were born.

Alſo ſeven Daughters.

Lady Katharin Anna, and

Lady Frances; yet in their Minority.

Lady Alethea, and

Lady Willelmina Carolina, who both died Infants; and three others who died ſoon after they were born.

Which David now Earl of Buchan, was one of the Council of Trade appointed by Parliament in anno 1705, when by an Act paſt in England, the Importation of Scots Linnen Cloath and Cattle into that Kingdom was prohibited, and Matters ſeem'd to run high betwixt the two Kingdoms, in which Commiſſion his Lordſhip behaved himſelf ſo as to gain univerſal Eſteem, as he has upon all other Occaſions, when employed in the publick Service, wherein he has always eminently diſtinguiſh'd himſelf by his unſhaken Zeal and conſtant appearance for the Honour and Intereſt of his Country, as well during the Reign of the late King William, in which he was a Privy Counſellor from the Year 1697, till the Death of that Prince, as during that of her late Majeſty Queen Anne, by whom he was alſo conſtituted of the Privy Council; as alſo one of the Commiſſioners of the Exchequer, and Governour of Blackneſs Caſtle; in all which he continued till after the Concluſion of the Treaty of Union, anno 1707, which he oppoſed in Parliament to the very laſt, being of Opinion, as his Lordſhip then declared, that ſeveral of the Articles agreed upon, were inconſiſtent with the Honour of his Country, eſpecially of the Peerage, againſt which he therefore entred his Proteſt, and was ſoon after removed from all publick Truſt. But on the Acceſſion of his Majeſty King George to the Crown, for the Security of whoſe Succeſſion his Lordſhip [Page 52] had on all Occaſions exerted himſelf with the outmoſt Zeal, he had again ſeveral Marks of Favour beſtowed on him, having been appointed one of the Lords Commiſſioners of Police, and Lord Lieutenant of the Shires of Stirling and Clackmannan, as he was alſo to the general Satisfaction elected one of the ſixteen Peers for Scotland to the firſt Parliament of Great Britain called after his Majeſty's Arrival in this Kingdom.

37.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt. Azure, three Garbs, Or, 2d grand quarter 1ſt and 4th Azure, a Bend betwixt ſix Croſs Croſlets, Or, 2d and 3d, Argent, a Pale, Sable, 3d, great Quarter 1ſt and 4th Or, a Feſs Cheque, Azure and Argent, 2d and 3d Azure, 3 Garbs Or, 4th Argent, three Bars Gamels, Gules. Over all a Lyon Rampant Sable in Surtout an Eſcoutcheon, Gules, an Eagle diſplayed, Or, looking toward the Sun in his Splendor, p [...]aced in the Dexter chief Point, ſupported by two Oſtriges proper Creſt, a dexter Hard graſping a Batton, Motto, Judge Nocht.

38. SCOTT Duke of Buckclugh.

THE firſt of the Sirname of Scott, I have found upon Record, was Ricardus Scottus, who in the Reign of King David I. is Witneſs to a Charter of Confirmation by Robert Biſhop of St. Andrews, to the Abbacy of Holyrood houſe; a but whether Scottus was his Sirname, or only ſo called from his Country, is not ſo clear. Likeas we find in the Reign of King Alexander II. another Ricardus Scottus, who obtained a fair Eſtate in Roxburgh-Shire, by Marriage of Alicia, one of the Heirs Female of Henry de Molla, out of which he gave in pure and perpetual Alms to the Monks of Kelſo, eight Acres of Land, with Paſturage for divers Oxen, in his Tenement of Molle, for the Health of his Soul.b

In the Reign of Alexander III. Sir Richard Scott obtained the Barony of Murthockſtoun, now called Murdiſtoun in Clidſdale, by the Marriage of an Heir Female of the ſame Sirname, & is deſigned Ricard le Scott de Murthockſtoun, in the Bond of Submiſſion called the Ragman Roll, wherein as a Baron of Lanerkſhire, he ſwears Allegiance to King Edward the I. of England Anno 1296;c whoſe Succeſſor Robert Scott deſigned of . . . Murdiſtoun and Ranelburn, flouriſhed under King Robert II. who with Conſent and Approbation of Walter his Son and Heir apparent, gave to the Monks of Melroſs the Lands of Hinkery in Selkirkſhire, pro ſalute animae ſuae. d This Walter was a gallant brave Man, and performed many Actions of ſignal Honour and Courage in the Service of the Crown, for which he was nobly rewarded. For King Robert, who never failed to reward merit, did with Conſent of John Earl of Carrick his eldeſt Son, change the holding of the Barony of Kirkurd from Ward to Blanch in his Favours, by his Royal Charter of the Date December 7. Anno 1390.e The ſame Sir Walter, then a Knight, in the 1426, obtained a Charter from the Earl of Douglas, of the Lands of Lempetlaw, for his Services done to the Earl, by his Charter ſecond July 1426;f and afterward exchanged his Lands of Murdiſtoun with Thomas Inglis of Maner for Maners Lands of Branxholm, Anno 1446g He was [Page 53] a Perſon of that Character, that during the Reign of King James II. he was frequently employed in Negotiations of Peace betwixt the two Nations, as appears from Mr. Rymer's Foedera lately publiſhed, and did exert his Valour in a very eminent Degree, in ſuppreſſing the Rebellion of the Earls of Douglas, Murray and Ormond, for which he had a Grant from the Crown of the Lands of Abinigton, Fairholm and Glendonary, wherein his Loyalty and ſignal Services are very fully narrated and ſet forth in the King's Charter,a under the Great-Seal. By . . . Daughter of . . . his Wife, he had David his Son and Heir, and Alexander.

Which David made a very great Figure, in the publick Tranſactions, in the Time of King James III. and IV. and was oftner than once appointed one of the Conſervators of the Peace betwixt the two Nations. By . . . Daughter of . . . he had Sir Walter his eldeſt Son, and Robert; likewiſe a Daughter Janet, married to Sir James Douglas of Drumlanrig, b and departing this Life Anno 1492, was ſucceeded by

Sir Walter his Grandſon and Heir, who was ſerved and retoured Heir to his Grandfather, 6. November 1492:c He was famous for his many excellent Qualities under King James V. whoſe great Favourite he was. In the 1526 he attempted to relieve at Melroſs his Sovereign out of the Hands of the Earl of Angus; and tho the Attempt proved unſucceſsfull, yet the King ſtill retained a very laſting Senſe of Sir Walter's Duty and Loyalty on that Occaſion. After the Death of King James he ſignalized his Valour and Courage at the Battle of Pinky, ſoon after which he was conſtituted Warden of the Weſt-Marches toward England, and he diſcharged the Office with great Honour and Integrity, till his Death in the Month of October of the Year 1553.d He married firſt Elizabeth Daughter of . . . Carmichael, e of . . . and had Sir David his eldeſt Son, who died without Iſſue, and Sir William Scott Knight his Father's Heir apparent, who likewiſe died before himſelf. His ſecond Wife was Janet Daughter of John Bethune of Cricht, f by whom he had Griſel married to William Lord Borthwick, and again to Walter Cairncroſs Eſq Son to John Cairncroſs of Colmeſly. g And Jean to John Cranſtoun of that Ilk.

Sir William Scott of Kirkurd, Son and Heir apparent to Sir Walter Scott of Buckclugh, in the Lifetime of his Father, married Griſel Daughter of John Bethune of Cricht, h by whom he had Sir Walter his Grandfather's Succeſſor, and three Daughters, Jean married to Sir Thomas Ker of Fernyherſt, Margaret to Sir John Johnſtoun of that Ilk, and Elizabeth to John Carmichael of Meadowflat, Captain of Crawfurd.

Which Walter was a Man of excellent Parts and Reputation, and tho a firm Adherer to Queen Mary, yet he has a very good Character even by the Hiſtorians of the other Party, particulary Sir James Melvil, who ſays, He was a Man of rare Qualities, wiſe, brave, ſtout and modeſt. He married Margaret, Daughter of David Earl of Angus, by whom he had Sir Walter his Son and Heir, and two Daughters.

Margaret, married to Robert Scott of Thirleſtane, and had Iſſue.

Mary, to William Elliot of Lirieſtoun, and had Iſſue.

Which Walter being a Perſon of very fine Parts, and in great Favour with King James VI. had the Honour of Knighthood conferred on him, at the Coronation of Queen Anne, in Anno 1590,i and after that was conſtituted Warden of the Weſt-Marches toward England, and he diſcharged [Page 54] the Truſt with ſingular Courage and Fidelity,a till the King's Acceſſion to the Crown of England, Anno 1603.

Sir Walter being a Perſon of a warlike Genius, and from his Youth much affecting a military Life, carried over a Regiment to the Netherlands, where he ſerved under that famous General the Prince of Orange, in which valiant Adventures he gained ſo much Honour, that to countenance his ſignal Merit, King James VI. was pleaſed to raiſe him to the Degree and Dignity of a Baron of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Scott of Buckclugh, on the 16. March 1606, and departing this Life 5. December 1611,b leſt-Iſſue by Mary his Wife, (Daughter of William Ker of Cesford, Siſter to Robert I. Earl of Roxburgh) Walter his Succeſſor; likewiſe two Daughters,

Margaret married to James Lord Roſs, and again to Alexander Earl of Eglintoun.

Elizabeth to John Maſter of Cranſtoun, c at that Time Son and Heir apparrent to William Lord Cranſtoun, ſans Iſſue.

Which Walter was by the ſpecial Favour of King James VI. raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Buckclugh, by Letters patent 16. March 1619.d This noble Earl being likewiſe a Noblemen of a warlike Temper, had likewiſe the Command of a Regiment under the States of Holland againſt the Spaniard, where he ſerved with ſingular Honour and Reputation, and coming over to England in the Beginning of the Winter, 1633, died at London on the 21. of September thereafter.

Leaving Iſſue by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Francis Earl of Errol, Francis his Son and Heir and two Daughters.

Lady Mary married to John Earl of Mar.

Lady Jean to John firſt Marqueſs of Tweddale.

Francis Earl of Buckclugh was a young Nobleman of very fine Parts, and of ſingular merit, and very loyally affected to King Charles II. for which Cromwel, after the Earl's Death, impoſed a Fine of 15000 Lib. Sterl. on his Heir.e He was ſuddenly ſnatched away by Death in the Flower of his Age, Anno 1652, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of John Earl of Rothes, two Daughters, Mary Counteſs of Buckclugh, who married Walter Scot of Hycheſter, who was thereupon created Earl of Tarras; but the Lady dying without Iſſue, Anno 1662, her Eſtate and Honour came to her Siſter the Lady Anne Scott, who ſoon thereafter was married to James Duke of Monmouth, natural Son to King Charles II. who changed his Name to Scot, and was, together with the Counteſs his Wife, created Duke and ſhe Dutches of Buckclugh, by Letters patent, 20. April 1673.f And the Duke of Lennox dying in the End of 1672, his Grace was conſtituted Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland.

In the Year 1679. upon the Inſurrection in Scotland, which commenced with the Murder of the Arch-Biſhop of St. Andrews, he was ſent with a ſufficient Force, as Generaliſſimo to ſuppreſs it, where giving them Battle at Bothwel-Bridge, he entirely defeated them, and ſo ſuppreſſed that Rebellion.

But the following Year, having ſhown himſelf very zealous in proſecuting a full Diſcovery of the Popiſh Plot, and joining with thoſe who were the greateſt Sticklers at that Time againſt Popery, by which means he had very much gain'd the Affection of the People, ſome of his chiefeſt (ſuppoſed) Friends began to invite him to caſt an Eye upon the Crown, and the more to flatter his Hopes therewith, [Page 53] a Report was about this time very induſtriouſly ſpread through the Kingdom, That the King had been lawfully married to Mrs. Walters the Duke's Mother, which ſo affected his Majeſty, that he thought himſelf obliged, both in Conſcience and Honour to declare the contrary to his Privy Council, and thereupon cauſed the following Declaration to be entred in the Council Books.

To avoid any Diſpute, which may happen in time to come, concerning the Succeſſion to the Crown, he declares in the Preſence of Almighty God, that he never gave, nor made any Contract of Marriage, nor was ever married to any Woman whatſoever, but to his preſent Wife, Queen Catharine, now living.

Sign'd

CHARLES R.

Not long after this, the King was prevailed with, not only to diveſt him of all the Offices and Places he held under the Crown, but that he ſhould likewiſe depart the Kingdom, whereupon he retired to Utrecht, and there continued ſome Time, and then returned to England, but was again baniſhed the Court in 1683, and retiring into Holland, continued at the Hague till the Death of the King his Father. But before K. James VII. was well ſetled on the Throne, anno 1685, he invaded England; but being ſoon after totally routed at Sigemore, and taken Priſoner, he was beheaded on Towerhill the 15th July 1685.

By the Duke of Monmouth the Dutcheſs of Buckclugh had two Sons,

James Earl of Dalkeith, who was elected one of the Knights of the moſt noble Order of the Thiſtle, anno 1704, and dyed 14th March 1705, leaving Iſſue by Henrietta his Wife, Daughter of Laurence Earl of Rocheſter, three Sons and two Daughters, viz.

Francis now Earl of Dalkeith.

Lord James Scot.

Lord Henry Scot.

Lady Anne Scot.

Lady Charlotte Scot.

Lord Henry Scot, 2d Son of Anne Dutcheſs of Buckclugh, was by Letters Patent, bearing date the 29th of March 1706, in the 5th Year of the Reign of her Majeſty Queen Anne, created Earl of De Lorain, Viſcount Hermitage and Lord Scot of Goldilines, all in the County of Roxburgh.

Her Grace married a ſecond Husband Charles Lord Cornwallis, and by him had Iſſue, Lord George Scot, and Lady Anne Scot, who both deceaſed young, and Lady Iſabella Scot, yet unmarried.

38.1. ARMS.

Or, on a Bend Azure, a Star of ſix Points betwixt two Creſcents of the Field, ſupported by two Women in Rich antique Apparrel, the Creſt is a Stag paſſant, proper, Motto, Amo.

39. BALFOUR, Lord Burleigh.

THIS Family which originally took its Sirname from the Caſtle and Barony of Balfour in Fife-ſhire, hath been of great Antiquity in the foreſaid County, there being ſome of that Name flouriſhing there, in the time of Alexander IIa. Alſo it appears, that Michael de Balfour [Page 54] vice comes de Fife, was a Member of Parliament in the Year, 1315a. This Family continued in great Luſtre till the fifth of King Robert II. and then came to an Heir Female, married to Sir John Beaton Knight, Progenitor to the Laird of Balfour.

Of the Family of Balfour, that of Monquhany, appears to have been a very ancient Branch, for Michael de Balfour, obtained the Barony of Monquhany in vice-comitatu de Fife, in Exchange with Duncan Earl of Fife, for his Lands of Pittencrief b which was ratified by a Charter of King David II. anno 135 [...] c, as Balfour of Burleigh was another Family in good Eſteem, and poſſeſſed the Barony of Burleigh ſince the Days of King James IId. Theſe two Families of Monquhany and Burleigh, came to be united in the Perſon of Sir Michael Balfour of Burleigh, Son and Heir to Sir James Balfour of Monquhany, Clerk Regiſter in the Reign of Queen Mary, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Michael Balfour of Burleigh. This Sir Michael was by the Favour of King James VI. raiſed to the Peerage of this Realm by the Title of Lord Balfour of Burleigh, 7th Auguſt 1606e, being then his Majeſty's Ambaſſador to the Dukes of Tuſcany and Lorain, he married . . . . . . Daughter of Lundy of that Ilk, by whom he left one Daughter, Margaret Baroneſs of Burleigh, his ſole Heir, the Honour being to him and the Heirs of his Body lawfully begotten, ſhe married Robert Arnot of Ferny, who changed his Name to Balfour, and in her Right became Lord Burleigh. He was elected Preſident to the Parliament, anno 1641, and by his ſaid Wife he had Iſſue.

John his Succeſſor, and three Daughters.

Jean, married to David Earl of Weems, and had Iſſue.

Margaret, to Sir John Crawfurd of Kilbirny, Anceſtor to the preſent Viſcount of Garnock.

Iſabel, to Thomas Lord Ruthven, and had Iſſue.

John Lord Burleigh, was married to Daughter of Sir William Balfour of Pitcullo Lieutenant of the Tower of London, in the Reign of King Charles I. by whom he had three Sons, Robert who ſucceeded him in his Eſtate and Honour. John Balfour of Ferny, and Henry Balfour of Dunboig, alſo ſeveral Daughters,

Margaret, married to Andrew Lord Rollo, and had Iſſue.

. . . . . . . . to Sir Robert Douglaſs of Kirkneſs, and had Iſſue.

. . . . . . . . to Sir John Malcolm of Lochore, and has Iſſue.

. . . . to . . . . Douglaſs of Strenthry. Iſabel, unmarried.

Anne to Captain Robert Sinclair.

Robert the preſent Lord Burleigh, upon King William's Acceſſion to the Crown, anno 1689, was conſtituted one of the Commiſſioners for executing the Office of Regiſter. He married Margaret Daughter of George Earl of Melvil, by whom he has,

Robert Maſter of Burleigh,

Margaret,

Mary, all unmarried.

39.1. ARMS.

Argent on a Cheveron Sable, an Ottars Head erraz'd of the firſt, ſupported on the Dexter with an Ottar, and on the Siniſter by a Swan proper, for the Creſt, a Maid holding in one Hand an Ottars Head, and in the other a Swans, with this Motto, Omne ſolum forti Patria.

40. STEUART, Earl of Bute.

[Page 55]

THE deſcent of this noble Family is from Sir John Steuart, a Son of King Robert II.a who had by his Fathers Grant a fair Poſſeſſion in the Iſle of Bute (the ancient Patrimony of the Royal Steuarts, long before they attained to the Crown) with the hereditary Sheriffſhip of that County, which King Robert III. his Brother confirmed by this Charter. Robertus dei gratia Rex Scotorum ſciatis nos dediſſe & hac preſenti charta noſtra confirmaſſe dilecto fratri noſtro Johanni Seneſcallo de Bute officium vice comitatus de Bute & Arran datum 11 Nov. 1400b. Likeas he obtained a Charter from Robert Duke of Albany, when Governour of Scotland, of the Lands of Fynock, which runs thus in the Original,

Robertus Dux Albaniae Gubernator Scotiae ſciatis nos dediſſe dilecto fratrinoſtro Johanni Steuart vice comiti de Bute totam dimidietatem terrarum de Fynock in Barronia de Renfrew, &c. apud Villam de Irvin primo die Januarii 1418c.

This Sir John Steuart married Jean Daughter of Sir John Semple of Eliotſtoun d, Anceſtor to the preſent Lord Semple, by whom he had three Sons,

Robert his Succeſſor.

Andrew Steuart of Roſlyn in vice comitatu de Bute.

William firſt of the Branch of Fynock e in vice comitatu de Renfrew.

Which Robert Steuart of Bute was of the Privy Council to King James II. anno 1440f. The third of this Family was James Steuart of Bute, who obtained from King James III. in Conſideration of his good Services before that time performed, the hereditary Conſtabulwick of the Caſtle of Rothſay, (which had been anciently a royal Seat, and where King Robert III. yielded his laſt Breath) by a Commiſſion ſtill extant among the Earl of Bute's Writes, and bears date, 1ſt Auguſt 1498.

To this laſt mentioned James ſucceeded Ninian his Son and Heir, who married Eliſabeth Daughter of John Blair of that Ilkg, and departing this Life anno 1509, was ſucceeded by James his Son, who was Infeft both in his Eſtate, and in the hereditary Conſtabulary of Rothſay Caſtle, 20th. May 1509h. He married firſt a Daughter of the Family of Argyle and ſecondly Marion Daughter of John Fairly of that Ilk, in vice comitatu de Air, Widow of Thomas Boyd of Linn i, by whom he had John who ſucceeded him, and Robert Steuart of Kelſpock k.

Which John was in ſpecial Favour with King James VI. to whom he was one of the Gentlemen of his Bed-Chamber, and in 1580 was conſtituted Captain of the Caſtle of Brodick, and Chamberlain of Arran l, which he enjoyed till the Family of Hamilton was reſtored, anno 1585. His firſt Wife was Mary Daughter of John Campbel of Skipniſh, and his ſecond Fynuald, Daughter of Sir James Mackdonald of Duneyveg and Glinns, Anceſtor to the Earl of Antrim of the Kingdom of Ireland, and departing this Life about the Year 1602, [Page 56] was ſucceeded by John his Son and Heir, who was knighted by King James VI. He added to the ancient patrimonial Fortune of his Anceſtors, the Lands of Foord in vice comitatu de Haddingtoun, by the Marriage of Eliſabeth. eldeſt of the two Daughters, and Co-heirs of Robert Hepburn of Foord, by whom he left Iſſue, James his Succeſſor, and Colonel Thomas Steuart who died in France.

Which James had the Honour of Baronet conferred on him by King Charles I. When the civil War broke out in that Reign, he faithfully adhered to the King's Intereſt, for which, beſide the Sequeſtration of moſt of his Eſtate, he ſuffered much perſonally during the Uſurpation, notwithſtanding whereof he continued conſtant and unſhaken in his Loyalty, and living to ſee the Reſtauration, he died at London ſoon after, tho the exact time I cannot aſſign, and was buried in the Abbay at Weſtminſter. His Wife was Iſabel Daughter of Sir Dougal Campbel of Achinbreak, by Iſabel his Wife, Daughter of Thomas Lord Boyd, by whom he had Sir Dougal his Succeſſor, and

Sir Robert Steuart of Tillycutry, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and one of the Lords of her Majeſty's Juſticiary, who was created Baronet by Patent 29th. April 1707. He married Cicil Daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton of Preſmanan, and had Sir Robert Steuart Baronet.

Alſo three Daughters, 1ſt Eliſabeth married to Ninian Banatyne of Keams, in vice comitatu de Bute, and had Iſſue. 2d. Anne to Alexander Mackdo [...]ald of Sana, in vice comitatu de Argyle, and afterwards to Walter Campbel of Skipniſh, of the ſame County, and had Iſſue. 3d. Jean to Angus Campbel of Skipniſh, Junior and had Iſſue.

Sir Dougal his Son married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir Thomas Ruthven of Dunglaſs, by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Alexander 1ſt Earl of Leven, by whom he had two Sons, Sir James who ſucceeded him. Mr. Dougal Steuart of Blairhall, who having applyed himſelf to the ſtudy of the Law, became ſoon ſo fam'd in that Profeſſion, that Her Majeſty was pleaſed to name him one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and one of the Lords of the Juſticiary, 12 May 1709, and having ſerved Commiſſioner in diverſe Parliaments, both before and ſince the commencement of the Union, he ſtill diſcharged that truſt with Honour and Integrity, particularly in relation to the Union of the Kingdoms, where he acted ſo conſcientious and honourable a Part, that Ages to come will equally eſteem him for the Regard he then ſhew'd for the Honour of his Country, as for his Abilities upon the Bench, which he has in the Opinion of all, to a very eminent degree. He married Mary Daughter of — Bruce of Blairhall, and has Iſſue.

Alſo ſeveral Daughters, Barbara married to Alexander Campbel of Barbreak, in vice comitatu de Argyle, and has Iſſue, and Margaret to Dougal Laumont, apparent Heir of Archibald Laumont of that Ilk, and has Iſſue. He departed this Life in May 1672, and was ſucceeded by

Sir James his Son and Heir, who upon Her Majeſty's Acceſſion to the Throne was named a Privy Counſellour, and appointed one of the Commiſſioners upon the Part of Scotland to Treat of a nearer Union with England, anno 1702, which then took not effect, and by Letters Patent bearing date 14th April 1703, raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Bute, Viſcount of Kingarth, Lord Mont Steuart, Cumra and Inchmarnock. In 1706, he was one of the Peers who diſſented from the Union, and when he diſcovered the Parliament was by a Majority diſpoſed to go into it, he left the Houſe and retired to his [Page 57] Seat in the Country. He married 1ſt. Agnes eldeſt Daughter of Sir George Mackenzie of Roſehaugh, Lord Advocate, in the Reign of King James VII. by whom he had

James the preſent Earl, and a Daughter Margaret married to John Crawfurd Lord Kilbirny, and Viſcount of Garnock, and had Iſſue. And by Chriſtian his ſecond Wife Daughter of William Dundaſs of Kincavill he had a Son John. This Earl died at the Bath in England, 4th June 1710, and was interr'd in the Church of Rothſay among his Anceſtors, upon him I find this Epitaph,

Per multos proavos Regali ſtemmate cretus,
Qui fuerant fidi Regibus uſque ſuis,
Pulchra fuit cui mens habitans in corpore pulchro,
Cuique Genus Geniuſque Ingeniique vigor,
Ornarunt Animum virtuſque ſcientia juris,
Et Regum & Patriae & Relligionis amor
Ille & Apoſtolico Clero tot fluctibus acto
Vivens & moriens grande levamen erat.

Which James now Earl of Bute had a conſiderable Acceſſion to his Eſtate by the deceaſe of George Mackenzie of Roſehaugh, his Uncle, to whoſe Fortune he ſucceeded in 1707, and which he is obliged by the Deſtination to give to his ſecond Son, who is to bear the Sirname, and wear the Arms of Mackenzie of Roſehaugh. His Lord ſhip married the Lady Anne Campbel Daughter of Archibald Duke of Argyle, and has a Daughter Lady Mary.

40.1. ARMS.

Or, a Feſs checkque, Azure and Argent, within a double Treſſure Counterflour'd Gules, ſupported on the dexter with a Horſe, Argent, and on the ſiniſter with a Stag proper, Creſt, a Demi Lyon rampant, Gules, iſſuing out of an Earls Coronet, with this Motto, Nobilis Ira.

Nota, A Principal Branch of this Family was Steuart of Kilcattan, in vice comitatu de Bute, whoſe Deſcendants now enjoy a fair Eſtate in the Kingdom of Ireland, of whom is Steuart of Aſcog, which remains to this Day ſeated in the Iſle of Bute, John Steuart now of Aſcog, being the fifth Deſcendant from John his Predeceſſor, a younger Son of William Steuart of Kilcattan, in the Minority of King James VI.

41. Earl of Caithneſs

IN the Time of King William one Harold was Earl of this Country; but for Rebellion his Eſtate was forfeited, anno 1187a, and continued in the Crown till the Year 1222b, when King Alexander II. beſtowed it upon Magnus the Son of Gilibred Earl of Angus, for the payment of a yearly Duty of ten Pound Sterling to the King and his Succeſſorsc. The Honour continued in this Race till it expired in a Daughter married to the Earl of Ro [...]s, in the Reign of King David II.d

The next who had this Title, was David Steuart Son to King Robert II. by Eupham Roſs. He was created Count Palatine of Strathern, and Earl of Caithneſs, upon his Father's Acceſſion to the Sovereignty, anno gratiae 1370, but he dying without Male Succeſſion, it devolved on Walter Earl of Athole, his immediate younger Brother, who diſpon [...]d it to Allan Steuart his Son, who was killed at the Battel of Innerlochy e, leaving no Iſſue; ſo that by his Father's Forfaulture it came to the Crown.

42. CRICHTON Earl of Caithneſs.

[Page 58]

CAithneſs was again erected into an Earldom, in the Perſon of Perſon of George Crichton of Cairns, a Lord high Admiral of Scotland, anno 1452, but he dying in the Year 1455b, left only a Daughter Janet married to John Maſter of Maxwel, whereby the Honour extinguiſhed.

43. SINCLAIR Earl of Caithneſs.

WIlliam Sinclair Earl of Orkney Lord high Chancellour of Scotland, in the Reign of King James II. obtained from that Monarch a Grant of the Earldom of Caithneſs in Compenſation of a Claim he had to the Lordſhip of Nithſdale, bearing date 29th April 1456c. He convoyed this Earldom with the Honour to William Sinclair, one of his Sonsd, who married Mary Daughter of Sir William Keith of Inver [...]gy. He was ſlain at the Field of Floudon, 1513, leaving Iſſue by the ſaid Mary his Wife.

John his Son and Heir, and Alexander Sinclair founder of the Family of Dunbeth, which John took to Wife Mary Daughter of William Sutherland of Duffus e, by whom he had George who ſucceeded him. This Earl was killed in an Inſurrection of the Inhabitants of Orkney, 29th May 1529f.

George the 3d Earl of Caithneſs, was conſtituted Juſticiary within the bounds of Caithneſs by Queen Mary anno 1566, and in 1568 was one of the Peers who ſat upon the Trial of James Earl of Bothwell. He married Eliſabeth. Daughter of William 2d Earl of Montroſe, by whom he had,

John his eldeſt Son, who died in the Year 1577g, leaving three Sons and a Daughter by Jean his Wife, Daughter of Patrick Earl of Bothwell, George who ſucceeded in the Earldom: James Sinclair of Murthill Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Caithneſs h, and John Sinclair of whom deſcended Sinclair of Greenland i. Mary, firſt Wife to Sir John Hume of Coldingknows, and afterward of Andrew Earl of Errol.

George Sinclair ſecond Son, was Progenitor of the Sinclairs of May k in the Shire of Caithneſs, his Wife was Margaret Daughter of William Lord Forbes.

He had likewiſe ſeveral Daughters, 1ſt. Beatrix, married to Alexander Earl of Sutherland l, but had no Iſſue. 2d. Eliſabeth to Alexander Sutherland of Duffus, ſans Iſſue, and afterward to Hutcheon Mackcay of Far m, Anceſtor to the preſent Lord Rae. Margaret to William Sutherland of Duffus n. Barbara to Alexander Innes of that Ilko.

This Earl died in a good old Age, in 1583p, and was immediately ſucceeded by

George his Grand-ſon, who was married with Jean Daughter of George Earl of Huntly, by whom he had William Lord Berrindale, who married Mary Daughter of Henry Lord [Page 59] Sinclair a, and died in the Lifetime of his Father, leaving behind him a Son, John Lord Berrindale, who died in 1639b, leaving a Son George by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Colin Earl of Seaforth, who ſucceeded to the Earldom upon the deceaſe of his Great Grandfather, in 1643c.

Which George Earl of Caithneſs married Mary Daughter of Archibald Marqueſs of Argyle, but died without Succeſſion, anno 1676. George Sinclair his Couſin, by reaſon of his ſlender Eſtate, declined to take upon him the Honour, wherefore the Title of Earl of Caithneſs was conferr'd upon Sir John Campbel of Glenurchy, who had acquired moſt of the Fortune, anno 1677. But in the Year 1681, the ſaid George Sinclair, Couſin German and Heir Male to the late deceaſed Earl, laying Claim to the Title, it was allowed him by the Parliament; but he dying unmarried, anno 1698, by reaſon of the Entail upon the Heirs Male, John Sinclair of Murthill ſucceeded in the Honour. He married Jean Carmichael, by whom he had

Alexander the preſent Earl of Caithneſs.

John.

Francis.

Janet, All unmarried.

43.1. ARMS.

Three Coats quarterly, 1ſt Azure, a Ship at Anchor, her Oars erected in Saltyre, within a double Treſſure counterflour'd Or, 2d and 3d Or, a Lyon Rampant, Gules, 4th Azure, a Ship under Sail Or, overal dividing the Coats, a Croſs ingraled Sable, ſupported by two Griffons, Creſt a Cock proper, with this Motto, Commit thy Work to God.

44. LIVINGSTON Earl of Calender.

SIR James Livingſton, Firſt Earl of Calendar, was the 2d Son of Alexander Earl of Linlithgow, by Eleanor his Wife, Daughter of Andrew Earl of Erroll. Which Sir James being from his Youth bread up in the Wars of Bohemia, Holland, Sweden, and Germany, acquired a great Reputation in Martial Affairs: Upon his Return he was conſtituted one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber to King Charles I. and by Patent 19th June 1633d, created Lord Livingſton of Almont, and Earl of Calendar, anno 1641.

In the beginning of the Civil War, he accepted of a Command in the Parliaments Service; but withdrawing himſelf from them, he freely reſorted to the Service of his injur'd Sovereign, and was conſtituted Lieutenant-General of the Scots Army, who in the 1648 attempted to reſcue the King from his fatal Impriſonment in the Iſle of Wight: But the enterpriſe miſcarrying, he retired to Holland, where he ſtayed till the Murder of his Majeſty. He married Margaret Daughter of John Lord Yeſter, Widow of Alexander Earl of Dunfermling, and dying very aged, in 1672, both his Eſtate and Title deſcended to

Alexander Livingſton his Nephew, who marrying Mary Daughter of William Duke of Hamilton, died 1685, leaving no Iſſue ſave a natural Son. Sir Alexander Livingſton of Glenterren, Baronet, his Fortune and Honour devolved upon

Alexander Livingſton, his Nephew, Son of George Earl of Linlithgow, who deceaſed in the Year 1694, leaving [Page 60] Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter of James Marqueſs of Montroſe, James his Son and Heir, who upon the Death of his Uncle, Alexander Earl of L [...]nlithgow, anno 1695, ſucceeded him in that Earldom, and two Daughters,

Lady Henrietta. unmarried.

Lady Mary. unmarried.

45. FAIRFAX, Lord Cameron.

THE Family of Fairfax, which is unqueſtionably one of the moſt Ancient and beſt allyed in England, had firſt its Seat at Touceſter, in the County of Northumberland, where we find it at the Conqueſt of that Kingdom, anno 1060, from whence it removed a [...]fterwards to the County of York, where, anno 1204, the 6th of King John, we find Richard Fairfax poſſeſſed of ſeveral Lands, particularly of the Mannor of Askham, to which Richard, ſucceeded William Fairfax, who, by Alicia his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Nicholas de Bugthorp, had Iſſue one Son William, who purchaſed the Mannor of Walton in the ſame County, by which, he and his Succeſſors were afterwards deſigned, and yet in the Poſſeſſion of of his Family.

From whom, the 8th in a ſtraight Male Line, was Thomas Fairfax o [...] Walton, to whom anno 1415, the 2d of Henry V, ſucceeded another Richard, who, by Euſtace his Wife, Daughter and Heir of John Caltrop de Caltrop Eſq had Iſſue ſix Sons, Viz.

1ſt. William of Walton who ſucceeded him.

2d. Bryan, Doctor of the Laws.

3d. Sir Guy Fairfax, Knight, Juſtice of the King's Banch.

4th. Richard.

5th. Sir Nicholas, Knight of Rhodes.

6th. Miles Fairfax.

And three Daughters, of whom Ellen the youngeſt, was Lady Prioreſs of Nunmuncton.

Of which William of Walton, eldeſt Son of the ſaid Richard, who died the 31ſt Henry VI. anno 1453, deſcended, after five Generations, Sir Thomas Fairfax, who the 3d of Charles I. was created Viſcount Fairfax of Emelay, in the Kingdom of Ireland, and by Katharine his Wife, Daughter of Sir Henry Conſtable, and Siſter of the Viſcount Dunbar, had Iſſue ſix Sons and five Daughters, of whom Thomas, the eldeſt Son ſucceeded him, and Henry the ſecond was Father of Henry Fairfax of Hurſt Eſq whoſe Daughter and ſole Heir Frances is married to David now Earl of Buchan.

Of which Thomas, Nicholas now Lord Viſcount of Fairfax, is lineal Deſcendant and Repreſentative, and the One and Twentieth, who has ſucceeded in this Family in a ſtraight Male-Line, ſince the ſaid ſixth of King John, being the ſpace of 507 Years.

But leaving to others, a more particular Account of that noble Houſe, as not belonging to this preſent Work, We ſhall proceed to a younger Son, viz. Sir Guy Fairfax above-mentioned, 3d Son of Richard Fairfax of Walton, of whom the Lord Cameron is deſcended.

Which Sir Guy, got from the ſaid Richard his Father, the Lands and Mannor of Steeton, in the County of York; And being a Perſon eminent for his Parts and Learning, was made Atturney General, the 3d Edward IV. anno 1464, and Judge of the King's Bench the 17th of the ſame Reign. He built Steeton Caſtle, afterwards the Seat of his Family, and had a Chapel there, conſecrated by Arch-Biſhop Rotheram; He alſo founded a Chantery at Sheriff-Hutton, anno 7mo. Henry VII. and died in the [Page 61] 11th Year of the ſame Reign, anno 1495, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Ryther of Ryther, Knight, four Sons, viz. Sir William who ſucceeded him, Thomas, Guy, and Nicholas, and two Daughters, Ellen married to Sir Miles Wilesthorp, Knight, and Maudeline to Sir John Waterſon of Medley, Maſter of the Horſe to King Henry VI.

Which Sir William, eldeſt Son and Heir of Sir Guy, was a great Lawyer, and Judge of the common Pleas, from the 1ſt. to the 6th of Henry VIII. and by Eliſabeth his Wife, eldeſt Daughter of George Mannours, Lord Rooſe, and Siſter to Thomas Earl of Rutland, whoſe Grand-mother was Siſter to Edward the 4th King of England, had Iſſue, one Son William, who ſucceeded him, and four Daughters,

Ellen, married to Sir William Pickering, Knight, by whom he had Sir William Pickering, ſo great a Favorite of King Edward VI. and Queen Eliſabeth.

Eliſabeth, married to Sir Robert Vightred.

Anne, to Sir Robert Normanville, Knight.

And Dorothy to — Conſtable of Kexby Eſq

Which Sir William Fairfax of Steeton, Knight, Son and Heir of Sir William the Judge, married Iſabella, Daughter and Heir of John Thwaits, of Thwaits and Denton, in the County of York, Eſq in whoſe Right he got the ſaid Mannour of Denton, and had by her five Sons, viz.

Sir Thomas who ſucceeded him, Francis, Edward, Gabriel, and Henry.

Alſo ſix Daughters, 1ſt Anne married to Sir Henry Everingham, Mary to — Rockley Eſq Bridget to Sir Cotton Gargrave, Urſula and Suſanna.

To which Sir William Fairfax there are two Letters from King Henry VIII. one of the 35th and another the 38th of his Reign, indorſed, To our Truſty and well beloved Sir William Fairfax, Knight, which Letters are yet extant, and to be ſeen at Denton Caſtle, in the ſaid County of York, whereof he was high Sheriff, the 26th and 31ſt of the ſaid Henry VIII. and a third time nominated, but died ult. Octob. the 5th of Philip and Mary, Anno Dom. 1557.

He gave to his 5th Son Gabriel the Mannor of Steeton, and ſeveral other Lands, being (according to the Superſtition of theſe Times) highly offended with Sir Thomas his eldeſt Son, for being with the Duke of Bourbon, at the ſacking of Rome, in the beginning of the Reformation, but that Loſs was ſufficiently made up to him, by his ſucceeding, in Right of his Mother, to the ſaid Eſtate of Denton, which became, from that time, the principal Seat of the Family, and of Gabriel the younger Brother, who got Steeton, is deſcended another Family, known by the Diſtinction of Steeton, alſo in the County of York, where it has its Reſidence to this time.

Which Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton, was high Sheriff of the County of York, the 14th of Eliſabeth, knighted the 19th of her Reign, and died, alter performing many Services to his Country, the 42d of the ſame, Anno Dom. 1599, leaving Iſſue by Dorothy his Wife, Daughter of George Gayle of Acham-Grange, Treſaurer of the Mint at York, five Sons, viz.

Thomas that ſucceeded him.

Henry and Ferdinando, who both died young.

Sir Charles Fairfax Colonel of a Regiment at Oſtend, the time of that famous Siege, where he was ſlain, after gaining immortal Honour by his brave Actions, as Camden and others have recorded.

And Edward Fairfax of Newhall, an excellent Poet, as appears by ſeveral [Page 62] of his Tranſlations yet extant; alſo two Daughters,

Urſula, married to Sir Henry Bellaſis of Newbourgh, in the County of York, Baronet, Mother by him of Thomas firſt Viſcount Fa [...]conberg, Anceſtor of Thomas, now Viſcount of that Name.

And Chriſtian, married to John Ask Eſq

To Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton, laſt mentioned, ſucceeded Sir Thomas, his eldeſt Son, who, Anno 1582, married Ellen, Daughter of Robert Ask Eſq by whom he had ſix Sons, viz.

1ſt. Ferdinando, who ſucceeded him.

2d. Henry.

3d. Charles, of whom the Family of Menſton is deſcended.

4th. William, and 5th. John, both killed in the defence of the City of Frankendale in the Palatinat.

6th. Peregrine killed in defence of Rochel in France; alſo two Daughters, Dorothy the eldeſt married to Sir William Conſtable, Baronet, and Anne the 2d to Sir George Wentworth of Wolley, Knight.

Which Sir Thomas, being of a Martial Spirit, accompanied into France the Earl of Eſſex, General of the Engliſh Army, ſent by Queen Eliſabeth to the Aſſiſtance of Henry IV. of France, againſt the Spaniards and Catholick League, where an. 1591, in the lifetime of his Father, he was knighted by the ſaid General, in the Camp before Roan in Normandy, from whence returning, not long after, with the ſaid Army, after having performed many brave Actions for the Honour of his Country, he was, by the Queen, received with many marks of Diſtinction and Favour, and imployed by her in ſeveral important Affairs, particularly in carrying a Commiſſion into Scotland to King James VI. whom, he lived not only to ſee ſeated on the Throne of England, upon the Death of that Queen, but alſo till the Reign of his Son, King Charles I. in the 3d Year of whom by Patent bearing date, 4th May, 1627. He was created Lord Fairfax of Cameron, and died not before the 17th of he ſame Reign, anno Dom 1642, Aetat: 80, being full of Years, and no leſs of Honour, for his many Vertues, and great Skill in the Arts both of Peace and War, of which all allow him to have been a great Maſter.

To which Thomas Lord Cameron, ſucceeded Ferdinando his eldeſt Son, who by the Lady Mary, Daughter of Edmund Earl of Mulgrave, Lord Preſident of the North, Anceſtor of John now Duke of Buckingham, had Iſſue,

Thomas Lord Cameron.

Charles, Colonel of Horſe, ſlain at the Battle of Marſton-Moor near York, Anno 1644.

And John, who died an Infant.

Alſo ſix Daughters. Urſula; who died unmarried;

Ellen, married to Sir William Selby of Twiſtle, in the County of Northumberland, Baronet.

Frances to Sir Thomas Weddrington, Knight.

Eliſabeth, to Sir William Craven, Knt.

Mary, to Henry Arthington of Arthington, Eſq and

Dorothy, to Richard Hutton of Poppleton, Eſq all of whom had Iſſue.

He married 2dly Rhoda, Daughter and Heir of Thomas Chapman, Eſq and had by her one Daughter, Urſula, born at Denton, a few Days before the Death of her Father, who died March 31ſt, 1648, & was ſucceeded by,

Thomas Lord Cameron, his eldeſt Son and Heir, who married Anne, Daughter and Co-heir of Horatio Lord Vere, Maſter of the Ordinance, and General of all the Engliſh Forces in the Palatinat, Holland and the Netherlands, by whom he had Iſſue two Daughters,

Mary the eldeſt, married to George Duke of Buckingham, Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Garter, and Maſter of the Horſe to King Charles II. and Eliſabeth died young.

Which Thomas Lord Cameron, ſo fam'd in Engliſh Hiſtory, by the Name [Page 63] of General Fairfax, was born at Denton Caſtle, 17th January 1611, and going into the Low Country Wars in 1627, gave then (tho but ſixteen Years old) ſuch Proofs of a great Spirit and Martial Genius, as occaſioned his being particularly noticed by the Lord Vere, above-mentioned, one of the greateſt Captains of that Age, whoſe Daughter he afterwards married.

In 1640 he was knighted (his Father being then on Life) and the civil Wars beginning not long after, he came ſoon, to make no ſmall Figure in them, by the many Proofs he gave, of his great Courage and Conduct, in the Service of the Parliament, whoſe Cauſe he early eſpouſed, and in 1645, being then but 34 Years of age, was choſen ſupreme General of their Armies, which he commanded, with great Succeſs and Glory, till 1650, in which time, he performed ſuch Actions, as wanted nothing but a better Cauſe, to have made his Fame immortal: But War being then decreed againſt Scotland, by the Parliament, and an Army appointed to march thither, he declared his Reſolution not to command it, or invade that Kingdom, and, thereupon, laid down his Commiſſion, which, ſoon after, was beſtowed on Oliver Cromwell, then Lieutenant General under him:

What the Reaſons were, that induced this great Man, to lay down ſo high and important a Command, was at that time, variouſly, reported, ſome (as Clarendon relates) imputing it, to his Affection and Kindneſs to Scotland, of which he had always been a great favourer, and whereof he was born a Peer; but others, to his not being ſatisfied, with the Parliaments, having puſht things, ſo far, againſt the King, and to his, ſecretly, favouring the Intereſt of his Son K. Charles II. then admitted to the Government in that Kingdom, and crowned there; which Opinion was confirmed, by the Part he afterwards acted at the Reſtauration; In order to which, he entered, very early, into Meaſures with General Monk, to whom he gave conſiderable Aſſiſtance, in the Proſecution of that glorious Deſign, upon the happy iſſue whereof, he had the Honour, to be one of the Commiſſioners which compoſed the ſolemn Deputation, ſent by the Parliament to the King, upon that great Occaſion, and arriving at the Hague, was received by his Majeſty, with ſingular Favour and Goodneſs, and great Marks of Honour and Eſteem, which he ever after continued to wards him; notwithſtanding whereof, being weary of the great hurry and Confuſion, in which he had ſpent much of his Time; he retired, ſoon after the Reſtauration, to his Houſe in the Country, where, he paſſed, in peace and quiet, the remainder of his Life, highly beloved and honoured by all good Men, for his many great and heroick Qualities, and ſhining Vertues, for which, he is juſtly celebrated, by the greateſt Pens of that Age, all ſides and Parties agreeing, in giving due Praiſe, to his conſummate Merits. He died of a ſhort Sickneſs, Novemb. 11th. 1671, the 60th Year of his Age, and lyes buried at Bilbrough, near Tork, where a ſtately Monument was erected to his Memory, being ſucceeded in his Honour and Eſtate by,

Henry Fairfax, his Couſin German, eldeſt Son and Heir of Henry, 2d Son of Thomas the firſt Lord Cameron.

Which Henry, married Frances, Daughter and Heir of Sir Robert Barwick of Tolſton, Knight, by whom he had Iſſue Thomas, who ſucceeded him. Henry, Bryan, and Barwick,

Alſo four Daughters,

Dorothy, married firſt to Robert Stapleton of Wighill Eſq afterwards to Bennet Sherrard of Whiſſenden, in the County of Rutland, Eſq

Anne, to Ralph Ker of Kocken, Eſq [Page 64] in the County of Durham, and Urſula and Mary who died young.

Which Thomas Lord Cameron, married Katharin, only Daughter and Heir of Thomas Lord Colepepper, and dying 6th January 1710, left Iſſue

Thomas, now Lord Cameron, about 18 Years of Age: Henry and Robert.

Alſo three Daughters,

Margaret.

Katharine.

And Mary, All unmarried.

45.1. ARMS.

Or, three Bars Gamells Gules, over all a Lyon Rampant Sable, ſupported on the Dexter with a Lyon Rampant of the 2d, and on the Siniſter with a Horſe ready prepared; Creſt, a Lyon paſſant guardant Sable, Motto, Lucem, fer, fax.

46. ERSKINE Lord Cardroſs.

THE Honour and Title of Lord Cardroſs, had its beginning in anno 1604, when James VI. of Scotland, and firſt of Great Britain, by his Charter under the Great Seal, bearing date on March 27th in the ſaid Year, erected the ſaid Lordſhip, in favours of John Earl of Mar, Lord Treaſaurer of Scotland, and Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Garter, his Heirs and Aſſigns; In purſuance whereof, the ſaid Earl, in anno 1615, aſſigned and diſponed the ſame, and whole Rights thereto belonging, to Henry Erskine, his 2d. Son, by the Lady Mary Steuart, his 2d. Wife, Daughter of Eſme, Duke of Lennox, a Lady near in Blood to his ſaid Majeſty; who, as a further Mark of his Royal Favour, was alſo pleaſed to beſtow on the ſaid Henry, the Abby of Dryburgh in Teviotdale, formerly a Seat of Monks of the Order of Promontre; the ſaid Abby, with the Lands and Tythes thereto belonging, being, by a ſpecial Act of Parliament, for that purpoſe, diſſolved from the Crown.

Which Henry Lord Cardroſs, married Margaret, only Daughter of Sir James Ballanden of Broughtoun, and Siſter of William firſt Lord Ballanden, by whom he had David his only Son and Heir, and one Daughter, Mary, who was married to Sir John Buchannan of that Ilk in the County of Stirling, and had Iſſue; and dying Anno 1636, was ſucceeded by,

David Lord Cardroſs, his only Son, who, an. 1645, married Anne, Daughter of Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, Lord Advocate, Great Grand-father to the preſent Earl of Hopeton, by whom he had Iſſue, Henry, who ſucceeded him, and a Daughter, Margaret, married to William Cuningham of Boquhan, in the County of Stirling, Mother, by him, of Henry Cunningham of Boquhan, Junior, Repreſentative of the Burgh of Stirling, and Diſtrict thereof in this preſent Parliament, anno 1712.

Which David married 2dly, (anno 1655,) Mary, 2d Daughter of George Bruce of Carnock, and Siſter of Edward and Alexander, both Earls of Kincardin, by whom he had Iſſue four Sons, and three Daughters.

Alexander the eldeſt Son, died young.

William the 2d, late Deputy Governour of Blackneſs Caſtle, a Perſon of great Integrity and Honour, married Magdalen, Daughter of Sir James Lumſden of Innergelly, in the Shire of Fife, and had Iſſue by her, William, his eldeſt Son and Heir, unmarried, and James, yet in his Minority.

John, the 3d. who, upon all occaſions, has appeared, with great Zeal, in the Cauſe of Religion and Liberty, and has thereby acquired an univerſal Eſteem, retired into Holland, ſome Years before the Revolution, in 1688. When he accompanyed [Page 65] the Prince of Orange, in his Expedition into England, a little before which, he had a Company of Foot beſtowed upon him in Holland; and ſoon after, upon that Prince's Acceſſion to the Throne, was made Lieutenant Governour of Stirling Caſtle, and afterwards Governour of Dumbarton, and a Lieutenant Colonel of Foot.

In 1695, he was choſen a Director of the Company of Scotland trading to Africa and the Indies, and by them ſent, with others, in 1696, into Holland, and other Foreign Parts, to manage the Affairs of that Company; In purſuance whereof, ſuch Progreſs was made at Hamburgh, and Encouragement given from other Parts, as had, in all appearance, been attended with the deſired Succeſs, had it not been for ſome Things, very unexpected, and ſurpriſing, and too well known to need mentioning.

He married 1ſt. Jean, Daughter and Heir of VVilliam Muir of Caldwell, in the Shire of Renfrew; but ſhe dying ſoon after, without Iſſue, he married 2dly, Anne, eldeſt Daughter, and Co-heir of VVilliam Dundaſs of Kincavill, in the County of Linlithgow, Advocate, by whom he has John his eldeſt Son and Heir, and ſeveral other Sons; alſo one Daughter, Mary, yet unmarried.

Charles the 4th Son, being a Captain of Foot in the Low Countries, in the Service of the late King William, was killed there, at the Battle of Stenkirk, the 24th of July 1692:

Veronica, his eldeſt Daughter, married to Walter Lockhart of Kirtoun, in the County of Lanerk, and has Iſſue,

Magdalen the 2d. to Alexander Monypenny of Pitmilly, in the Shire of Fife, and has Iſſue.

And Mary the 3d died young.

To which David Lord Cardroſs ſucceeded, Anno 1671. Henry his eldeſt Son and Heir, who, eodem anno, married Katharine, 2d Daughter, and at length ſole Heir, of Sir James Steuart of Strabrock, in the Country of Weſt-Lothian, by which Katharine, he had Iſſue.

David who ſucceeded him, now Earl of Buchan.

Charles Erskine Advocate.

William, deputy Governour of Blackneſs Caſtle, who married Margagaret Daughter of Lieutenant Colonel John Erskine, deputy Governour of Stirling Caſtle, and has Iſſue by her, one Son John, in his Infancy, and a Daughter Jean, yet very young:

Thomas, yet in his Minority; and five more, who all died young.

Alſo three Daughters,

Katharine the eldeſt, married to Sir William Denham of Weſtſhields, in the County of Lanerk, Baronet, but has no Iſſue by him.

Mary the 2d, yet unmarried.

And Anne, the 3d. married to Archibald Edmondſton of Duntreth, in vice comitatu de Stirling.

Which Henry Lord Cardroſs, being a Perſon of univerſally acknowledged Merit, and, upon all occaſions, a ſtrenuous aſſerter of the Rights and Liberties of his Country, met with many Hardſhips in the late Reigns, with which having ſtrugled long, with great firmneſs and conſtancy, he at laſt withdrew into Holland, where he was kindly received by the Prince of Orange, afterwards King of Great Britain, whom he accompanyed in his Expedition into England, in 1688, And upon that Prince's Acceſſion to the Throne (of which he was a zealous Promoter) had ſeveral Marks of his Favour beſtowed on him, being ſoon after made a Privy Counſellour, General of the Mint, and Colonel of a Regiment of Dragoons, As he was, at the ſame time, appointed by Parliament, one of the Commiſſioners for treating of an Union with England. Upon all which occaſions, he behaved himſelf, ſo as to maintain the Character, he had all along had, of a Perſon of untainted Integrity and Honour; and dying at Edinburgh the [Page 66] 21ſt of May, 1693, and 44th Year of his Age, was ſucceeded by,

David Lord Cardroſs, his eldeſt Son and Heir, who, upon the Death of William Earl of Buchan, anno 1695, without Iſſue, became alſo Earl of Buchan, of whom, and of his Marriage, and Iſſue, ſee an Account in Title Buchan.

46.1. ARMS.

Quarterly, 1ſt and 4th Gules, an Eagle diſplayed Or, looking toward the Sun in his Splendor, placed in the dexter chief Point, 2d quarterly, 1ſt and 4th Azure, a Bend betwixt ſix croſs Croſlets Or, 2d and 3d Argent, a Pale Sable, 3d quarterly, 1ſt and 4th Or, a Feſs Cheque, Azure and Argent, 2d and 3d Azure, three Garbs Or, ſupported, on the dexter by a Griffon proper, and on the Siniſter, by a Horſe ready prepared, Argent, Creſt, upon the Point of a Sword, Paleways, a Boars Head craz'd, Or, Motto, Fortitudine.

47. CARLYLE, Lord Carlyle.

OF this Family, which is of great Antiquity in the Stewartry of Annandale, was Sir William Cairlyle, Knight, in the Days of Robert I. who was matched with Margaret Bruce, Siſter to that King, as is evident from a Grant by that Monarch, Willielmo Cairlyle milite & Margaretae ſponſae ſuae ſorori noſtrae Cariſſimae a de Terris de Crumanſtoun.

Sir William Cairlyle, his Son, obtained from King Robert the Lands of Culen, una cum Tennendariis totius Baroniae de Torthorald b.

The Family continued in the ſtate of Barons till James III. called Sir John Cairlyle of Torthorald, into the number of his Nobility, by the Title of Lord Cairlyle of Torthorald, anno 1473c. He had by the Grant of the ſaid King, the Lands and Barony of Duncow, then in the Crown by the Forfaulture of Robert Lord Boyd, in recompence of his great Charge in an Embaſſy to France, anno 1477d. His Wife was Margaret Douglaſs, and dying anno 1500e, as appears from the Probate of his Teſtament, his Eſtate and Title of Lord deſcended and came to.

William his Grandſon and Heir (his own immediate Son dying in his Lifetime) who married Janet, Daughter of — Maxwell of —f; by whom he had James Lord Cairlyle, who married Janet Scrimgeour, Daughter of — Scrimgeour Conſtable of Dundee, he died Iſſueleſs, anno 1629g.

Michael his Brother became his Heir. This Lord was on the King's ſide, in the Minority of James VI. and was one of the Peers who bound themſelves to maintain his Authority, in 1569, which many of them ſigned, and this Lord with his Hand at the Pen, he dying about the Year 1580, His Eſtate, went to Eliſabeth, Daughter of William Maſter of Cairlyle his Grand-child, and ſole Heir, who married Sir James Douglaſs of Parkhead.

48. DOUGLASS, Lord Cairlyle.

[Page 67]

THIS Family owes its Original to George Douglaſs, natural Son to Sir George Douglaſs of Pitten drich, (killed at Pinkie,) who obtain'd the Lands of Parkhead, in Lanerk-ſhire, by the Marriage of Eliſabeth, Daughter and Heir of James Douglaſs of Parkhead a. He left three Sons,

1ſt. Sir James Douglaſs of Torthorald, his Son and Heir.

2d. Sir George Douglaſs of Mording toun, one of the Gentlemen of the Bed chamber to King James VI.b who by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Archibald Dundaſs of Finzies, had Iſſue Sir George Douglaſs, who was Ambaſſador to Poland and Sweden, from King Charles I. anno 1633, and 1635, and died in that Character; likewiſe a Daughter Martha, married to Sir James Lockhart of Lee, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and Juſtice Clerk, in the Reign of K. Charles II. Mother by him of Sir William Lockhart of Lee, who was Ambaſſador from King Charles II. to the Crown of France. Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath, Preſident of the College o [...] Juſtice, and Sir John Lockhart of Caſtlehill, alſo one of the Lords of Council and Seſſion.

3d. John Douglaſs Doctor in Divinity. Alſo three Daughters,

— married to Sir James Dundaſs of Arneſtoun.

Martha, married to Mr. Robert Bruce of Kinnaird, one of the Miniſters of the City of Edinburgh, Mary to John Carruthers, of Holmains.

This Sir James Douglaſs, was kill'd by William Steuart 31ſt July, 1608c, leaving

Sir James his Son and Heir to ſucceed him, who marrying Eliſabeth, Grandchild and Heir of Michael Lord Carlyle, was in her Right, created into the Dignity of Lord Carlyle of Torthorald: He had a Son James, who ſuceeded him.

Which James Lord Carlyle, & Torthorald married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochenvar; but having no Iſſue, he reſigned his Honour to William firſt Earl of Queensberry, anno 1638d, who had acquir'd his Eſtate, and thereby the Title became extinct in this Family.

48.1. ARMS.

Quarterly, 1ſt and 4th Gules, a Croſs florie Or, 2d and 3d Or, a plain Croſs Gules, in a Shield of pretence, the paternal Coat of Douglaſs, viz. Argent, a Heart Gules, crowned with an imperial Crown Or, on a chief Azure, three Stars of the firſt, ſupported by two Peacocks proper, Creſt, a Dragons Heade, Motto, Humilitate.

49. DALZIEL, Earl of Carnwath.

THIS ancient Family originally of Dalziel, in vice comitatu de Lanerk, is of great Antiquity in that County, having matched with many worthy Families there, before they remov'd to the Shire of Nithſdale, where now there principal Seat is. Mr. Nisbet, a famous Herauld,f, gives this Story of the Origine [Page 68] of this Sirname, when he is accounting for there old Bearing, which was anciently, A Man hanging on the Gallows, and was given (ſays he) as a Reward to one of the Progenitors of the Earl of Carnwath, to perpetuate the Memory of a brave and hazardous Exploit perform'd in taking down from the Gallows the Body of a Favorite of King Kenneth II. hung up by the Picts. For, as the Story goes, the King being exceedingly grieved that the Body of his Minion and Friend ſhould be ſo diſgracefully treated, he profer'd a conſiderable Reward to any of his Subjects who would adventure to reſcue his Corps, from the Diſgrace his Enemies, had put upon him; But (adds he) When none would undertake this hazardous Interpriſe, at laſt a certain Gentleman came to the King, and ſaid, Dalziel, which ſignifies I Dare, and actually did perform that noble Exploit to his immortal Honour: And in Memory of it, got the foreſaid remarkable Bearing, and afterward his Poſterity took the Word Dalziel for their Sirname, and the Interpretation of it, I Dare, as the Motto of their Family.

But the firſt of this Name I have found upon Record, was Sir Robert de Dalziel, Knight, who faithfully adhering to King David Bruce, during his Captivity in England, obtained in Conſideration thereof, a Grant from the ſaid Monarch of the Barony of Selkrig, of the date 15th May 1365a, his Succeſſor.

Sir John Dalziel, Knight, tempore Roberti III. was in 1392, joined in Commiſſion with diverſe others to treat about the Prorogation of a Peace with the Engliſh b, and the next enſuing Year, he obtained by the Gift of the ſaid King to himſelf in Liferent, and to Walter Dalziel his Son in Fee, the whole Revenue belonging to St. Leonard's Hoſpital, within the Burgh of Lanerk, upon Condition that he and his Heirs ſhall provide a qualified Perſon to celebrate three Maſſes once every ſeven Years, for the Salvation of Robert III. King of Scotland, Anapbella his Queen, and all their Children for everc.

Hence after ſeveral Generations, deſcended Robert Dalziel of that Ilk, who was killed in the Burgh of Drumfries, 30th July 1508d, a in Skirmiſh betwixt the Lords Maxwel and Crichton, leaving Robert his Son and Heir, Father of another Robert, who approv'd himſelf a loyal Subject to Queen Mary, when the civil War broke out in that Reign: I find he was one of the Barons, who upon her Majeſty's eſcape from her Impriſonment in Lochliven, bound themſelves upon Conſcience and Honour, to adhere to her, againſt her rebelious Subjects, as may be ſeen from the original yet extant, bearing date, 8th May 1568e, and accompanyed her to the Battle of Langſide f, where the Queen's Party was totally defeat.

He married Janet, Daughter of Gavin Hamilton of Raploch, Commendator of Kilwinning g, by whom he had Robert his Son and Heir, and a Daughter, Chriſtian, married to John Hamilton of Orbeſtoun, and had Iſſue. He dying circa annum 1588, was ſucceeded by,

Robert his Son and Heir, who received firſt the Honour of Knighthood from King James VI. and being a Baron of an opulent Fortune, was in Conſideration of his own proper Merit, as well as the conſtant Loyalty of his Anceſtors in all times [Page 69] paſt was by the ſpecial Favour of King Charles I. raiſed to the Honour of Lord Dalziel 18th of September 1628a, and thereafter Created Earl of Carnwath, anno 1639. He married Margaret, Daughter of Sir Robert Crichton of Cluny b, by whom he had Robert his Succeſſor, Sir John Dalziel of Glenae Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Carnwath, and a Daughter Lady Mary married to Sir James Muirhead of Lachop.

Which Robert was a Nobleman of great Honour and Reputation, and whoſe Loyalty and Affection to King Charles I. was very Remarkable, for as i [...] on as the Civil War broke out he was among the firſt who raiſed both Horſe and Foot upon his own Charge, and ſerved in the Command of them with great Courage and Fidelity, till the very end of the War, for which he ſuffered very much, both by Sequ [...]ſtration and otherways: But all theſe hardſhips did not in the leaſt diſcourage him in venturing Life and Fortune again in the Service of King Charles II. for as ſoon as an Army was raiſed to March into England with the King, the Earl accompanied his Majeſty into that Kingdom, and was with him in the Fight at Worceſter, where his Lordſhip had the Misfortune to fall into the Enemies Hands, who kept him Priſoner diverſe Years which he ſuſtained with great Patience and Magnanimity. He married Chriſtian Daughter of Sir William Dowglas of Drumlanrig, c by whom he had

Gavin his Son and Heir, who married Margaret, Daughter of David Lord Carnegy, d and departing this Life in the Month of June 1674,e left Iſſue two Sons and a Daughter, viz. James and John both Earls of Carnwath, and a Daughter Jean, married to Claud Muirhead of Lachop.

Which James married Mary Daughter of George Earl of Winton f, by whom he had only one Daughter, Elizabeth married to Lord John Hay, Son to John Marquis of Tweddale, and dying anno 1683g, was ſucceeded by,

John his Brother who died a Batchelour on the 7th of June 1702h, his Eſtate and Honour devolving on Sir Robert Dalziel of Glenae Baronet his Heir Male. This Earl married Grace Daughter of Alexander Earl of Eglinton, by whom he had a Daughter Lady Margaret Dalziel.

49.1. ARMS.

Sable, a naked Man with his Arms expanded proper, Supported by two Chevaliers, proper, Creſt, a Dagger erected Saltyre-ways, Azure. Motto, I Dare.

50. CARRICK, Earl of Carrick.

DUncan of Galloway, Son of Gilbert Lord of Galloway, in the 20th of King William, anno 1185, had by the Bounty of that Prince, the Country of Carrick, erected to him in an Earldomi, out of which he founded the Abbacy of Croſragwell, for [Page 70] Cluniack Monks, and amply indued it with Lands and Tithes within his own Territories, and likewiſe gave to the Monks of Paiſty and Melroſs ſeveral Donations out of his Eſtate, for the welfare of his Soul.a He left a Son,

Niel Earl of Carrick, who imitated the Piety of his Father in his Liberality to the Church, of which his Gifts to the Monaſteries of Croſragwell and Sandal are very remarkable Inſtances. He gave way to Fate on the 23d of June 1250b leaving one Daughter, Margaret his ſole Heir, who married firſt Adam de Kilconcath, who thereupon was Earl of Carrick, but he dying in the Holy Land anno 1272c without any Iſſue, She married again Robert de Bruce Lord of Annandale, to whom ſhe brought the Title of Earl of Carrick.

51. BRUCE, Earl of Carrick.

SIR William Dugdale in his Baronage of England, makes mention, that among the many valiant and noble Normans who accompanied William Duke of Normandy in his Expedition into England, was one Robert de Bruce, who had by the Grant of that Victorious Prince the Lordſhip of Skeltoun in York Shire, and other Lands in that County of great Value and Extent. A Deſcendent from him, another Robert de Bruce obtained from King David 1ſt. of Scotland, the Lordſhip of Annandale, with all the Lands from the bounds of Dunegall to the Limits of Ranulph de Meſchines, Lord of Cumberland d. He lef [...],

Robert Lord of Annandale his Son and Heir, who gave to the Epiſcopal See of Glaſgow, cum conſenſu Roberti de Bruce fi [...]ii ſui, the Churches of Moffat Kilpatrick, Drumſdale, Hoddam, and Caſtlemilk, pro ſalute animae ſuae e. He married Iſabel, natural Daughter to King Wil [...]iam of Scotland, f by whom he had Robert his Son and Heir, who married a Lady of very Royal Birth. viz. Iſabel ſecond Daughter of David Earl o [...] Huntington, in Right of whom his Poſterity came to injoy the Crown of this Realm. By her he had

Robert Lord of Annandale, who in the 1290 upon the demiſe of Queen Margaret, laid Claim to the Crown of Scotland, both in regard he was the neareſt Male in Propinquity of Blood, to the deceaſt King Alexander, as well as in reſpect of a Parliamentary Settlement had been made in his Favours by the foreſaid Kingg. But the Right of Succeſſion being adjudged againſt him, by Edward the I. of England, to whom all the different Competitors had referred the Deciſion of their reſpective Claims, he abſolutely refuſed even in the preſence of King Edward, to acquieſce in it: Nor did he ever do Homage to, or acknowledge John Baliol as King, and to avoid making any ſuch acknowledgement after the definitive Sentence was pronounced, he gave up all his Lands in Scotland, to Robert Earl of Carrick his Eldeſt Son, and dying anno 1295,h left Iſſue by Iſabel his Wife, Daughter of Richard de Clare Earl of Clare and Hartford, [Page 71] Robert his Son and Heira, and Chriſtian married to Patrick Earl of Dunbar and March.

Which Robert was in his Youth ſigned with the Croſs b, and was one of thoſe many Scotſmen that went with St. Lewis King of France in his laſt Expedition againſt the Infidels, and afterward accompanied Edward the I. then Prince of England, to the Holy-Land, where he gained ſingular Honour and Reputation. Upon his return he obtained the Sole Daughter and Heir of the Earl of Carrick in Marriage, in whoſe Right he was Stiled Earl of Carrick, and by that Title he was one of the Peers who in 1284, bound themſelves in the moſt ſolemn manner, that in caſe King Alexander ſhould die without Heirs of his own Body, to own and acknowledge Margaret of Norway his Grandchild, as their Sovereign & Queen of Scotland. c Upon the Deceaſe of that Princeſs, when the Succeſſion to the Crown was determined againſt his Father, he diſowned John Baliol as King, and was an irreconcileable Enemy to him. After the Death of his Father, he aſſerted his own Title to the Crown, and reſolved to proſecute his Right, but was prevented by Death before a favourable opportunity offered anno 1303d, leaving Iſſue by Margaret Counteſs of Carrick his Wife, Robert and Edward both Earls of Carrick, Neil, Thomas and Alexander, who all three loſt their Lives in the War againſt the Engliſh; likewiſe ſix Daughters:

Iſabel married to Sir Thomas Randolph e, Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland.

Mary, to Sir Niel Campbel Knight, Lord of Lochow, and after his Death to Sir Alexander Fraſer f, Lord [...] Chamberlain of Scotland.

Chriſtian, firſt to Gratney Ea [...] Mar, next to Sir Criſtopher Se [...]on [...] Winton, and after that to Sir And [...] Murray Lord of Bothwel.

Matilda, to Hugh Earl of Roſs.

Margaret, to Sir William Carlyle of Torthorald.

Elizabeth, to Sir William Diſhi [...]gton of Ardroſs h Knight.

86 87 88 To Robert Earl of Carrick ſucceeded Robert his Son, who upon the Death of his Father revived his pretentions to the Crown, and being joined by ſuch of the Nobility, and others who were willing to redeem their Country from the Subjection and Slavery it was under; bravely fought his way through innumerable Difficulties to the Crown, into which he was ſolemnly inaugurated on the 27 of March 1306, by the Name of Robert the firſt, and that with the univerſal applauſe of the whole Kingdom, who thought themſelves bound in gratitude, to run the fate of that brave Prince, who had ſo gloriouſly redeemed them from Tyranny, Slavery and the Yoke of a Foreign Power. Were it here proper to enter on a particular detail of his Actions, I could even add a great deal more for the Honour of his Memory, than what the lateſt Writers of his Life have ſaid upon that Subject. But in regard of the Brevity of this Work, it ſhall ſuffice to ſay, no Age has produced a more extraordinary Man than King Robert the Bruce, examine all the Heroes of Plutarch, and all thoſe great Men that have lived ſince that Hiſtorian, and it will be difficult to find any upon Record, who poſſeſſed more [Page 72] eminently all thoſe Virtues and Qualities that enter into the Compoſition of a great Man. All I ſhall further add, ſhall he to take notice of his Children, not only ſuch as have been mentioned by our Hiſtorians, but others who have been very unaccou [...]tably omitted by them.

King Robert had by Iſabel his firſt Wife, Daughter of Donald Earl of Mar, a Daughter Majory married to Walter Lord High Steward of Scotland, Mother by him to King Robert II. the firſt of our King's of the Royal Line of the Ste [...]arts a. Alſo by Mary his 2d Wife, Daughter of Ailmer [...] Bur [...] Earl of U [...]ſter, he had David II, who ſucceeded him in the Sovere [...]gnty of Scot [...]and, who after a Reign of Forty Years, died without any Iſſue of his Body, and with him the Royal Brucian Family did expireb; likewiſe three Daughters,

Margaret married to William Earl of Sutherland c, and had Iſſue.

Matilda to Thomas de Tſſack, by whom ſhe had a Daughter Jean married to John de Ergadia Lord of Lorn d.

Elizabeth married to Sir Walter Oliphant, Anceſtor to the Lord Oliphant, who, tho ſhe has not been taken notice of by any other Writer; yet its beyond all diſpute, ſhe was King Roberts Daughter, from the Authority of a Charter in the Cuſtody of Oliphant of Gask, which I have ſeen, bearing Date on the 11th of January 1364,e whereby King David erects the Lands of Gask into a Barony, Dilecto & fideli ſuo Waltero Olyfant. & El [...]zabethae Sponſae ſuae dilectae ſorori noſtrae cum [...]peciali Libertate dicto Waltero, & Elizabeth piſcandi in aqua de [...]rne tribus diebus ſeptimanae tempore anni probi [...]ito.

Upon the Acceſſion of King Robert I. to the Crown, he gave the Earldom of Carrick to his brave and faithful Brother, Sir Edward Bruce, thereafter King of Ireland, who being ſlain at the Battle of Dundalk, anno 1318, le [...]t a natural Son Robert Bruce Lord of Lydſdale, on whom his Uncle King Robert beſtowed the Earldom of Carrick, who being ſlain at the Battle of Duplin anno 1332 was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Title by Alexander his Brother, who loſt his Life ſoon thereafter, at the Battle of Halydonbill in 1333, leaving a Daughter Helen Counteſ [...] [...]f Carrick his Heir, who married firſt Sir William Cunningham Knight, and thereafter Sir Duncan Wallace of Sundrum, but by neither of them had ſhe any Iſſue, ſo upon her Death, the Earldom of Carrick returned to the Crown, where it remained, till King David II. gave it to John Stewart Lord Kyle his Nephew, eldeſt [Page 73] Son and Heir of Robert, then Earl of Strathern (afterward K. Robert II.) who was created Earl of Carrick the 39th of David II.a which Title he bore till he came to the Crown in the 1390, by the Name of Robert III. He an nexed this Honour to the Principality, anno 1404; wherefore the Names of the Succeſſors in this Earldom, are ſuch, as were Princes of Scotland, which are not neceſſary to be inſerted here.

52. STEUART, Earl of Carrick.

THIS honourary Title was beſtowed by King Charles I. upon John Steuart Lord Kincliven, Son of Robert Earl of Or [...]ney, natural Son of King James V. about the Year 1633; but he died not long after the Acquirement thereof, without any ſurviving Male Iſſue.

53. KENNEDY, Earl of Caſſils.

THAT the Kennedys are originally from Ireland is without Doubt, but as to the preciſe Time, when, they tranſplanted themſelves thither, 'tis not certain: The Sirname is from one Kenneth, the proper Name of ſome eminent Perſon of their Family, which they aſſumed, when Sirnames became fixed and hereditary; The firſt of whom, I have found upon Record, was Sir John Kennedy, Knight, who is mentioned in a ſolemn Treaty with the Engliſh, relative to the Redemption of King David Bruce, anno 1357b He added to his ancient patrimo [...]al Inheritance the Barony of Caſſils, by Acquiſition, from Marjory, Daughter of Sir John de Montgomery Knight, which was ratified by King David II.c with the ſpecial Approbation o [...] Walter Biſhop of Glaſgow: He founded a Church at Maybole, in Carrick, and endoued it for the Maintainance, and Support, of a Clerk, and three Chaplains, perpetually to perform divine Service, in Honour of God and the Bleſſed Virgin Mary, and for the healthful Eſtate of himſelf, and Mary his Wife, and their Children, while in this Life, and for the Salvation of their Souls, after their Departure hence; and for all the faithful deceaſed, to which he appends his Seal, at Dunnure, the pen [...]lt of November 1371,d by the ſaid Mary his Wife. He left Iſſue two Sons.

Gilbert, his Succeſſor.

Sir Hugh Kennedy of Ardſtincher e, who acquired great Reputation and Honour in the French Wars.

Which Gilbert was one of the Hoſtages ſent to England, for the Redemption of King David Bruce, anno 1357f, and ſtanding highly in Favour with Robert III. he received the Honour of Knighthood from the ſaid King, and ſeveral Grants of Lands within the Earldom of Carrick, in Conſideration of the ſpecial Favour he bore him.

His firſt Wife was Mary, Daughter of Sir James Sandylands of Calder g, by whom he had Gilbert, who died in the French Service, without Iſſue, and Thomas, firſt of the Branch of Bargany h of whom Sir Thomas Kennedy of Kirkhill is the lineal Male Repreſentative. Alſo by Marion i, [Page 74] his ſecond Wife, Daughter of Sir Robert Maxwel of Calderwood: He had a Son, Sir James, on whom his Father ſettled his Eſtate, by Reaſon of his Marriage with the Lady Mary Steuart, Daughter of King Robert III. Counteſs Do [...]ager of Angus, which occaſioned Gilbert, the eldeſt Son of the firſt Marriage, and Sir James to fall into a [...]atal Quarrel, in which the latter loſt his Li [...]e; but by the ſaid Lady Mary his Wife he had Iſſue two Sons.

Gilbert, afterward Lord Kennedy. And,

James, who being educated according to his noble Birth, devoted himſelf to the Service of God, and entring into Orders, he paſſed through ſome inferior Stations in the Church, and came to be promoted to the Epiſcopal See of Dunkeld, anno 1438a, and tranſlated thence to the Biſhoprick of St. Andrews, in the Year of our Lord 1440b, in place of Biſhop Wardlaw deceaſed, and not long after he was conſtituted; Lord high Chancellour of Scotland, and one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King James II. In all which Stations, he acquitted himſelf with ſuch Advantage and Reputation, that he became an Ornament to his Profeſſion. In the Year 1456, he founded a College in the City of St. Andrews, dedicated in Honour of our Bleſſed Lord and Saviour, and competently endowed it, which ſtill continues a Monument of his Piety. This worthy Man, for his Learning and other Vertues, deſerves to have his Memory perpetually honoured and eſteem'd; not only by thoſe of his own Communion, but alſo of all who regard Learning and Probity. He has large Encomiums by all our Hiſtorians, particularly George Buchanan, who ſays, That In eo viro, praeter virtutes a [...]te commemoratas erant ſumma domi frugalitas & continentia, foris ſplendor & Magnificentia, omnes ſuperiores, qui eum [...]ſque ad hanc diem ſecati ſunt, Epiſcopos ſuperavit. He dyed in a good advanced Age, on the 10th May 1466, & lyes buried in the Collegiat Church of St. Andrews, where you may ſee a fair Monument, much decayed, more by Reaſon, of the Brittleneſs of the Stone, of which 'tis compoſed, than its Antiquity, having neither Inſcription, nor painting, but a plain Coat of Arms.

To Sir Gilbert Kennedy, of Dunnure ſucceeded Gilbert, his Grandſon, who obtained from King James I. his Uncle, a Grant of the hereditary Conſtabulwick of the Caſtle of Lochdon, by a Commiſſion, of the date 14th May, 1430, and ſtanding highly, in Favour with King James II. he was by him conſtituted heretable Baillie of [...]he Earldom of Carrick, and he and his Heirs Male, in all time coming, by His Majeſty's ſpecial Appointment, made Caput totius proſapiae ſuae, and about the ſame time came to be called Lord Kennedy c. In 1460, upon King James III. his Acceſſion to the Crown, he was appointed one of the ſix Governours during the ſaid Kings Minority, which he managed with great Diſcretion and Applauſe; and marrying Agnes, Daughter of Herbert Lord Maxwel, had Iſſue by her. John who ſucceeded him, and two Daughters, Katharine, married to Alexander Lord Montgomery d. Marion, to John Wallace of Craigie e. John, the 2d. Lord of the Family, was one of the Privy Council to King James III. In the Year 1484f. He was appointed one of the Commiſſioners upon the part of Scotland to treat with the Engliſh touching [Page 75] a Peace. His firſt Wife was Jean, Daughter of Alexander Lord Montgomery, by whom he had David his Son and Heir. He ſecond Wife was, Eliſabeth Gordon, Daughter to the Earl of Huntly, Widow of William Earl of Errol a, by whom he had a Son Alexander; of whom came the Kennedys of Girvanmains and Barqu [...]anny b, and Jean, married to Archibald Earl of Angus c. He dyed about 1508, was ſucceeded by,

David his Son; who being of the Privy Council to King James IV. was by the ſpecial Favour of the ſaid King, honoured with the Title of Earl of Caſſils, anno 1509d. He took to Wife, Agnes, Daughter to William Lord Borthwick; by whom he had Gilbert his Succeſſor, and after her Death Margaret Boyd, Daughter of Thomas Earl of Arran, and was killed at the Battle of Floudon, where fell the Flower of the Scots Nobility, together with their Sovereign King James IV. in 1513.

To David Earl of Caſſils, ſucceeded Gilbert his Son, who was of the Privy Council to King James V he was ſent Ambaſſador to England, anno 1524, & in 1526, together with the Earls of Lennox and Glencairn, he attempted to reſcue the King out of the Cuſtody of the Earl of Angus; for which he ſuffered much by the oppoſite Party, and at laſt by their Contrivance, was barbarouſly Murdered at Preſtick, 22 December 1527e, leaving Iſſue by Iſobel his Wife, Daughter of Archibald Earl of Argyle, Gilbert, who ſucceeded him in the Honour. 2d. Quintin, Abbot of Corſragwell, who dyed 1564, and was canoniz'd as a Saint.

Which Gilbert, was with King James V. at the Battle of Soloway, anno 1542, where he was taken Priſoner, but was ſoon afterward releaſed by King Henry VIII. with ſeveral Marks of his Favour, and diſpatched home to uſe his Intereſt for the bringing about a Match betwixt Queen Mary, and Edward Prince of England, and ſo to unite the Crowns, which then met with great Oppoſition. In the 1554, he was promoted to be Lord high Treaſaurer of Scotland, upon the Reſignation of John Arch-Biſhop of St. Andrews; and in 1558, he was one of the Peers who were ſent over to France to aſſiſt at the Marriage of Queen Mary with Francis I. and their Died at Diep the 28th of October 1558, he was married to Eliſabeth, Daughter and Heir of John Kennedy of Colzean, by whom he had, 1ſt. Gilbert. 2d. [...] Thomas Kennedy of Colzean, Anceſtor of Sir John Kennedy Baronet. 3d. Jean, married to Robert Steuart Earl of Orkney. And 4th. Katharine, to Sir Patrick Waus of Barnburow, and both had Iſſue.

Gilbert Earl of Caſſils, Son of the former Earl, was named a Privy Counſellour to Queen Mary, in 1562. He adhered to her Intereſt, upon the breaking out of the Civil War, in that Reign, and aſſiſted her in Perſon at the Battle of Lang [...]ide, which was ſought the 13th May 1568; but afterward he ſubmitted to the Authority of the young King her Son. He married Margaret, Daughter of John Lord Glammis, by whom he had two Sons, John, and Gilbert, then deſigned Maſter of Caſſils, and departing this Life in 1576f, had the Honour of this EPITAPH from the Great Buchanan.

Hic ſitus eſt heros humili Gilbertus in urna,
Kennedus antiquae nobilitatis honos,
Muſarum matriſque decus patriſque miniſter
Et columen patriae conſiliumque ſuae:
Occidit inſidiis falla [...]i exceptus ab hoste
Bis tria poſt vitae luſtra peracta ſuae
Parce hoſpes lachrymis & inane comprime luctu [...]
Non miſere quiſquam, qui bene vixit, obit.

[Page 76] John, the next Earl of Caſſils, was conſtituted Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland, anno 1599, upon the Removal of Walter, Prior of Blantyre, and marrying Jean, Daughter of James Lord Fleeming, died without Succeſſion, in the 1615, and left his Peerage and Eſtate to John Son of Gilbert Maſter of Caſſils, his Nephew, who was a Perſon of great Parts and exemplary Vertues. After the Murder of the King in 1649, he was with the Earl of Lothian, the Lord Burligh, Sir John Brody and Sir George Windram, ſent Commiſſioners from the Eſtates of Scotland, to King Charles II. then at Breda, where they concluded a Treaty, in Purſuance whereof, His Majeſty ſet Sail for Scotland, and arriving there, he was crown'd at Scoon, 1ſt January 1651. After the total Suppreſſion of the roval Cauſe in Britain, by the Defeat of the Scots Army at the Battle of Worceſter 3d September 1651. This Earl was ſo exemplary in his Loyalty and Fidelity to the King, that even when Cromwel called himſel [...] Protecter, he could never bring, ſays an Author of no ſmall Credita, this Lord, to advance one ſtep toward him, in outward Civilities; and ſurviving all our inteſtine Commotions, he liv'd to ſee the King reſtored, but had never any Benefit by the Court, being in Matters of Religion, and in relation to the Church, purely Presbyterian.

He married two Wives; the firſt was Jean, Daughter of Thomas Earl of Haddingtoun, by whom he had two Daughters, Margaret, married to Dr. Gilbert Bar [...]et, the preſent Biſhop of Sarum, in England; and Katharine to William Lord Cochran, Son and Heir of William firſt Earl of Dundonald. His 2d Wife was Margaret Daughter of William Earl of Errol, Widow of Henry Lord Ker, by whom he had John his Succeſſor, and a Daughter, Lady Mary, and departing this Life in 1672,

John, his Son, ſucceeded him in his Eſtate and Honour: He was nam'd one of the Lords of the Privy Council, 1ſt May 1689, and afterwards conſtituted one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury: He married firſt Suſann [...], Daughter of James Duke of Hamilton, by whom he had a Son and a Daughter, viz.

1ſt. John, Lord Kennedy, who dying in the Spring of the Year 1700, left Iſſue by Eliſabeth Daughter of — Hutchiſon Eſq only a Son John, the preſent Earl of Caſſils.

2d. Anne, married to John Hamilton Earl of Ruglan.

This Earl married to his ſecond Wife, Eliſabeth, Daughter of — Foix Eſq by whom he had a Son James, and a Daughter Eliſabeth, and departing this Life 2d July 1702, was immediately ſucceeded by John, now Earl of Caſsils, his Grand-Son.

53.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Chiveron Gules, betwixt three croſs Croſlets, Sable, within a double Treſſour of the 2d. Supporters, two Swans proper, Creſt a Dolphine Najant, Azure, Moto, Avie la fine.

54. CATHCART, Lord Cathcart.

THAT which will ſufficiently atteſt the Antiquity of this noble Family, is, That Rainaldus de Kethcart is Witneſs in a Grant, by Allan the Son of Walter Dapiefer Regis of the Patronage of the Church of Kethcart, to the Monaſtry of Paſly, [Page 77] and to the Monks ſerving God there, 500 Years ſincea. Alan de Cathcart appends his Seal to the Reſignation made by the Judge of Lennox to the Abbot and Convent of Paiſly of the Lands of Culbethe, Anno 1234b. Likeas William de Cathcart is one of the Barons mentioned in the Bond of Submiſſion made to King Edward I. of England, now called the Ragman Roll c. He ſeems to be the Father of the brave Sir Alan Cathcart, who ſo faithfully adhered to the Intereſt of his Country in the time of King Robert the I. and fought ſtoutly for that renowned Monarch in the Battle of Lowdonhill, againſt a ſtrong Party of the Engliſh, whom they routed. Which Mr. Barber our Hiſtorian has thus recorded;

A Knight that then was in his Rout,
Worthy and wight, ſtalward and ſtout,
Courteous and fair, and of good Fame,
Sir Alan Cathcart was his Name.

This noble Perſon married the Siſter, and at length one of the Coheirs of Sir Duncan Wallace of Sundrum, and had Sir Alan his Son and Heir, who, upon the Demiſe of his Uncle, came to inherit the Baronies of Sundrum and Achencrew in Air Shire, which ſtill do remain, and may they long continue in the Family. He left a Son Sir Alan to inherit his Fortune, a Baron of great Reputation in the time of Robert III. This laſt Sir Alan was ſucceeded by Sir Alan his Grandſon, who in 1447 redeemed ſeveral Lands from John Kennedy Lord of the Coffe, which had been wadſet by Sir Alan Cathcart his Grand-fatherd, within the Earldom of Carrick. This Alan was knighted by King James II. and in the ſame Reign was ranked among the greater Barons that are now Lords of Parliament, tho' the preciſe time I cannot aſſign. He was in ſpecial Favour with King James III. who appointed him Warden of the Weſt Marches toward England, Anno 1481e, and in conſideration of his ſpecial Services before that time performed, made him a Grant of the Barony, together with the Conſtabulary of the Caſtle of Dundonald, Anno 1482, then a part of the Royal Patrimony: But his Maſter's Favour did not ſtop to him here, for he by his Royal Deed made over to him the Lands of Trabath in King's Kyle, then in the Crown by the Forfeiture of the Lord Boyd, and made him Maſter of the Artillery in the Year 1485f. He married Janet Daughter of . . . . Maxwel of . . . . and had Iſſue, Alan who died in his own Lifetime. 2d, David Cathcart of Pennyfedoch g. 3d, Hugh firſt of the Cathcarts of Trevour h. 4th. John ſtiled of Galryne i; and Helen married to David Stewart of Craigyhall in Vic. de Lithgow k. This Lord gave way to Fate in a good advanced Age Anno 1500, and was interred in the Convent of the Black Friars of Air l, leaving John his Grandſon, Son of Alan his eldeſt Son, to ſucceed him in his Eſtate and Honour: But his Lordſhip did not follow the Steps of his Anceſtors in the path of Vertue, for, from Motives I know not, he ſpent much of the Eſtate that his Progenitors had acquired with ſo much Honour, that the Family ſince his time have not appeared with that Luſtre they did in former Ages. He married to his firſt Wife Margaret Daughter of John Kennedy of Blairquhan; by her he had Alan Maſter of Cathcart, who was killed at the Battle of Flowdon 9th September 1513, having in his Father's time married, firſt Helen Daughter of Robert Lord Lyle m, by whom he had no Iſſue, and after her Death Margaret Daughter of Patrick Maxwel of Newark n, by whom he left a Son Alan who ſucceeded his Grandfather. His 2d Wife was Margaret Daughter of Sir William Douglas of [Page 78] Drumla [...]rig a; by her he had a numerous Iſſue, viz. 1ſt, Robert, who married Margaret Daughter and Heir of Alan Cathcart of Carltoun b, who was an old Branch of the Family, and of whom the preſent Family of Carltoun is deſcended in a lineal Courſe of Succeſſion. 2d, John, who was with his two elder Brothers, Alan the Maſter, and Robert of Carltoun, killed at Flowdon c. 3d, David of Duchray d, of whom the preſent Branch of Carbieſtoun his Anceſtor in the Reign of Queen Mary, marrying Margaret one of the two Daughters and Coheirs of William Cathcart of Carbieſtoun, an old Family of the Name, which was exiſting in the Time of James II.e. 4th Hugh, of him ſprung Cathcart of Corff, now extinct. Beſides theſe Sons, he had alſo four Daughters. Janet married to John Crawfurd of Drongan f, then an eminent Family in Air Shire. Elizabeth to John W [...]llace of Craigy g, i [...] Vic. de Air. Jean to John Shaw of Haily h, in the foreſaid County. Margaret to John Hunter of Hunter ſtoun i in Vi [...]. de Air, and had Iſſue. He died in December 1535k, his Eſtate and Honour devolving upon Alan his Grandſon, who loſt his Life in the Service of his Country at the Battle of Pinky againſt the Engliſh, upon that fatal Day the 10th of September 1547l, as appears from the Probate of his Teſtament, dated the ſame Day he loſt his Life, whereby he reſigns his Soul to Almighty God, and bequeaths his Body to be buried among his Anceſtors in the Convent of the Gray-Friars of Air, appointing his Executors to order Maſs and Dirige to be ſaid for the hele of his Soul. By Helen his Wife Daughter of William Lord Semple m, he had Alan his Succeſſor, who was a hearty Promoter of our happy Reformation from Popery, particularly in the Weſtern Parts, where his Reputation and Intereſt was very great, and was among the firſt of the Peers, who armed in Defence of King James VI. when he was in his Cradle againſt the Earl of Bothwel, who had maried the Queen his Mother, and ſignalized himſelf at the Action of Langſide, anno 1568, where Queen Mary's Party was totally routed, and always continued on the King's Side, till he came to be peaceably fixed on the Throne, to reward which he was in 1579 conſtituted Maſter of the King's Houſholdn, and had ſeveral very beneficial Grants from the Crown, in the Time of the Earl of Mortoun's Regency, which were again reaſſumed, when his Majeſty came to act by his own Counſels. This noble Lord married Margaret Daughter of John Wallace of Craigy, by Margaret Counteſs of Caſils o. By her he had a Son, Alan Maſter of Cathcart, who died before his Father anno 1603, leaving Iſſue by Iſabel his Wife Daughter of Thomas Kennedy of Barganny, a Son Alan who ſucceeded his Grandfather upon his Death in December 1618. Which Alan married Margaret Daughter of Francis Earl of Bothwel p and again Jean Daughter of Alexander Colquhoun of Luſs, and departing this Tranſitory Life anno 1628, left a Son, an Infant at his Death, Alan late Lord Cathcart, a Nobleman of much Goodneſs and Probity, who died in the 81. Year of his Age, upon the 13th of June 1709, leaving Iſſue by Marion his Wife, Daughter of David Boſwal of Achinleck, Alan the preſent Lord, James Cathcart Eſq and David who was killed in the publick Service about the time of the Time of the Revolution.

Which Alan married Elizabeth Daughter of James Viſcount of Stair, by whom he had three Sons and a Daughter, viz.

Alan Maſter of Cathcart, who periſhed at Sea going for Holland, whoſe [Page 79] Death was much lamented upon the Account of his Affability, excellent Parts, and other rare Qualities.

Charles, who from his very Youth betaking himſelf to a Military Life, went over to Flanders, where he had a Company in Mackartny's Regiment beſtowed on him anno 1704, being then but entered in his eighteenth Year, and ſoon thereafter was made Captain of the Granadiers. The next Year he had a Troop in the Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons, under the Command of Lord John Hay, in which Station he continued till the 1707, he was made Major of Brigade in the Queen's Corps of Dragoons ſerving in Flanders, of which his near Kinſman the preſent Earl of Stair was then Brigadier, in which Character, after he had ſerved two Years, in March 1709, he obtained a Commiſſion to be Major of the ſaid Royal Regiment; and thereafter in 1711, got a Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel in the Army, in all which Stations, with what Applauſe he acquitted himſelf, is too well known to ſuch as know him, to need any further Mention here.

Major James Cathcart.

Margaret married to Sir Adam Whiteford of Blairquhan Baronet.

54.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th, Azure, three Croſs Croſlets, iſſuing out of as many Creſcents, Argent. 2d and 3d, Gules a Lion Rampant Argent. Supporters two Parrots proper. Creſt, a Dexter Hand graſping a Creſcent. Motto, I hope to ſpeed.

55. ELPHINSTOUN, Lord Cowpar.

UPON the Diſtribution made by King James VI. of the Lands which came to the Crown upon the Diſſolution of the Religious Houſes, his ſaid Majeſty of his Royal Bounty erected the Abbey of Cowpar in Ang [...]s in a Civil Lordſhip, in Favours of James Elphinſtoun Son of James Lord Balmerino Anno 1606, but he dying childleſs in the Year 1669, the Honour devolved to the Lord Balmerino.

56. CRICHTON, Lord Crichton, Viſcount of Frendraught.

OF this ancient Family, which took its Sirname from the Lands of Chrichtoun in the Sheriffdom of Edinburgh a, was John Crichton of That-Ilk, the Father of Sir William Crichton, who was Chancellor of Scotland in the younger Years of King James II. and a great Statesman in the Account of that Time. He made his Exit in the 1455b, and left Sir James Lord of Crichton to ſucceed him in the Barony, and two Daughters, Elizabeth Wife of Alexander Earl of Huntley, and Agnes of Alexander Lord Glammis. Which James took to Wife Janet, one of the Daughters and Coheirs of James Dunbar Earl of Murray, and had Iſſue by her, William Lord Crichton, who was forfeited for Rebellion againſt James III. but afterward obtaining his Pardon, he was reſtored to the Barony of Frendraught in the North, of which James Crichton his Son had a Charter in the 5th of King James IV. Anno 1492c. His Succeſſor

Another Sir James Crichton of Frendraught was by King Charles I. raiſed to the Honour of Viſcount of Frendraught 20th Auguſt 1642d. He married firſt Margaret Daughter of Alexander 1ſt Earl of Leven, by whom he had a Daughter married to Sir James Macgill of Rankeilor. 2dly, Marion [Page 80] Daughter of Sir Alexander Irvine of Dr [...]m. By her he had James Viſcount of Frendraught, whoſe Son William died without Iſſue; ſo that Lewis his Uncle fell to the Honour, who following the Fortune of King James VII. into France and Ireland, died without Iſſue 26th February 1698.

57. COLVIL, Lord Colvil of Culroſs.

IN the Reign of King William, Philip de Colvil is frequently made Mention of in the Donations which that Prince gave to the Abbey of Melroſs, ſoon after his Acceſſion to the Throne. The Succeſſor of this Philip, Sir John Colvil, was Proprietor of the Baronies of Oxname and Ochiltree in the Time of Alexander III.a, whoſe Son Sir William having no Iſſue Male of his Body, E [...]ſtachia his only Daughter was Heir to ſome of his Lands. She became the Wife of Sir Reginald le Cheyn b, and the Eſtate abovementioned came to Sir Robert Colvil, who continued in the Male Line, till it ended a ſecond Time in the Perſon of Sir William Colvil of Ochiltree, who dying the 14th of King James IV. left two Daughters his Coheirs, Elizabeth the elder, married to Robert Colvil of Ravenſcraig, and Margaret to Patrick Colquhoun Eſq

The Barony of Ochiltree was again acquired from the Heirs Female anno 1509, by a Male Relation of the Family Robert Colvil of Hiltoun c, who in the Reign of James IV. was Maſter of the King's Houſhold and Director of the Chanceryd, both which Offices he poſſeſt, till he loſt his Life with his Maſter at Flowdon, leaving Iſſue by Elizabeth Arnot his Wifee, Sir James Colvil of Ochiltree his Son and Heir, who was Director of the Chancery in King James V's. Time, and one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, at the Inſtitution of that Judicature. In the 1530 he exchanged the Eſtate of Ochiltree with Sir James Hamilton for his Lands of Eaſter-Weems in Fife, from which he and his Succeſſors were ſtiled, till they came to be Peers. He married Aliſon Bruce f, and had Sir James his Succeſſorg, Alexander Commendator of C [...]lroſs h, of whom the Colvils of Kincarain are derived, who do now repreſent this Family: Likewiſe a Daughter Margaret married to James Lindſay of Dowhill. Which Sir James, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of . . . . Douglas of Lochleven, had

Sir James who, from his Youth affecting a Military Courſe of Life, went over to the Wars of France, where he he ſerved under Henry IV. with ſo much Honour and Reputation, that upon his Return home he was by King James VI. worthily raiſed to the Degree and Dignity of a Lord, by the Title of Lord Colvil of Culroſs, Anno 1604, and that he might the better ſupport the Honour, the King thought fit to augment his Fortune, and made him a Grant of the diſſolved Abbey of Culroſs, which heretofore had been a Seat of Ciſtertian Monks. He married Iſabel, Daughter of Patrick Lord Ruthven, by whom he had James Maſter of Colvil, a young Nobleman of very bright Parts, who died in the Flower of his Age, much regreted by all that knew him. 2d, Robert Maſter of Colvil, and a Daughter Jean married to Sir James Campbel of Lawers, Mother by him to John Earl of Lowdon, Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, in the Reign of King Charles I. My Lord Colvil dying about the Year 1620, his Eſtate and Dignity devolved on Robert his Grandſon in whom the Honour came to an End.

58. COLVIL, Lord Colvil of Ochiltree.

[Page 81]

THIS noble Family is ſprung from Robert Colvil Son of Sir James Colvil of Eaſter-Weems a, who in the Twenty ſecond of King James 5th had a Grant to himſelf and Frances Colquhoun his Wife and to their Heirs from his Father of the Lands of Cleiſh in Kinroſs Shire, whence he and his Deſcendents were deſigned till the Time they were raiſed to the Honour of the Peerage. This Robert was a zealous and hearty Promoter of the Reformation, and a ſtrenuous Aſſerter of the Liberties of his Country, in the Defence whereof he loſt his Life at the Seige of Leith, May 7th 1560b, leaving Iſſue by the aforeſaid Frances his Wife Daughter and Heir of Patrick Co [...]quhoun Eſq of Drumskeith, and of Elizabeth his Wife, one of the Daughters and Coheirs of Sir William Colvil of Ochiltree c, Robert his Son and Heir, and a Daughter Eupham married to James Moniepenny of Pitmily, and had Iſſue.

Which Robert married Margaret Daughter of James Lindſay of Dove-hill, by whom he had Robert his Son and Heir, who dying in the Month of January of the Year 1634d left iſſue by Beatrix his Wife Daughter of Sir. John Hadden of Glenegles, Robert, his Son and Heir, David Colvil Eſq likewiſe a Daughter Margaret married to David Weems of Finzies and had Iſſue.

Which Robert was made a Knight by King Charles I. and thereafter by his Majeſty King Charles II. raiſed to the Peerage by the Style and Title of Lord Colvil of Ochiltree by Letters patent 4th of January 1651, He married Janet Daughter of Sir John Weems of that ilke, but dying without Iſſue 25 of Auguſt 13 1662f his Eſtate and honour devolved on.

Robert Colvil Eſq his Nephew by his Brother, who departing this Life in the 1671, left Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of David Weems of Finzies, Robert the Preſent Lord Colvil; alſo two Daughters, Margaret Married to Sir John Aiton of that Ilk, in Vic. de. Fyfe and - - - - to the Reverend Mr. Logan Miniſter at Torrie, and had Iſſue.

58.1. ARMS.

A Croſs molin ſable, ſupported on the Dexter ſide with a Reinoceros and on the ſinſter with a Hercules proper. Creſt, a Stag's Head Cupe Argent. Motto, Oublie ne puis.

59. RICHARDSON, Lord Cramond.

HIS Majeſty King Charles the I. was pleaſed to raiſe and advance Dame Elizabeth Beaumont, then the Wife of Sir Thomas Richardſon, Lord Chief-Juſtice of the Common Pleas in England, to the honour of Baroneſs [Page 82] of Cramond, and to her and Sir Thomas's Heirs male by Letters patent 28 February 1628,a which was the only Female Creation I have at any Time obſerved in this Realm.

60. CRANSTON, Lord Cranſton.

THE Family of Cranſton is of very great Antiquity in Edinburgh Shire, where in former Times their chief Reſidence was. Effric deCranſton. One of their Anceſtors is Witneſs in a Donation which King William made to the Monaſtery of Newbotle and to the Monks of that Convent for the Health of his Soul,b Anno 1170, whoſe Succeſſor and lineal Deſeendant Sir John Cranſton of that Ilk in the Reign of King James VI. married Margaret Daughter of . . . . Ramſay of Dalhouſie, but dying without Male Iſſue, his Eſtate by his own Deſtination and Appointment came to Sarah his Daughter and Heir, whom he married with a Gentleman of his own Name, Sir William Cranſton c Son of Sir John Cranſton of Moriſton, a Branch of his own Family, who being a Perſon of great Merit and Fortune, was by the ſpecial favour of King James VI. whom he had the Honour to ſerve long as Captain of his Majeſty's Guard, raiſed to the Honour of Lord Cranſton, by Letters patent, 19th of November 1609,d and dying in the Month of June 1627,e was ſucceeded by John his Son, who married firſt Helen Daughter of James Lord Lindſay, and again Elizabeth Daughter of Walter Lord B [...]cle [...]gh, f but dying without Iſſue, was ſucceeded by

William Cranſton Eſq his Nephew, Son of James Cranſton Eſq his Brother, by Elizabeth his Wife, Daughter of Francis Stewart Earl of Bothwell. This Noble Lord did eminently ſignalize himſelf in his Loyalty to King Charles the II. with whom he marched to the Battle of Worceſter, where he had the Misfortune to be taken Priſoner and ſent to the Tower, where he long remained, and had his Eſtate not only ſequeſtrated, but was particularly excepted out of Cromwel's Indemnity in the 1654,g he married Mary Daughter of Alexander I. Earl of Leven by whom he had James his Son and Heir, who married Anne Daughter of Sir Alexander Don of Newton Baronet, by her he had William the preſent Lord, and James Cranſton Eſq

Which William married Jean Daughter of William Marqueſs of Lothian, by whom he has James Maſter of Cranſtoun.

60.1. ARMS.

Gules, three Crans Argent, ſupported on the Right ſide by a Lady richly apparelled, and on the Left by a Stag, proper; Creſt a Cran dormant. Motto, Thou ſhall want or I want.

61. CRAWFORD, Lord of Crawford.

BEFORE the Reign of King Malcolm III. we had no Sirnames in Scotland ſo far as can be gathered [Page 83] from the moſt ancient Records, but the ordinary diſtinctions then were either perſonal, or from ſuch Offices as they held, or from the Name of their Father as Malcolm Canmore, Joannes Filius Willielmi, Thor. Longus a Willielmus dictus Niger, Walterus Dapifer, Alan Durward. But after that great Men began to aſſume Deſignations from their own Lands, which by cuſtom, became Hereditary Sirnames to their deſcendents, as Dunbar, Murray, Douglas, Gordon, Ersken, Crawfurd, and innumerable ſuch like Inſtances could be given.

Dominus Galfridus de Crafurd is the firſt I have found uſing this Sirname in the Time of King Malcolm IV and King William, b who is frequently witneſſing the pious Deeds of this laſt Prince to the Religious of Arbroath, and ſeems to have had ſome Relation to the Court under that good King.

Dominus Joannes de Crawfurd, Miles & Dominus Reginaldus de Crawfurd Vicecomes de Air c in the Reign of King Alexander II. ſeem to be Brothers, and very probably the Sons of the former, Sir Galfride. We know that Sir John was Baron of the Barony of Crawford, in Lanerk Shire and from the Chronicle of Melroſs, we are informed, that he died in the 1248,d His Eſtate, at leaſt that part of it the Barony of Crawfurd, went to his Daughters.e The Elder married to Archibald de Douglaſs Dominus loci ejuſdem, and the Younger to David de Lindeſay Militi Domino de Crawford.

62. LINDSAY, Earl of Crawfurd.

BY our publick Records, as well as the Archives of this moſt noble and illuſtrious Family, it appears, That, William de Lindeſay their Anceſtor was a Perſon of very great Note in the Reign of King David I.f and ſeems to have had ſome near Relation to that Prince's Court.

David de Lindſay, his Succeſſour made a very great Figure under King William, This is that David de Lindeſay, Miles, who got the Barony of Crawfurd by the Marriage of the Daughter of John de Crawfurd, g and was ſucceeded by David de Lindeſay his Son, who was a very warlike Man, and in the 35th of King Alexander II. executed the Office of Juſtitiarius Laudoniae. h He had Iſſue David his Succeſſor, and John de Lindeſay who was Chamberlain of Scotland in the Time of King Alexander III. Anno 1270,i which David was likewiſe a very brave and magnanimous Perſon. He left Iſſue, David de Lindeſay Miles, the firſt I have found deſigned Dominus de Crawfurd k in the Time of King Robert the I. and William [Page 84] de Lindeſay Rector of Air and Lord high Chamberlain of Scotland in the 1317. Under King Robert I.

which David Dominus de Crawfurd added to his own Paternal Eſtate many fair Lands by the Marriage of one of the three Daughters and Cohei [...]s of Alexander de Abernethy Knight, by whom he had David his Succeſſor in the Ba [...]ony of Crawfurd Sir Alexander Lindeſay of Genesk, of which Lands he became poſſeſſed by the Marriage of Katharine Daughter and Heir of Sir John Stirling Knight,a and Sir William Lindeſay of Byres Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Crawford. b Which David de Lindſay Dominus de Crawfurd was in the 1357, one of the Commiſſioners on the Treaty for the Redemption of King David II. He was ſucceeded by

Sir James his Son, who by Giles his Wife, Daughter of Walter Lord High Stewart of Scotland, had Sir James Lindſay Dominus de Crawfurd, who is a frequent Witneſs in the Charters of King Robert II. his Uncle, in which he is always deſigned nepoti noſtro, likewiſe two Daughters,

Elizabeth Married to Sir John Maxwell of Nether Pollock c Knight, and had Iſſue.

Margery to Sir Henry Dowglaſs of Loch evin d Knight Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Morton.

But he dying without Iſſue male, the Barony of Crawford, and his other Eſtate came to his Couſin.

Sir David Lindſay of Glenesk, who was by King Robert III. in the 1399 created Earl of Crawfurd e he married Jean Daughter to King Robert II.f by whom he had Alexander his Succeſſor,g David and Bernard.

Which Alexander was one of the Hoſtages for the ranſom of King James I. in 1423,h he died in 1445 leaving Iſſue.

Alexander his Succeſſor who made a very great Figure under James II. he left Iſſue David his Succeſſor, Sir Alexander Lindſay of Achte [...]monſie and Eliſabeth married to Sir Thomas Maule of Panmure, anceſtor to the preſent Earl of that Name.

Which David was Maſter of the Houſehold and Lord Chamberlain in the Reign of King James III. With whom he was in great favour and was created a Duke by the Title of Duke of Montroſe during his Life, Anno 1488,i He Married E [...]izabeth Daughter of James Lord Hamilton k by her he had Alexander Maſter of Crawfurd, who dyed before his Father, and John his Succeſſour who was ſlain at the Battle of Flowden, leaving no Iſſue, ſo that his Eſtate and honour Came to.

Sir Alexander Lindſay of Auchtermonſy his Uncle who by Marion his Wife; Daughter of - - - Dunbar of Monſie had David the ſucceeding Earl, who married Katherine Daughter of Sir William Stirling of Kei [...], next E [...]izabeth Daughter of — Lundy of that Ilk, and hadl Alexander Maſter of Crawfurd and two Daughters Marga [...]et married to James Lord Ogilvie m and E [...]izabeth to John E [...]skine of Dun, n This Earl being juſtly provoked by the folly and inſolence of his own Son did diſinherit him, and ſettled his Eſtate and the Title of Earl with the approbation of the Crown upon Sir David Lindſay of Edz [...]e who [Page 85] accordingly ſucceeded him therein upon his Death, Anno 1562a. He married firſt Janet, Daughter to the Lord Gray, but having no Iſſue, he generouſly reſigned the Eſtate and Honour in favours of Sir David Lindſay, the wicked Maſter of Crawfurd's Son, reſerving to himſelf, during his Life, both the Title, and ſuch a Proviſion as ſupported him according to his Quality. He dying Anno 1570b Sir David Lindſay ſucceeded in the Honour. He married Margaret, Daughter of Cardinal David Beaton, Biſhop of St. Andrews, by whom he had,

1ſt. David,

2d. Sir Henry Lindſay, afterwards Earl of Crawfurd.

3d. Sir Alexander Lindſay, one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber to King James VI. who honour'd him with the Title of Lord Spinzie, Anno 1590; alſo a Daughter Helen, married to Sir David Lindſay of Edzil, and had Iſſue.

Which David, married Griſel Daughter of John Steuart Earl of Athole, by whom he had David his Son and Heir, who dying without Iſſue, his Eſtate and Honour went to

Sir Henry Lindſay his Uncle, who married Beatrix, Daughter and Heir of George Charters of Kinfauns, by whom he had George, who deceaſt without any Iſſue. He married again Margaret, Daughter of Sir James Shaw of Sauchie, in Vicecomitatu de Clackmanan, by whom he had Lodovick, who ſucceeded to the Honour.

This Earl, when the Civil War broke out, Anno 1639, cordially put himſelf in Arms in behalf of King Charles I. and commanded a Regiment of Horſe at the Battle of Lanſdoun, Anno 1643, where he perform'd the Duty of a Colonel moſt punctually; and tho' he almoſt out lived his Fortune by his great ſuffering for the Royal Cauſe, yet he did not that of Love to his injur'd Sovereign, continuing fix'd in his Duty till the very end of his Life. He married Margaret, Daughter of William Earl of Monteith, but by her he had no Iſſue, whereupon he made an Entail of his Honour to John Earl of Lindſay, which was ratified by Act of Parliament, Anno 1661, upon the King's Reſtauration.

63. LINDSAY, Earl of Crawfurd and Lindſay.

A Younger Branch of this noble Family, was Lindſay of Byres, in Vicecomitatu de Haddingtoun, ſprung from Sir William Lindſay, Son of Sir David Lindſay of Crawfurd c, in the Days of King David Bruce: He raiſed his Fortune by the Marriage of Chriſtian, Daughter and ſole Heir of Sir William More of Abercorn d, in Vicecomitatu de Linlithgow; whereupon he aſſumed into his Atchievement three Mollets, the Co [...]t of the ſaid Family, and exchanged his Lands of Dunnoter, in Vicecomitatu de Kincardin, with Sir William Keith Marſhal of Scotland, for his Lands of Struthers in Fyfe, which hencefurth became the chief and ancient Seat of this noble Family. This Sir William was ſucceeded by

John his Son and Heir, who in 1457, the 20th of James II. was conſtituted chief Juſticiar benorth the River of Forth, being likewiſe of the Privy Council to the ſaid Kinge. [Page 86] He married . . . . . . Steuart, Daughter to the Lord Lorn, and had Iſſue David, who ſucceeded him in his Honour; John, who ſucceeded his Brother Patrick, afterward Lord Lindſay; Sir George Lindſay Knight, Sir Walter Precptor of Torphichen, and Lord St. John in the Reign of King James V. Alſo two Daughters,

1. Margaret, married to Henry Wardlaw of Torrie.

2. Chriſtian, firſt to John, Son and Heir of George Lord Seaton, and again to Robert Lord Kilmaurs. He departed this Life, Anno 1480.

David his Son ſucceeded him. He aſſiſted King James III. at the Battle of Bannockburn againſt his Subjects, and dyed without Iſſue, Anno 1492, leaving

John his Brother and Heir to ſucceed him, who likewiſe dying ſans Iſſue, in 1498,

Patrick his Brother became his Heir. This Lord was conſtituted Sheriff of Fife by King V. in 1519, which Office he enjoyed till the 1531, when it was heritably conferred upon George Earl of Rothes. He married Margaret, Daughter of . . . . . Pitcairn of that Ilk, by whom he had,

1. John, who married Eliſabeth, Daughter of Sir Andrew Lundy of Balgony, and had a Son John, who ſucceeded his Grand-father.

2d. Patrick, firſt of the Houſe of Kirkforther.

3d. William, of whom came the Lindſay's of Wormiſtoun; alſo a Daugter Catharine, married to Sir Alexander Seaton of Parbroath.

To Patrick Lord Lindſay ſucceeded John his Grandſon, who married Helen, Daughter of John Earl of Athole, by whom he had Patrick his Son and Heir, and five Daughters, viz.

1. Iſabel, married to Norman Leſly, Son and Heir apparent of George Earl of Rothes. 2d. Margaret to David Beaton of Melgum. 3d. Janet, to Henry Son and Heir of Henry Lord Sinclair. 4th. Helen, to Thomas Fotheringh [...]m of Pourie. 5th. Eliſabeth, to David Kinnier of that Ilk.

Which Patrick Lord Lindſay, was active for the Reformation of Religion, and was on the King's ſide. in the Minority of James VI. he married Euphame, Daughter of Robert Douglaſs of Lochlevin: By her he had a Son and a Daughter, James his ſucceſſor, and Margaret married to James Son and Heir to the Earl of Rothes. He made Exit out of this World 11th. December 1589a, and was ſucceeded by

James his Son, who took to Wife Euphame, Daughter of Andrew Earl of Rothes, by whom he had Robert and John ſucceſſively Lords; alſo two Daughters,

Helen, married to John, Son and Heir to William Lord Cranſtoun.

Catherine, to John Lundy of that Ilk.

He departed this Life 5th November 1601; his Eſtate and Honour devolving on

Robert his Son, who married Anne, Daughter of Laurence Lord Oliphant, who had only a Daughter married to Alexander Falconer of Halkertoun, he dying 7th Nov 1609, John his Brother, became his Heir; who dying on the 9th of July 1616, left Iſſue by Chriſtian his Wife, Daughter of Thomas firſt Earl of Haddington, John his Son and Heir, and Helen married to Sir William Scot of Ardroſs.

Which John, was by the ſpecial Favour of King Charles I. and for the greater Splendour of his Coronation, Anno 1633, raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Lindſay, being then the firſt Lord in the Rolls of Parliament. In 1641, he was conſtituted Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland upon the Removal of John Earl of Traquair; which Imployment he enjoyed till [Page 87] the 1649, he was laid aſide by the Eſtates of Parliament for his vigorous Appearance in raiſing the Army which deſigned the King's Relief out of the Iſle of Wight. After the Murder of the King, he adhered to the lawful Heir of the Crown, King Charles II. from whom he received a Commiſſion to raiſe Forces for his Service, in order to his Reſtauration, Anno 1651, when unluckily he was with ſeveral other Lords ſurprized by the Engliſh at Eliot in Angus, and ſent Priſoner to the Tower of London, where he ſuffered a long and tedious Impriſonment, till he was releaſed by the Reſtauration of the King, Anno 1660: In Conſideration whereof, his Majeſty was pleaſed to reſtore him to the Theſaurer's Office, which in 1664 he reſigned to the Earl of Rothes, his Son-in-Law; and departing this Life, Anno 1676, he left Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of James Marques of Hamilton, two Sons, William his Succeſſor; Patrick, who married Margaret Daughter and Heir of Sir John Crawfurd of Kilbirny, alſo four Daughters,

1. Anne, married to John Duke of Rothes.

2. Chriſtian, to Thomas Earl of Haddingtoun.

3. Helen, to Sir Robert Sinclair of Stinſtoun, Baronet.

4. Eliſabeth, to David Earl of Northesk, and all had Iſſue.

Which William, was conſtituted Preſident of the Privy Council, Anno 1689, and one of the Lords of the Theſaury. He married firſt, Mary Daughter of James Earl of Annandale, by whom he had John the preſent Earl, Colonel James Lindſay who was killed at the Battle of Almanza, Anno 1708, and Henrietta, married to William Baillie of Lamingtoun, and has Iſſue. 2dly. Henrietta, Daughter of Charles Earl of Dumfermling, Widow of William Earl of Wigton, by whom he had a Son Thomas, and ſix Daughters;

Lady Anne.

Lady Chriſtian.

Lady Margaret.

Lady Helen.

Lady Suſanna.

Lady Catharine. all unmarried.

He departing this Life, March 6th Anno 1698, was ſucceeded by John his Son and Heir, who betaking himſelf to a Military Life, has had ſeveral conſiderable Commands in the Army, and was made Brigadeer before the end of the late War. He married Aemelia, Daughter of Alexander Lord Down, by whom he had John Lord Lindſay, and William.

63.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th Gules, a Feſs Cheque, Azure and Argent, 2d and 3d Or, a Lyon Rampant Gules ſurmounted of a Ribban Sable, Supporters two Lyons Gules; Creſt, an Oſtrich with a Key in its Mouth, with this Motto, Indure Furth.

64. MACKENZIE Earl of Cromarty.

THIS Family has its Deſcent from Sir Roderick Mackenzie, ſecond Son of Sir Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, by Barbara his Wife, Daughter of James Grant of that Ilk, which Sir Roderick being a Perſon of ſingular Courage and Conduct was very Inſtrumental in civilizing the Northern Parts, eſpecially in Roſs ſhire, in Recompence of which acceptable Service King James VI. conferred on him the Honour of Knighthood, and gave him ſeveral Lands then in the Crown by Forfeiture. He married Margaret, Daughter and Heir of [Page 88] Torquill Macleod of the Lewes, whereupon he added to his Arms Or, a Mountain in a flame Azure and Gules, and departing this Life, Anno 1625, left Iſſue by the ſaid Margaret his Wife

1. Sir John his Succeſſor.

2d. Sir Kenneth of Scatwell.

3d. Colin.

4th. Alexander of Baloon.

5th. Margaret, married to Sir James Mackdonald of Slate, Baronet, and had Iſſue.

Which John ſo ſucceeding, was made Baronet by King Charles I. Anno 1628, three Years after the Inſtitution of that Honour. He married Margaret Daughter and Co-heir of Sir George Erskine of Innertail, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, Brother to Thomas firſt Earl of Kelly, by whom he had Sir George and Mr. Roderick Mackenzie of Preſtonhall, who was promoted to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, Anno 1702, and dyed 4th January 1712, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Dr. Alexander Burnet Arch-Biſhop of St. Andrews, a Son Alexander Mackenzie (alias Frazer) of Frazerdale Eſq who changed his Name by reaſon of his Marriage with Aemelia Baroneſs of Lovat.

Beſides theſe Sons he had likewiſe five Daughters,

Margaret, married to Roderick Mackleod of that Ilk, but had no Iſſue.

Anne to Hugh Lord Lovat.

Iſabel, to Kenneth Earl of Seaforth.

Barbara, to Alexander Mackenzie of Garloch.

Catherine, to Sir Colin Campbel of Aberuchill.

He departed this Life the 10th September 1654, and was ſucceeded by

Sir George his Son and Heir: This noble Lord in the 1654 obtained a Commiſſion from King Charles II. during his Exile, to raiſe what Forces he could for his Majeſty's Service, in order to his Reſtauration, and therewith joined Lieutenant General John Middleton, who ſuſtained a War with the Engliſh for a whole Year, till [...] were defeated by Colonel [...]; then his Lordſhip capitu [...]ed with the Enemy upon very honourable Terms. This ſignal Appearance for his diſtreſſed Sovereign, probably ſeemed one Cauſe that upon his Majeſty's Reſtauration, when he conſtituted a new Set of Judges in the 1661, he named him one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and one of the Lords of his Privy Council. Anno 1678, he was conſtituted Juſtice General upon the deceaſe of Sir Archibald Primroſe, and three Years thereafter he was made Lord Clerk Regiſter, in which Station he continued till the Death of King Charles II, Anno 1685.

King James VII. had no leſs Value for his Abilities, for in the firſt Year of his Reign, he renewed his Patent for being Regiſter, and on the 15th of April the ſame Year, created him Viſcount of Tarbat, Lord Macleod and Caſtlehaven, and continued him in that Imployment till the Diſſolution of the Government in 1689.

In the 3d of William and Mary, An. 1692, he was again reſtored to the Regiſters Office: Then it was he put furth a Vindication of King Robert III. from the Imputation of Baſtardy, an Error all our Hiſtorians of former Times, either maliciouſly or ignorantly had fallen into; and from the national Archives clearly evinced, that Eliſabeth More was the firſt and lawful Wife of King Robert II, when Earl of Strathern; that ſhe was long dead before he came to the Crown; that Robert III. her Son, was not only owned as the eldeſt lawful Son of his Father in all publick Deeds, after he became King, but alſo in the time of King David Bruce his Grand-Uncle.

In 1702 the firſt of Queen Anne he was conſtituted Secretary of State, and the firſt of January the next Year [Page 89] raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Cromarty, his Age making the Fatigue of the Secretarie's Place uneaſie to him, he dimitted, and in Lieu thereof, her Majeſty was pleaſed to give him an Imployment of a much eaſier Nature, making him Juſtice General, which he reſigned to the Earl of Ilay, Anno 1710. He married firſt Anne Daughter of Sir James Sinclair of May, by whom he had Iſſue,

1ſt. John Lord Mackleod.

2d. Sir Kenneth Mackenzie of Cromarty, Baronet.

3d. Sir James of Royſtoun created Baronet, 8 February 1704, and promoted to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, in 1710.

Alſo four Daughters, Margaret, married to David Bruce of Clackmannan, Eliſabeth to Sir George Brown of Colſtoun, Jean to Sir Thomas Steuart of Balcasky, and Lady Anne.

He married next Margaret Counteſs Dowager of Weems, but by her he had no Iſſue, and became a Widower by her Death, in 1705.

64.1. ARMS.

Four Coats quarterly, 1ſt Or, a Mountain in a flame Azure and Gules, 2d Azure a Dears Head coboſs'd Or, 3d Argent on a Pale Sable, an imperial Crown Or, within a double Treſsure, counter-flour'd Gules, 4 Gules 3 Legs armed proper, conjoined in Feſs at the upper part of the Thigh, flex'd in a Triangle, garniſhed and ſpur'd Or, and ſupported by two Savages proper, Creſt, the Sun in his Splendor, Motto, Luceo non uro.

65. RAMSAY. Earl of Dalhouſie.

AMong thoſe who were Witneſſes to the Grant of the Church of Livingſtoun, by Thurſtanus filius Livingi to the Monaſtery of Holy-Rood-houſe, in the time of King David I. 600 Years ſince, Simundus de Rameſie, is there taken notice of for one, from which Simund did Sir William de Rameſie of Dalhouſie Knight deſcend, who firmly adhered to King Robert Bruce, and upon his Acceſſion to the Throne, did Homage for his Lands in Edinburgh Shire. Likeas, he was one of the many Scots Barons who wrote and ſeal'd that memorable Letter to the Pope, declaring the Independency of the Kingdom of Scotland, Anno 1320, which is all I have found on Record concerning him. To this Sir William, ſucceeded Sir Alexander Ramſay of Dalhouſie, who ſignally raiſed the Grandeur of his Family, by his great and loyal Services to King David Bruce, againſt Edward Baliol, who then call'd himſelf King of this Realm; in Conſideration whereof, he was by the ſaid King David conſtituted Warden of the Middle Marches, and Conſtable of the Caſtle of Roxburgh, Anno 1342, which he had by his Valour taken from the Engliſh. This brave Man, who well deſerves, and I know will have a Place among the Scots Heroes, was ſlain by William Douglaſs of Liddeſdale, 7 July 1348, and to him ſucceeded

Sir William Ramſay his Son, who tracing the Steps of his loyal Father, took up Arms for the Service of his King and Countrey, was in the Wars of England, and acted a very noble Part, in Recompence whereof, no doubt, it was, that he obtained a Grant to him, and Agnes his Wife, of the Lands of Nether Libertoun, Anno 1370, by a Charter ſtill extant under the Great Seal. This Sir William was ſucceeded by

Sir Alexander his Son, who came nothing behind his Anceſtors for Loyalty, Courage and Conduct, which he manifeſted in a very eminent Degree, in the Battle of Nisbet againſt the Engliſh, and afterwards at Homildon in Northumberland, in which [Page 90] Action he loſt his Life in the Service of his Country, 5 May 1401.

Sir Alexander Ramſay of Dalhouſie his Son, was one of the Barons of this Realm, who obtained Letters of ſafe Conduct from the King of England, to come into that Kingdom, to accompany King James I. home to Scotland, Anno 1423, he being one of the Barons on whom he conferred the Honour of Knighthood, for the greater Splendor of his Coronation, Anno 1424. By . . . . . . Daughter of . . . . . . . his Wife, he left Iſſue,

Sir Alexander, who flouriſhed under King James II. and III. Being like his Anceſtors, a Man of a Martial Spirit, he accompanied the Earl of Angus the King's Lieutenant, in that Expedition againſt the Engliſh, whereupon enſued the Battle of Piperdein, where the Scots obtain'd the Victory over the Engliſh.

To this Sir Alexander ſucceeded Alexander his Grand-ſon and Heir, Son of George his eldeſt Son, who dyed before him. This Sir Alexander was (according to common Fame) a M [...]n of prodigious Stature, and of Strength anſwerable to his Hight.

By . . . . . . Douglaſs his Wife, he had Iſſue, Nicol his Son and Heir, who ſucceeded him upon his Death, which happened the 9th September 1513, at the Battle of Flowdon.

Which Nicol Ramſay of Dalhouſie, married Iſabel Daughter of . . . . . . Lord Livingſton, by whom he had,

George his Succeſſor, who loyally adhered to Queen Mary, when the War broke out in that Reign, and was one of the Barons who entred into that memorable Aſſociation in her behalf, bearing date the 7th of May 1568. He married Eliſabeth, Daughter of . . . . . . . Hepburn of . . . . . . by whom he had,

John, who ſucceeded him, but he dying without Male Succeſſion, his Eſtate deſcended to

Sir George Ramſay his Nephew, who obtaining firſt the Honour of Knighthood from King James VI, afterwards by the ſpecial Favour of the the ſaid Prince, was raiſed to the Honour of Lord Ramſay, by Letters Patent, bearing date 25 of Auguſt 1618a. He married Margaret, Daughter and ſole Heir of Sir George Douglaſs of Ellenhill, brother of William Earl of Morton, by whom he had William his Succeſſor, and Margaret married to William Livingſton of Kilſyth. He departed this Life Anno 1630, and was ſucceeded by

William Lord Ramſay his Son, who was by King Charles I. raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Dalhouſie, 19th June 1633, at the ſaids King's Coronation. He married Catherine, Daughter of David, firſt Earl of Southesk, by whom he had,

George, his Succeſſor.

Captain John Ramſay, Father to the preſent Earl; alſo two Daughters.

1. Mary, married to James Earl of Buchan.

2. Margaret, to John Scrimgeor Earl of Dundee, but had no Iſſue. 2dly. To Sir Henry Bruce of Clackmanan.

He dying the 11th of February 1674. his Eſtate and Honour devolved upon

George his Son and Heir, who married Anne, Daughter of John Earl of Wigton, Widow of Robert Lord Boyd, by whom he had,

1. William, his Succeſſor.

2. George, who in his Youth carried Arms in Holland, and in the Low Countries, in Balfour's Regiment: He roſe gradually to be Enſign, Lieutenant, Captain and Major in the ſame Regiment, after that he was preferred to be Lieutenant Colonel, and not long after, to be Colonel of a Regiment.

In the 1690, he was made Brigadeer after the Action of Valcour, and [Page 91] Colonel of the Scots Regiment of Guards. In the Year 1693, after the Battle of Landen, he was made Major General, and in 1702, the firſt of Queen Anne, Lieutenant General of the Army, and Commander in Chief of the Forces in Scotland, which he injoyed till his Death, which happened in November 1705.

Beſides which two Sons, he had likewiſe two Daughters, Jean, married firſt to George Lord Roſs, next to Robert Viſcount of Oxenford, and Anne to James Earl of Hume. This Earl dyed in 1675, and was ſucceeded by

William his Son, who married . . . . . . More, Daughter to the Earl of Drocheda of the Kingdom of Ireland, by whom he had two Sons and a Daughter, viz.

1. George, who was killed in Holland by one Mr. Hamilton, Anno 1696.

2. William, who dyed Colonel in the Scots Regiment of Guards in Spain, Anno 1711, both unmarried.

Eliſabeth, married to William Lord Halley of the Kingdom of Ireland, and has Iſſue.

William, Earl of Dalhouſie, dying without Iſſue, the Honour devolved on Colonel William Ramſay, his Father's Couſin German, who married Jean, Daughter of George Lord Roſs, by whom he had,

George Lord Ramſay.

Charles.

Malcolm.

Anne.

Jean.

65.1. ARMS.

Argent, an Eagle diſplay'd, Sable, Supporters, two Griffons diſplay'd of the 2d; Creſt, an Unicorns Head coupé, Motto, Ora & Labora.

66. SCOT Earl of Delorain.

LORD Henry Scot, Son of James Duke of Monmouth, by Anne Dutcheſs of Buclugh, was in the fifth Year of the Reign of her Majeſty Queen Anne, by Letters Patent, bearing date the 29th of March 1706, created into the Dignity and Titles of Earl of Delorain, Viſcount of Hermitage, and Lord Scot of Goldylinds, all in the County of Roxburgh.

He married Anne Daughter of William Duncomb of Batleſdin, in the County of Bedford, Eſq and has Iſſue.

66.1. ARMS.

The ſame with the Family of Buclugh, with a proper Difference.

67. DENNISTON, Lord of Denniſton.

THIS Family is one of the moſt ancient in the Shire of Renfrew, and was of great Repute there, long before the Time of King Robert II, inſomuch, that we find Ronnaldus de Denniſton, is a Witneſs to the Inquiſition, which David Prince of Cumberland made of the ancient Poſſeſſions of the Church of Glaſgow, Anno 1116, when John Achaian was promoted to that See. Hence deſcended Sir John Denniſton, Knight, who flouriſhed under King David Bruce, he married . . . . . . Daughter of Malcolm Fleeming Earl of Wigton a, [Page 92] by whom he had Sir Robert his Son and Heir, who obtain'd a Grant from King Robert II. of the Barony of Glencairn, Anno 1370, and dying without Male Iſſue, in the beginning of King Robert III, his Eſtate went to his Daughters, and Co heirs,

Margaret, married to Sir William Cuningham of Kilma [...]rs, Anceſtor to the Earl of Glencairn, who thereby acquired the Baronies of Glencairn, Finlayſtoun and Kilmaronock.

Eliſabeth, married to Sir Robert Maxwel of Calderwood, who thereupon added to his paternal Coat, the Arms of the Family of Denniſton, viz. Argent, a Bend Azure, which is ſtill born by Sir William Maxwel Baronet, his lineal Heir Male. A Branch of this Family, Denniſton of Cowgra [...]n, doth ſtill remain in Dunbarton ſhire.

68. KEITH, Lord Dingwall.

A Collateral Branch of Keith Earl of Mariſhal, was Andrew Keith Eſq In the Time of King James VI. who coming to Court, he ſoon grew ſo popular, that he was firſt Knighted, and then by his Majeſty's ſpecial Favour attained to the Dignity of a Baron of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Keith of Dingwall, before the Year 1584a. Being a Perſon of excellent Parts, he was with George Earl of Mariſhal ſent Ambaſſador to Denmark, to Treat about a Marriage betwixt King James and Anne a Daughter of that Crown, which was happily concluded in 1589, but he dyed ſoon after, without either Wife or Iſſue that I find.

69. PRESTON, Lord Dingwall.

THIS Sirname was firſt aſſumed from the Lordſhip of Preſton, in Vicecomitatu Edinburgi, where they have been ſeated as early as the Reign of Alexander III. The firſt of whom I have found upon Record, is Sir William Preſton Knight, who was one of the Barons of Scotland, who were ſummoned to Berwick in the 1291b, when the Controverſy run high betwixt Robert Bruce and John Baliol, for the Crown of this Realm.

The principal Family of the Name ſeems to have been Craigmiller: Sir Henry Preſton Knight in the 2d of Robert III, is joined in Commiſſion with Sir John Swinton, Sir Henry Douglaſs, and Sir John Dalziel c to treat with the Engliſh, touching a Peace betwixt the two Crowns. Of this Family.

Sir Richard Preſton was a younger Son in the Reign of James VI, whoſe high Advancements to Honour, added no ſmall Luſtre to this worthy Family. He was educated at the Court, and being of an agreeable and winning Deportment, he ſoon grew into his Majeſty's ſpecial Favour, attaining firſt the Honour of Knighthood, and e're long, was made one of the Grooms of the Bed-Chamber. Upon King James's attaining the Engliſh Crown, he accompanied him into that Realm, where he received further Honour, being made one of the Knights of the Bath, at his Majeſty's Coronation the 30 of July 1603d. Alſo in 1607, he was further dignify'd with the Title of Lord Dingwall, the Conſtabulary of which Caſtle, the King then beſtowed on him. His faithful Services, together with the King's [Page 93] Countenance, procured him the Marriage of Eliſabeth Daughter and Heir of the Earl of Deſmond in the Kingdom of Ireland, into which Dignity he was created, by Letters Patent, bearing date 24 July 1619, and departing this Life Anno 1622, the Iriſh Honour expired, but the Title of Lord Dingwall being to the Heirs of his Body whatſoever lawfully begotten, devolved upon the Lady Eliſabeth his only Daughter and ſole Heir, married to James Duke of Ormond, by whom ſhe had Iſſue, Thomas Earl of Oſſory, Richard Earl of Aran in Ireland; alſo two Daughters,

1. Eliſabeth, married to Philip Earl of Cheſterfield, by whom he had only one Daughter Eliſabeth, married to John late Earl of Strathmore.

2. Mary, to William Duke of Devonſhire in England. But to return to Thomas Earl of Oſsory (the eldeſt Son) he being [...]ummoned to the Engliſh Parliament by the Title of Lord Butler of Moor-Park, was made Knight of the Garter, and Rear-Admiral of his Majeſty's Fleet; and being a Perſon of ſingular Worth, gave many eminent Proofs of his Prudence and Valour both by Sea [...]nd Land, but was ſuddenly ſnatched away by Death in the flower of his Age, Anno 1680. He married the Lady Aemelia de Naſſau, Daughter to Lewis de Naſſau, Lord Beverwart, Son to Maurice Prince of Orange, by whom he had,

James now Duke of Ormond, Charles Lord Butler of Weſtoun, alſo three Daughters,

1. Eliſabeih, married to William Earl of Darby.

2. Aemelia, unmarried.

3. Henrietta, to Henry Earl of Grantham.

His Father ſurviving him eight Years, then gave way to Fate, his Eſtate and Honour devolving upon the preſent Duke his Grandſon, a lively Example of the Valour and Gallantry of his two great Anceſtors. In 1689, his Grace was conſtituted one of the Bed-Chamber to the King, Captain of the ſecond Troop of Guards, and Knight of the Garter. On the Acceſſion of her preſent Majeſty to the Throne, he was appointed Generaliſſimo of the Forces ſent againſt Spain; in his Return from whence he had a large ſhare in the Service of deſtroying the French Fleet in the Harbour of Vigo, and was afterwards ſent Lord Lieutenant into Ireland; alſo he was named Generaliſſimo of her Majeſty's Forces in Flanders, upon the Removal of John Duke of Marleborough.

In 1710, he laid Claim to the Honour of Lord Dingwall, as being the Heir gradually and lineally deſcending from Richard Lord Dingwall: Being found to have Right, his Claim was allowed, and accordingly he Voted by his Proxy in the Election of the Sixteen Scots Peers, (who by the Treaty of Union are to ſit in the Houſe of Peers of Great Britain) 10th November the ſame Year.

He married firſt Anne, Daughter of Laurence Earl of Rocheſter, who deceaſed without any ſurviving Iſſue; and to his ſecond Wife Mary, Daughter of Henry Duke of Beaufort, by whom he had Thomas Earl of Oſsory, who dyed in 1694, Eliſabeth and Mary, both living unmarried.

69.1. ARMS.

Argent, three Unicorns Heads eras'd, Sable.

70. DOUGLASS, Duke of Douglaſs,

THIS Family is a very great and ancient one in Lanark ſhire, of which there is a particular Hiſtory [Page 94] wrote by a very learned Pen, who equalizes them to any of the ancient Roman Families, and gives them the preference to all other in Europe, thoſe of crown'd Heads excepted. They have been particularly famous for great Generals, there having been more of this Name, than any other that is to be met with in Hiſtory; neither was it their native Countrey alone that was indebted to their Valour, but they ſignaliz'd themſelves in moſt places of Europe, and particularly in France, where they have had great Commands and Titles, as Duke of Turrin, Count de Longoville, &c. In ſhort, this Family exceeded all the reſt in the Kingdom, for the Number of Nobility and Gentry of their own Name, according to thoſe old Lines,

So many ſo good as of the Douglaſſes have been,
Of one Sirname was ne'er in Scotland ſeen.

The Origin of this illuſtrious Houſe is derived from one Sholto, who in the Reign of Solvathius King of Scotland, Anno Chriſti 770, having been the principal Man that routed Donald Bane and his Forces, who invaded the Countrey, and being a Dou glaſs, or a black pale Man, as theſe Words ſignify (ſays my Author) both in old Britiſh and Iriſh, the King royaly rewarded his Services, and made him a Grant of large Poſſeſſions in the County of Lanerk, which either he or his Succeſſors called Douglaſs, and from thence took the Sirname of the Family. This Sholto was the Father of Hugh, of whom there is nothing memorable. He was ſucceeded in his Inheritance by his eldeſt Son Hugh II. whoſe younger Brother William, being ſent by Achaius King of Scotland, purſuant to his League with Charlemaign, with 4000 choice Men into Italy againſt the Lombard's, he performed many glorious Actions, and became the Root of the Family of Scoti at Placentia.

But to leave the Family of the Scoti in Italy, William is ſuppoſed to be the Son of Hugh Lord of Douglaſs, and the Father of John, who was the Father of William, the next Lord of the Family, who is Witneſs among others to the Charter of King William, whereby he confirm'd the Lands of Dalgarnac given by Adger the Son of Dovenald, to the Church of the Holy Croſs at Edinburgh, in the former part of that Reign: He left Iſſue two Sons, Archibald, who ſucceeded in the Lordſhip, and Bricius, firſt Prior of Liſma [...]agoe, afterwards Biſhop of Murray a.

Archibald firſt of the Name, married one of the Co-heirs of the Barony of Crawfurd of the ſame Sirame,b and was ſucceeded by William III, the Father of Sir Hugh de Douglaſs, who lived in the Time of Alexander III, and did ſignalize himſelf at the Battle of the Largs, where the Scots obtained a glorious Victory over the Norvegians, Anno 1263. He married Marjory, Daughter of Alexander, and Siſter to Hugh Lord of Abernethy c; but having no Children by her, at leaſt that ſurvived him, his Brother William, for Diſtinction called the Hardy, ſucceeded him. In the time of the War with England, upon all Occaſions he diſtinguiſhed himſelf in the Service of his Country. In the 1295, he was choſen Governor of Berwick, then in the Hands of the Scots, which he defended with great Reſolution and Courage; but afterwards falling into the Enemies hand, he dyed there Priſoner, Anno 1303d, leaving Iſſue by . . . . . . his Wife, Daughter of Keith of that Ilk, James Lord of Douglaſs, and Hugh; alſo by Margaret [Page 95] Daughter to Ferrairs Earl of Darby, of the Kingdom of England a, Archibald Lord of Galloway, of whom the Family deſcended, and John, Progenitor to the Earl of Morton.

Which James Lord Douglaſs, commonly called The good Sir James, laid the Fundation of the Grandeur of the Houſe of Douglaſs: He was famous all the World over for his Valour and glorious Actions in the Service of his Country, for which his Memory will ſtill be honoured: He entred early into the Service of King Robert Bruce, and in 1313b he aſſaulted and took the Caſtle of Roxburgh from the Engliſh, and the next Year he commanded the left Wing of the Scots Army, at the famous Battle of Bannockburn, where he behav'd ſo well, as to merit the Honour of Knighthood in the Fieldc, after which, he was conſtituted Warden of the Marches toward England d, and entring Cumberland, waſted that County. In Conſideration of his good Services before that time perform'd, he had a Grant of the Caſtle, Village, and Forreſt of Jedworth e, then erected into a free Forreſtry, Cum indictamentis latrociniorum & miniſtrationem earundem in omnibus terris ſuis infra regnum noſtrum; & ſi aliquis de hominibus ſuis per juſtitiarios noſtros fuerint judicati, volumus quod dictus Jacobus, haeredes ſui, & eorum miniſtri habeant liberam earundem miniſtrationem cum omnibus libertatibus, commoditatibus ad predicta indictamenta pertinen. in feudo & haereditate perpetuo, ſalvo tantum communi auxilio pro defenſione regni noſtri contingenti, And the Seaſin is declared to be the giving him the King's Ring with the Emerauld Stone.

An Author reckons this illuſtrious Perſon to have been in fifty ſeven Battles and Re-encounters againſt the Engliſh, thirteen times victorious againſt the Saracens, and other Infidels, thrice as often as he had been Years in Action, which were about twenty four, from King Robert Bruce's Coronation, 1306, to the time of his Death, in 1330, which happened fighting againſt the Saracens, the Enemies of our Faith. Now tho what is above recorded of this noble Lord were alone ſufficient to preſerve his Memory, yet cannot I omit adding this Epitaph which Mr. Hume gives him.

Quicquid ſors potuit mortali in pectore ferre,
Vel facere, hoc didici perficere, atque pati.
Prima ubi luctando vici, ſors affuit auſis
Omnibus: & quid non pro patria auſus eram?
Hosti terror ego: nullus me terruit hoſtis:
Conſiliis junxi rob [...] a dura meis.
Praelia quot numerat, titulos, actoſ que triumph [...]
Brucius, hinc totidem pene trophaea mihi.
Qua jam ſigna feram? major quaerendus & orbi [...],
Atque hoſtis; famam non cap [...] iste meam.
Arma Saraceno objeci prope littora Calpes
Herculeae, hic tellus me male fauſta tegit.
Herculea Graecis memoretur gloria lud [...],
Fallor an Herculea ſtant potiora mea.

Sir James was ſucceeded by his Brother Hugh, but an unactive Man, of whom there is little on Record, having no Iſſue of his own Body. In 1343, he reſigned the Lordſhip of Douglaſs, in favours of Sir William his Nephew (Son of Archibald Lord of Galloway, who was ſlain at the Battle of Halydonhill, ſo fatal to the Scots, Anno 1333) whereupon he obtained from King David Bruce a Charter De omnibus terris reditus & poſseſſiones per totum regnum Scotiae, de quibus quondam Jacobus Dominus de Douglaſs avunculus ſuus & Archibaldus pater ſuus obierunt veſtiti, cum regalitate & libera warena, integre & honorifice, una cum ducatu hominum Vicecomitatum de Roxburgh & Selkrig. In the 1346, he was Warden of the [Page 96] Eaſt Marches toward England, and accompanying King David to the Battle of Durham, he was taken Priſoner with his Sovereigna, but was ſoon afterward releaſed. In 1357, he was one of the Commiſſioners on the part of Scotland, authorized to treat with the Engliſh about the Redemption of the Kingb, and among other Nobles bound to Edward III, for a hundred thouſand Pound Sterling Ranſom, in which Deed he's deſigned Willielmus Dominus de Douglaſs miles. Much about the ſame time he was dignified with the Honour of Earl of Douglaſs; for I find him intituled Willielmus comes de Douglaſs, when he's joined in Commiſſion with diverſe Lords to treat with Engliſh Commiſſioners about King David's Inlargementc. This Earl was deeply engaged on the French ſide, in the memorable Battle of P [...]ictiers (where John King of France was taken Priſoner by the Black Prince) and very narrowly eſcaped, being then Ambaſſador from King Robert II. to the French Court, where the ancient Alliance betwixt the two Crowns was renewed and confirmed. As for his Works of Piety, I have only diſcover'd, that he gave in pure Alms to the Abby of Melroſs, and the Monks ſerving, and perpetually to ſerve God there, the Patronage of the Church of Cavers, with its Tithes, for celebrating Divine Service there, according to the Tenor of a ſpecial Ordination by him made, viz. for certain Prieſts, who were to perform that Service for the good Eſtate of his Sovereign Lord King David, and of himſelf, during his Life, and for the health of his Soul, and his Anceſtors and Succeſſors after his Departure hence; and which Donation the ſaid King ratified in the 30th of his Reign.

He married firſt Margaret, Daughter of Donald, Siſter, and at length ſole Heir of Thomas Earl of Mar d, by whom he had James his Son and Heir, and Iſabel, a Daughter, after the Death of her Brother Counteſs of Mar, who became firſt the Wife of Sir Malcolm Drummond of Cargill, who in Right of her was intituled Lord Mar e, and thereafter of Sir Alexander Steuart Knight, in whoſe favour ſhe reſign'd the ſaid Earldom, Anno 1404, Cauſa (ſays ſhe) Matrimonii contracti inter dominum Alexandrum Seneſcal & nos dictam Iſabellam f, which Honour he enjoy'd till his Death.

This Earl William's ſecond Marriage (having Divorc'd his former Wife) was with Margaret, Daughter of Patrick Earl of March g, by whom he had Archibald Lord Galloway, afterward Earl of Douglaſs: And his third and laſt was Margaret, Daughter and Heir of Thomas Steuart Earl of Angus, by whom he had George Douglaſs firſt Earl of Angus of that Name: He departed this Life in 1384, and was interr'd in the Abby Church of Melroſs, according to Mr. Winton, whoſe Words are theſe,

[Page 97]
To Douglaſdale as I heard ſay,
An Sickneſs took him by the way,
And there he dyed in ſhort ſpace,
: : : : : : : : : : :
To Melroſe then they took his Body,
And there it bury it right honourably.

This Earl was ſucceeded by James his Son, between whom and Sir Henry Percy there were glorious Feats of Arms performed in Honour of their Country. He was killed at the Battle of Otterburn, 31 of July 1388, fought betwixt him and Sir Henry Hotſpur, Son to the Earl of Northumberland, an Encounter, ſays one, managed with that unparallelled Courage on both ſides, that it was hardly to be matched in Hiſtory, and was the Occaſion of an old Rhime, of which this is a part,

It fell about the Lammas Tide,
When Yeoman win the Hay,
The doughtie Douglaſs gan to ride
In England to take a Prey.

Mr. John Johnſton, our famous Poet, has endeavoured on his Part, to perpetuate his Memory by the following Elegy,

Quaeritis ô quid agam? en animam jam ago: fata meorum
Hac ſequor. Innumero huc vulnere facta via eſt.
Neſciat hoc hoſtis: ſequitor quam quiſ que ſecat ſpem,
Atque aliquis nestri funeris ulter ades.
Finiit, & ſubito redivivo funere ſurgens
Mars novus intonuit, victor & ultor obit.

This Heroick Earl was married with the Lady Iſabel Steuart, Daughter to King Robert IIa, but dying without lawful Iſſue, he was ſucceeded in the Earldom by

Archibald Lord Galloway, his Brother, commonly called Archibald the Grim. In 1381 he was ſent Ambaſſador to France, which Negotiation he managed with Succeſs and Honour. This Earl added to his ancient patrimonial Inheritance the Lordſhip of Bothwel, in Vicecomitatu Lanerici, by Marriage of Eliſabeth, only Daughter and ſole Heir of Thomas Murray, Lord of Bothwell, and thereupon had an Augmentation to his ancient Arms, viz. Azure, three Molle [...]s within a double Treſſure, Or. He founded the Collegiate Church of Bothwell, eſtabliſhing Maintenance for a Provoſt and eight Prebends, out of the Lands of Osbairnſtoun and Nether-Urd, who were continually to perform the Offices of the Church for the Soul of him and his Succeſſors, of the Date 10th Octob. 1398b, and departing this Life in the Month of February 1400c, he was interr'd at Bothwell Church, without any Epitaph on his Monument, leaving Iſſue by the ſaid Eliſabeth his Wife, Archibald his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Marjory, married to David Prince of Scotland, elder Brother to King James I.

Which Archibald was a Nobleman of great Valour, and much addicted to Arms. In 1401, he had a Command in the South againſt the Engliſh, ravaged the Country as far as Newcaſtle, carried of the Stores, and then returned Home without any manner of Loſs.

This Earl was in ſuch Eſteem for his Conduct, Valour, and other bright Qualities, that he was made Captain General of all the Forces then deſigned to be tranſported into France, in behalf of the French againſt the Engliſh, where he did ſuch ſignal Service to that Crown, that King Charles VII. inveſted him in the Dutchy of Turrin, and to his Heirs Male for ever, and made him Mariſhal of France 223: He had the chief Command in the Battle of Vernoil, where he loſt his Li [...]e, 7th of Auguſt 1425, and was interr'd in St. Gratians Church in Tours.

This Earl had Iſſue by his Wife Margaret, Daughter of King Robert III.

Archibald, who ſucceeded him,

[Page 98] James, Lord Abercorn.

Margaret, married to William Earl of Orkney.

Eliſabeth, to John Steuart Earl of Buchan, Conſtable of France, and Chamberlain of Scotland.

Helen, to Alexander Lauder of Hatton.

Mary, to Sir Simon Glenddining of that Ilka.

Archibald, next Earl of Douglaſs, his Son, was a Perſon of great Accompliſhments either for Peace or War: I find him in 1424, appointed to go upon a ſolemn Embaſſy into England to treat upon the Redemption of King James I. Henry Biſhop of Aberdeen, and Sir William Hay of Err [...]ll, were appointed to accompany him, and to be his Collegues: The firſt mention of his Martial Actions is in 1420, the firſt of the Government of Murdack Duke of Albany, when he, with his Brother-in-law, John Earl of Buchan, were ſent into France with 7000 Auxiliaries, wherewith they perform'd many ſignal Services againſt the Engliſh: He gave way to Fate on the 26 June 1438, and was buried in the Church of Douglaſs, with this Epitaph on his Monument,‘ Hic jacet Dominus Archibaldus Douglaſs Dux Turroniae, Co [...]es de Douglaſs & Longoville, Dominus Gallovidiae. & Annandiae, locum tenens Regis Scotiae, obiit 26 June, Anno Dom. Millefi [...]o quadringenteſimo Trigeſimo [...]ctavo.

This Earl had no Iſſue by his firſt Wife Matilda b, Daughter of David Earl of Crawfurd: But Eupham Graham c, Daughter of Patrick Earl of Strathern, his ſecond Wife, bore him two Sons, viz. William, who ſucceeded him. 2d. David, and Margaret a Daughter, firſt Counteſs of Douglaſs, and thereafter the Wife of John Steuart, Earl of Athole, Uterine Brother to King James II.

To Archibald Earl of Douglaſs ſucceeded William his Son, a Youth of great Expectation, of an high Spirit and a ſweet Diſpoſition, but the Vanity of his followers, and his own want of Experience, led him into ſeveral Miſdemeanors, and being on his Journey to a deſigned Parliament, he was met, and ſumptuouſly entertain'd by William Lord Crichton, then Chancellour, who minded him of the Greatneſs and Merit of the Family, and his own Duty to the Crown; the Earl in Return acknowledged his Fault lay in his Youth and Ignorance, blaim'd his evil Counſellors, chided his Dependents, promiſed Obedience for the future, and gave all the Marks of a ſincere and generous Reſolution: But after all this, he was invited to the Caſtle of Edinburgh, and being ſet at the King's Table, was ſuddenly remov'd, and inſtantly murdered, in the 16th Year of his Age, together with his younger Brother David, and Sir Malcolm Fleeming of Cumbernald, his Friend, Anno. 1441.

To William laſt mentioned, ſucceeded James Lord Abercorn, his Uncle, for Diſtinction called The groſs Earl, of whom I find nothing remarkable, ſave that he was Warden of the Marches toward England, in the Reign of King James II. He married Beatrix Sinclair, Daughter to the Earl of Orkney, who bore him ſix Sons, viz. William, who ſucceeded him. James Douglaſs, Knight, who took to Wife Mary, one of the two Daughters and Coheirs of James Dunbar Earl of Murray, in Right of whom he came to poſſeſs that Honour. Sir Hugh Douglaſs 4th Son, was Earl of Ormond. John Lord Balveny, and Henry the youngeſt; alſo four Daughters,

1. Margaret, married to James Earl of Morton, and had Iſſue.

2. Beatrix to the Lord Aubignie.

3. Janet, to Robert Lord Fleeming, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Wigton.

[Page 99] 4. Eliſabeth, to Wallace of Craigie in Vicecomitatu de Aire a.

This Earl died the 24th of March 1443, and was interr'd at Douglaſs-Church: Upon his Tomb ye may read this Epitaph,‘ Hic jacet magnus & potens Princeps Jacobus Comes de Douglaſs, Dominus Annandiae & Gallovidiae, Liddaliae, & Jedburgh-foreſtiae, & Dominus de Balvenia magnus Wardanus Regni Scotiae verſus Angliam, &c. qui obiit viceſimo quarto die menſis Martii, Anno Domini milleſimo quadringenteſimo quadrageſimo tertio.

William, Son and Heir of the former Earl, being unwilling that ſo great an Inheritance as the Earldom of Douglaſs was, ſhould be divided, married Margaret, Daughter of William, and Siſter and Heir to William Earl of Douglaſs his Couſin, A Marriage (ſays one) made him as much hated by his Friends, as feared by his Enemies. This Earl proſecuted Revenge on Chancellour Crichton, as the Author of his Couſins Death with more Violence than Succeſs, his Affectation of a mighty Pomp and Splendor, procur'd him Envy: His Contempt of the Courtiers begot Hatred, and incurr'd him their Diſpleaſure. They improv'd his Faillings, magnified his Deſigns, and plotted his Ruine; His Power and haughty Conduct rendred him ſuſpected to his Sovereign K. James II, whoſe Hand and Dagger put a period to his Life in Stirling Caſtle, the 13th of February 1452.

James ſucceeded to William his Brother in the Earldom, he took up Arms againſt his Prince; and coming to a Battle, he was intirely routed by the Earl of Angus, the King's Lieutenant, Anno 1455. Retireing then to the Court of England, he was intertain'd by King Edward, who made him one of the Knights of the moſt noble Order of the Garter; but invading the Kingdom again with with the Duke of Albany, aſſiſted from England, Anno 1483, he was taken Priſoner, and confined in the Abby of Lindores, where he took upon him religious Orders, [...]nd continued in Devotion till his Life's End, which happned to fall out on 15th of April 1488: He was inter'd before the high Altar, under a Marble Stone, to which was affixed a Tablet of Braſsb containing this Inſcription, ‘ Hic Requieſcunt
Oſſa Jacobi quondam Comitis de Douglaſs, inclyti hujus Monaſterii Monachi, qui po [...] [...] vitae diſcrimina obiit in ſumma pace [...] di [...] Aprilis, Anno Domini milleſimo [...] ſimo octogeſimo octavo.

This Earl is thus Characteriz'd by a good Hiſtorianc, who ſays, He was a Nobleman of a Majeſtick Preſence, Valiant, Learn'd, and Wiſe, but of a reſolute and preciſe Temper, yet ſomewhat over diſtr [...]ſtful of his own Power, and other Performances, and if he had been either a more reſolute Adventurer, or a more complying and ſubmiſſive Subject, he might have made Peace on his own Terms. I ſhall conclude with Mr. Hume's Epitaph on him, as Follows,

Quid rides raſumque caput, cellaeque receſſum?
Quod que cucullatis Fratribus anumeror?
Si fortuna volvente vices fiet modo Princeps,
Plebeius: Monachus ſaepe Monarcha fuit.
Engliſh'd,
Why do you laugh to ſee my ſhaven Crown?
My Cell, my Cloiſter, and my Hooded-Gown?
This is the Power of that Sovereign Queen,
By whom Monks, Monarchs, Monarchs Monks have been.
The principal Branch of the Illuſtrious Family of Douglaſs, thus expiring, I ſhall at preſent confine my Memoirs to the Houſe of Angus, the next great Family of the Name, who, tho inferior to that of the old Earls of Douglaſs [Page 100] yet exceeded moſt others for Royalties, Greatneſs, number of Vaſſals, and Military Glory. They had many Privileges inherent in their Family, as, that [...]e Earls of Angus ſhould have the firſt Place and Vote in Parliament or Council, that he ſhould carry the Crown in Riding of Parliaments, to be the King's hereditary Lieutenant, and to have the leading of the Van of the Army in the Day of Battle; all which were confirmed by King James VI. to William Earl of Angus Anno 1591.

George Douglaſs, firſt Earl of Angus, was only Son of William firſt Earl of Douglaſs, by Margaret his 3d Wife, Daughter and Heir of Thomas Steuart Earl of Angus: He was inveſted in this H [...]our upon his Mother's Reſignation by a Charter, of which this is a part,

Robertus Dei gratia Rex Scotorum, &c. ſciatis nos dediſse & hac Charta confirmaſse Georgio Douglas totam & integrum Comitatum Anguſie, cum Dominio de Ahernethy jacent. in Vicecomitatu de Perth & Berwick, & heredibus maſculis corporis dicti Georgi [...]; quibus deficientibus Alexandro Hamilton militi & Eliſabethae Steuart ſponſae ſuae ſorori dicte Comit [...]ſse Anguſie, &c. Teſt. Waltero Epiſcopo ſancte Andreae, Joanne Epiſcopo Dunkelden. Cancellario, Joanne Comite de Carrick Seneſcallo Scotiae primogenito noſtro, Roberto Comite de Fife & Montieth Cuſtode Scotiae, filio noſtro. Apud Edinburg decimo die Aprilis, Anno Regni noſtri decimo nono, Anno Dom. 1389.

This George, in the 1397, married the Lady Mary Steuart, Daughter to King Robert IIIa, by whom he had William his Succeſſor, Sir George Douglaſs Knight, and a Daughter Eliſabeth, married to Sir William Hay of Lockhart b, Anceſtor to the preſent Marqueſs of Tweddal. All that I have found in Hiſtory of this Earl, is, that he accompanied the Earl of Douglaſs to the Battle of Homildon, where he was taken Priſoner, and there falling Sick, he dyed Anno 1402, his Lady re-marrying with Sir James Kennedy Knight, after that ſhe became the Wife of Sir William Graham of Kincardin, whom ſurviving, alſo ſhe was a fourth time married to Sir William Edmiſton of Duntreath c.

William, ſecond Earl of Angus, in the 1423, was ſent to England one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James I. his Uncled, at the Solemnity of whoſe Coronation he had the Honour of Knighthood conferr'd on him, an Honour much more valued in ancient Times than we have ſince ſound it to be: And in the Year 1424, he was one of the Peers that ſat upon the Trial of Murdock Duke of Albany e, and the 29th of the ſaid Reign he was appointed Warden of the middle Marches toward England, and the next Year after, had a ſpecial Grant of all the Mannors, Caſtles, and Lands deſcended to him from his Anceſtors, in as ample manner as they held the ſame.

In 1436, the Engliſh making ſeveral Incurſions upon the Borders, under the command of the valiant Percy, he was ſent againſt them, where he deſtroyed ſeveral Towns upon the Marches, and routed them at Piperdeen. He departing this Life the following Year 1437f, left Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Hay of Locherret g, my Lord Tweddal's Anceſtor, James who ſucceeded in the Honour.

Which James, in the ſecond of [Page 101] James II. was one of the Conſervators of the Peace with England a, a Truce being then concluded betwixt the two Realms. He married the Lady Jean Steuart, Daughter to King James I, but dying without Iſſue, he was ſucceeded both in his Honour and Eſtate by

Sir George Douglaſs his Uncleb, a Man of great Parts, and much eſteem'd for Wiſdom, Loyalty, and Valour. The firſt notice of him, is in the 1449, that he was one of the Commiſſioners on the part of Scotland, who met with ſeveral Engliſh Lords at Berwick, and there concluded a League of ſtricter Amity, as they termed it, betwixt both Nations; and ſoon after he was conſtituted Warden of the Eaſt and Middle Marchesc. In 1457, the 20th of James II, he was ſent againſt the Earl of Douglaſs, then in Rebellion, which he ſucceſsfully quell'd; in Conſideration of which ſpecial Service ſo perform'd by him, he had a Grant of the Lordſhip and Barony of Douglaſs. Finally he Indents with Henry VI. of England, then diſpoſſeſſed of the Crown by Edward Duke of York, that for the Earl's Aſſiſtance towards his Reſtauration, he obliges himſelf in verbo Principis, that he ſhall erect to his Lordſhip and his Heirs, as much Land betwixt Humber and Trent as ſhall amount to two thouſand Merks Sterling a Year; and at the ſame time by a bold Interpriſe, he relived Monſieur Briſack and the French Troops under his Command, then beſieged in the Caſtle of Alnwick, in the ſight of the Engliſh Army, and brought them ſafe into Scotland, but after all his great and loyal Services, he gave way to Fate, well advanced in Age, 14th November 1462, and was buried with his Anceſtors at Abernethy. His Wife was Eliſabeth, Daughter of Sir Andrew Sibbald of Balgony in Vicecomitatu de Fife, by whom he had Archibald the next Earl, George Douglaſs of Bonjedward d, and three Daughters,

Jean, married to William Lord Graham e.

Eliſabeth, to Sir Robert Graham of Fintrie, and had Iſſue.

Margaret, to Sir Duncan Campbel of Glenurchie, Anceſtor to the Earl of Breadalbin.

Archibald his Son and Heir ſucceeding, commonly deſigned The great Earl, he made a conſiderable Figure in the Reigns of James III, and IV. In 1488, he was one of the aſſociating Lords who at Lawder-Bridge, in preſence of the King ſeized on Thomas Homil and Robert Cochran the mean Favorites of that Prince, and cauſed Execute them as the Authors of the Miſmanagement of the publick Affairs, tho I don't find he was in the Prince's Army at Bannockburn, where the unfortunate King loſt his Life. In the 24th of James IV, Anno 1492, he was made Warden of the Marches, alſo one of the King's Privy Council, and the next Year conſtituted Lord high Chancellor of Scotland, then void by the Deceaſe of Colin Earl of Argyle, from which he was removed in 1498, George Earl of Huntly being put in his ſtead.

H [...]s firſt Wife was Eliſabeth, Daughter of Robert Lord Boyd, Lord high Chamberlain of Scotland, by whom he had three Sons,

1. George, Maſter of Angus.

2. Sir William Douglaſs of Braidwood, who was killed at Flowdon, of whom and his Deſcendants more will be ſaid afterwards.

3. Gavin Douglaſs third Son, devoting himſelf to the Service of the [Page 102] Church, was put into Orders about 1493: His firſt Preferment was to the Rectory of Heriot, and then to the Provoſtry of St. Giles, Edinburgh, in which Station he continued till the 1515, he was promoted to the Epiſcopal See of Dunkeld, then void by the Death of Biſhop Brown, where he exerciſed his Epiſcopal Function till Death took him away, Anno 1522a.

His ſecond Wife was Catherine, Daughter of Sir William Stirling of Keir, in Vicecomitatu de Perth b, who bore him a Son Archibald Douglaſs of Kilſpindy c, and three Daughters. 1ſt. Marjory, married to C [...]thbert Earl of Glencairn. 2d. Eliſabeth to Robert Lord Lyle, Juſtice General of Scotland, in the Reign of King James IV. 3d. Janet, to Robert Lord Herris, Anceſtor to the Earl of Nithſdale.

But its requiſite here to obſerve, That George Maſter of Angus, married Margaret, Daughter of John, firſt Lord Drummond: His Children by her were three Sons,

1. Archibald, who ſucceeded his Grand-father.

2. Sir George Douglaſs, who by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter and ſole Heir of David Douglaſs of Pittendrich d had Iſſue David, afterward Earl of Angus, James Earl of Morton, Regent of Scotland, in the Minority of King James VI. Eliſabeth, married to Sir John Carmichael of that Ilk, and Mary to Sir George Anchinleck of Balmanno e, in Vicecomitatu de Perth.

3. William, Prior of Coldingham, afterward promoted to be Abbot of Holy-rood-houſe, Anno 1522, upon the Promotion of George Crichton to the Epiſcopal See of Dunkeld.

Alſo ſix Daughters, Eliſabeth married to John Lord Yeſter, Progenitor to the Marqueſs of Tweddale. Janet to John Lord Glammis, Anceſtor to the Earl of Strathmore. Janet, to Sir James Douglaſs of Drumlanrig, Anceſtor to the Duke of Queensberry. Aliſon, married firſt to Robert Blackader of that Ilk, in Vicecomitatu de Berwick, and ſecondly to Sir David Hume of Wedderburn, in dicto Vicecomitatu. Margaret, to Robert Crawfurd of Achinnaims, in Vicecomitatu de Renfrew. This George behaving himſelf very gallantly at Flowdonfield, there loſt his Life, with two hundred Gentlemen of his Name and Family, 9th September 1513; which Diſaſter ſo affected his aged Father, that he retired from the World to prepare himſelf for Death, which he was ſenſible was approaching, and it happened in the Beginning of the next Year 1514.

To Archibald the great Earl of Angus ſucceeded Archibald his Grandſon, a Perſon of great Accompliſhments, either for Peace or War. This noble Perſon in his Youth travelled into France and other Foreign Parts, where he received great Honours from the Princes themſelves of theſe reſpective Countrys, particularly from Henry II. of France, who made him a Knight of the moſt noble Order of St. Michael. About the Time of his Return, Anno 1515, Scotland was then afflicted with the Death of King James IV. who left his Son very Young, and the Regency to the Queen Mother, who for her better Support married this Earl.

Upon the Reſignation of the Government by the Duke of Albany, he together with the Earls of Aran, Lennox, and Argyle, by a ſpecial Act were made Counſellours to the young King James V. Anno 1521, and the Year after conſtituted Lord high Chancellour of Scotland; he held the Office till the Year 1528, at which time, upon a Diſguſt taken againſt him by the King, he was removed and out-law'd, whereupon he retir'd into England, where he was nobly entertain'd by Henry VIII. [Page 103] and taken into the Number of his Privy Council, where he ſojourn'd fifteen Years, till the Death of King James V. Anno 1542. Then returning [...]ome, he was Parliamentarily reſtor'd to his Eſtate and Titles of Honour, and at the fatal Battle of Pinkiefield he commanded the Van-guard of the Army againſt the Engliſh, where he behaved very worthily, and living peaceably the remainder of his Days, he departed this Life at his Caſtle of Tantallon, in the 1557, aged 64, and was interr'd at Abernethy.

This gallant Earl married thrice, his firſt Wife being Margaret Hepburn Daughter of Patrick Earl of Bothwell, by her he had no Children. Next, he had the Honour to marry Margaret of England, Widow of James IV. of Scotland, eldeſt Daughter of Henry VII. and Siſter to Henry VIII. Kings of England, who bore him one Daughter, the Lady Margaret Douglaſs, married to Matthew third Earl of Lennox, Mother by him of Henry Duke of Albany, Lord Darnly, &c. Father of James VI. firſt Monarch of Great Britain. His third Wife was Margaret Daughter of John Lord Maxwell, by whom he had a Son James, who dyed in his Childhood. To Archibald Earl of Angus ſucceeded,

Sir David Douglaſs of Pittendrich, his Nephew, who did not live long to enjoy the Honour: He departing this Life in 1558, leaving Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir John Hamilton of Clideſdale, Brother to James Duke of Chatlerault, Widow of Sir John Johnſton of that Ilk, a Son Archibald, who ſucceeded into the Honour; alſo two Daughters,

Margaret, married to Sir Walter Scot of Buclugh, and after his Death to Francis Steuart Earl of Bothwell.

Eliſabeth, to John Lord Maxwell, afterward Earl of Morton.

Which Archibald, for his vertuous Endowments, was Sirnamed The good Earl. He married firſt Margaret E [...]skine Daughter of John Earl of Mar. Next, Margaret Daughter to the Earl of Rothes, but by neither of theſe had he any Iſſue. 3dly Jean, Daughter of John Lord Glammis, who bore him a Daughter Eliſabeth, who dyed a Maid.

The firſt time I find this Earl in publick Buſineſs, is in 1573, he was conſtituted Sheriff of Berwick, and one of the Wardens on the Borders, which he exerced with an univerſal Reputation for five or ſix Years, Juſtice never being better adminiſtred.

Upon the fall of his Uncle the Earl of Morton, the King grew jealous of him, whereupon he retir'd to England, where he was bountifully entertained by Queen Eliſabeth, and there he had Opportunity to contract a Friendſhip with the famous Sir Philip Sidney, very much to their mutual Satisfaction: But after ſome Years, upon better Information, his Majeſty not only reſtored him to his former Favour and Familiarity, but appointed him Lieutenant on the Borders, which he defended with great Reputation for ſeveral Years; but at laſt being ſeiz'd with a Sickneſs, which was thought to be Sorcery, he languiſhed under his Diſtemper till about the end of July 1588, at which time he gave way to Fate, with the Character of being a good Man in all reſpects, well verſed in Learning, and tho endowed with many excellent Qualities, his Piety was allowed to be the reigning Vertue in him. He was interr'd at the Collegiate Church of Abernethy; upon him I find this Epitaph,

Morte jacet ſaeva Anguſius, ſpes illa bonorum,
Terror malorum maximus:
Cui, laude & luctu meritis, pia turba parentat;
Patrem, Parentem ingeminans.
Par ſtudium impietas ſimulat: quem carpere livor
Vivum ſolebat, mortuum
Aut veris ſequitur lacrymis, aut gaudià fictis
Celat pudenda; & laudibus
Saltem non fictis os pene invita reſolvit,
Seque arguit mendacii.
O laus! O veri vis! O victoria! honoſque
Cunctis triumphis clarior!
[Page 104] Engliſhed,
Angus by cruel Death lies here,
The good Mans hope, the wickeds Fear,
The Praiſe and Sorrow of the moſt
Religious, who, as having [...]ſt
A Father, mourn, moſt Men are known
To find a Woe if they have none.
Envy, accuſtomed to wrong
His guiltleſs Life, imploys her Tongue
Now a loud Trumpet of his Fame,
And weeps, if not for Grief, for Shame,
Enforc'd to give her ſelf the Lie,
O Power of Truth! O Victory!
By which more Honour is obtain'd,
Than is in greateſt Triumphs gain'd.

The Male Line of George Maſter of Angus terminating in this Earl, the Honour and Eſtate, by reaſon of the entail upon the Heirs Male, devolved on Sir William Douglaſs of Glenbervy.

Glenbervy is a Barony in the Shire of Kincardin, which was the Poſſeſſion of the Melvil's: As far back as the Time of Alexander II. Philip de Melvil Knight, executed the Office of Sheriff of Aberdeen, in the beginning of that Reigna. In his Line the Barony continued till the the 8th of James III, Anno 1468b, and then determined in Eliſabeth, Daughter, and at length ſole Heir of Alexander Melvil of Glenbervy, married to Sir John Achinleck of that Ilk, an ancient Family in Air-Shirec, by whom he had James his Son and Heir, who marrying Giles Daughter of Sir John Roſs of Halkhead, Knightd, left a Daughter Eliſabeth his ſole Heir, whoſe Ward and Marriage falling to the King, James IV. he aſſigned it to Sir William Douglaſs of Braidwood, Knight, Son to Archibald Earl of Angus e, Anno 1492: Whereupon there happned a Conteſt betwixt the ſaid Eliſabeth and James Achinleck of that Ilk, her Couſin German, about the Right of Succeſſion: The Matter at length, after long Diſpute, was referred by both Parties to certain Noblemen, who determined the Barony of Glenbervy to the ſaid Eliſabeth, and Sir William Douglaſs her Husband, whereupon he took the Coat of Achinleck, viz. A Croſs imbattled, Sable, into his Atchievment. He was killed at the fatal Battle of Flowdon, Anno 1513, leaving Iſſue by the ſaid Eliſabeth his Wife, Archibald his Son and Heir, on whom King James V. conferred the Honour of Knighthood. His firſt Wife was Agnes, Daughter of William Earl Mariſhall, by whom he had William his Son and Heir: Alſo by his ſecond Marriage with Mary, Daughter of Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum, he had two Sons,

1. James, a Clergyman, Parſon of the Paroch Church of Glenbervy, Grandfather by Robert Douglaſs of Kilmonth, his eldeſt Son, of the right reverend Dr. Robert Douglaſs Biſhop of Dumblain, he was born Anno 1626, and had his Grammar Education in the Country, from whence being ſent to the Univerſity of Aberdeen, he proceeded to the Degree of Maſter of Arts, continuing to purſue, his Theological Sudies with great Aſſiduity, he commenced Preacher about the Year 1650, but what was his firſt miniſterial Charge before he was Parſon of Renfrew in the Weſt, does not occurr to me. From thence, after ſome Years ſtay, he was removed to the Provoſtry of Bothwell, and not long after that, to the Deanry of Glaſgow, & Parſonage of Hamilton, where he continued to exerciſe his Miniſterial Function, till Dr. Robert Lawry, who had preſided over the Epiſcopal See of Brechin, from the Year 1671, to the 1682, departing this Life, Mr. Douglaſs was conſecrated in his Room, and on the 29th of June 1684 tranſlated to the See of Dumblain, where he continued in the exerciſe of his Epiſcopal Function till the 1689, he was deprived [Page 105] of his Biſhoprick; ſince which time, he has made Conſcience to live peaceably under King William's Government, and that of her preſent Majeſty, and is now arrived to the uncommon age of 87, exerciſing himſelf daily in Works of Devotion and Piety, patiently waiting till the great Change come of tranſlating him from this World, to the State of endleſs Felicity in the other.

2. John Douglaſs, ſecond Son.

To Sir Archibald Douglaſs of Glenbervy, ſucceeded Sir William his Son and Heir, to whom the Honour of Earl of Angus devolved Anno 1588.

This Earl, while a private Gentleman, accompanyed Queen Mary in her Northern Expedition, Anno 1562, and was active in the Fight at Corrichie, where Alexander Earl of Huntly was ſlain. Upon the turn of the Reformation, in the memorable Year 1560, when both the Doctrine of the Church, and Authority of the Biſhop, of Rome was parliamentarly aboliſhed; he did eminently ſignalize himſelf by his firm Adherence to, and zealous Profeſſion of the Proteſtant Religion, of which he was a very great Promoter, and of Conſequence was a mighty Supporter of King James VI's. Authority during the Adminiſtration of the Regents Murray, Lennox, Mar, and Morton; which in that Prince's Minority, very much to his Detriment, he maintained, aſſiſting both with his Money and Counſel; but having no Opportunity of ſignalizing himſely by Arms, we hear no more of moment concerning him, till the time of his Death, which happened 14 April 1591, leaving a numerous Family by Giles his Wife, Daughter of Sir Robert Graham of Morphie, in Vicecomitatu de Kincardin;

1. William his Succeſſor in the Honour.

2. Sir Robert, who got his Father's paternal Eſtate of Glenbervy, and was created Baronet, by King Charles I. the 30th of May 1625, being the ſixth in Number of Precedency in that Honour. His Wife was Eliſabeth, Daughter of Sir George Auchinleck of Balmanno, by whom he had Sir William his Succeſſor, and Dr. George Douglaſs Rector of Stepney, Grand-father to Sir Robert Douglaſs now of Glenbervy, Baronet.

3d Son Gavin Douglaſs of Bridgeford.

4th. John Douglaſs of Barras.

Margar [...] eldeſt Daughter, married to John Forbes of Monimusk, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen. Eliſabeth the ſecond, to Sir Alexander Gordon of Cluny. Jean the third, to James Wiſhart of Pittarow, in Vicecomitatu de Kincardin. Sarah [...]ourth and youngeſt, to Sir Alexander Strachan of Thorntoun Baronet, and after his Death to Sir George Auchinleck of Balmanno.

William his eldeſt Son, ſucceeded in the Honour, was a Nobleman well verſed in the Antiquities and Hiſtory of his Country, eſpecially in that Part relating to Genealogies; and from the Scots Hiſtory, and the Documents of his Family, he wrote a Chronicle of the Douglaſses, a much more elaborate Work than that put out in the Year 1644, Dedicated to the Marquis of Douglaſs. This Earl, in the latter part of his Life, made Defection to the Romiſh Faith, which put him ſo much under the King's Diſpleaſure, that with leave he retired into France, where he ſpun out his Time in the Devotions of that Church till his Death, in the Year 1616. His wife was Eliſabeth, Daughter of Lawrence Lord Oliphant, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of George Earl o [...] Errol, by whom he had three Sons, and two Daughters, William Lord Angus his Succeſſor, Sir James Douglaſs afterward Lord Mordingtoun, S [...]r Francis Douglaſs of Sandilands, Knight.

Mary, ſecond Wife of Alexander [Page 106] Earl of Linlithgow, Margaret, to Sir Alexander Campbel of Calder, in Vicecamitatu Moraviae, and had Iſſue.

To this Earl ſucceeded William his Son, who as he was Maſter of a moſt plentiful Fortune, ſo he kept up the old Scots Hoſpitality and Grandeur at his Caſtle [...] Douglaſs, where he uſually reſided, having perhaps a more numerous Family and Attendance than any Nobleman in the Kingdom. King Charles I, conſtituted him chief Commander or Lieutenant on the Bordersa, and created him Marquis of Douglaſs on the 17th of June 1633, the Day immediately preceeding his Majeſty's Coronation. Upon the commencing of the Civil War, in that Reign, I do not find this noble Lord engaged much on either ſide, but kept himſelf out of the Broils of theſe times, as much as any of his Quality in the Kingdom, till the 1645, perceiving the hard Uſage of the King, and the Miſeries that threatned his native Country, he took up Arms in Defence of both, and joining his Forces with theſe under the Command of the Great Marquis of Montroſe, his Majeſty's Captain General in Scotland, He accompanyed him to the Battle of Philiphaugh, where he behaved himſelf with great Valour and admirable Courage. Upon the loſs of the D [...], he had the Misfortune to be taken Priſoner; and notwithſtanding all the Diſadvantages and Dangers he lay under from the uſurping Powers of theſe Times, continued ſteady in his Loyalty to his Prince King Charles II, tho in Exile, to the frequent hazard of his Life, and Detriment of his Fortune, Oliver Cromwell impoſing a conſiderable Fine upon him in the 1654.

H [...]s firſt Marriage was with Margaret Daughter of Claude Hamilton Lord Paiſly, Siſter to James firſt Earl of Abercorn, by whom he had two Sons and four Daughters.

1. Archibald, Lord Angus, who upon the breaking out of the Civil War, in the Reign of King Charles I, was on the Parliament's ſide for ſome time, but afterward diſliking the Service; and finding Things carried on to Extremities, he left them, and appeared very forward to teſtify his Loyalty to King Charles II, at whoſe Coronation, which was ſolemniz'd the firſt of January 1651, his Lordſhip was conſtituted Lord high Chamberlain for the Day. He married firſt Anne, Daughter of Eſmae Steuart Duke of Lennox, by whom he had James who ſucceeded his Grandfather. 2dly Jean, Daughter of David Earl of Weems, by whom he had Archibald Earl of Forfar, and Margaret fourth Wife of Alexander Viſcount of Kingſtoun. This Lord dyed in the prime of his Age, Anno 1655, his Wife ſurviving him, re-married with George Earl of Sutherland.

2d. James the 2d Son, whoſe Genius leading him to the Wars, he went over to France, where he ſignaliz'd himſelf in the Service of Lewis XIV, on every Occaſion that offered, and more particularly at the Siege of Doway, where he was killed, his Death preventing his being honoured with a Marſhal's Batton. Beſides theſe Sons, he had alſo three Daughters.

Jean, married to William Lord Alexander, Son and Heir of William firſt Earl of Stirling.

Margaret, to Sir John Hamilton, who was created Lord Bargany by King Charles I.

Griſel the third, to Sir William Carmichael.

His Lordſhips ſecond Wife was Mary Daughter of George Marquis of Huntly, by Henrietta his Wife, Daughter [Page 107] of Eſmae Duke of Lennox, by whom he had William, created Earl of Selkirk, Anno 1646, and afterward Duke o [...] Hamilton 1661. The ſecond, George Earl of Dunbarton; Colonel James Douglaſs, third Son, dyed unmarried; likewiſe four Daughters,

1. Henrietta, married to James Earl of Annandale.

2. Catherine, to Sir William Ruthven of Douglaſs, in Vicecomitatu de Berwick.

3. Iſabel, to William the firſt Duke of Queensberry.

4 Jean, to James 4th Earl of Perth, Lord high Chancellour of Scotland, in the Reign of King Charles II. and King James VII.

5. Lucy, to Robert Earl of Nithſdale, and all had Iſſue.

My Lord Marquis ſurviving all our inteſtine Commotions, which were not a few, the detail of which, I need not at this time enter into, he at laſt gave way to Fate in a good advanced Age, in the Spring of the Year, 1660a.

James ſucceeded his Grandfather in the Honour, he was ſworn one of the Privy Council to King Charles II. about 1670, and ſo continued to two ſucceeding Kings, for the ſpace of 30 Years, even to his Death. He married firſt Barbara, Daughter of John Earl of Mar, by whom he had a Son, James Lord Angus, a very brave Youth, who engaging early in the Wars, ſignaliz'd his Courage upon every Occaſion that offered it ſelf eſpecially at the Battle o [...] Stenkirk, where he was unfortunately ſlain, 3d. of Auguſt 1692, in his 21 Year, generally lamented, being a Nobleman of great Hopes and Expectation, and would have been an Honour and Ornament to his Country, had not an untimely Death too ſoon depriv'd his illuſtrous Family of the great Advantages it might have reaped by his Enjoyment of a longer Life. His Lordſhip married to his ſecond Wife, Mary, Daughter of Robert Marquis of Lothian, by whom he had Archibald his Son and Heir, and a Daughter Lady Jean. He departed this mortal Life in a moſt Chriſtian manner, and with an entire Reſignation to the Will of the Creator, on the 25th of February 1700, at the Age of fifty four, and was interr'd at Douglaſs without any Funeral Solemnity.

Archibald the preſent Duke, a young Nobleman of great Hopes, ſucceeded his Father at ſix Years old, and Her Majeſty Queen Anne was pleaſed in the nineth Year of his Age, to augment his Lordſhips Honours, by creating him Duke of Douglaſs, on the 18th of April 1703: The Reaſons for beſtowing the Honour upon him, is thus ſet forth in the Preamble to his Patent.

Quod nos in Regio noſtro animo revolventes fideliſſimum & dilectiſſimum noſtrum [...]onſanguineum Archibaldum Marchionem de Douglaſs. ex familia nobili & illuſtri ortum eſse & a progenitoribus qui maximae fi [...]uciae munia illis concredita immaculata virtute & ſingulari fide obierunt quique ob res ab illis clariſſime geſtis. Regium diadema tuendo & ſuſtentando ſummis honoris & dignitatis titulis per noſtros Regios predeceſsores exornati fuerunt: Nos quoque hujus maxime memores & cupidae per ulteriorem honoris additionem d [...]ctum Archiba [...]d [...]m Marchienem de Douglaſs ejuſque heredibus maſculis ipſius corporis, ſibi animum addere, ut nobiles ſuos predeceſsores imitetur; Noveritis i [...]itur nos f [...]ſſe, conſtituiſſe, creaſſe & inaugu [...]aſse Archibaldum Marchionem de Douglaſs Ducem a [...] Douglaſs, Marchionem de Angus & Abernethy, Vicecomitem de J [...]dburgh Forreſt Dominum Douglaſs de Lonckle, Preſtoun, & Robertoun.

70.1. ARMS.

[Page 108]

Four Coats quarterly. 1ſt Azure, a Lyon Rampant crown'd with an imperial Crown Or: 2d Or, a Lyon rampant Gules, ſurmounted of a Ribban, Sable: 3d Or, a Feſſe Cheque, Azure and Argent, ſurmounted of a Bend, Sable, charged with five Buckles, Or: 4th Argent, three Pyles, Gules; over all in a Shield of Pretence, Argent, a Heart, Gules, enſign'd with an imperial Crown, Or, on a Chief, Azure, three Mollets of the firſt, ſupported on the Dexter, with a Savage, wreathed about the Loins with Lawrel, and on the Siniſter by a Stag Proper: Creſt, a Salamander vomiting Fire: Motto, Jamais Arriere, all within a Compartment of Stakes impal'd.

71. MAXWEL, Earl of Dirleton.

THE firſt and laſt Earl of this Place, was Sir James Maxwel of Innerweek, Knight, Son o [...] John Maxwel of Kirkhouſe (a Branch of the Family of Maxwel) by Jean his Wife, Daughter o [...] Sir Charles Murray of Cockpool. Which Sir James was firſt introduc'd to Court by the means of his Uncle John Earl of Annandale, the great Favorite of James VI. where he ſoon obtain'd ſo much of his Majeſty's Favour, as to be made a Knight, and one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-chamber. King Charles not only continued him in his Service, but further to reward his long and conſtant Fidelity in that Im [...]loyment, created him into the Dignity and Titles of Earl of Dirle [...]on, and Lord Elbotle, in the Year 1646. He married Eliſabeth de Bouſoyn, a Foreigner, by whom he had two Daughters,

Eliſabeth, married to William ſecond Duke of Hamilton.

Jean, to Charles Lord Cranburn, eldeſt Son of William Earl of Saliſbury in England, and had Iſſue.

71.1. ARMS.

Argent, Saltyre, Sable.

72. SUTHERLAND, Lord Duffus.

THE Murray's were the firſt Proprietors of the Barony of Duffus, in the County of Murray, and that as early as the time of King William the Lyon, Hugh de Moravia, being Brother to William de Moravia, who firſt aſſum'd the Sirname of Murray: He's Witneſs in ſeveral Grants made to the Epiſcopal See of Murray, by his Brother, therein deſigned filius Willielmi filii Friſkini a.

This Hugh left Iſſue Walter de Moravia, who cedes his Right of the Wood of Spiny to Archibald Biſhop of Murray b, in pure and perpetual Alms, Anno Dom. 1226. He was ſucceeded by Frsikinus de Moravia his Son, who deſigns himſelf Dominus de Duffus, in a ſolemn Contract bebetwixt him and the Biſhop of Murray, relative to ſeveral Lands that had been in Diſpute between Sir Walter his Father, and the former Biſhop of that See, dated on St. Cuthberts Day 1248. By Jean his Wife, he left Iſſue two Daughters his Coheirsc, Mary married to Sir Reginald le Chien, Knight, and [Page 109] Chriſtian to William de Federeth, who divided the Inheritance.

The Lands of Duffus falling to the Share of the eldeſt Siſter, Sir Reginald de Chein, and Mary his Wife foreſaid, they gave a Donation to the Cathedral of Elgin, 1ſt May 1269, for the good of their Souls. After ſome Deſcents this Barony was tranſferred by the Marriage of Mary Daughter and Heir of Rynald Chine, Knight, to Nicol a younger Son of Kenneth Earl of Sutherland, who was ſlain at the Battle of Halydonhill, Anno 1333a, he obtained by his Brother's Grant on the 30th of September 1360, the fourty pound Land of Therboll, to be holden of the ſaid Earl, which King David II, confirmed by his Charter under the Great Seal, in the 1364b, and by reaſon of this Marriage, the Sutherlands of Duffus added to their paternal Coat, the three Croſs Croſlets, the Arms of Chine, which is ſtill in their Atchivement. This Nicol was ſucceeded by Henry Sutherland of Duffus, his Son and Heirc, as he was by Alexander, who obtain'd a Charter of the Lands of Therboll from John then Earl of Sutherland, his Superior, dated the 12th of July 1444. He added much to the Wealth of his Family by the Marriage of the Heir Female of Chiſholme of that Ilk,d and thereupon aſſumed into the Center of his Coat of Arms a Boars Head coupe. Alexander Sutherland of Duffus, Succeſſor to the former, dying without Male Iſſue, in the Reign of James IV.e Chriſtian his only Daughter and Heir, was married to William Oliphant of Berrindale: the Barohy of Duffus after a long Diſpute, came to William Sutherland of Querrelwood f as Heir Male. He departing this Life in 1529, left Iſſue by Janet his Wife, Daughter of Alexander Innes of that Ilkg, William his Succeſſor, and Alexander a Clergyman, who was Dean of Caithneſs h.

As to the Deſcendents of this William, ſeeing they did not ſtand in the rank of Peers, tho' a conſiderable Family, I ſhall not trace them, but come down to the Reign of King Charles II. in whoſe Time Sir Alexander Sutherland of Duffus, was one of the Barons, who by Reaſon of his ſpecial Merit was advanced to the Honour of Lord Duffus, 8th December 1650, ſome Days preceeding his Majeſty's Coronation.

He married to his firſt Wife, Jean Daughter of Colin Lord Kintail, Widow of William Lord Berrindale. 2dly. . . . . . . . . . Daughter of Sir Robert Innes of that Ilk. And next, Margaret Daughter of James Earl of Murray, by whom he had James his Succeſſor, and Henrietta a Daughter married to George Earl of Linlithgow.

James late Lord Duffus, married Margaret Daughter to Kenneth Earl of Seaforth, by whom he had Kenneth the preſent Lord, who ſucceeded his Father in the 1705. His Lordſhip having acquired great Knowledge in Maritime Affairs, was meritoriouſly advanced to the Command of The Advice, one of her Majeſty's Ships of War, in which Character, in ſeveral Expeditions he has behaved with admirable Courage and Bravery. He married Charlota Chriſtina, Daughter of Eri [...] de Siobladhe Governour and Admiral of Gottenburgh in Sweden, by whom he has a Son Erick, Maſter of Duffus.

The preſent Lord has two Brothers, James Sutherland Eſq who changed his Name for that of Dunbar, by reaſon of his marrying Mary, Daughter, and Heir of Sir William Dunbar of Hemprigs; he was created Baronet 10th of December 1706, and William Sutherland of Roſcommon. i

73. OSBURN, Viſcount of Dumblain.

[Page 110]

AMONG many others, whoſe great Deſerts and ſpecial Services inclin'd his Majeſty King Charles II. to confer ſundry Titles of Honour upon them, was Sir Thomas Osburn, Son and Heir of Sir Edward Osburn Baronet, vice Preſident of the Council to King Charles I. for the Northern Parts of England, and Lieutenant General of the Forces that were raiſed for the Service of that Prince, upon the firſt breaking out of the Rebellion in England, Anno 1642.

This Sir Thomas faithfully adhering to the royal Intereſt during the Uſurpation, and Co-operating with many others his Majeſty's loyal Subjects, in order to his Reſtauration, and afterwards conſtantly applying himſelf to his Service, with all Fidelity and Diligence, was ſworn of his Privy Council, 3d of May 1672, and made Theſaurer of the Navy, as a further Teſtimony of his Majeſty's Eſteem, He was by Letters patent bearing date the 19th July 1673, created Viſcount of Dumblain in this Realm; and in 1674, honoured with the Title of Viſcount of Latimer and Earl of Danby in England, and ſoon after inſtal'd Knight of the Garter; afterward concurring in the Revolution, Ann 1688, he was upon the Prince of Orange Acceſſion to the Crown of England, conſtituted Preſident of the Council, and on the 9th of Auguſt 1689, created Marquis of Carmarthan, and afterward Duke of Leeds, 4th May 1694; he married Briget, Daughter of Montague Earl of Lindſay, by whom he had

1. Edward, Lord Latimer, who dyed without Iſſue.

2d. Peregrine, who became Viſcount Dumblain, upon his Father's ſurrender of the Honour; alſo four Daughters,

Anne, married to Robert Cock of Hoskham, in the County of Norfolk, Eſq and ſince to Horatio Valpole Eſq

Bridget, to Charles Earl of Plymouth, to whom ſhe had no Iſſue, ſince whoſe Deceaſe ſhe has married with Philip Bliſs, Doctor of Divinity.

Catherine, to James Herbert Eſq

Martha, to Charles Earl of Bath.

Sophia, firſt to Donatus Lord Obrien, and again to William late Lord Lempſter.

His Grace dyed full of Days and Honour, the 29th of July 1712, aged 81 Years, and was ſucceeded by

Peregrine, Lord Viſcount of Dumblain, and now Duke of Leeds, his Son and Heir. This noble Lord, having experienced himſelf in Maritime Affairs, and commanding as an Admiral in ſeveral Expeditions at Sea, has on many Occaſions diſtinguiſhed his gallant Behaviour, [...] eſpecially at the Buſineſs of Cameret, where his Conduct and Bravery were very remarkable. He married Bridget Daughter and Heir of Sir Thomas Hide of Worthmyms, in the County of Hartfort, by whom he had William Marquis of Carmarthan, who dyed at Utrecht, returning from his Travels, 16th of Auguſt 1711, aged 21.

Peregrine, now Marquis of Carmarthan, who is married with Eliſabeth Daughter of Robert Earl of Oxford, Lord high Theſaurer of Great Britain; alſo two Daughters,

Lady Bridget,

Lady Mary.

73.1. ARMS.

Quarterly Ermine and Azure, a Croſs Or.

74. SETON, Earl of Dumfermling.

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THAT the Study and Practice of the Law, has raiſed many to great Wealth and Honour, is evident enough from ſundry Examples of that kind; amongſt which Sir Alexander Seton, the firſt of this Family is not the leaſt; he was a Younger Son of George Lord Seton, by Iſobel his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Hamilton of Sorn, Knight, Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland, in the Reign of James V. he was educated in Italy, where he ſtudied the Laws, in which Profeſſion he became ſo great a Proficient, that King James VI. upon his return home, conſtituted him one of the extraordinary Lords of the Seſſion, 12th of March 1585, that he might thereby come to the knowledge of the Forms here uſed: After which, in February 1587, he was admitted one of the ordinary Senators of the College of Juſtice, and on the 3d of Auguſt 1591, his Majeſty advanced him to the Dignity of a Lord of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Urquhart; and that he might the better ſupport the Honour he had conferred on him, that Prince took the firſt Opportunity to augment his Fortune, and in the 21ſt. of his Reign, upon the Diſſolution of the Monaſtries, made a Grant to him and the Heirs of his Body, lawfully begotten, of the whole Lands and Tithes of the rich Priory of Pluſcarden in Murray; his Lordſhip aſcending ſtill higher in Eſteem, in Reſpect of his eminent Knowledge, was preferred to be Preſident of the Seſſion, in the Room of William Baillie of Provan, deceaſed 12th of May 1593; as alſo in 1595, to be one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury. Riſing by theſe Gradations, in the 36 of the ſaid King, Anno 1604, he was advanced to that eminent Poſt of Lord high Chancellour of Scotland, and upon the 3d of March the Year after dignified with the Honour of Earl of Dumfermling, he was likewiſe appointed one of the Commiſſioners to treat of a nearer Union betwix Scotland and England, which was not compleated at that time; after which continuing in the Chancellours Office with much Honour, for the full Term of 18 Years, He departed this Life 16th of June 1622, and was interr'd at the Paroch Church of Dalgaty in Fife, with great Funeral Solemnity.

His firſt Wife was Lilias, Daughter of Patrick Lord Drummond, by whom he had four Daughters,

1. Anne, married to Thomas ſecond Earl of Kelly.

2. Iſabel, to John firſt Earl of Lauderdale.

3. Margaret, to Colin Earl of Seaforth.

4. Sophia, to David firſt Lord Balcares.

His ſecond Marriage was with Griſel, Daughter of James, Son and Heir of Andrew Earl of Rothes, by whom he had only a Daughter Jean, married to John firſt Earl of Twedale.

He married to his third Wife, Margaret Daughter to John Lord Yeſter, by whom he had Charles his Son and Heir, and a Daughter Griſel, who dyed unmarried.

Alexander, Earl of Dumfermling, was ſucceeded in his Honours and Eſtate by his Son Charles, who upon the breaking out of the Civil War, in 1638, was at firſt on the Covenanters ſide: However, ſuch was his Prudence and Moderation, that he endeavour'd to advance all Motions toward a Peace, and was the firſt Lord in the King's Commiſſion to treat with the Engliſh, in order to compoſe the unhappy Differences between his Majeſty and his Subjects in Scotland, which was by his Endeavours happily concluded in the Year 1641. And that he might be further [Page 112] able to ſerve the King with the Church, he was appointed Commiſſioner to the General Aſſembly, Anno 1641, wherein he propoſed very temperate Counſels, and earneſtly recommended to the Clergy, that in return of all his Majeſty's Favours toward their Church, they would make Conſcience by their Doctrine and Example to keep the People in their Duty to God and the King, during the ſucceeding Times of Anarchy and Uſurpation. This noble Lord affecting to lead a retired Life, I find no Account of him in any of the publick Tranſactions that enſued, but upon the Dawn of the Reſtauration of King Charles II. he appeared very forward to expreſs his Loyalty, and to re-eſtabliſh the old Scots Conſtitution, to which he firmly adhered, not long after, he was conſtituted one of the Lords of his Majeſty's Privy Council, and in 1671 made Lord Privy Seal, in the Room of William Earl of Marſhal deceaſed; which Office he enjoy'd till his Death, Anno 1674. By Mary his Wife, Daughter of William Earl of Morton, he had three Sons and a Daughter,

1. Alexander, who ſucceeded in the Honour, but dyed unmarried.

2. Charles, killed aboard the Fleet in the great Sea Fight againſt the Dutch, Anno 1672.

3. James, who ſucceeded his Broin the Honour.

4. Henrietta, married firſt to William Earl of Wigton, and after to William Earl of Crawfurd, and had Iſſue.

Which James Earl of Dumfermling, in his Youth, having a Genius to War, he betook himſelf to Arms in the Service of the States of Holland, and was in ſeveral memorable Expeditions under the Prince of Orange; but quiting thoſe Military Imployments, upon his Acceſſion to the Honour, he lived at home in great Splendor, till the Revolution, in 1688. He was one of the Scots Peers who faithfully adhered to the Intereſt of King James: And the Viſcount of Dundee no ſooner took the Field, and declared for the King, than his Lordſhip brought and joined him with a Troop of Horſe, upon the Head of which he was perſonally engaged in the Battle of Killicrankie, where he behaved very bravely, for which he was Forfeited by Authority of the Parliament, 1690. Upon the Capitulation of the Highlanders, when there was no probability of ſupporting King James's Intereſt any longer in Scotland, he retired to the Court of St. Germans in France, where the ſaid King, to alleviate his Misfortunes, was pleaſed to honour his Lordſhip with the moſt noble Order of the Thiſtlo, as a diſtinguiſhing Mark of his royal Favour (and as he ſaid) An Earneſt of what he intended to do for him and his Family, when it would pleaſe God to reſtore him to the peaceable Poſſeſſion of his own; here he ſojourned till his Death, in the Year 1694, leaving no Iſſue that ſurvived him by Jean his Wife, Daughter of Lewis Marquis of Huntly; ſo that the Honour by Reaſon of the entail to Heirs Male, wou'd deſcend to George Seton of Barns, deſcended of Sir John Seton Knight, immediate elder Brother to Alexander firſt Earl of Dumfermling, were it not for the Forfaulture.

74.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt. and 4th. Or: Three Creſcents Gules, within a double Treſſure flowr'd and Counterflowr'd, Or: 2d. and 3d. Argent, on a Feſs, Gules: Three cinque Foils of the firſt, ſupported by two Horſes, Argent: Creſt, a Creſcent, Gules: Motto, Semper.

75. HUME, Earl of Dunbar,

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IN ancient Deeds and Charters, Coſpatricius is ſtyled Comes de Dunbar, tempore David I. but his Succeſſors came to be deſigned Earls of March, under which Title they will be more properly ſpoken of. The firſt then who enjoyed this Honour ſince, was Sir George Hume Knight, Son of Alexander Hume of Manderſtoun, in Vicecomitatu de Berwick, a Cadet to the Branch of Wedderburn (in praedicto Vicecomitatu) who being a Perſon of great Learning, ſingular Judgment, and other great Indowments, was firſt admitted Gentleman of the Bed-chambera, 18vo. Jacobi VI. Anno 1585, Knighted Anno 1590, and conſtituted Maſter of the Wardrobeb. Alſo in 1601, he was made Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland, Alexander Lord Elphinſton reſigning the Office. Upon his Majeſty's Acceſſion to the Crown of England, Anno 1603, he accompanyed him into that Realm, being then of the Privy Council, and was by his Majeſty's ſpecial Favour, by Letters patent, bearing date 7th of July 1604, created a Baron of England, by the Title of Lord Hume of Berwick c, and on the 3d of March 1605, dignified with the Title of Earl of Dunbar d, and inſtituted Knight of the Garter, Anno 1609.e His Lordſhip having diſcharged all the great and weighty Imployments he engaged in with admirable Prudence and Dexterity, at length gave way to Fate on the 29th January 1611, and was interr'd at the Collegiate Church of Dunbar. Over his Grave was a ſtately Monument erected of black and white Marble, with his Portraiture lying thereon, below this Inſcription,‘ Here lyes the Body of the Right Honourable George Hume Earl of Dunbar, Baron Hume of Berwick, Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland, Knight of the moſt noble Order of the Garter, and one of his Majeſty's moſt honourable Privy Council, who departed this Life the 29th of January, MDCXI.’

This Earl left Iſſue by Catherine his Wife, Daughter of Sir Alexander Gordon of Gight, Knight, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen, by Mary his Wife, Daughter to Cardinal David Beaton Biſhop of St. Andrews f, two Daughters his Coheirs; Anne, the eldeſt, married to Sir James Hume of Coldingknows, in Vicecomitatu de Berwick, Mother by him to James 3d Earl of Hume; Eliſabeth, the ſecond, to Theophilus Earl of Suffolk of the Kingdom of England, and had Iſſue.

75.1. ARMS.

Three Coats quarterly: 1ſt. and 4th Vert, A Lyon rampant, Argent: 2d Argent, Three Papingoes Vert: 3d. Argent, Three Eſcutcheons, Vert: and in ſurtout Gules, A Lyon rampant, Argent, within a Border, charged with eight Croſses of the ſecond.

76. CONSTABLE, Viſcount of Dunbar.

THE next who enjoyed any honourary Title from this Place, was Sir Henry Conſtable of Halſham, Knight, of a good Family, in the County of York in England. He was by the [Page 114] Favour of King James VI, raiſed to the Honour of Viſcount of Dunbar in Scotland, by Letters Patent, bearing date the 14th of November 1620. He married Mary, Daughter of Sir John Tuffton, Baroneta. John his Son and Succeſſor in the Honour, married Mary Daughter to Robert Earl of Cardigan. To this John ſucceeded Robert Lord Viſcount of Dunbar, who took to Wife Mary Daughter of John Lord Bellaiſses, and Robert the next Viſcount, married Dorothea, Daughter of Robert Earl of Cardigan, Widow of Charles Earl of Weſtmoreland, Mother by him, I preſume; to Edward the preſent Lord Viſcount of Dunbar, whoſe paternal Coat of

76.1. ARMS.

Is, Or, three Bars, Azure, ſupported on the Dexter with a Bull, Sable, and on the Siniſter with a Lyon rampant, Gules: Creſt, a Dragons Head: Motto, Sans maivaiſe Deſire.

77. DOUGLASS, Earl of Dunbarton.

FROM this royal Burongh, hone derived any Title of Honour till King Charles II. raiſed Lord George Douglaſs, younger Son of William firſt Marquis of Douglaſs, to the Dignity of Earl of Dunbarton, the 9th of March 1675.

This noble Perſon ſerved Lewis XIV. of France in the Quality of one of his Pages of Honour; afterward taking himſelf to the Profeſſion of Arms, he roſe gradually to be Colonel Brigadeer, and at laſt Major General: He was preſent in moſt of the Sieges and Actions betwixt the French and the Confederates, wherein he acquired immortal Honour by his unparalleled Valour, in 1678. Upon the Concluſion of the Peace with the States of Holland, by the Treaty of Nimiguen, He was called over to Britain, and reſided moſt at Court during the remainder of King Charles's Reign.

Upon the Acceſſion of King James VII. to the Crown, in the 1685, he was conſtituted General of the Forces in Scotland; and in that Station he commanded againſt the Earl of Argyle upon his Invaſion of this Realm, whom he ſo cloſely purſued, that his Men were ſoon diſperſed, and himſelf taken Priſoner, whoſe Fate I need not re-count here. Alſo in the 1687, he was elected one of the twelve Knights, Companions of the moſt noble Order of St. Andrew of Scotland, which his Majeſty was then pleaſed to revive, after it had lyen dormant for 145 Years.

Upon the landing of the Prince of Orange in England, his Lordſhip ſtuck cloſs to King James, and together with the Earls of Aran, Saliſbury, and Leitchfield, attended his Majeſty to Rocheſter, from whence he ſet Sail for France, whether my Lord Dunbarton ſoon followed, and dyed at the Court of St. Germans, Anno 1692, leaving Iſſue by . . . . . . . his Wife, Siſter to the Dutcheſs of Northumberland, George the preſent Earl of Dunbarton, now in the Britiſh Service.

77.1. ARMS.

The four quartered Coats of the Family of Douglaſs, with the paternal Arms, over all in a Shield of Pretence; for Deſtinction within a Border quartered, 1ſt Azure: Three Flower-de-Lys Or, 2d Gules, three Lyons paſsant guardant Or, 3d as 2d. 4th as 1ſt.

78. SCRIMGEOUR, Earl of Dundee.

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ACcording to the Authority of our Hiſtorians, this noble and ancient Family derive their Origine from one Sir Alexander Caron, a brave and valiant Knight, who in the firſt of Alexander I. Anno Dom. 1107, ſignaliz'd his Valour againſt the Northern Rebels, who had attempted no leſs than the Murder of the King, for which (continue they) he had his Name changed to Scrimgeour, that is a Sharp Fight;

Wherefore he had a ſpecial Grant from the King to himſelf, and the Heirs Male of his Body, to be hereditary Standard-bearers to the Kings of Scotland, and for his Coat of Arms, Gules, a Lyon rampant, Argent, holding in his dexter Paw a crooked Sword Proper, and the word Diſſipate for his Motto. Mr. Johnſton the Poet, has left us the following Verſes to the Honour of his Memory,

Quid trepidas? da ſigna mihi, ſuperabimus amnem;
Terreat an pavidos nos fugitiva cohors?
Dixit, & areptis ſignis ruit acer in hoſtem,
Nil rapidi metuens agmina torva vadi:
Hine decus auguſto ſurgit ſub Principe, ab armis
Scrimgerae genti fama decuſque manent.
Arma alius jactet, nos ſcimus fortibus armis
Ʋtier, hand dici, malumus eſſe viri.

This Name has been remarkable in our Scots Hiſtory on ſeveral other Occaſions, particularly Sir Alexander Scrimgeor, was among the firſt who took the Field for King Robert Bruce, and faithfully adhered to him; in Conſideration whereof, when that valiant Prince came to be eſtabliſhed on the Throne, he gave him ſundry Lands about the Burgh of Innerkeithing, then in the Crown, by the Attainder of Sir Philip de Moubray, Knight. Alſo Sir John Scrimgeor was killed at the fatal Battle of Halydonhill 1333; and another Sir James Scrimgeor Conſtable of Dundee, his Succeſſor, was ſlain in the Governours Army againſt Donald Lord of the Iſles, at the Battle of Harlaw, Anno 1411. I need not be at much Pains to ſhow the ſeveral Matches they have made with ſome of the moſt noble Families of this Kingdom, ſince the whole Courſe of this Book makes mention thereof, only I ſhall take notice, that in proceſs of Time, after having flouriſhed long in the State of Barons, they came to the Honour of Peerage the in Perſon of Sir James Scrimgeor Conſtable of Dundee, who was raiſed to the Honour of Viſcount of Duddop, by King Charles I. in the Year 1641. Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, he accepted of a Command in thoſe Forces that were ſent from Scotland to the Aid of the Engliſh Parliament, againſt the King, and loſt his Life in the Battle of Marſtoun Moor, 2d July, Anno 1644, A Perſon (ſays one) who for the Nobleneſs of his Extraction, and many perſonal Endowments, deſerved a better fate, at leaſt to have dyed in a better Cauſe. He left a Son John, by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Robert firſt Earl of Roxburgh, who ſucceeded him in the Honour.

This Lord put himſelf in Arms in behalf of King Charles II. and marched with him to the Battle of Worceſter, 3d September 1651, after which he ſuffered much for his Loyalty, but living to ſee the Reſtauration, he received ſome part of amends, being created Earl of Dundee, Anno 1661, and made one of the Privy Council. His Wife was Mary Daughter of William firſt Earl of Dalhouſie, but dying without Iſſue, in 1668, by reaſon of an Entail of his Eſtate, which (purely thro' Inadvertency) terminated in the Heirs Male, the King ſucceeded thereto as ultimus haeres, and the Honour became extinct, and lay dormant till the Year 1688, that the Title of Viſcount of Dundee was beſtowed on General Graham.

79. GRAHAM, Viſcount of Dundee.

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THE Family of Fintry anciently ſeated in Stirling ſhire, of which the Viſcount of Dundee was ſprung, deſcended from Sir Robert Graham eldeſt Son of Sir William Graham of Kincardin, by the Lady Mary Steuart his ſecond Wife, Daughter of Robert third King of Scotland. This Sir Robert Graham of Fintry's ſecond Son John Graham of Balargus, was Founder of the Family of Claverhouſe: He obtain'd from Archibald Earl of Angus a Grant to himſelf and Marjory his Wife, Daughter of Sir James Scrimgeor of Duddop, Conſtable of Dundee, of the Lands of Balargus in Forfar-ſhire, Anno 1482a, where he fixed his Reſidence, tempore Jacobi Tertii, from whom deſcended in a direct Line, William Graham of Claverhouſe, who marring Anne, Daughter of Robert Lundy of Balgony, in Vicecomitatu de Fife, had Iſſue by her William his Succeſſor, and Walter firſt of the Branch of Duntroon. The next William by his Vertue and good Conduct, much bettered the Condition of his Family, acquiring a great Eſtate, he obtained the Honour of Knighthood. His Wife was Marion, Daughter of Thomas Fotheringham of Poury, in Vicecomitatu de Forfar, by whom he had William his Son and Heir, who taking to Wife Jean Carnegy, Daughter of John Earl of Ethy, Siſter to David 1ſt. Earl of Northesk, he had,

John, Viſcount of Dundee.

Mr. David Graham.

Margaret, married to Robert Graham of Morphie.

Anne, to Robert Young of Auldbar.

Which John, after he had gone through the Courſe of his Studies at the Univerſity of St. Andrews, he went into Foreign Parts to accompliſh himſelf by Travels, betaking himſelf to a Military Life, he ſerved at firſt Volunteer in the French Service, where he learned the Rudiments of War, after ſome time he engaged in the Service of the States of Holland, 1672. His firſt ſtep to Advancement was a Cornet's Commiſſion in the Prince of Orange's Guard of Horſe; in which Character he did eminently ſignalize himſelf in the Battle of Senef, fought betwixt the Confederates, under the Command of William Prince of Orange, and the French under the Prince of Conde, in Auguſt 1674; after this he was immediately preferred to be Captain of a Troop of Horſe; in which Station he ſerved with the higheſt Reputation for his Valour. Leaving the Dutch Service upon ſome diſguſt given him, he came over to Britain; by a particular Character from the Prince of Orange to his Royal Highneſs the Duke of York, he was recommended to King Charles II. who was pleaſed, as a Teſtimony of the Eſteem he had for Mr. Graham, to nominate him one of the Captains of the three independent Troops which were raiſed to force the Diſſenters in the Weſtern Shires to comply with the Conſtitution of the Church, as eſtabliſhed by Law, Anno 1678, the Earls of Hume and Airly, having the Command of the other two.

When the Troops came to be regularly modell'd, 1684, he was conſtituted Captain of the Royal Regiment of Horſe, the late Duke of Queensberry, then Earl of Drumlanrig, being his Lieutenant Colonel.

King James aſcending the Throne on the Deceaſe of his Brother King Charles II. 6th February 1685, he was ſworn a Privy Councilour, and made a Brigadeer in the beginning of 1686, which was his higeſt Preferment, till the 1688. Upon the [Page 117] Prince of Orange's landing in England, he marched with his Regiment thither for King James Service: Then his Majeſty was pleaſed to advance him to the Degree of Major General, and on the 12th of November, the 4th Year of his Reign, raiſed him to the Honour of Viſcount of Dundee (the Conſtabulary of which Burough, together with the Barony of Duddop, being ſome time before beſtowed on him.) This Dignity, his Patent mentions, was granted him, Propter egregia ſervitia & praeclara admodum officia & nobismetipſis & cariſſimo noſtro Fratri Carolo ſecundo ſempiternae memoriae in ſingulis muneribus & publicae fiduciae provinciis tum civilibus tum militaribus multis retro annis fidei ſuae demandatis fideliter praeſtita & peracta, fidemque ejus intemeratam; quodque omni occaſione ſibi data coronae noſtrae juribus firmus ſemper adhaeſerat; Hiſce igitur multiſque aliis magni mementi rationibus praeviis, durabilem quandam noſtri regii favoris teſſeram in ipſum & famimiliam ſuam conferre; Noveritis igitur Nos creaſſe feciſſe & inauguraſse Majorem Generalem Joannem Graham de Claverhouſe, Vicecomitem de Dundee, Dominum Graham de Claverhouſe, & haeredes Maſculos ex ejus corpore legitime procreatos ſeu procreandos; quibus dificientibus in alios ejus haeredes maſculos, &c.

In the beginning of the Year 1689, his Lordſhip came down to Scotland, and ſat ſome Days in the Convention of Eſtates, which the Prince of Orange had called, till he diſcern'd the Houſe diſpoſed by a great Majority to declare the Throne vacnat, and Forfault King James; as alſo a Deſign the Mobb had to Aſſaſſinate him, of which he informed the Meeting, but his Complaint not being regarded; and Juſtice denyed him, he abſented from the Convention; and after having had a private Conference with the Duke of Gordon, at the Poſtern-Gate of the Caſtle of Edinburgh, which held out for King James, he retired to Linlithgow with a ſmall Party of Horſe, and ſo by the Way of Stirling-Bridge, rode home to his Houſe in the Country, whereupon the Convention voted him an intercommuned Perſon, and ſent a Meſſenger to require him to appear before them at Edinburgh; but his Lordſhip excuſing himſelf upon pretence of Danger, there was a Party ſent to apprehend him. This neceſſarly obliged him to go into the Highlands for Refuge, where he raiſed the Clans by King James's Authority, and having got a Reinforcement of 300 Iriſh, Headed by Colonel Cannon, with a Body of about 1600 Horſe and Foot, he engaged Major Geneneral Mackay, who was advancing toward him with 4000 Foot, and ſome Troops of Horſe and Dragoons at Kilicrankie in Athole, 27th of July 1689. In the firſt Charge, his Lordſhip received a Shot of a Musket-Ball in his right Side, of which he inſtantly expired; and notwithſtanding this Diſcouragement, his Men Fought like Lyons, and routed Mackay; yet the Death of my Lord Dundee did more than overballance the others Loſs of 2000 Men killed on his ſide. After the Battle, his Body was found and depoſited in the Vault of of the Family of Athole, within the Church of Blair, where I leave him to his Reſt, and ſhall only add this Epitaph done on him by the learned Dr. Archibald Pitcairn,

Ʋltime Scotorum, potuit quo ſoſpite ſolo
Libertas patriae ſalva fuiſse tuae:
Te moriente novos accepit Scotia Cives,
Accepitque novos te moriente Deos.
Illa tibi ſupereſſe negat, Tu non potes illi,
Ergo Caledoniae nomen inane vale:
Tuque vale gentis priſcae fortiſſime ductor,
Optime Scotorum atque ultime, GRAME, vale.
Engliſhed by Mr. Dryden,
O laſt and beſt of Scots! who did'ſt maintain
Thy Country's Freedom from a foreign Reign;
[Page 118] New People fill the Land, now they are gone;
New Gods the Temples, & new Kings the Throne.
Scotland and thou, did each in other live,
Thou coud'ſt not Her, nor cou'd [...] theeſurvive
Farewell thou living that did ſupport the State,
And coud'ſt not fall, but by thy Countrys fate.

He married Jean Daughter of William Lord Cochran, Son and Heir of William firſt Earl of Dundonald, by whom he had a Son James, who dyed an Infant, in the Month of December 1689, the Honour devolving on

Mr. David Graham his Uncle, who heartily eſpouſing King James's Intetereſt at the Revolution, he was preſent with his Brother in the Battle of Kiliecrankie, for which he was Outlaw'd, Anno 1690, retiring to the Court of St. Germans, in 1692, the ſaid King, as a ſpecial Mark of his Favour, and to teſtify the great Eſteem he had for his Lordſhip, was pleaſed to make him a Knight of the moſt noble Order of St. Andrew, and tho he continued a very zealous Proteſtant, yet he was King James particular Favorite till his Death, which happened in the 1700, unmarried; ſo that had not his Eſtate and Honour been forfeited, William Graham of Duntroon would have ſucceeded him in both the one and the other.

79.1. ARMS.

Or, three Pyls wave within a double Treſſure counterflour'd, Sable, on a chief of the ſecond: three Eſcalops of the firſt.

80. COCHRAN, Earl of Dundonald.

THIS Family, which originally took its Sirname from the Barony of Cochran in Renfrew-ſhire, is of very great Antiquity, and tho none of the Family arriv'd not to the Dignity of Peerage till the Reign of K. Charles I. yet its undeniable that they were Barons of ſpecial Account for many Ages before, and indowed with large Poſſeſſions in theſe Parts, and elſewhere.

The firſt of whom I have found upon Record, is Waldenus de Coveran, i. e. Cochran, who in the 1262, is Witneſs to the Grant which Dungal the the Son of Suayn made to [Walter Steuart Earl of Monteith, of ſundry Lands in the County of Argyle a, which came in After-times to be tranſmited to Forreſter of Carden. Another William de Coveran is mentioned by Pryn, as a Perſon of a Account in this County, who makes his Submiſſion to King Edward I. Anno Dom. 1296b in the Ragman Roll; alſo John de Coveran is Witneſs in the regular Election of James Abbot of Paiſly 17th of David II, Anno 1346c. The next remarkable Perſon of the Family, is Goſiline de Cochran, who flouriſhed under King David Bruce, he is Witneſs to ſeveral Grants made by Robert ſecond, when Earl of Strathern, to the Religious of Paiſly, an Abbacy he aſſumed into his particular Patronage, wherein his Anceſtors Donations being made to the Glory of God, are particularly narrated. He left Iſſue, William de Cochran of that Ilk, his Son, who obtained from King Robert II. a Charter of the Lands of Cochran to be held in as ample a manner as any of his Progenitors held the ſame of the Lord high Stewart of Scotland, dated on the 22 of September 1389; as he ſtood in ſpecial Favour with this King, ſo was he in no leſs with Robert 3d his Son, to whom it ſeems he had been ſerviceable, for when he came to the Crown, he had ſo greatful a Senſe thereof, that in the ſecond Year of his Reign, Anno 1392, he [Page 119] made him a Grant of fourty Shilling Sterling in Annuity ariſing out of the Profits of the Burgh of Rutherglen a. He was ſucceeded by Robert his Son, who reſigned his Eſtate in favours of Allan his Son, Anno 1456. This Allan, in 1452 is Witneſs to the Mortification which Robert Lord Lyle made to the Abbot & conventwal Brethern of the Monaſtry of Paiſly, of the Fiſhing on the River of Clyde, at the place called Crokatſhot, for the help of there Prayers to advance his ſpiritual Eſtate, in in which Deed he's deſigned Allanus Cochran Armiger, his Father being then alive, and to whom he ſucceeded before the 1480. He married . . . . . . . . Daughter of . . . . . . by whom he had Robert a Son, who was Father of John Cochran of that Ilk, who immediately ſucceeded his Grand-father, upon his Death.

Which John, for ſome Conſiderations, I know not, obtained a Licence from his Sovereign Lord King James IV. under the Great Seal, impouring him to diſpoſe of either his Lands of Eaſter Cochran in Renfrew-ſhire, or his Lands of Pitfour in Perth-ſhire, Accordingly he alienated a part of his Lands of Cochran to James Arch-Biſhop of Glaſgow, Anno 1519, to which Deed he appends his Seal, the Impreſſion bearing Three Boars Heads eraz'd, and circumſcribed, Sigillum Johannis de Cochran. His Wife was Eliſabeth Daughter of John Semple of Fullwood b, who bore him a Son John, who was ſerved and retoured Heir to his Father on the 12th of May 1539, he dying in the 1557, left Iſſue by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Lindſay of Dunrod, in Vicecomitatu de Renfrew, a Son.

William, who ſucceeded him. In 1593, he erected from the Foundation, at Cochran the ancient Seat of his Family, a very high Tower of Free-ſtone, and adorned it with large Plantations, he marrying Margaret Daughter of Robert Montgomery of Skelmurly, in Viceomita [...]u de Air, by Mary his Wife Daughter of Robert Lord Semple, had a Daughter Eliſabeth, his ſole Heir.

He wiſely conſidering the proper way of ſupporting his Family, was to ſettle his Daughter in his own own time, and declining to Marry her into a richer Family than his own; he made a prudent and diſcreet Match for her with Alexaader Blair, a younger Son of an ancient and genteel Family in Air-ſhirec, whoſe Anceſtors had been ſeated in the County foreſaid for many Ages before, ſo that beſide a noble Alliaance, and a competent Patrimony, he yielded to change his Name to Cochran, which was almoſt the only Condition the old Gentleman required. This Alexander ſo taking upon him the Sirname of Cochran, was a vertous and frugal Man, and ſtudied as much the good of the Family, as if he himſelf had been born the Heir thereof. In 1622, he acquired the Lands of Cowdoun, with an Intention to unite them to the ancient patrimonial Inheritance of Cochran; but he afterwards ſold them to Sir William his ſecond Son, as a Fund to provide his younger Children; for beſide Sir John his eldeſt Son, he had ſix other Sons and two Daughters.

Sir William Cochran of Cowdoun.

Alexander, a Colonel in the King's Service, in the Wars of Ireland, which commenc'd in the 1641, with the Murder of upwards of fifty thouſand Scots and Engliſh by the Native Iriſh.

Hugh, Author of the Branch of Ferguſly, he was a Colonel firſt under the renoun'd Guſtavous Adolphus King of Sweden, and afterward to King Charle I. in the time of the Civil War in Ireland.

[Page 120] Bryſe, a Colonel in the time of the Civil War, who loſt his Life in the King's Service, Anno 1650.

Captain Ochter Cochran.

Gavin Cochran of Craigmure, was the ſeventh and youngeſt Son.

Eliſabeth, married to John Lennox of Woodhead in Stirling-ſhire.

Griſel, to Thomas Dunlop of Houſle.

Which Sir John, in the Time of the unhappy Civil War in Britain, firmly adhered to the Intereſt of King Charles I. and had a Colonel's Commiſſion in the Army. In the Year 1644, he was ſent Ambaſſador to ſeveral Princes to ſollicit their Aſſiſtance in his Majeſty's behalfa, which he perform'd with ſuch Diligence and Conduct, that in the Treaty of Peace which was ſet on Foot betwixt the King and the Parliament of England and the Eſtates of Scotland, Anno 1646, he was together with the Marquis of Huntly and Montroſe, the Earls of Nithſdale, Crawfurd, Tra quair, &c. propoſed to be excepted from the King's Pardon, which his Majeſty generouſly refuſedb. Upon the Murder of the King, he attended King Charles II. into Foreign Parts, and in the 1650, was ſent into Polland to crave Aid of the Scots Merchants there; but be [...]ore his Return the King and the Scots Army were defeated at Worceſter, he continuing with the King, during his Exile, dyed about the time of the Reſtauration without Iſſue; ſo that his next Brother Sir William became his Heir.

Which Sir William was very carefully educated in Grammar learning in his Youth, whence he was remov'd to the Univerſity, where having applyed himſelf indefatigably to his Studies, and highly improv'd his natural Endowments with Academical Learning, he removed from thence after he had taken the Degree of Maſter of Arts, and ſtudied our Laws; in which Profeſſion he attained to an uncommon Perfection. Soon after his entering on the Stage of Buſineſs, he became much ſam'd for his prudent Management and Conduct, by which he acquired a fair Eſtate, both in the Shires of Renfrew and Air, for the laſt of which he had the Honour to ſerve as a Member in the Parliament, 1647, wherein his Abilities were ſoon diſcovered by the great and leading Men of the Houſe, and he ſhewed himſelf thro' the Courſe of the Sitting of that Parliament, a good and even Patriot, wholly Intent upon the Honour and Safety of the King, whoſe Intereſt he did viſibly advance, and the Welfare and Tranquillity of the Nation, then in no ſmall Ferment. He appeared very forward to raiſe the Army for the Relief of his Majeſty, then under Reſtraint, in Conſideration whereof, he was by Letters Patent, [...]bearing date at Scarſborough, 27th December 1647, created Lord Cochran of Cowdon. Increaſing ſtill more and more in Wealth and Honour, not long after he acquired the Lordſhip of Paiſly, where he fixed h [...]s Seat, and lived with great Splendor and Hoſpitality for many Years. After the barbarous Murder of the King, his Lordſhip contributed his beſt and hearty Endeavours toward bringing home King Charles II. to inherit the rightful Poſſeſſion of the Throne of theſe Realms, which no doubt was the Cauſe, when Oliver Cromwel came to be called Protector, he fined my Lord Cochran among other Loyaliſts, in 5000 Pound Sterling, by a ſpecial Ordinance of the Commonwealth of England, the 12th of April 1654c.

The King being happily reſtored in the 1660, he was ſoon after ſworn a Privy Counſellour, and by his Majeſty's ſpecial Choice conſtituted one of the Commiſſioners of the The ſaury and Exchequer, which great and weighty [Page 121] Imployment he diſcharged with admirable Prudence and Integrity, to the general Satisfaction of the whole Nation, of which his Majeſty was ſo fully ſatisfied, that he was pleaſed to advance him to the Title of Earl of Dundonald, the 12th of May 1669, and that in Conſideration of the ſpecial Services he had render'd the Crown in thoſe high and eminent Stations, continuing in great Eſteem with King Charles, during the whole Courſe of his Reign.

He married Euphame Daughter of Sir William Scot of Ardroſs, in Vicecomitatu de Fife, by whom he had two Sons and a Daughter.

1. William Lord Cochran, who dyed in the flower of his Age, Anno 1680, leaving Iſſue by the Lady Catherine his Wife, Daughter of John Earl of Caſſils, John who ſucceeded his Grand-father in the Honour, William Cochran of Kilmaronock, a Member of Parliament for the Burgh of Wigtoun, and the other Towns in that Diſtrict, and one of the Commiſſioners for keeping her Majeſty's Signet, Sir Alexander Erskin Lord Lyon, and John Pringle of Haining, being joined in Commiſſion with him. He married Griſel, Daughter of James, ſecond Marquis of Montroſe, and has Iſſue; Thomas Cochran of Polkely, third Son, dyed without Children; Alexander Cochran of Bonſhaw, the youngeſt; alſo three Daughters, 1ſt. Margaret, married to Alexander Earl of Eglintoun. 2d. Helen, to John Earl of Sutherland. 3d. Jean, to John Viſcount of Dundee, and afterward to William Viſcount of Kilſyth.

2d Son, Sir John Cochran of Ochiltree, in Air-ſhire.

Likewiſe a Daughter Griſel, married to George Lord Roſs.

This Earl gave way to Nature in the ſpring of the Year 1686, and was by his own Direction interr'd in the Paroch Church of Dundonald, without any Funeral Monument, but upon his Eſcutcheon I find the Arms of theſe noble and ancient Families.
  • Paternal Side.
    • Cochran of that Ilk.
    • Lord Semple.
    • Cunningham of Glengarnock.
    • Lord Cairlyle of Torthorald.
  • Maternal Side.
    • Cochran of that Ilk.
    • Montgomery of Skelmurly.
    • Lindſay of Dunrod.
    • Lord Semple.

To William Earl of Dundonald ſucceeded John his Grandſon and Heir, a Nobleman of great Goodneſs and excellent Parts; he dyed in the prime of his Years, Anno 1691, regrated by all thoſe who knew him, leaving Iſſue by the Lady Suſanna his Wife, Daughter of William Duke of Hamilton, two Sons, William who ſucceeded in the Honour, but dyed unmarried the 19th of November 1705. And

John the preſent Earl, who married Anne Daughter of Charles Earl of Dunmore, a Lady who wanted no Vertue to make her an acceptable Wife; ſhe dyed in the 1711, univerſally lamented, whoſe Conduct in all Conditions of Life render'd her Loſs a laſting Grief to her Relations; he had by her a Son and three Daughters.

William Lord Cochran

Lady Anne,

Lady Catherine,

Lady Suſanne, all Young.

80.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Chiveron, Gules, betwixt three Boars Heads Azure, ſupported by two Ratch Hounds of the firſt, Creſt, a Horſe, Argent, Motto, Virtute & Labore.

81. GALLOWAY, Lord Dunkeld.

[Page 122]

THE Anceſtor of this Family was Mr. Patrick Galloway, firſt Miniſter of the Goſpel in the Burgh of Pearth a, whence he was tranſlated to the City of Edinburgh, where he exerciſed his Function till the 1624, he departed this Life, leaving Iſſue by Mary his Wife, Daughter of Mr. James Lawſon, one of the Miniſters of the City of Edinburgh, a Son

Sir James Galloway of Carnby, who was Maſter of Requeſts both to King James VI. and King Charles I.b and conjunct Secretary of State with William Earl of Stirling, Anno 1640, when the Troubles broke out in that Reign, he approved himſelf a moſt faithful Servant to his Majeſty in the Times of his greateſt Exigency, in Teſtimony whereof he was by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 15th May 1645, created Lord Dunkeld c. He married . . . . . Daughter of Sir Robert Norter, Knight, by whom he had

Thomas Lord Dunkeld, his Son and Heir, who marrying Margaret Daughter of Sir Thomas Thomſon of Duddingſtoun, by Jean Daughter of Sir James Scrimgeor of Duddop, had Iſſue

1. James, late Lord Dunkeld.

2. Andrew Galloway Eſq

3. John Galloway Eſq

Catherine, married to Thomas Forbes of Watertoun, in Aberdeen ſhire.

Margaret, to James Ratry of Craighall, in Vicecomitatu de Pearth.

Mary, to the Reverend Mr. John Falconer, a Divine.

Which James Lord Dunkeld, being Abroad in the Army, at the Revolution freely reſorted to the Service of King James VII, and had a Command in the Battle of Killiecrankie, for which he was Forfeited, and retiring to the Court of St. Germans, he dyed not long ago.

81.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Lyon rampant Azure, the Supporters two Eagles Sable, Creſt, a Mound beſpread with the Rayes of the Sun, embraced betwixt two Corn-Ears, Saltyre ways, Or, Motto, Higher.

82. MURRAY, Earl of Dunmore.

KING James VII. was pleaſed to raiſe Lord Charles Murray, ſecond Son of John Marquis of Athole, by the Lady Aemilia Stanly, Daughter of James Earl of Darby, to the Honour of Earl of Dunmore, by Letters Patent the 16th of Auguſt 1686. His firſt Preferment was, to be Lieutenant Colonel to a Regiment of Horſe commanded by General Thomas Dalziel, Anno 1679, and Maſter of Horſe to her Royal Highneſs the Princeſs Anne, now Queen of Great Britain: He was afterward made Colonel of the ſame Regiment, upon the Death of the General his Superior Officer, Anno 1685, and Maſter of Horſe to Queen Mary, Wife of King James VII. both which Offices he held till the Revolution depriv'd him: All King William's time he lived retir'dly, but upon the Queen's Acceſſion to the Crown, he was conſtituted one of her Majeſty's Privy Council, the 4th of February 1703, and Captain of the Caſtle of Blackneſs, Anno 1707, upon the removal of David Earl of Buchan, and departing this Life in [Page 123] 1710. He left Iſſue by Catherine his Wife, Daughter of Robert Watts of the County of Hertfort, Eſq

1. James Lord Fincaſtle, dyed without Iſſue. 2d. John now Earl of Dunmore, Lieutenant Colonel in the Engliſh Foot Guards, Commanded by his Grace James Duke of Ormond. 3d. Rorert, a Colonel in the Scots Foot-Guards. 4th. Charles. 5th. William. 6th. Thomas, a Page of Honour to her Majeſty Queen Anne; alſo three Daughters,

Henrietta, married to Patrick Lord Kinnaird, ſans Iſſue.

Anne, to John Earl of Dundonald.

Catherine, to John Maſter of Nairn, Son and Heir of William Lord Nairn.

82.1. ARMS.

The Coat of the Duke of Athole, viz. The Arms of the old Steuarts Earls of Athole, quarter'd with the paternal Coat of Murray Earl of Tilliebardin; and in an Eſcutcheon over all, a proper Difference taken from his Relation to the noble Family of Stanly Earls of Darby, Lord of the Iſle of Man.

83. CRICHTON, Earl of Drumfrees.

THIS Family was a Branch of Crichton in Lothian; in the Time of King Robert Bruce, William Crichton Knight, then obtaining the half of the Barony of Sanquhar in Drumfrees-ſhire, by the Marriage of Iſobel de Roſs, one of the Daughters and Co-heirs of Roſs of Sanquhar a, whence they came to carry the Coat of Roſs, viz. Azure, three Water-Budgets, Or. Hence deſcended,

Robert Crichton of Sanquhar, tempore Jacobi II. who ſtood in ſpecial Favour with that Prince, from whom he obtained firſt the Honour of Knighthood; and in the 1452, being alſo one of the Lords of Privy Council, he greatly inriched himſelf, by the Marriage of Catherine, the Heir of Sir Nicol Erskine of Kinoule, in Vicecomitatu de Perth, and had Iſſue,

1ſt. Robert, his Succeſſor.

The 2d. Edward Crichton, who had by his Father's Grant, the Lands of Kilpatrick, which was confirmed by the King's Charter, Anno 1483b, and at the ſame time, he had divers Lands then in the Crown, by the Forſaulture of thoſe who aſſiſted the Duke of Albany, and other Rebels. This Branch terminated in a Daughter, in the Reign of James V. married to James Gordon of Lochinvar.

The 3d. was Alexander, from whom the Crichtons of Crawfurdſtoun in Nithſdale deſcendedc, and their Cadets.

4th. Lawrance Crichton, of Balnamuchty;

Alſo ſeveral Daughters, Eliſabeth; married to Sir William Douglaſs of Drumlanrig, Margaret to David Cairlyle of Torthorald: But to return to the aforeſaid Robert Crichton of Sanquhar. This Robert ſignalized himſelf, both for his Loyalty and Valour in the Wars, againſt Alexander Duke of Albany, and James Earl of Douglaſs, in behalf of King James III, at the Battle of Kirkonel Anno 1483, in Recompence whereof he had ſeveral of the Rebels Lands beſtowed upon [Page 124] him; in the Grant his Services to the Crown are particularly narrated with Honoura; having thus augmented his Fortune, he came in the ſame Reign to be called Lord Crichton of Sanquhar.

He married Marion, Daughter of John firſt Earl of Lennox, and had Iſſue Robert his Succeſſor.

Marion, married to Malcolme Crawfurd of Kilbirny, Anceſtor to the Viſcount of Garnock.

Which Robert married Eliſabeth, Daughter of . . . . . Murray of . . . . . & had William his Succeſſor, who was Killed by the Lord Semple b, Anno 1550, leaving Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Malcolm Lord Fleeming, 1ſt. Robert his Succeſſor in the Honour, but dyed without Iſſue, 2d. Edward who after his Brothers Death was Lord Sanquhar.

3d. John Crichton of Rayhill, who married Mary Daughter of Sir John Carmichael of Crawfurd, and had William afterward Earl of Drumfrees, which Edward ſo ſucceeding his Brother, married Margaret Daughter of Sir James Douglaſs of Drumlanrig, by whom he had Robert his only Son and Heir, who reſiding at the Court, after King James's Acceſſion to the Crown, acquired great skill in moſt of the Exerciſes then in Vogue, particularly in Fencing, whereby he came to value himſelf much upon his Skill therein, and intending to diſparage one John Turner a Fencing-Maſter in his own School, and he apprehenſive of his Deſign, preſs'd ſo rudely upon this Lord, that he put out one of his Eyes; his Lordſhip being afterward in the Court of France, and the King underſtanding that he loſt his Eye by a common Fencing Maſter, ſaid to the Lord Sanquhar, Vit t' il encore? Is the Man ſtill alive that did it? This Queſtion put him upon meditating a Revenge, and ſome Years after, coming to England, he hired one Robert Cairlye to Murder Turner, which he did with [...] Piſtol at his own Houſe in Whitefriars, London; whereupon his Lordſhip abſconded; and hearing a thouſand Pound was offered for his Head, he reſigned himſelf to the King's Mercy, and acknowledged the Murder, but no Interceſſion could prevail, his Life ſatisfied the Law, for he was executed before the Gates of Weſtminſter, the 29th of June 1612. He married Mary, Daughter of Sir George Farmour of Eaſton, in the County of Northampton, Anceſtor to the Lord Lempſter in England, but by her he had no Iſſue, and therefore ſo far as he could, made over his Eſtate to William Crichton his natural Son, and the Honour came to

William Crichton of Rayhill, his Couſin German, and Heir Male, who by the King's Determination, had alſo moſt of the Eſtate; he was by the ſaid King James in 1622 raiſed to the Honour of Viſcount of Air, and King Charles I. ſome Days preceeding his Coronation in Scotland, created him Earl of Drumfrees. by Letters patent, bearing date the 10th of June 1633, and to the Heirs of his Body for ever, and departing this Life in 1641; he left Iſſue by Eupham his Wife, Daughter of James Seton of Touch, in Vicecomitatu de Stirling, 1ſt. William, who ſucceed- him. 2d. Sir James Crichton of St. Leonards. 3d. John, a Colonel in the German Wars; alſo two Daughters,

1. Mary, married to Edward Swift, Viſcount of Carlingford, in the Kingdom of Ireland, and had Iſſue.

2. Catherine, to Sir John Charters of Aimesfield, in Vicecomitatu de Drumfrees.

Which William was one of Lords of the Privy Council to King Charles II. He married Penelope, Daughter of Sir Robert Swift, Knight, of the [Page 125] County of York by Urſilla his Wife, Daughter of . . . . . . Barnham Eſq by whom he had Charles Lord Crichton, who died before himſelf and two Daughters Eliſabeth, Wife of Alexander Earl of Eglingtoun, and Lady Mary who dyed unmarried.

Charles Lord Crichton, married Sarah Daughter of James firſt Viſcount of Stair, by whom he had William who ſucceeded his Grandfather, and four Daughters,

1. Penelope, now Counteſs of Drumfrees.

2. Margaret.

3. Mary.

4. Eliſabeth.

This Earl reſigned the Honour, Anno 1690; and got a Patent to his Heirs Male or Female, with the Precedency, according to the former Creationa, and dying in the 1691, he was ſucceeded by William his Grandſon, who dying a Minor, Anno 1694, the Honour devolv'd upon Penelope his Siſter, who is married with Willim Dalrymple Eſq Son to John firſt Earl of Stair, and has Iſſue, William Lord Crichton, and ſeveral other Children.

83.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th, Argent, a Lyon rampant, Azure, 2d and 3d Azure, three Water Budgets, Or, ſupported by two Lyons, Azure, crowned with an Earls Coronet Proper, Creſt, a Dragons Head, Vert, ſpouting Fire, Motto, God ſend Grace.

84. TALMASH, Earl of Dyſart.

WIlliam Murray, created Earl of Dyſart, by the Favour of King Charles I. Anno 1646b, was the Son of Mr. William Murray Parſon of Dyſert, a younger Brother of the Family of Wood-end in Perth-ſhire, branched from Patrick Murray Son of Sir David Murray of Tillibardin, in King James III's Time.

Which William was Educated at Court by Mr. Thomas Murray his Uncle, who was Preceptor, and then Secretary to King Charles I. when Prince of Wales, the Prince and Mr. Murray being about an Age, they contracted a more than ordinary Intimacy in their younger Years; when his Majeſty came to the Crown, Anno 1626, he made him one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-chamber, which was a fair and probable way to Preſerment; had it not been for the Changes that enſu'd during the Civil War; he was imployed by the King in diverſe ſecret Negotiations of the higheſt Importance: Likeas, he was with the Earl of Carnwath ſent over with Inſtructions to the Scots Commiſſioners at Breda, then treating with King Charles II. in order to his Reſtaurationc, Anno 1650, which he performed with great Diligence and Conduct.

He married Eliſabeth Bruce, of the Family of Clackmanan, by whom he had two Daughters, Eliſabeth Counteſs of Dyſart, and Margaret, married to William Lord Maynard, in England. This Eliſabeth by the ſpecial Favour of his Majeſty King Charles II. whoſe great Favorite the Counteſs was, procured certain Letters Patent, whereby the Dignity and Title of Counteſs of Dyſart was conferr'd on her, and after her Death, the Honour of Earl to deſcend to her Heirs. Her firſt Husband, was Sir Lionel Talmaſh of Hellingham in the County of Suffolk, by whom ſhe had two Sons and two Daughters,

Lionel Talmaſh, the preſent Earl of Dyſert.

Lieutenant General Thomas Talmaſh, who received his Death-Wounds in the Fight of Cameret, Anno 1694d; alſo two Daughters, [Page 126] Eliſabeth, married to Archibald, firſt Duke of Argyle.

Catherine, to James Lord Down, Son and Heir of Alexander Earl of Murray, 2do. To John Earl of Sutherland, to whom ſhe had no Iſſue.

She married after the Death of Sir Lionel Talmaſh, John Duke of Lauderdale, to whom ſhe was likewiſe ſecond Wife, whom ſurviving alſo, ſhe dyed in the Year . . . ., being then well advanced in Age, whereupon the Title of Earl, by vertue of the Grant above-mentioned, devolved to Sir Lionel Talmaſh her Son, the preſent Earl.

84.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Frette, Sable.

85. MONTGOMERY, Earl of Eglintoun,

EGlintoun is the Name of a Lordſhip and Caſtle in Air-ſhire, from whence its Owner took a Denomination, tempore regis Malcomi, Bryce de Eglintoun, Son and Heir of Eglun, Lord of Eglintoun, who acquired certain Lands from the Community of the Village of Irvine, quas Radulphus fili [...]s & haeres quondam Hugonis de Eglintoun, dedit Communitati & Burgenſibus dicte villae datum in vigilia ſancti Mattheii, Anno gratiae milleſimo ducenteſimo quinto a, from whom in a continued Series deſcended

Sir Hugh Eglintoun of that Ilk, who was Juſticiary of Lothian, Anno 1361b. He married Giles, Daughter of Walter Lord high Stewart of Scotland, Siſter to King Robert II, upon whoſe Advancement to the Throne, he obtained diverſe Grants of Lands, and ſeveral Imployments, but leaving no Male Iſſue, his Eſtate went to his Daughter and Heir, married to Sir John de Montgomery of Egleſham, Knight, whoſe Anceſtor

Roger de Montgomery, Son to Hugh de Montgomery, a noble Knight of French Extraction, near allyed to William Duke of Normandy; he was one of thoſe Nobles who accompanyed this victorious Duke into England, & commanded the Body of his Army in the memorable Battle of Haſtings in Suſſex, Anno 1066, where King Harold was ſlain, and the Victory and Crown of England accrewed to the Conqueror, for which ſignal Service King William beſtowed on him very large Gifts, and both gave him the Territory and Honour of Earl of Arundel, with the Earldom of Salſburry c, being alſo a Perſon of ſingular Devotion, he founded, and moſt amply endowed the Abby of St. Peters at Salisburry, where he at length took upon him the Habite of a Monk, and dyed 1094, leaving Iſſue by Mable his Wife, Daughter of William de Talvaiſe, a great Baron in Boleſm, five Sons, 1ſt. Hugh, dyed without Iſſue, Robert, Roger, Philip, and Arnulph.

Which Robert was knighted by the Conqueror the 6th of his Reign, and always enjoyed his Favour, but upon his Death he adhered to Robert Curthoſe, againſt Henry I. and aſſiſted him in the Battle, where he was routed, and taken Priſoner. This exaſperated K. Henry ſo much, that he baniſhed this Earl, and diſcountenanced his Friends, then it is, and with much Probability ſuppoſed, that Philip de Montgomery, come for Scotland, and fixed his Reſidence in the County of Tiviotdale upon the Border, where he became a powerful Man. In the Time of Malcolm IV. frequent mention is made of Robert de Mundegumery, i. e. Montgomery, [Page 127] who is one of the many Witneſſes to Walter high Stewart of Scotland's Foundation-Charter of the Monaſtery of Paiſly, Anno Chriſti 1160a. The next in Order of Succeſſion taken notice of, if not his Son, is Allan de Mundegumbri, Knight, who held diverſe Lands in the Tenement of Innerwick, of the Lord high Stewart of Scotland b, he's a Witneſs to the Charter of Robert Avenel of his Wood of Polwarth to Arnold Abbot of Kelſo, Anno 1221,c with whom he himſelf ſettles about the Tiths of his Lands of Innerwick, which had been in Diſpute between him and the Convent; he left Iſſue, Sir John de Montgomery, Knight, his Son, who ſhar'd the Inheritance with William de Haukerſtoun, which he obtained by Helen his Wife, Daughter and Cohier of Robert de Kent in Innerwick d, but more of this Sir John I have not diſcovered, ſaving that jointly with the foreſaid William, he was a Benefactor to the Monks of Kelſo for the Health of his Soule: From this to the Time of Robert II. by many advantageous and honourable Marriages, and their great and ſignal Services done to the Crown, both in the Wars and otherways, this Family became poſſeſſed of diverſe fair Lordſhips.

But omitting ſome Traditions, I deſcend to Sir John Montgomery of Egleſham, Knight; who married the Daughter and Heir of Sir Hugh Eglintoun of that Ilk, which Sir John was in that Expedition made againſt the Engliſh at the Battle of Otterburn, Anno 1388, where James Earl of Douglaſs was ſlain; here he behaved very valiantly, and took Henry Percy, Son to the Earl of Northumberland Priſoner, and for his Ranſom obliged him to build the Caſtle of Punoon, the chief Meſſuage of the Lordſhip of Egleſham, he had Iſſue two Sons,

1. Sir Hugh, a brave and gallant Youth, who loſt his Life in the Service of his Country, at the Field of Otterburn, where his Death is particularly remarked in this old Heroick Poem,

He had a Bow bent in his Hand,
Made of a truſty Tree,
An Arrow of a Cloath-yeard long
Into the Head drew he.
Againſt Sir Hugh Montgomery,
So right his Shaft he ſet,
The gray Gooſe Wing that was therein,
In his Heart-blood was weet.

Sir John the ſecond Son ſucceeded into the Eſtate, he was ſent into England one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James I. Anno 1423f and at the ſolemn Inauguration of the ſaid Prince; he was one of the Barons on whom the Honour of Knighthood was conferr'd in 1424, and one of the Peers, who ſat upon the Trial of Murdo Duke of Albany, where we find that unhappy Duke condemn'd to loſe his Head, tho the Records are wholly ſilent as to his Crime. This Lord married Agnes Daughter to the Lord Maxwel, by whom he had

Alexander his Son and Heir, who indeed firſt raiſed the Grandeur of the Family, being a Man of great Parts. King James I. chooſe him a Privy Councilour, and in 1430, conſtituted him jointly in Commiſſion with Sir Alexander Cuningham to be Governour of Kintyre & Knapdale, and the next enſuing Year he was with Alexander Lord Gordon and Mr. John Methven Secretary of State, ſent to England to treat of the continuing a Peace betwixt the two Realms, which was at length concluded by them, having ſurvived the many Difficulties and Factions of King James I's. Reign. I find he was of the Privy Council to his Son King James II, Anno 1440, from whom he obtained ſeveral beneficial Grants from the Crown, in Conſideration of his good [Page 128] and laudable Services, not only performed to himſelf, but to his Father of bleſſed Memory. This Lord was twice ſent Commiſſioner into England a the firſt time in the 1444, and the other in 1457. In both the Commiſſions he's deſigned Alexander Dominus Montgomery. Simply he took to Wife, Margaret Daughter of Thomas Boyd of Kilmaronock b by whom he had Iſſue,

Alexander, who dyed in his Lifetime, but left two Sons behind him, by Eliſabeth his Wife Daughter of . . . . . Hepburn of Hales c, viz. Alexander who after his Grand-father's Death, was Lord Montgomery, and Robert firſt of the Montgomerys of Broadſtone d, of whom Hugh Earl of Mount-Alexander of the Kingdom of Ireland in the Linal Heir.

George Montgomery of Skelmurly, was this Lords ſecond Son () whoſe Succeſſor is Sir Robert Montgomery Baronet.

Mr. Thomas Montgomery, the third Son, was Parſon of Egelſham.

He had likeways ſeveral Daughters, 1. Margaret married to John firſt Earl of Lennox. 2d. Janet to Sir Robert Cunningham of Kilmaures, Anceſtor to the Earl of Glencairn. 3d. . . . . . . to Alexander Hume of that Ilk. 4th. Jean, to John Lord Kennedy. 5th. Agnes, to William Cuningham of Glen garnock; as to the preciſe Time of this Lords Death, I have not found, but he was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by

Alexander his Grandſon, whom he married in his own time to Catherine f Daughter of Gilbert Lord Kennedy, by whom he had Hugh his Succeſſor. 2d. James Montgomery of Smeithſton. 3d. John.

Which Hugh, upon the Acceſſion of King James IV. to the Crown, was named of his Council, and in 1489 he obtained a Grant of the Conſtabulary of his Majeſty's Caſtle of Rothſay g, this King ever treating him with particular Marks of his Favour, and at laſt was pleaſed to creat him into the Dignity of Earl of Eglintoun, Anno 1503h, he married Helen, Daughter of Colin firſt Earl of Argyle, by whom he had three Sons and ſeveral Daughters.

1. John called Maſter of Eglintoun,

2. Son Sir Neil Montgomery of Lainſhaw, who had a Grant from his Father of the Lands of Lainſhaw, Galowbery, Crevoch, Kilbryde, Milſtonflet, Bradfurow, the Temple Land of Stewartoun, Holowchaple, Langanfee, Charlewrak, Longford; Crochdow, and Lochdernell in Air-ſhirei, the Lands of Airdoch and Nether-Craig in Renfrew ſhire. Moreover by Marriage of Margaret, Daughter and ſole Heir of Quintine Mure of Skeldon, he conſiderably increaſed his Fortune, his Eſtate in all amounting to 100 Merk Land of old Extent, and thereupon he added to his Coat of Arms Argent, three Molets Azure.

He was killed in a Feud by the Lord Boyd in June 1547, having had two Sons by the ſaid Margaret, his Wife; John who married Margaret Daughter of Robert Lord Boyd, but dyed without Succeſſion, and Sir Neil who ſucceeded him, of whom and his Deſcendents more ſhall be ſaid under the Title of Lyle, he marrying Jean, Daughter and ſole Heir of John laſt Lord Lyle.

3d. Son was Mr. William Montgomery of Greenfield, who acquired the Lands of Stane in Air-ſhire, by Marriage of Eliſabeth Daughter and ſole Heir of Robert Frances of Stane k. This Branch divided it ſelf afterward by Means of Hugh, a younger Son, who became the Root of the Montgomery's of Achinhood, and his Cadets.

Margaret, 1ſt. Daughter, married to William Lord Semple. 2d. Marjory, to William Lord Somervel. The 3d. Maud to Colin Campbel of Arkinglaſs e [Page 129] but had no Iſſue. 4th. Iſobel to John Mure of Caldwell, in Vicecomitatu deRenfrew, and had Iſſue. 5th Eliſabeth, to John Blair of that Ilk. 6th. Agnes, to John Ker of Kerſland, in Vicecomitatu de Air, and had Iſſue.

Here its requiſite to obſerve, that John, Son and Heir apparent to this Earl, when the Feuds run high betwixt the contending Parties of the Nobility in the Minority of King James V, he was killed in a Scuffle betwixt the Earls of Aran and Angus on the Street of Edinburgh, 30 of April 1520a, leaving behind him a Son and a Daughter by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Sir Archibald Edmonſton of Duntreath b, Hugh who ſucceeded his Grand-father, and Chriſtian, Wife of Sir William Douglaſs of Drumlanrig, Anceſtor to the Duke of Queensberry.

Which Hugh was of the Privy Council to King James V. as he had been before to John Duke of Albany, Governour of Scotland, in the ſaid King's Minority, and was one of the Lords to whom his Grace committed the Tuition of that Prince, upon his going to France to concert Meaſures with that Court for carrying on a War with England, Anno 1520c: Yea, the ſaid King had ſuch an Eſteem of this Lord, that when he went to France in order to eſpouſe Magdalen, Daughter of Francis I. Anno 1536, he appointed him one of the Governours of Scotland, the Earl of Huntly being joined in Commiſſion with him. His Wife was Marion, Daughter of George Lord Seton, by whom he had only a Son,

Hugh his Succeſſor in the Honour, who, as ſoon as he came to Man's Eſtate, married the Lady Jean Hamilton, Daughter of James Duke of Chattlerault Governour of Scotland, which Marriage was diſolved in the 1562, they ſtanding in the fourth Degree of Conſanguinity, the Pope's Diſpenſation not being obtainedd, & then by, the Permiſſion of the Biſhop of Rome, he's allowed to Marry Agnes Daughter of Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffrey, Widow of Sir Hugh Campbel of Lowdon: By her he had four Children.

1. Hugh Earl of Eglintoun.

2. Robert Montgomery of Giffen, who married Margaret Daughter of Sir Matthew Campbel of Lowdon, by whom he had one Daughter, Eliſabeth, his ſole Heir, married to Hugh Earl of Eglintoun.

Margaret, eldeſt Daughter, was married to Robert 1ſt. Earl of Winton, Mother by him of George 2d Earl of Winton, and of Alexander Earl of Eglintoun.

Agnes the ſecond, married to Robert Lord Semple, and had Iſſue.

This Earl ſtuck cloſe to Queen Mary in the Time of her greateſt Diſtreſs: He put himſelf in Arms in her behalf, and was perſonally engaged in the Battle of Lang-ſide e, were he, together with the Lord Seton, and many Barons of Account, were taken Priſoners, after which he thought ſit to tender his Submiſſion to King James VI. and lived peaceably till his Death, which happened in the Month of June 1585f, his Eſtate devolving on

Hugh his Son, who was barbarouſly murdered on the ſcore of a private Quarrel, by John Cuningham of Colnbeith, and his Adherents, the 12th Day of April 1586g, whereby his Country was deprived of an Honour and Ornament, his Prince of a faithful and able Subject, and his Family of a ſingular Advantage, Mr. John Johnſton wrote the following Epitaph in Praiſe of him.

[Page 130]
Illa opifex ſollers rerum, magni amula Olympi
Natura, immenſis ambitioſa opibus;
Illa ſibi de te certans quae ſingula, rara,
Vix aliis, dedit haec cunta benigna tibi.
Sic artus, ſic ora, animos, ſic pectora finxit,
Caeteraque humanis anteferenda notis:
Vix aliqu [...]m ut credas mortali ſemine cretum,
Aſt quales tulerunt ſecula priſca deos.
Invidioſa nimis viſa haec mortalibus. Ergo
Tollere mox properat infidioſa manus.
Pertunam ingentem gravior ſaepe exitus urget:
Praecipitique vides fulmine magna quati.

He left a Son by Giles his Wife, Daughter to Robert Lord Boyd, Hugh who ſucceeded him in his Eſtate and Honour. This Earl in the 1603a, obtained a Grant to himſelf, his Heirs and Aſſigneys, upon the Reſignation of Mr. William Melvil, erecting the diſſolved Abbay of Kilwining formerly a Seat of Benedictine Monks, with all the Lands and Tithes, either in Property or Superiority which had belonged at any time thereto into a temporal Lordſhip, with the Patronage of the Churches of Kilwining, Irvine, Dunbartoun, Kilmarnock, Loudoun, Ardroſſan, Kilbirny, Dalry, Dunlop, Beith, Stewar toun, Stevenſon, Dreghorn, Pearſton, Kilbryde, and Kilmachornal.

He married Eliſabeth, Daughter of Robert Montgomery of Giffen, but dying without Iſſue in the 1612b, his Eſtate by vertue of an Entail made by him, came to Sir Alexander Seton his Couſin German, who changed his Name to Montgomery, but he could not enjoy the Title of Earl, without the King's ſpecial Allowance, which ſoon after, his Majeſty was pleaſed to beſtow upon him, for the great Merit of his Anceſtors, with the Dignity and precedency formerly enjoyed by Hugh Earl of Eglingtoun, laſt deceaſed.

This Earl was among the Number of thoſe Peers, who engaged themſelves againſt the King, Anno 1638, upon the firſt commencing of our bloody Civil War; he had the Command of a Regiment in the Army that was ſent to Ireland, Anno 1642, toward the ſuppreſſing the Rebellion, of the Native Iriſh c: He was likeways perſonally engaged in the Battle of Longmarſtonmuir, Anno 1643, in the Service of the Parliament of England, againſt the King, where he behaved with aboundance of Courage, yet his Lordſhip ſtill retained a Reſpect and Affection to his Majeſty's Perſon, and no Man more abominated the Murder of the Lords Anointed than he.

He heartily concurred with, and was extremely ſatisfied with the Reſtauration of King Charles II. by whom he was conſtituted Captain of his Guard of Horſed, Anno 1650; and the next Year while he was raiſing Forces in the Weſtern Parts for the King's Service, he was ſurpriſed at Dunbarton by a Party of Engliſh Horſe, and ſent Priſoner to the Town of Hull, and afterward removed to Berwick upon Tweed, ſuffering likeways the Sequeſtration of his Eſtate till the Reſtauration reponed him, Anno 1660, his firſt Wife was Anne, Daughter of Alexander firſt Earl of Linlithgow, by whom he had

1. Hugh his Succeſſor in the Honour.

2. Sir Henry Montgomery of Giffen, dyed without Children.

3d. Sir Alexander, a Colonel in Ireland, in which Kingdom he dyed.

4. Colonel James Montgomery of Coelsfield.

5. Robert, who in his Youth making choice of a Military Life, went over to the Wars in Ireland, Ann [...] 1642, he was firſt made a Captain in his Father's Regiment, after which he liſted himſelf in the Service of the Parliament of England, where in Time he arrived to the Degree of a Major General, and acquired the Reputation of a Man of Courage, and a good Officer, he firmly adhered to [Page 131] King Charles II. and in his Majeſty's Service he gave many ſignal Proofs of his Loyalty and Valour on ſeveral occaſions, eſpecially at that memorable Encounter at Dunbar, 3d. of September 1650, in which Action he performed the part of a brave and valiant Commander; likeways he commanded in the Quality of Major General of the Horſe in the Royal Army at Worceſter. 3d of September 1651, where he received diverſe Wounds, and had the Misfortune to be taken Priſoner, whence making his Eſcape out of the Caſtle of Edinburgh [...]n Diſguiſe, Anno 1659a, he got beyond Sea to the King, and returned with his Maſter, Anno 1660, being one of the Gentlemen of his Majeſty's Bed Chamber. He married Margaret Daughter of James Viſcount of Kilſyth, by whom he had James Montgomery Eſq his Son and Heir.

His Lordſhips had likeways two Daughters, 1ſt. Margaret, married to John 1ſt. Earl of Twedale after his Death to William Earl of Glencairn, the 2d. Anne dyed unmarried. He married to his ſecond Wife Margaret Daughter of Walter Lord Buclugh Widow of James Lord Roſs, but by her he had no Succeſſion, and arriving to the 73d Year of his Age, he departed this Life the 7th of January 1661, his Eſtate and Honour devolving on

Hugh his Son. This noble Earl was a Man of perfect Loyalty in the time of our Civil Troubles, as appears in all the Accounts of thoſe Times, particularly by the Memoiers of the Biſhop of Dunkeld, his Cotemporary. In the 1643, he raiſed a Troop of Horſe, with which he marched in Perſon, and fought valiantly at Langmarſtonmuir, and ſeveral other Battles and Skirmiſhes, and continuing to adhere faithfully to the Royal Cauſe, he was therefore excepted out of Cromwel's Indemnity, in the 1654a, by Anne his firſt Wife, Daughter of James Marquis of Hamilton, he had one Daughter Anne, married to James Earl of Finlator; alſo by Mary his ſecond Wife Daughter of John Earl of Rothes, he had

Alexander his Succeſſor.

Francis Montgomery of Giffen, who was one of the Lords of the Privy Council, and one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury in the Reign of K. William & Q. Anne. He was appointed one of the Commiſſioners upon the Part of Scotland to treat upon a nearer Union with England in 1706, which was at that time compleated, he had no Iſſue by Margaret his firſt Wife, Daughter and ſole Heir of Alexander Earl of Leven, but by Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir Robert Sinclair of Lochermackhouſe, in Vicecomitatu de Haddingtoun; He had John Montgomery Eſq a Member of Parliament for the County of Air. Alexander, one of the Colonels in Her Majeſty's Foot Guards, who dyed a very hopeful Youth of his Death woun [...]s at the Battle of Almanara, in the 1711; alſo Eliſabeth a Daughter, married to Patrick Ogilvy of Lonmay. This Earl had moreover five Daughters,

1. Mary, married to George Earl of Winton, ſans Iſſue.

2. Margaret, to James 2d Earl of Loudon.

3. Chriſtian, to John 4th Lord Balmerinoch.

4. Eleanor, to Sir David Dunbar of Baldoon, Baronet, in Vicecomitatu de Wigtoun, and had Iſſue.

5. Anne, to Sir Andrew Ramſay of Abbotſhall, Baronet. He departing this Life, Anno 1669, was ſucceeded by

Alexander his Son and Heir, who was named one of the Lords of the Privy Council, 1ſt of May 1689, and dying in the end of the Year 1701, he left Iſſue by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of William Earl of Drumfrees, Alexander the preſent Earl, Major Hugh and Major John Montgomery, b [Page 132] and Mary married to Sir James Agnew of Lochnaw, and had Iſſue.

Which Alexander, was one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King William, and one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury. In 1700, he had a Patent to ſit and Vote in the Parliament of Scotland, as Lord High Theſaurer, all Officers of State tho neither Peers, nor elected as Commiſſioners, having by the Conſtitution a Place in Parliament, and the Crown a Right, when any one of the Officers were vacant, to appoint one to Repreſent in Parliament the ſaid Office. Upon the Diſſolution of the Parliament in 1710, he was on the 10th of November the ſame Year elected one of the ſixteen Peers of Scotland to the Parliament of Great Britain; alſo in 1711, his Lordſhip was appointed one of the Commiſſioners of the Chamberlian-Court, which was then erected. He married firſt Margaret Daughter of William Lord Cochran, Son and Heir of William Earl of Dundonald, by whom he had two Sons, Hugh and Alexander, who both dyed in the Year 1696; alſo four Daughters,

1. Catherine, married to James Earl of Galloway.

2. Eupham, to George Lockhart of Carnwath, and has Iſſue.

3. Grace, to Robert Earl of Carnwath.

4. Jean, to Sir Aexander Maxwel of Monrieth, Baronet.

His ſecond Wife was Anne Daughter of George Earl of Aberdeen, by whom he had a Daughter, Lady Mary.

His third Marriage was with Suſanna, Daughter of Sir Archibald Kennedy of Colzean, Baronet, by whom he has two Daughters,

Lady Eliſabeth.

Lady Helen.

85.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th Azure, three Flower de lyces, Or: 2d and 3d, Gules, three Annulets, Or, ſton'd, Azure, all within a Border, Or, flour'd and counter flowr'd, Gules, ſupported by two Dragons Vert vomiting Fire, and for Creſt, a Maid holding in her Dexter Hand a Mans Head, and in the Siniſter an Anchor, Motto, Garde bien.

86. BRUCE, Earl of Elgin.

THAT the ancient and noble Family of Clackmanan, is branched from the Earls of Carrick, all our Antiquaries do agree, tho they do not deduce the Line of that Deſcent in each Point alike, to the intent that it may clearly appear that it is, I thought fit to take notice, that King David II. made a Grant to Robert Bruce, dilecto conſanguineo ſuo, of the Caſtle and Barony of Clackmanan, the 39th Year of his Reigna, which is ſufficient to ſhow he was of the ſaid King's Kindred.

Sir Edward Bruce of Shires-Mill, a younger Son of Sir Edward Bruce of Clackmanan, by Margaret Daughter of Sir Patrick Blackader of Tilliallan in the Time of King James V. acquiring ſeveral Lands from John Abbot of Culroſs, in 1541b, he raiſed to himſelf a fair Fortune. By . . . . . his Wife, Daughter to the Lord Semple c, he had Robert Bruce of Blairhall, Edward Bruce of Kinloſs, and George Bruce of Carnock Anceſtor to the Earls of Kincairn. Of theſe his Children, Edward the ſecond [Page 133] being the Perſon of whom I'm chiefly to ſpeak here, I ſhall deduce what I found related of him from unqueſtionable Authority.

This Edward being bred a Lawyer, was firſt made one of the Commiſſarrs of Edinburgh, and after that pre [...]erred to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice by King James VI. 2d December 1597, by the Title of Commendator of Kinloſs: And being a Perſon of great Parts, was by the ſaid King, with the Earl of Mar ſent Ambaſſador to Queen Eliſabeth, Anno 1601, to Congratulate her upon her good Succeſs in repreſſing that Audacious Attempt of the Earl of Eſſex; and upon the Death of that Queen, being eminently inſtrumental to the pe [...]ceful Entrance of King James to the Crown of England, by the Intelligence, which he held privately in her Lifetime with Sir Robert Cicel, one of her principal Secretaries of State, and accompanying the King into England, Anno 1603, in Recompence of his faithful Services, he had the Office of Maſter of the Rolls conferred on him during Life; and as a further Teſtimony of his Majeſty's Favour, he had a Grant of the diſſolved Abbay of Kinloſs in Murray erected to him and his Heirs in a Temporal Lordſhip, by Letters Patent bearing date 8th of July 1604a, being of the Privy Council to his Majeſty in both Kingdoms, he departed this Life in the 62 Year of his Age, on the 14th of January 1610, and was interred in the Chapel of the Rolls in Chancery Lane, London, where there is a fair Monument erected to his Memory, with this Inſcription upon it.

FUIMUS
Sacrae Memoriae
Domini Edwardi Bruce, Baronis Bruce, Kinloſſenſis, ſacrorum ſcriniorum Magiſtri dicatum qui obiit 14 Jan. Anno ſal. 1610. Aetat. 62. Jacobi Regis 8vo.
Brucius Edwardus ſitus hic & Scotus & Anglus,
Scotus ut ortu Anglis ſic oriundus avis,
Regno in utroque decus tulit auctus honoribus amplis
Regi a conſiliis Regni utriuſque fuit,
Conjuge prole, nuru, genero, ſpe, reque beatus
Vivere nos docuit, nune docet ecce mori.

He left Iſſue by Magdalen his Wife Daughter of Alexander Clark of Balbirny, in Vicecomitatu de Fife, two Sons and a Daughter,

1. Edward Lord Kinloſs.

2. Thomas Bruce Eſq

3. Chriſtian, married to William Earl of Devon-ſhire of the Kingdom of England, and had Iſſue; Alſo

Janet, a natural Daughter, married to Thomas Dalziel of Binns, Mother by him of Lieutenant General Thomas Dalziel.

Which Edward Lord Kinloſs was made Knight of the Bath at the Creation of Henry Prince of Wales, and afterward one of the Gentlemen of the Bed Chamber to K. James VI. in 1613 he had the Misfortune to fall into a fatal quarrel with Sir Edward Sackville, afterward Earl of Dorſet, upon which ſays a noble Hiſtorianb, They both tranſported themſelves into Flanders, attended only by two Chirurgeons, placed at a Diſtance, and under an Obligation not to ſtir but upon the fall of one of them, they fought under the Walls of Antwerp, where this Lord was killed, whereupon Thomas his Brother became his Heir.

Which Thomas attended King Charles I. into Scotland, and at the Solemnity of his Coronation, was by Letters Patent bearing date the 19th of June 1633, created Earl of Elgin, afterward in the 17 of Charles I. advanced to the Dignity of a Baron of England, by the Title of Lord Bruce of Whorletoun, in the County of York, he married Anne Daughter of Sir Robert Chicheſter, Knight. 2dly. Diana, Daughter, and one of the Coheirs of William Lord Burleigh, Son [Page 134] and Heir of Thomas Earl of Exeter, and departing this Life, Anno 1663, he left Iſſue by Anne his firſt Wife,

Robert his Son and Heir, who being Lord Lieutenant of the County of Bedford; and having given great Teſtimony of his Loyalty to King Charles II. under his misfortunate Troubles; as alſo been inſtrumental in the Reſtauration, he was in the 19th of Charles II. created Lord Bruce of Skeltoun, Viſcount Bruce of Ampthil, and Earl of Ailesbury. He married Diana Daughter to Henry Earl of Stamford, by whom he had Iſſue,

Thomas Lord Kinloſs.

James Bruce Eſq

Diana eldeſt Daughter, married firſt to Sir Seymour Shirely, Baro net, and after to John Duke of Rutland.

Anne, to Sir William [...]ich of Sunning.

Chriſtian, to John Rolls Eſq eldeſt Son of Sir John Rolls of Stephenſon, and afterward to Sir Robert Guyer of Stoke.

Mary, to Sir John Walter of Sareſdon, in the County of Oxford, Baronet.

Anne-Charlotte, to Nicolas Bagnal Eſq

Henrietta, to Thomas Ogle Eſq only Son of Sir Thomas Ogle Governour of Chelſea College.

Which Thomas eldeſt Son ſucceed ed him in the Earldom, and married Eliſabeth Daughter of Henry Beauc [...]mp, Son of William Marquis of Hartford, Siſter, and at length Heir to William Duke of Somerſet, by whom he had Iſſue,

1. Charles, now Lord Bruce of Kinloſs, who has married Anne Daughter and Co-heir to William Marquis of Halifax, and had Iſſue a Son Robert, born 1707.

This Earl's eldeſt Daughter Eliſabeth, was married to George Earl of Cardigan, and Lady Mary dyed young.

His Lordſhip has ſince married the Counteſs of Sanaw in Brabant, by whom he had a Daughter Charlot-Maria.

86.1. ARMS.

Or, a Saltyre and Chief, Gules, on a Canton Argent, a Lyon rampant, Azure, Supporters two Savages Proper, wreathed about the Head and Loins with Lawrel, Motto, Fuimus.

87. MURRAY, Lord Elibank.

IS a Cadet of the Family of Blackbarony: His Anceſtor was Sir Gideon Murray Son of Sir Andrew Murray of Blackbarony, by Griſel his Wife, Daughter of Sir John Beaton of Crich a, Relict of Sir Walter Scot of Buclugh. From a ſhort Abſtract of his L [...]e, I find that Mr. Murray in his Youth, reſolving to follow the Miniſtry, while he was a Student in D [...]vinity, he happened unluckily to kill a Man by Accidentb, which made him relinquiſh that Profeſſion, & become Chamberlain to the Laird of Buclugh; which Truſt he managed with great Prudence, and conſiderably improved that opulent Fortune. He was firſt brought to Acquaintance with the Court, by means of his Nephew Robert Earl of Somerſet, once the great Favourite of King James VI. who procured him firſt the Honour of Knighthoodc, Anno 1605: and upon his Lordſhips Promotion to the Theſaurers Office, on the Deceaſe of George Earl of Dunbar, in the 1611 Sir Gideon Murray was conſtituted Theſaurer Depute, which Office he managed ſo much to the [Page 135] Advantage of the Crown, that beſide the Charge of the Government, he both repaired and enlarged the Palaces of Holy-rood-houſe, Falkland, Linlithgow, Dumfermling, and the Caſtles of Edinburgh, and Dumbartoun, and had the Treaſury ſo full at the King's coming to Scotland 1617, that he defrayed the whole Charge of the Court, his Majeſty appearing with as much Splendor at Holy-rood-houſe as at Whitehall. He departed this Life Anno 1621a, leaving Iſſue by Margaret Pentland his Wifeb,

Sir Patrick his Succeſſor;

Walter Murray of Livingſtoun; and a Daughter . . . . . . married to Sir William Scot of Harden.

Which Patrick was by King Charles I. Anno 1628c firſt made a Baroner, and afterward, in reſpect of his approved Loyalty to the ſaid King, was advanced to the Dignity of Lord Elibank, March 18th 1643d. He married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir James Dundas of Arniſtoun, by whom he had a Son, 1ſt, Patrick his Succeſſor; 2d, . . . . . . Murray of Spot, and ſeveral Daughters; Eliſabeth, married to Sir Archibald Stiling of Carden.

Patrick Lord Elibank his Son, married Eliſabeth Steuart, Daughter of John 1ſt, Earl of Traquair, by whom he had Alexander his Son and Heir, who married Anne Daughter of Dr. Alexander Burnet Archbiſhop of St. Andrews, by whom he had Alexander his Succeſſor in the Honour, and two Daughters,

Anne, married to John Lord Mackleod, Son and Heir of George Earl of Cromarty.

. . . . . . . . to Sir John Mackenzie of Coul, in Vic. de Roſs.

Alexander the preſent Lord, has married . . . . Daughter of George Stirling Chirurgeon in Edinburgh, by whom he has Iſſue the Maſter of Elibank his Son and Heir apparent.

87.1. ARMS.

Azure, A Martlet betwixt Three Stars, within a double Treſſure, Argent. Supporters, Two Horſes bridleed, Argent. Creſt, A Lyon Rampant Saliant on a Pole Ax, Sable Motto, Virtute fideque.

88. ELPHINSTON, Lord Elphinſton.

THIS ancient noble Family originally took the Sirname of Elphinſton from their own Lands of that Name in Edinburghſhire, the firſt of whom I have found was John de Elphinſton, who is Witneſs in that Grant which Roger de Quincy Earl of Wincheſter made to the Monks of Dryburgh, de uno Tofto Terrae in Glaſwoode circa Annum 1252e.

Another Alexander Elphinſton de Elphinſton in the Time of King David II, had the Lands of Kinchinbar, in Baronia de Stenhouſe, in Vicecomit. de Stirling f, from Godofredus de Roſs, Dominus ejuſdem in feudo & haereditate: He was ſucceeded by Alexander Elphinſton Dominus ejuſdem, his Son, who in the 33d of King David II. exchanged the foreſaid Lands with Alexander Son of Sir Adam More Knight, for the Lands of Arthbeg in Stirlingſhire, ſince called Elphinſton. Sir William Elphinſton his Son, was ſlain fighting gallantly againſt the Engliſh at the Battle of Piperdain, Anno 1436, to whoſe Valour chiefly our Hiſtorians aſcribe the Victory; leaving only a Daughter, Agnes his ſole Heir, married to Gilbert Son of Sir Adam Johnſton of that Ilkg, who thereby came to the Poſſeſſion of the Lands of Elphinſton in Lothian: The reſt of the Eſtate of the Family in Stirling-ſhire, [Page 136] by a ſolemn Arbitration, in the 1471, came to Henry Elphinſtoun, Brother to the aforeſaid Alexander whch he then called Elphinſton.

Sir Alexander Elphinſtoun of that Ilk, Son and Heir of Sir John Elphinſtoun Knight, was by the Bounty and Favour of K. James IV. created Lord Elphinſtoun, by whoſe ſpecial Countenance he obtained in Marriage Eliſabeth Barlow an Engliſh Lady, one of the Maids of Honour to Queen Margaret. He was ſlain at the Battle of Flowdon, with the ſaid King his Maſter, 9th September 1513, leaving Iſſue, Alexander, who ſucceeded him in the Honour, Iſobel, married to David Lindſay of Dunrod, 2dly, To Robert Maxwell of Calderwood, in Vic. de Lanerk a, Eupham, to John Bruce of Cultmalindie b, Elizabeth to Sir David Somervel of Plain.

Which Alexander married Catherine Daughter of John Lord Erskine, by whom he had Iſſue, 1ſt, Robert the next Lord, 2d John Parſon of In [...]er [...]ochty, 3d, James Elphinſtoun of Innerdovat c, 4th, Sir Michael Elphinſtoun, Maſter of the Houſhold to King James VI. 5th. William, who was the Author of that Branch of the Elphinſtouns of Calderhall in Stirling-Shire; alſo ſeveral Daughters,

Iſobel, married to James Hamilton of Haggs, and had Iſſue.

Marjory, to Sir Robert Drummond of Carnock, and had Iſſue.

Margaret, to Alexander Livingſton of Dunipace.

This Lord was killed at the Battle of Pinkie, 10th of September 1547d, and was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by Robert his Son and Heir, who married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffery, by whom he had, 1. Alexander his Succeſſor, 2. George e; Rector of the Scots College at Rome, 3. Sir James Elphlnſtoun, 1ſt Lord Balmerinoch; likewiſe ſeveral Daughters.

1ſt, Agnes, married to Walter Lord Deskford.

2d. Jean to Walter Barclay of Towie, in Vic. de Aberdeen.

3. Elizabeth f, to Sir Robert Innes of that Ilk, and had Iſſue.

4. Margaret to John Cunningham g of Drumwhaſle, in Vic. de Stirling, and had Iſſue.

He departed this Life, Anno 1602, and was ſucceeded by

Alexander his Son, who was one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King James VI. by whom he was prefer'd to be Lord high Theaſurer of Scotland, Anno 1599, which Office he reſigned to the Earl of Dunbar in 1601. By Jean his Wife, Daughter of William Lord Livingſtoun, he had

1. Alexander his Succeſſor in the Honour. 2. James Elphinſton of Barns, Anceſtor to the preſent Lord Elphinſton. 3. John Elphinſton of Wortle in Aberdeen-Shire. 4. Michael Elphonſtin of Quarrel. in Vic de Stirling; alſo five Daughters.

Anne, married to John Earl of Sutherland, and had Iſſue.

Jean, to Arthur Lord Forbes, and had Iſſue.

Elizabeth, to Sir John Bruce of Airth, and had Iſſue.

Chriſtian, to Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty.

Helen, to Sir William Cockburn of Langtoun, and had Iſſue. And again to Mr. Henry Rollo of Woodſide, Grandfather and Grandmother to the preſent Sir Henry Rollo of Woodſide Knight.

Which Alexander married Elizabeth, [Page 137] Daughter of Patrick Lord Drummond, Siſter to James firſt Earl of Perth a, by whom he had one Daughter Lillias; and departing this Life Anno 1649b, the Title of Lord deſcended to

Alexander Elphinſtoun of Barns his Nephew, who, that the Honour might be properly ſupported, married Lillias Daughter and Heir of Alexander Lord Elphinſtoun his Uncle: He dying Anno 1654c, left Iſſue, 1. Alexander. 2d. John, and a Daughter Anne, married to Walter Lord Torphichen.

Which Alexander married Anne Daughter of Dr. Alexander Burnet then Archbiſhop of Glaſgow, and afterwards of St. Andrews, but he dying without Iſſue, Anno 1669d, his Eſtate and Title came to

John his Brother, who married Iſobel, Daughter of Charles Earl of Lauderdale, by whom he had,

1. Charles.

2. John, who dyed in the bloſſom of his promiſing Youth, unmarried.

3. Captain William Elphinſtoun.

Eliſabeth, eldeſt Daughter, married to John Campbel of Mamore, Son to Archibald Earl of Argyle, and has Iſſue.

Margaret, to George Count Leſly of Balquhain, and has Iſſue.

Mary.

Charles Maſter of Elphinſtoun, married Eliſabeth Daughter of Sir William Primroſe of Caringtoun, by whom he has Iſſue,

88.1. ARMS.

Argent, a Cheveron Sable, betwixt three Boars Heads eras'd Gules, ſupported by two Savages Proper, Creſt, a Lady above the middle, holding in her Dexter-hand a Caſtle, and in the Siniſter a Lawrel, Motto, Caus Cauſit.

89. HAY, Earl of Errol.

BOTH our ancient and modern Hiſtorians ſay, that this noble Family had its Riſe Anno 980, tempore Kennethi Tertii, when the Danes invaded this Nation, and gave Battle to the Scots; whom they had routed near Perth, but for the Courage and Conduct of a certain Labourer, who perceiving his Country-men flying before the conquering Enemy, he and his two Sons ſtopped them with their Plow Gear in a certain Defile, and upbrading them for their Cowardice, obliged them to rally: whom the Danes ſuppoſing to be freſh Succours, he became thereby the means of transferring the Victory to the Scots ſide: And King Kenneth advanced him into the firſt Rank of thoſe about him, and rewarded him with as much Land as a Falcon flying from a Fiſt, ſhould meaſure out before he ſettled: To which Exploit, the Arms, Creſt, and Supporters of the Family of Errol, are alluſive. The praiſe of this illuſtrious Perſon and his Sons are celebrated by the polite Poet Dr. John Johnſton, as follows,

Quo ruitis cives? Heia! hoſti obvertite vultus [...]
Non pudet infami vertere terga fuga?
Hoſtis ego vobis; aut ferrum vertite in hoſtem.
Dixit, & armatus dux praeit ipſe jugo.
Quaqua ibat vaſtam condenſa per agmina Danum
Dat ſtragem. hinc omnis conſequiturque fugae.
Servavit cives. Victorem reppulit hoſtem.
Ʋnus cum natis agminis inſtar erat.
Hic Decios agnoſce tuos magnae aemula Romae,
Aut prior hac; aut te his Scotia major adhue.

In the Reign of King Malcolm IV. William de Haia is Poſſeſſor of the Lands of Errol in Forfar-ſhire, and is among many other noble Perſons Witneſs in that King's Charter to the Abbay of Scoon, he gave to the Monaſtry [Page 138] of Couper in pure Charity, the Lands of Lyderpoyls, which King William by his Royal Charter ratified and confirmed, Comite Duncano Juſticiario, Comite Gilberto de Strathern, Willielmofilio Thori, being Witneſſes therein, ſufficiently prove it a very ancient Deeda. He left behind him three Sons, David, Robert, and Malcolm.

Which David was a Benefactor to the Monks of Couper in Angus, by his Gift and Donation of three Acres of arable Land, with the Fiſhing of one Net upon the River of Tay, Pro anima piae memoriae Regis Willielmi, & anima Willielmi de Haia patris mei & ſalute mea & Elene ſponſae meae & Anteceſſorum & Heredum meorum, cum conſenſu Gilberti Heredis mei.

Sir Gilbert Hay of Errol his Son, was one of the firſt Barons of Scotland, who aſſiſted King Robert I. in retrieving the Independency of his Native Country, then almoſt ſubjected to the Engliſh by John Baliol; and aſſiſted at the Solemnity of his Coronation, Anno 1306. In Conſideration of his good and faithful Services he had diverſe Grants of Lands then in the Crown; and that Monarch being further deſirous to put a laſting Mark of Eſteem upon him and his Family, he was graciouſly pleaſed to make him and his Heirs for ever Lord High Conſtables or Scotland, by his Charter 12th Nov. 1315b. He died Anno 1330c, and was interred in the Abbay of Couper, to which he and his Anceſtors had been Benefactors. He was ſucceeded by

Sir William his Son, who adhered firmly to the Intereſt of King David Bruce, in whoſe Service he loſt his Life at the Battle of Duplin, Anno 1333d, together with the whole Gentlemen of his Name; ſo that had not his Lady been with Child, and ſupported it by the Birth of a Poſtumous Son, it had been quite extinguiſhed. Mr. Johnſton the Poet writes thus of him,

Me ſimul, & mecum ſpemque & genus omne meorum
Vulnere non uno ſustulit una dies.
At vos crudeles Parcae miſereſcite. nobis
Degener haud tant is ſpes nova ſurgat avis.
Audivere Deae Dabitur quod poſcitis, ajunt,
Aut dabis, aut conjux te tibi dante dabit.
Stat rediviva igitur, potuitque exciſa renaſci,
Et tibi gens a te poſthuma ſurget avo.
Si fas morte etiam victuram condere gentem,
Qualia, quanta olim vita datura fuit!

Sir William was ſucceeded by Sir David his Son, born after his Father's Death, and on that account came not into Action for a long time: He leſt a Son

Sir Thomas, who is one of the Barons who recognoſced John Earl of Carrick's Right to the Crown, upon his Father's Acceſſion to the imperial Dignity of this Realme. He married Eliſabeth Daughter to King Robert II.f and departing this Life Anno 1406g. he left Iſſue William his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Eliſabeth, married to Sir George Leſly Knighth.

Which William was one of the Commiſſioners deputed by the Eſtates of Scotland to treat with the Engliſh, touching the Redemption of King James I. Anno 1424, which was then happily effectedi, at the Solemnity of whoſe Coronation he receiv'd the Honour of Knighthood. He married Alice, Daughter of Sir William Hay of Teſter, Progenitor to the Marquis of Tweddale k, by whom he had William his Succeſſor in his Eſtate and Honour, and Gilbert Hay l of Urrie.

This Sir William being a Perſon of ſingular Merit, was by the favour of [Page 139] King James II. created Earl of Errol Anno 1452, and departing this mortal Life in the 1455a, he left Iſſue by Beatrix his Wife, Daughter of James Lord Dalkeith b.

Nicol his Son and Heir, who was one of the Privy Council to King James III. and one of the Commiſſioners upon the Part of Scotland nominated to treat with the Engliſh, touching the keeping a good Underſtanding betwixt the two Realmsc, Anno Dom. 1472: He married Eliſabeth, Daughter to the Earl of Huntly, d by whom he had,

William Earl of Errol his Son and Heir, who married Janet Daughter to John Earl of Athole, by whom he had two Sons, William, and Sir Thomas Hay of Logie, Knighte.

Which William married Eliſabeth Leſly, Daughter to the Earl of Rothes f, by whom he had,

William Earl of Errol g, who was conſtituted Sheriff of Aberdeen, Anno 1510h. He took to Wi [...]e, firſt Chriſtian, Daughter of John Lord Glamis i, and again Eliſabeth Daughter to the Lord Ruthven k. This Lord accompanying King James IV. to the Battle of Flowdon, was there ſlain with his Sovereign Lord, and the Flower of the Nobil [...]ty on the fatal 9th of September 1513, leaving

William his Son and Heir to ſucceed him, who was of the Privy Council to King James V. and his ſpecial Favorite. He married Helen, Daughter of John Earl of Lennox, by whom he had one Daughter Jean, married to Andrew Earl of Errol her Couſin; his Eſtate and Honour devolving on

George Hay of Logie, his Heir Malel. He married Margaret, Daughter of Sir Alexander Robertſon of Strowan m, by whom he had Andrew his Succeſſor; alſo two younger Sons, John Hay of Muchill, George Hay of Ardlithan, and two Daughters,

1. Eliſabeth, married to William Earl Mariſhal, and had Iſſue.

2. Margaret, to Laurence Lord Oliphant, and had Iſſue. He departed this Life Anno 1563n. and was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by

Andrew his Son, who was conſtituted one of the Lords of Queen Marys Privy Council in 1567, when the Civil War broke out in that Reign. I do not find him much engaged in either Party during all the Confuſions of King James's Minority. He married Jean Daughter of William Earl of Errol o, by whom he had Francis, who ſucceeded him, and a Daughter Eleanor, married to Alexander firſt Earl of Linlithgow, and had Iſſue.

His ſecond wife was Mary, Daughter of George Earl of Caithneſs, Widow of Hume of Coldingknows, by whom he had George Hay of Kilour, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Errol. He dying Anno 1585p.

Francis his Son ſucceeded him, who was one of the Commiſſioners appointed to treat about a nearer Union of Scotland and England, Anno 1604q. He married firſt Mary, Siſter to James Earl of Murray, next Anne, Daughter of John Earl of Athole, and laſt of all Eliſabeth Daughter of William Earl of Morton, by whom he had William his Son and Heir, and Francis who died unmarried; alſo four Daughters,

1. Anne, married to George Earl of Winton.

2. Jean, to John Earl of Mar.

[Page 140] 3. Eliſabeth, to Hugh Lord Semple.

4. Mary, to Walter Earl of Buclugh.

5. Sophia, to John Viſcount Melgum.

This Earl arriving to a great Age, at laſt his long Life was brought to a period on the 14th of July 1631. Upon him Dr. Arthur Johnſton wrote this Epitaph.

Occidit Hayorum Princeps Errolius, orbis
Nunc defiderium, qui fuit ante decus.
Adſcripſit procerum numero domus edita Regum
Stemmate, ſanguineis nobilitata jugis.
Manibus Heroum ſociavit Martia virtus,
Partaque fulminea mille trophea manu.
Donavit coelo pietas ſpectata. Quid ultra
Vel maruere homines, vel tribuere Dei?

William Earl of Errol his Son, was much in the Favour of King Charles I. and aſſiſted at the ſaid King's Coronation, 18 June 1633. He married Anne Daughter of Patrick Earl of Kinghorn, by whom he had Gilbert his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Margaret married to Henry Lord Ker, Son and Heir of Robert Earl of Roxburgh, 2dly to John Earl of Caſſils, and departing this Life, 17th of December 1636a his Eſtate and Honour deſcended to

Gilbert his Son and Heir, then very young, and upon that account was not engaged in the Civil War; for I find no mention of him till the Reſtauration of King Charles II. when he was conſtituted one of the Lords of his Majeſty's Privy Council, Anno 1661. He married Catherine Daughter of James ſecond Earl of Southeſque, but dying without Iſſue, Anno 1674, both his Eſtate and Honour, by vertue of an Entail to the Heirs Male, came to John Hay of Kilour, Son and Heir of Sir Andrew Hay (by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Patrick Kinnaird of I [...]chture) Son and Heir of Sir George Hay of Kilour (by Mary his Wife, Daughter of . . . . . . Cheyne of Eſlemont) Son and Heir of Andrew Earl of Errol, as has been obſerved.

Which John ſo ſucceeding in the Earldom, married Anne Daughter to James Earl of Perth, by whom he had Charles his Succeſſor, James and Thomas, who both dyed unmarried; alſo two Daughters,

Lady Mary.

Lady Margaret, married to James Earl of Linlithgow.

He dying Anno 1705, was ſucceeded by Charles his Son,

Which Charles now Earl of Errol, was one of the Peers who in the Parliament 1706, diſſented in every Article of the Union with England, in the Terms of the Treaty then before the Houſe, before the Concluſion of which, his Lordſhip entred a Proteſtation, which chiefly reſpected his own Heritable Conſtabulary, in theſe Terms,

I Charles Earl of Errol, Lord high Conſtable of Scotland, do hereby Proteſt, that the Office of high Conſtable of Scotland, with all the Rights and Priviledges of the ſame, belonging to me Heritably, and depending upon the Monarchy, Sovereignty, and ancient Conſtitution of this Kingdom, may not be weakned nor prejudged by the Concluſion of the Treaty of Union betwixt Scotland and England, nor any Article, Clauſe or Condition thereof, but that the ſaid Heritable Office, with all the Rights and Priviledges thereof, may continue and remain to me and my Succeſsors intire and unhurt by any Votes or Acts of Parliament, or other Proceedings whatſomever relative to the ſaid Union: And I crave this my Proteſtation may be admitted and Recorded in the Regiſters and Rolls of Parliament.

89.1. ARMS.

Argent, three Eſchutcheons, Gules, ſupported by two Savages carrying upon their Shoulder, two Oxen, Yoaks, Creſt, a Falcon Proper, with this Motto, Serva Jugum.

90. CHURCH-HILL, Lord Eymouth.

[Page 141]

THE firſt who enjoyed this honourary Title, was John Churchhill Eſq Son of Sir Winſton Churchhill of Wottonbaſſet, in the County of Wilts, by . . . . . . his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Drake of the County of Devon, Baronet.

His firſt ſtep to Advancement in martial Affairs, was the Honour of a Colours in the Royal Foot-Guards, which was procured him by his Royal Highneſs the Duke of York, while a Youth, rather to humour his forward Inclination that way, than any Advantage to be made by it. He ſoon after went to France with the Duke of Monmouth, who gave him a Company of his own Regiment, and ſerved at the Siege of Maeſtricht, then under the Direction of the preſent French King. Upon his Return to England, by a particular Character of his Bravery and Conduct from the Duke of Monmouth, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel to Sir Thomas Littleton Gentleman of the Bed-Chamber, and Maſter of the Robes to the Duke of York: Not long after which, he was created Lord Church-hill of Eymouth in Scotland, by Letters Patent bearing date 21 December 1682a.

King James aſcending the Throne, he was immediately made Gentleman of the Bed-Chamber, and Captain of a Troop of his Life-Guard. Alſo in the firſt Year of his Reign, 14th of May 1685. he created him a Baron of England, by the Title of Lord Churchhill of Sandridge; But notwithſtanding theſe Honours, upon the Revolution he went over to the Prince of Orange then at Sherburn.

King William was no ſooner on the Throne, but he was made Gentleman of the King's Bed-Chamber; alſo 9th of April 1689, he was raiſed to the Honour of Earl of Marlborough. The ſame Year he commanded the Engliſh Forces in Flanders, and was preſent with Prince Waldeck at the Shock at Walcourt: And Anno 1690, was ſent General of the Forces to reduce Cork and Kinſale; which Service he perform'd with great Diſpatch and Conduct.

The next Year, he made the Campagne under King William in Flanders, was conſtituted Governour to the Duke of Glouceſter, ſworn of his Majeſty's Privy-Council, and made one of the Lords Juſtices; which he ſerv'd three times ſucceſſively, in the King's Abſence, who, at length, Anno 1701, appointed him General of the Foot, and Commander in Chief of the Engliſh Forces in Holland, alſo Ambaſſador-Extraordinary, and Plenipotentiary for the Negotiation at the Hague.

In the firſt of Queen Anne, he was conſtituted Captain-General of Her Majeſty's Land Forces, both at Home and Abroad, elected Knight of the Garter, and diſpatch'd with the Character of Her Majeſty's Ambaſſador-Extraordinary, and Plenipotentiary to the States of Holland.

Anno 1702, he commanded the Army in Flanders, took Venlo, Ruremond, Stevenſwaert, Liege, &c. and on his Return to England, was made Marquis of Blandford, and Duke of Marlborough.

In the Year 1704, he march'd to the Danube, routed the French and Bavarian Forces at Schellenbergh, and afterwards gave them a total Defeat at Hochſtet; was made a Prince of the Sacred Roman Empire; and on his Return to England, had the Honour and Mannour of Woodſtock, and Hundred of Wooton, voted to him and his Heirs; and next Year ſettled by Act of Parliament.

[Page 142] In the Year 1705, he march'd to the Moſelle, return'd to the Netherlands, raiſed the Siege of Liege, and forc'd the French Lines: At the end of which Campagne, he made a Tour to Vienna, where the Emperor made him a Grant of the Lordſhip of Mildenheim, in Suabia, formerly poſſeſs'd by Duke Maximilian, Uncle to the preſent Duke of Bavaria; from which time, he was diſtinguiſh'd throughout the Empire, by the Style and Title of Prince of Mildenheim: And was afterwards inveſted therein, and admitted, by his Plenipotentiary Mr. Stepney, to ſit and vote in the College of Princes.

In the Year 1706, he gave an intire Defeat to the French and Bavarian Forces at Ramillies, and gain'd the whole Country of Brabant to the Allies.

In the Year 1708, he (with Prince Eugene of Savoy) defeated the French and Spaniſh Army at Audenarde, cover'd the Siege of Liſle, ſuccour'd Bruſſels, then beſieg'd by the Duke of Bavaria, and re-took Ghent and Bruges.

He married Sarah, Daughter, and at length, one of the Co-Heirs of Richard Jennings of Sandridge, in the County of Hertford, Eſq by whom he had four Daughters,

Henrietta eldeſt Daughter, married to Francis Earl of Godolphin.

Anne, ſecond Daughter, married to Charles Spencer Earl of Sunderland; to whom ſhe is ſecond Wife.

Eliſabeth, third Daughter, married to Scroop Egerton Earl of Bridgewater.

Mary, fourth and youngeſt Daughter, married to John now Duke of Mountague.

90.1. ARMS.

Sable, a Lyon Rampant Argent, in a Canton of the Second, the Croſs of England.

91. KING, Lord Eythen.

SIR James King of Birneſs a in Aberdeen ſhire, was firſt train'd up in the Wars of Germany, under Guſtavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, where he roſe gradually, till at laſt he came to be Lieutenant General; in which Character he ſerv'd with the higheſt Reputation; afterward upon the breaking out of the Civil War in England, he repair'd to his Majeſty's Service, was conſtituted General of his Army againſt the Engliſh Parliament, which he ordered with great Wiſdom and Dexterity: In Conſideration whereof, the King was pleaſed to create him a Peer of Scotland, by the Title of Lord Eythen b, the 28 March 1642.

92. OGILVY, Earl of Finlater.

IN the Reign of King Robert II. Sir John Sinclair Knight is poſſeſſor of the Barony of Deskford in Banff-ſhirec. He was ſucceeded by Ingeram his Son and Heird, as he was by John his Son, who was ſlain at the Battle of Harlaw, Anno Dom. 1411, leaving Margaret his only Daughter and ſole Heir to ſucceed him in the Barony. In 1437 She was married to Sir Walter Ogilvy of Achyven, Knight, (a Branch of the Family of Ogilvy,) whereupon he aſſumed into his Coat of Arms, Argent, a Croſs ingrail'd, Sable, which hisPoſterity ſtill wear. This Sir Walter, in the 18th of James II. got leave of the King to [Page 143] fortify his Caſtle of Finlater with an embattled Wall of Lime and Stone, and all other Neceſſaries for a place of Strengtha. By the ſaid Margaret his Wife, he had two Sons,

Sir James Ogilvy of Deskford.

Sir Walter Ogilvy who obtained the Lands and Thanedom of Boyn in the North, by the Marriage of Margaret, Daughter and one of the Coheirs of Sir James Edmonſton of that Ilkb. Of this Branch the Ogilvies of Dunlugus and Strathern are ſprung. He departed this Life Anno 1456.

Sir James his Son ſucceeded him; he was made a Knight by King James III. and married Mary Daughter ofc Sir Robert Innes of that Ilk, in Vicecomitatu Moraviae: By her he had,

Sir James, ſucceeded in the Fortune.

Walter Ogilvy of Glaſhaugh.

Alexander killed at Flowdoun d.

George a Church-man: Alſo ſeveral Daughters,

Margaret, married to James Abercromby of Birkenbog.

Marion, to Patrick Gordon of Haddo, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Aberdeen e.

Catherine, to William Crawfurd of Federat, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen.

Eliſabeth, to John Grant of Freuchie.

Mary to Alexander Urquhart Sheriff of Cromarty.

Which Sir James Ogilvy of Deskford married Agnes, Daughter of George Earl of Huntly f, by whom he had,

1. Alexander his Succeſſor,

2. James.

3. Patrick.

4. George.

5. Eliſabeth, married to Sir James Dunbar of Weſt-field g Sheriff of Murray.

Alexander Ogilvy of Deskford his Son, got from King James V. a Charter erecting his Lands of Deskford, Finlater, Cathmore, the Forreſt of Glenſudech, the third part of the Lands of Inernach, Achinſtank, Buchhaw, with the Fiſhing on the River of Dovern, the Lands of Sandlacht, Caſtle-field, the Conſtabulary of Cullen and Achendorn in Banff-ſhire, the one half of the Lands of Balhall, and the fourth Part of Manmure in Forfar-ſhire, into one intire Barony in all time coming, to be called the Barony of Ogilvy, of the date 22d of May 1527h. This Alexander Ogilvy of that Ilk, (for ſo he's after this deſigned) took to Wife firſt Jean Abernethy, Daughter of Alexander Lord Saltoun, by whom he had James Ogilvy of Cardal, his only Son. His ſecond Wife was Eliſabeth Gordon, a Lady of the Family of Huntly i, by whom he had a Daughter Margaret married to John Gordon Son of Alexander Earl of Huntly. This Laird of Finlater, and Ogilvy, by the Influence and evil Counſel of his Wife, was prevailed upon to diſinherit his Son, and to ſettle the moſt part of his Fortune on John Gordon his Son-in-law, upon Condi [...]on he ſhould change his Name to Ogilvy, and he and his Heirs in all time coming, wear his Coat of Arms: Accordingly the ſaid John Gordon ſucceeded into the Eſtate of Finlater, and kept Poſſeſſion thereof till the 1562, it came to be forfaulted for his being preſent in the Fight of Corr [...]chie, whereupon James Ogilvy of Cardal, Son and Heir of the ſaid Alexander Ogilvy of that Ilk, repreſents to Queen Mary, how far he had been wronged by his Father's unjuſt Act, and therefore Her Majeſty was graciouſly [Page 144] pleaſed to reſtore him to the Eſtate of Finlater by way of Juſtice, in the 1564a. When the Civil War broke out in that Reign, he was not ſo ungrate as to forget the good Offices the Queen had done him, but moſt loyally adhered to her Intereſt, and was one of the Barons who entred into an Aſſociation to ſtand by her againſt her rebellious Subjects (as they call them) who had deprived her of her Authority, and would to the outmoſt of their Power, endeavour her Reſtauration, bearing date, 8th of May 1568. He married . . . . . . Gordon, Daughter of . . . . . Gordon of Lochenvar b, by whom he had a Son Alexander, who died before him, leaving Iſſue by Barbara his Wife, Daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Boyn c, a Son,

Walter, who ſucceeded his Grandfather; he was firſt knighted by King James VI. before the Inſtitution of the Honour of Baronet: And being a Baron of an ample Fortune, he was by the ſpecial Bounty of the ſaid King, raiſed to the Peerage of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Ogilvy of [...]ford, by Letters patent, bearing date 4th of October 1616d.

He married firſt Jean, Daughter of Robert Lord Elphinſton, by whom he had only one Daughter Chriſtian, who was married to Sir Alexander Forbes, afterward created Lord Pitſligo.

His ſecond Wife was Marion, Daughter of William Earl of Morton, by whom he had James his Son and Heir, and two Daughters,

1. Jean, married to James Douglaſs Earl of Buchan, and afterward to Andrew Lord Gray.

2. Margaret, married to Sir John Grant of that Ilk, in Vicecomitatu de Murray, and had Iſſue.

Which James Lord Deskford, was by K. Charles I. advanced to the Honour of Earl of Finlater, by Letters patent, bearing date the 20th of February 1638e, and to the Heirs Male of his Body for ever.

He married Eliſabeth, Daughter to the Earl of Rothes, by whom he had two Daughters.

Mary Counteſs of Finlater.

Anne, Wife of William Earl of Glencairn.

This Earl having no Male Iſſue of his Body, he procured from King Charles I. on the behalf of his Daughter, and her Deſcendants certain Letters Patent, whereby the Dignity and Title of Earl of Finlater was conferred upon her and Patrick Ogilvy of Inchmartin her Husband. This Patrick Earl of Finlater, in the time of the Civil War, ſuffered much both in his Perſon and Fortune, for his firm and loyal Adherence to King Charles II. Departing this frail Life, the 30th of March Anno Dom. 1658f. he left Iſſue by the aforeſaid Eliſabeth Counteſs of Finlater his Wife,

James his Son and Heir, who married Anne only Daughter of Hugh Earl of Eglinton, by Anne his Wife, Daughter of James Marquis of Hamilton, by whom he had,

1. James the preſent Earl.

2. Colonel Patrick Ogilvy of Lonmay, who married Eliſabeth Daughter of Mr. Francis Montgomery of Giffen, and has Iſſue.

3. Anne, married to George Allardice of that Ilk, and had Iſſue. This Earl dying Anno 1711, his Eſtate and Honour devolved on

James the preſent Earl of Finlater and Seafield, his Son, whoſe perſonal Endowments were the principal Cauſe of the great Honour and Preferments he has attained to, both in this and the former Reign.

In his Youth having accompliſhed himſelf by Travels into foreign [Page 145] Countries, he ſtudied the Civil Law: After his Return to his native Country, he was admitted Advocate 16th of January 1685, in which honourable Profeſſion he made a very conſiderable Figure, tho there's nothing memorable concerning him, till the Meeting of the Convention in March 1689, (where he had the Honour to ſerve as a Member for the Burgh of Cullen) wherein his Abilities began to be very ſoon taken notice of, and he was imployed in ſeveral Committees to examine and give the Opinion to the Meeting concerning diverſe Grievances. In the Debates about King James's Forfaulture, he argued learnedly in favours of that unfortunate Monarch. In the 4th of King William and Queen Mary, he was conſtituted Solicitor; and after that, in 1696, appointed conjunct Secretary of State with John then Earl of Tilliardin. He being then only a Knight, his Majeſty was pleaſed to confer upon him the Title of Viſcount of Seafield, by Letters Patent bearing Date 28th of June 1698; and thereafter by other Letters Patent of the Date 24th June 1701, to create him Earl of Seafield.

Upon Queen Anne's coming to the Throne, Anno 1702, he was conſtituted conjunct Secretary of State with the Duk of Queensberry; but the ſame Year, upon a Change of the Miniſtry, he was removed from the Secretary's Imployment, & conſtituted Lord High Chancellour of Scotland; from which Office he was removed, & in 1704 made a third time conjunct Secretary of State; but the next Year 1705 he was reſtored to be Chancellour, and therein continued till the commencing of the Union, the 1ſt of May 1707. Then his Lordſhip was named Lord chief Baron of the Exchequer, which he again was pleaſed to reſign, Mr. Smith being put in his Room. All which, and ſeveral other high Truſts his Lordſhip ſtill diſcharged with great Learning and Sufficiency. Alſo in 1712, he was elected one of the ſixteen Peers of Scotland to the Parliament of Great-Britain, by a Vacancy, through the Demiſe of William Earl Marſhall.

He married Anne Daughter of Sir William Dunbar of Durn, Baronet, by whom he has,

1. James Lord Deskford.

2. Mr. George Ogilvy.

3. Anne, married to Charles Earl of Lauderdale, and has Iſſue.

4. Janet.

92.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th Argent, a Lyon paſsant guardant, Gules, crown'd, Or; 2d and 3d Argent, a Croſs ingrail'd, Sable, ſupported by two Lyons rampant, Creſt, a Lyon rampant, all Gules, holding a Plumb Line betwixt his Feet, Motto, Tout Jour.

93. FORBES, Lord Forbes.

THAT which will ſufficiently atteſt the Antiquity of this numerous and far ſpreading Family, is a Grant by King Alexander II. to Fergus the Son of John, of the Lands and Tenement of Forbes in Aberdeen-ſhirea, whence the Sirname has been originally aſſumed. The firſt conſpicuous Perſon of this Line, was Alexander Forbes, who reſolutely defended his Caſtle of Urquhart in Murray, againſt Edward I. of England b, Anno 1303, upon the ſtorming of which, he and the whole Garriſon were put to the Sword: By this [Page 146] fatal Stroak his Family would have periſhed, had not his Wife preſerved it by the Birth of a poſtumous Son, Alexander, who obtained from Robert Bruce certain Lands in Compenſation for what his Father had loſt in his, and his Countrys Quarrel. This Alexander treading in the Steps of his gallant Father, loyally adhered to the better Title of David Bruce, againſt Edward Baliol, who invaded this Kingdom, and called himſelf King of this Realm, and by the Aſſiſtance of the Engliſh routed the loyal Scots Army at the Battle of Duplin, Anno 1332, where many brave Scots-men fell, and among others this Sir Alexander Forbes, leaving, ſays my Authora, no Iſſue but a poſtumous Child, this Family having the parallel Fate with the Family of the Fabii in Rome, of whom 'tis ſaid,

Ʋna dies Fabios ad bellum miſerat amnes,
Ad bellum miſſos perdidit una dies.

Sir John Forbes of that Ilk, the next of the Family, lived in the Time of King Robert II. and ſeems to be the Son of the former Alexander, who acquired from Thomas Earl of Mar, ſeveral Lands in Aberdeen ſhire, which the aforeſaid King, in the 3d of his Reign, ratified by his Charter under the great Seal. Likeas, he obtained from Alexander Biſhop of Murray, pro fideli & utili ſervitio ſuo & aſſiſtentia perſonali in noſtris agendis totam terram noſtram de Fyntr [...]ffie 19 of July 1378b. In the 5th of King Robert III. he was conſtituted his Majeſty's Juſtitiary within the bounds of Aberdeen and Coroner of the ſaid County. His Wife was Eliſabeth Kennedy, a Daughter of the Family of Dunure in the Weſt, by whom he had three Sons, viz.

Sir Alexander Forbes his Succeſſor.

Sir William Forbes Knight, Anceſtor to the Lord Pitſligo.

Sir John, who obtained the Thanedom of Formartin, by the Marriage of Marjory Daughter and Heir of Sir Henry Preſton of Formartin Knight, whereupon he added to his paternal Coat of Arms the three Unicorns Heads, which is ſtill born by his Deſcendents He was the Founder of the Family of Tolquhon, of whom branched the Forbeſses of Foveran, Watertoun, Colloden, &c. and their ſeveral Cadets.

Which Alexander obtained the Honour of Knighthood before the 1424. He had a Grant to himſelf and Eliſabeth Douglaſs his Wife, and to their Heirs, from John Earl of Buchan, of the Lands of Mikle Fintry, Blacktoun, and Balcroſs, by his Charter 10th December 1423c. He departed this Life in, or near to the Year 1444, leaving Iſſue by the ſaid Eliſabeth his Wife, James his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Annabella, married to Sir Patrick Gray of Fowlis, Anceſtor to the Lord Gray d.

This James was Knighted by King James III. and was the firſt of his Family who in that Reign came to be called Lord Forbes He married Egidia Daughter of William Earl Marſhal e, by whom he had William, and Patrick, firſt of the Branch of Corſe, (which produced the Earl of Granards Family in Ireland, and Forbes of Craigievar in Aberdeen ſhire, Baronet) and a Daughter married to Malcolm Forbes of Tolquhon e.

Which William made a conſiderable Figure in the Reign of King James III. He married Chriſtian, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Huntly f, by whom he had four Sons, Alexander, Arthur, and John, all three ſucceſſively Lords, 4th. Duncan Author [Page 147] of the Branch of Cor [...]indae, of whom iſſued the Forbeſſes of Monymusk, Kilmuck, Leſly, &c.

Which Alexander adhered to King James III. and upon his Death in 1488, he roſe in Arms in order to bring them to condign Puniſhment, who had imbrew'd their Hands in the Blood of the Kinga, but afterward ſubmitting to King James IV. he departed this Life not long after, leaving no Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter to Thomas Boyd Earl of Aran, ſo that his Eſtate and Honour ſell to Arthur his Brother, who likewiſe dying without Iſſue, his Brother John became his Heir, His Lordſhip married,

Catherine, Daughter of John Earl of Athole, by whom he had a Daughter Eliſabeth, married to Grant of that Ilkb.

His ſecond Wife was Chriſtian Daughter of Sir John Lundy of that Ilkc, by whom he had two Sons,

John Maſter of Forbes, who died in Edinburgh, 17th July 1537d.

William, who ſucceeded in the Honour: And three Daughters,

1. Margaret, married to Andrew Fraſer of Muchill, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen, Anceſtor to the Lord Fraſer e.

2. Eliſabeth, to Gilbert Keith of Troup. 2dly. To Alexander Innes of that Ilkf.

3. Marjory, to Gilbert Forbes of Brux g.

He married 3dly. Eliſabeth Barlow Widow of Alexander Lord Elphinſton, by whom he had a Son Arthur Forbes of Putuchie h, in Aberdeen ſhire, and a Daughter Janet, married firſt to John Earl of Athole. 2dly to Alexander Hay of Dalgety, and again to William Leſly of Balquhain, and had Iſſuei. He departed this Life Anno Dem. 1547, and was ſucceded by

William his Son, who was conſtituted one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber to King James V.k Anno 1539, and always enjoyed his Favour. He married Eliſabeth Daughter and Co-heir (with her Siſter Margaret, Counteſs Marſhal) of Sir William Keith of Inneruggie l, by whom he had,

1. John his Succeſſor.

2. William Forbes of Foderhouſe m, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen.

3. James Forbes of Lethinty.

4. Robert Prior of Monymusk, in Aberdeen-ſhire, formerly a Cell to the Priory of St. Andrews.

5. Arthur Forbes of Logie.

6. Abraham Forbes of Blacktoun.

1ſt. Daughter Jean, married to James Lord Ogilvy.

2. Eliſabeth to the Lord Sinclair.

3. Chriſtian, to George Johnſton of Caskieben, and had Iſſue.

4. Iſabel, to John Gordon of Pitlurg, and had Iſſue.

5. . . . . . to Barclay of Gairtly in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen.

6. Margaret, to George Sinclair of May n, Son to George Earl of Caitneſs.

7. Barbara, to Alexander Allardice of that Ilk.

8. Anne, to Sir John Seton of Barus, Son of George Lord Seton, and had Iſſue. He dying Anno 1593, was ſucceeded by,

John Lord Forbes his Son, who married firſt Margaret, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Huntly, by whom he had a Son John, who entred into a religious Order abroad, and died without Succeſſion. 2dly. Janet, Daughter of James Seton of Touch, by whom he had,

Arthur his Succeſſor in his Eſtate and Honour, who married Jean Daughter of Alexander Lord Elphinſton, by whom he had a Son William, [Page 148] and a Daughter Barbara, married to George Earl of Seaforth, and had Iſſue.

Which Alexander affecting a Military Life, went over to Germany, and entred into the Service of the renowned Guſtavus Adolphus King of Sweden, againſt the Imperialiſts, where he attained to the Degree of a Lieutenant General, and acquired the Reputation of an excellent Officer. Upon the breaking out of the Civil War in Britain, he returned to his Native Country, and had a conſiderable Command in the Army that was ſent from Scotland to Ireland, Anno 1643, to ſuppreſs the Iriſh Rebellion. Afterward retiring from the violence of theſe Times, he returned to Germany, where he ſpent the Remainder of his Days.

His firſt Wife was Anne, Daughter of Sir John Forbes of Pitſligo, by whom he had William his Succeſſor. His ſecond Marriage was with Mary Daughter of . . . . . . . . Forbes of Rireſs by whom he had Colonel James Forbes, Mary, married to . . . . . Roſe of Kilravock, and . . . . to . . . . Forbes of Balflug.

Which William married Jean Daughter of John Campbel of Calder, by whom he had William his Son and Heir, Arthur Forbes of Breda, Archibald Forbes of Putachie, and two Daughters.

1. Mary, married to James Lord Duffu [...], ſans Iſſue. 2dly. To Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonſtoun, and had Iſſue.

2. . . . . . . to John Leith of White haugh, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen, and had Iſſue.

He departing this Life Anno 1691, was ſucceeded by William his Son. This Lord was one of the firſt of the S [...]ts Nobility who declared for King William, for which, upon his Acceſſion to the Crown, he was named a Privy Counſellour, 1ſt of May 1689, and conſtituted Captain of a Troop of Horſe, then a Lieutenant Colonel of Dragoons and not long after made Colonel of a Regiment of Dragoons and ſince the Acceſſion of her Majeſty to the Throne, he was Lieutenant Colonel to the Horſe-Guards commanded by his Grace John Duke of Argyle. His Lordſhip married Anne Daughter of James Brody of that Ilk, in Vicecomitatu de Elgin, by whom he has,

William Maſter of Forbes.

James Forbes Eſq who married Mary Daughter to Alexander Lord Pitſligo, Alſo a Daughter Mary.

93.1. ARMS.

Azure, three Bears Heads. Coupé, Argent, muzl'd, Gules, ſupported by two Boars Proper, Creſt, a Stag's Head eraz'd, Argent, Motto, Grace me guide.

94. FORRESTER, Lord Forreſter.

THIS Sirname has been aſſumed from an Office, as Stewart, Durward, Conſtable, and others were, which their bearing, viz. three hunting Horns, ſeems to confirm. The principal Family appears to be this of Forreſter, whoſe Anceſtor Sir Adam Forreſter, Citizen of Edinburgh in the 6th of Robert II. acquired the Barony of Corſtorphin, from Sir VVilliam More of Abercorn a, whence his Succeſſors took their Deſignation. Upon the Acceſſion of King Robert III. to the Throne, Anno 1390, he was conſtituted Lord Privy-Seal [Page 149] a. In the 2d of the ſaid King, he was commiſſioned to treat with certain Engliſh Commiſſioners for maintaining the Peace betwixt the two Realmsb. Likeas in 1405, he was a ſecond time one of the Commiſſioners authorized to treat with the Engliſh, about compoſing of certain Differences betwixt the two Kingdomsc. By Margaret his Wife he had Iſſue,

Sir John his Son and Heir, who being a Man of good Parts, was Anno 1421 named Lord Privy Seal to Murdach Duke of Albany Governour of Scotland d, and in 1423 he was with VVilliam Biſhop of Glaſgow, George Earl of March, John Montgomery of Ardroſsan, Patrick Dunbar of Beill, and VVilliam Borthwick of that Ilk, ſent Commiſſioners to England to Treat with that State, about the Redemption of King James I.e. Upon that King's Return home, Anno 1424, he was conſtituted Maſter of the Houſholdf, and Lord high Chamberlain of Scotland g. After which, in 1428 he was named a Commiſſioner with divers others, to treat with the Engliſh about a Peace. Thus much for his Civil Actions. His Works of Piety were theſe, The founding a Chaplaniry at the Altar of St. Ninian, within the Church of St. Giles of Eidnburgh, Pro ſalubri ſtatu ſereniſſimi Principis Jacobi I. & Joannae ſponſae ſ [...]ae; & pro ſalute animae quondam Adae Forreſter de Corſtorphin, Militis, Patris mei & Margaretae matris meae to which he mortified ſex libras tredecem ſolidos & quatuor denarios de tenemento ſuo in dicto Burgo h. Likeas, he doted a ſufficient Subſiſtence for three Chaplainries in the Chapel of St. John the Baptiſt, contiguous to the Paroch Church of Corſtorphin, founded by Sir Adam Forreſter his Fatheri which in the 1429, he erected into a Collegiate Church, and procured the Annexation of ſeveral Lands and Tithes thereunto. He married Jean, Siſter to Henry Sinclair Earl of Orkney k; and departing this Life about the 1440, was inter'd in the Church of Corſtorphin, under an Arch, with the Portraiture of himſelf and his Wife, as big as the Life in free Stone, without any monumental Inſcription but a Coat of Arms, he had Iſſue,

1. Sir John his Succeſſor.

2. Henry Forreſter of Oxgang.

3. Jean, married to Sir Robert Maxwel of Carlaverock l, Anceſtor to the Earl of Nithſdale.

4. Eliſabeth, to Sir Alexander Lauder Knightm.

Which Sir John obtained a Grant from King James I. of the Lands of Blackburn in Linlithgow ſhire, upon the Reſignation of Sir Robert Cuningham of Kilmaures, Anno 1424, wherein he's deſigned filio & heredi apparenti Joannis Forreſter de Corſtorphin Militis Camerarii Scotiae. He was ſucceeded by

Archibald Forreſter of Corſtorphin, who by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of . . . . . . . Hepburn of . . . . . . hadn Alexander his Son and Heir, in whoſe Favours he reſigned his Eſtate Anno 1482, reſerving a Liferent to himſelf. He had to Wife Margaret, Daughter of Sir Duncan Forreſter of Gairden, Maſter of the Houſhold, in the Reign of King James IV.o, by whom he had Alexander Forreſter of Corſtorphin, his Son and Heir, who married Janet Daughter to . . . . Lauder of Hatton p, by whom he had Sir James his Son, who ſucceeded him; [Page 150] but he dying without Male Iſſue, Anno 1587a, his Eſtate fell to Henry his Brother, who marrying Helen Daughter of . . . . Preſton of Craigmillar, in Vicecomitatu de Edinburgh b, by her he had,

George his Son and Heir, who was firſt created Baronet by King Charles I. 27th November 1625, and thereafter Lord Forreſter, 22 July 1633c. He married Chriſtian, Daughter of Sir William Livingſton of Kilſyth, by whom he had ſeveral Daughters, viz. Helen married to VVilliam Lord Roſs, Margaret to John Shaw of Sornbeg, . . . . . . . to Hamilton of Grange, Jean, to James Baillie of Torwood-head, Son of Lieutenant-General VVilliam Baillie, in whoſe Favours my Lord Forreſter reſigned the Honour, and to the Heirs of their Body, which failing to his other Heirs therein ſpecified, which was ratified by King Charles II. Anno 1651, but he having no Iſſue by her, the Honour by vertue of the ſaid Entail, came to VVilliam Baillie, alias Forreſter of Torwoodhead, his Brother, who married alſo Lilias the youngeſt Daughter of George Lord Forreſter, by whom he had VVilliam Lord Forreſter, who departed this Life, Anno 1705, leaving Iſſue by . . . . . . his Wife, Daughter of Sir Andrew Birnie of Saline, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, George the preſent Lord Forreſter.

95. ASHTOUN, Lord Aſhtoun of Forfar.

KING Charles I. was pleaſed to raiſe Sir VValter Aſhoun an Engliſh Gentleman Knight of the Bath, and Baronet, to the Honour of Lord Forfar in this Realm, by Letters Patent bearing date 8th November 1628d whoſe Succeſſor Walter Lord Aſhtoun enjoys the Honour.

96. DOUGLAS, Earl of Forfar.

WHEN King Charles II. was in Scotland, Anno 1651, his Majeſty thought fit upon the 3d of April that Year, to grant a Patent to Archbald Lord Angus to be Earl of Ormond, Lord Bothwel and Hartſide, and to limit the Honour to his Heirs Male by Lady Jean Weems his Spouſe, and upon the Reſtauration, his ſaid Majeſty by a new Patent, bearing Date the 2d of October 1661, created Archbald Douglaſs, the Son of the ſaid Marriage, Earl of Forfar, Lord Wandale and Hartſide, e.

Upon the Advancement of King William to the Throne, Anno 1689, he was named a Privy Councellour and one of the Commiſſioners for executing the Office of Lord Privy-Seal, in which he continued ſeveral Years. In the firſt of Queen Anne, he was again made one of her Majeſtys Privy Council, and one of the Commiſſioners of the Theſaury, in which Station he continued till the Diſſolution of that Court, as one of the Conſequences of the Union of the two Kingdoms, and departing this Life the 12th of December 1712, left Iſſue by Rabina his Wife, Daughter of Sir William Lockhart of Lee, Ambaſſador-extraordinary from King Charles II. to the Court of France, Archbald [Page 151] the preſent Earl his only Son, a Lieutenant Colonel of Dragoons in her Majeſty's Army.

96.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th, Argent, a Man's Heart crown'd, Proper, on a chief, Azure, three Stars of the 1ſt. 2d. and 3d. four Coats quarterly, 1ſt. Mackdoual. 2d. Abernethy. 3d. Wiſhart. 4th. Stewart, as born by the Duke of Douglaſs, ſupported by a Savage, on the Dexter with a Chain about his Neck pendent to it a crown'd Heart proper; on the Siniſter, a Buck colour'd with three Molets. Creſt, a Phenix in a Flame, Motto, Extinctus orior, and on the Compartment, Jamais Arrier.

97. Patrick Ruthven, Earl of Forth,

THIS Gentleman was the Son of William Ruthven of Banden, in the County of Perth, whoſe Deſcent was from the Ancient Barons Ruthven, Men famous many Ages ſince in Scotland, by William a younger Son of William 1ſt. Lord Ruthven a, and Chriſtian his ſecond Wife Daughter to Sir John Forbes of Pitſligo b

Which Patrick, the firſt and only Earl of Forth, in his Youth much affecting Military Exerciſes, went over to Sweden, where he ſerved in the German Wars under that great Prince and famous Souldier Guſtavus Adol phus, then King of Sweden, in which valiant Adventures he deported himſelf with ſuch Eminent Courage, that he arrived to the Degree of a Lieutenant General, and gain'd ſo much Honour, that upon his Return, King Charles I. was pleaſed to raiſe him to the Dignity of a Lord of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Ruthven of Ettrick, Anno 1639, and the ſame Yearc made him Governour of Edinburgh-Caſtle, which he kept for the King's Service, and poſitively refuſed to deliver it to the Parliament without his Majeſty's ſpecial Order, for which Contumacy (as it was then termed) his Eſtate was forfaultedd Anno 1640. Upon the commencing of the Civil War in England, in 1642, he freely reſorted to the Service of his injur'd Sovereign, who appointed him General of his Army; and by Letters Patent, bearing Date the 27th of March 1642e, created him Earl of Forth. In the Battles of Edgehill, Brentford, and Newbery, performing the part of a moſt Prudent, and experienced General, he was further in Conſideration of his eminent Services, in the 1645, created Earl of Brentford in the Kingdom of England. He died very aged, Anno 1651f, leaving one Daughter Jean his ſole Heir, married to James Lord Forreſter; ſo that this Honour became extinct, and was ſince one of the ſubſequent Titles of John Earl of Melfore.

97.1.

Argent, three Bars, Gules.

98. FRASER, Lord Fraſer.

ANdrew Fraſer of Muchill, in Vicecomitatu de Aberdeen, Son and Heir of Andrew Fraſer of Muchill, by [Page 152] Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Robert Douglaſs Earl of Buchan, was the firſt honoured with this Title by King Charles I. 19th June 1633a. His Wife was Anne Daughter of James Lord Balmerin [...], and dying 10th November 1636b,

Andrew his Son ſucceeded into his Eſtate and Honour: He married Anne Daughter of . . . . . Hadden of Gleneagles c, by whom he had,

Andrew is Succeſſor, who departing this Life 24 May 1674d, left Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Hugh Lord L [...]vat, a Son

Charles Lord Fraſer, who married Mary Daughter of James Earl of Buchan, but had no Iſſue.

98.1. ARMS.

Argent, three Frazes, Argent.

99. CARY, Viſcount of Falkland.

SIR Henry Cary Knight, Son and Heir of Sir Edward Cary of Aldenham, an Engliſh-man, Comptroller of the Houſhold, and one of the Gentlemen of the Bed-Chamber to King James VI. was by his Majeſty's ſpecial Favour created a Peer of Scotland, by the Title of Viſcount Falkland, 10th November 1620e. Afterward, he was conſtituted Lieutenant of Ireland; in which Government he behaved himſelf with much Prudence, and dying Anno 1633f, by Eliſabeth his Wife, Daughter of Sir Laurence Taunfield Lord chief Baron of the Exchequer, he had a Son Lucius and a Daughter, Ann married to James Earl of Hume.

Which Lucius Lord Viſcount Falkland, was a Perſon ſingularly well accompliſhed with Learning, and other excellent Parts: He was choſen Member to the Parliament, Anno 1641g for the Burgh of Newport, in the County of Southampton, where he merited ſo well of the King, that he was worthily advanced to be one of the Principal Secretary's of State, upon the removal of Sir Henry Vane, which Office he executed with great Applauſe. Shortly after which, out of his great Zeal to his Majeſty's Service, venturing himſelf in the Battle of Newberry, 20th September 1643, he there loſt his Life in his 34 Year. His intimate Friend, no leſs a Man than the Earl of Clarendon, in his Hiſtory of the Rebellion, characterizes him thus, That he was a Perſon of ſuch prodigious Parts, of Learning and Knowledge, of that inimitable Sweetneſs and Delight in Converſation, of ſo flowing and obliging a Humanity and Goodneſs to Mankind, and of that primitive Simplicity and Integrity of Life, that if there were no other brand upon this odious and accurſed Civil War, than that one ſingle loſs, it muſt be moſt infamous to all Poſterity.

He was married with Letice Daughter of Richard Moriſon of Tolay-Park, in the County of Leiceſter Eſq h, by whom he had Henry his Son and Heir, a Perſon of the higheſt Accompliſhments, excellently vers'd in Learning and good Letters; and not only a great incourager of Poetry, but a principal Ornament of it himſelfi. He wrote a Play called, The Marriage Night, very well eſteem'd. His Lordſhip was elected to ſerve in [Page 153] the Houſe of Commons upon the Reſtauration, and was conſtituted Lord Leiutenant of Oxford-ſhire, he was out off in the prime of his Years, Anno 1664a, as much miſſed (ſays one) when Dead, as lov'd when Living.

Anthony Viſcount of Falkland his Sonb, was ſworn of the Privy Council 17th of March 1691, ſerving then a Burgeſs in Parliament; and 3d of March 1692, appointed one of the Lords Commiſſioners for executing the Office of Lord high Admiral of England c, he made his Exit out of this to another World, in 1694, and was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by

Edward the preſent Lord Viſcount of Falkland.

99.1. ARMS.

Argent, on a bend Sable, three Cinque Foils of the firſt, the paternal Coat of Cary, ſupported on the Dexter with a Lyon rampant, Gules, colour'd Or, on the Siniſter by a Unicorn, Argent, Motto, In utroque fidelis.

100. MACKDUFF, Thane, afterward Earl of Fyfe.

A Thane in Ancient Times, is thought by the learned Spelman and Selden, to have been the King's principal Miniſter in a Province, no doubt inveſted with a Power of Adminiſtration of Juſtice, to which certain honourary Priviledges were annexed. 'Tis thought it was not at the firſt Inſtitution, properly a Title of Dignity, but of Service. They were of two kinds, either ſuch as ſerved the King in greater Places of Eminency, who were called Thani Majores, or Thani Regis, as the Thanes of Fife, Caithneſs, Argyle, and Murray were, theſe that ſerved under them were termed Thani Minores: But when the Title of Comes and Dux became Hereditary (ſo the Learned are of Opinion) the Title and Privileges of Thani Majores did deſcend with the Lands from Fathers to their Children, tho the leſſer did not, yet they ſtill retained the old Name of Thanes and Thanedoms, as the Baronies of Boyn in Ba [...]ff ſhire and Calder in Murray, &c. are called to this Time: And perhaps the Difference betwixt the two conſiſted in this, That the greater Thanes derived their Power and Authority immediately from the King, and held them of the Crown in capite, for Knights Service, which by a certain Conſtitution made them Hereditary, and were of the ſame kind with them that afterward came to be Parliamentary Barons. The leſſer Thanes, had only Commiſſions from them, and were held in the ordinary way for Services done, and to be done. All our Hiſtories do agree, that Mackduff, formerly Thane, was created Earl of Fyfe, by King Malcolme Canmore, Anno 1057d, and that in Conſideration of his extraordinary Services to that Prince, in aſſiſting him to revenge his Father's Death upon Mackbeth, and to recover his Crown, for which he gave him and his Heirs theſe great and noble Privileges,

I. That his Poſterity ſhould have the Honour to place the ſucceeding Kings in the Chair of State, at their Coronations.

II. That they ſhould lead the Van of the Royal Armies.

[Page 154] III. That, if any within the 9th. Degree in Relation to his Family, ſhould be guilty of the unpremeditated Slaughter or caſual Homicide of a Gentleman, he ſhould pay twenty four Merks of Silver, and but twelve if a Plebeian, for Expiation of the Crime; flying to a Sanctuary near Newburgh in Fyfe, on the Confines of Strathern: Which was much the ſame Privilege granted to Mackduff's Kindred, as the Cities of Refuge were to the Iſralites, Joſhua 20. At the Place of Girth, there was an high Croſs erected, containing an Inſcription of old Macaronick Verſes, a Mixture of Latin, Saxon, Daniſh, and old French Words, to this Purpoſe,

Maldraradum dragos, Mairia, laghſtita, Larges,
Spaland [...] ſpados, five nig fig knighthite gnares
Lothea lendiſcos laricingen lairia liſc [...]
Et Colovurtes ſic fit tibi burſia burtus
Exitus, & bladadrum five lim five lam five labrum
Propter Magridin & hoc oblatum
Accipe ſ [...]eleridem ſuper limthide lamthida labrum.

This laſt Privilege was obſerved as long as the Family exiſted, and was claimed and enjoyed by ſeverals within the Degree of Conſanguinity to the Earls of Fife afterward. The learned Skeen, in his Verborum Significatione, remarks, that Spence of W [...]rmiſtoun enjoyed this Benefit for the Slaughter of one Kinninmonth: Sir George Mackenzie mentions another, whereby Sir Hugh Abernethy was aſſoilzied for the Slaughter of John Melvil of Glenbervy: and I have ſeen an Inſtrument in the Year of God 1397, wherein Sir Alexander Murray of Abercarny did plead the Privileges of Clan Mackduff, for the Slaughter of one John Spalding, as ſtanding in the ninth degree of Kin to the Earl of Fyfe.

To Mackduff Earl of Fyfe, ſucceeded Duffgan Comes, his Son, who is one of the Comites aſſenting to the Charter of Alexander I. to the Trinity-Church at Scoon a, He left a Son Conſtantine b Earl of Fyfe, who is one of the many Witneſſes to King David's Charter to the Monaſtery of Dunfermling, Anno Dom. 1126. The next Earl to Conſtantine, was Gillemichel, who is Witneſs in the Foundation Charter of the Abby of Holyrood-houſe, and dying 1139c, he was ſucceeded by Earl Duncan his Son, who is a frequent Witneſs in Charters by King David to religious Perſons and Places; and dying 1154d, Duncan his Son was his Succeſſor: He was Juſticiary of Scotland in the time of King William, and a conſtant Witneſs in Donations by him to the Church, to which he alſo himſelf was a liberal Benefactor: For beſides, his erecting the Nunnery of North-berwick; He gave many Donations to Churchmen, which was then believed to be the moſt compendious way to ſave the Soul. He gave way to Fate in 1203e leaving Malcolm his Son to inherit his Eſtate and Honour, who in the 1217 founded, and richly indowed the Abbacy of Culroſs in Perth-ſhire, in Honour of St. Servan the Confeſſorf; and departing this Life Anno Chriſti 1230g, his Eſtate devolved to Malcolm his Nephewh, who was Father of Colban Earl of Fyfe who died in 1270i leaving Duncan his Son to ſucceed him. This Earl of Fyfe was elected on of the ſix Guardians of Scotland, upon the deceaſe of Alexander III. in the 1286, and died before the Acceſſion of John Baliol to the Crown. Duncan Earl of Fyfe his Succeſſor, was ſlain in the Service of his Country at the Battle of Falkirk, Anno 1298k; and to him ſucceeded Duncan his Son, who was killed at the Battle of Durham, Anno 1346; the Honour and Privileges of the Family devolving to Iſabel his Daughter, who brought the Honour firſt to Sir William Ramſay Knight, her Husband, and afterwards to Sir Thomas Biſſet, [Page 155] but ſhe having no Iſſue of her Body, reſigned the Honour to Robert Earl of Montieth, her Brother-in-law, afterward Duke of Albany. And ſo this noble Family was extinguiſhed.

100.1. ARMS.

Or, a Lyon Rampant, Gules.

101. Lord of Galloway.

THE firſt intituled Lord from this Country, was Fergus de Galweya, who flouriſhed under King Malcolm III. He founded the Monaſtery of Saul-ſeat, and the Priory of Whitern a for Monks of the Order of Premontre, and was a Benefactor to the Abby of Holy-rood-houſe, by his Gift of the Village of Dundrenan b, in pure and perpetual Alms: After which he took upon him the Habit of a Monk in that Monaſtery, Anno 1160. He left two Sons, Uchtred Lord of Galloway, and Gilbert, who fraudulently ſeized upon his elder Brother, made him his Priſoner, ema ſculated him, pulled out his Eyes, and then put him to Death: But upon the Death of this Gilbert, Anno Chriſti 1185c. Rolland Son of Uchtred his Brother, recovered the Lordſhip of Galloway, and encreaſed the Wealth and Honour of his Family by the Marriage of Eliſabeth Daughter, and at length ſole Heir to Richard Morvil d Conſtable of Scotland, whereby that Dignity was transferred to his Race. By Eliſabeth his Wife He had two Sons and a Daughter, viz.

Alan Lord of Galloway.

Thomas de Galloway Earl of Athole.

Ada, Wife of Sir Walter Biſset e.

Which Alan was a great Benefactor to the Church; for beſides that he founded the Abbacy of T [...]ngland f, He ratified to the Monks of Melroſs g, Annuum redditum quem habere ſolebant de Galweya temporibus Predeceſſoris mei, pro animabus Rollandi patris mei, & Uchtredi avi mei. This Man married Margaret eldeſt Daughter of David Earl of Huntington, Brother to King William the Lyon, by whom he had three Daughters his Co-heirs.

1. Helen, married to Roger de Quincy Earl of Wincheſter in England, but had no Succeſſion.

2. Chriſtian, to William de Fortibus Earl of Albemarle ſans Iſſue.

3. Dornagilla to John Baliol Knight, who convoyed the Right to the Crown of Scotland to her Son.

This Alan dying Anno Dom. 1233h, was interr'd in the Abby Church of Dundrenan i before the high Altar, and had this Monkiſh Epitaph,

M. ſemel & bis C ſi jungas X ter & I ter,
Hoc anno ſubiit mortis Alanus iter.
Gloria Scotorum, roſa Cleri, flos laicorum,
Dandi larga manus, jacet hic venerandus Alanus.
Tot bona qui deder at vix fuit, eſt vel erit.
O tu qui legere vel qui cupis iſta videre,
Diſce bona facere, ſic mortuus non moriere.
Qui legis haec metra, quae continet haec mea petra,
Ores ut petra Chriſtus me ponat in aethra.

Alan thus dying without Male Iſſue, the Lordſhip of Galloway fell to the ſhare of Dornagilla his ſecond Daughter, Wife of John de Baliol, Signeur de Caſtubernard. He founded Baliol College in the Univerſity of Oxford k, and with Conſent of Dernogilla his Wife, releaſed to the Biſhop of Glaſgow all Right he had to the Church of Edilſtoun, which had been long in diſpute between his Anceſtors and the Chapter of that Seel, departing this Life Anno 1269m, was interr'd at New-Abbay in Galloway, founded by his Wife in Honour [Page 156] of the Place of his Sepulture, of which Mr. Winton informs us thus,

When Baliol that was her Lord
Spouſit, as ye hard record,
H [...]s Sau [...] ſend till his Creatoure
Or he w [...]s laid in Sepulture
She gart opyne his Body tyte,
And gart take his Hart out quite,
With Spicery right well ſavorand,
And of kind well fleworand,
That ilk Heart, as men ſaid,
She balm [...] and gart be laid
In a Coffore of Ebore
That ſhe gart be maid thairfore,
Enamylit and perfectly dight
Locket and bunden with Silver bright,
She foundit intil Galoway
Of Ciſtertians order an Abby,
Dulce Cor ſhe gart thame all
That is Sweet Heart that Abby call,
But now the Men of Galloway
Call that Steid New-Abby.

He left Iſſue by the ſaid Dornagilla his Wife, John his Son and Heir, and a Daughter married to John Cummin Lord of Badenoch.

Which John, upon the deceaſe of Margaret Queen of Scotland, Anno 1290, competed with Robert Bruce for the Crown of this Realm.

However, both of them at length unanimouſly reſolved to refer the Matter to the Arbitration of Edward King of England, who determined in Favours of this John Baliol, who accordingly was placed on the Throne 29th of November 1292a, by the Name of John I. the Lordſhip of Galloway and the Conſtabulary of Scotland being thereby involved in the regal Dignity; and ſo continued [...]ll Robert I. meritonouſly beſtowed the Lordſhip of Galloway upon Sir Edward Bruce his own Brother, afterward Earl of Carrick and King of Ireland, Anno 1313b, by whoſe Death it again returned to the Crown, and ſo continued till that victorious Monarch erected it to Sir Archibald Douglaſs, Knight, who being an active Perſon, ſerved King David Bruce with great Fidelity againſt the Baliol, whom he totally routed at Annand, Anno 1332, after which he was choſen Governour of Scotland; and fighting gallantly in the Battle of Halydonhill, was there ſlain in the Defence of his Country, 22 July 1333, leaving Iſſue by . . . . . . . his Wife Daughter of John Cumin Lord Badenoch, William Lord of Galloway, afterward Earl of Douglaſs.

102. STEUART, Earl of Galloway.

THIS collateral Branch of the illuſtrious Family of Steuart, ſprang from Sir Walter Stewart Knightc, who had by the bounty of King Robert Bruce, a Grant of the Barony of Dalſwinton, in reward of his good and faithful Services to that glorious Monarchd, not long after his Acceſſion to the Crown. Likeas he had a Charter from his Nephewe John Randolph Earl of Murray, of the Lands and Barony of Garlies, then in Drumfries-ſhire, but now in the Stewartry of Kircudbrught, without Date, a Thing uſual enough in theſe Days. The next of the Family was,

[Page 157] John Stewart of Dalſwinton, who ſeems to have been a very conſiderable Perſon, both on the account of his Birth, and the many Lands he held in diverſe Counties, ſince we find by the Tranſactions with the Engliſh in the Foedera publiſhed by Mr. Rymer, that this John was given one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King David Bruce in the 1357. After him (and apparently his Son) was,

Sir Walter Stewart Lord of Dalſwinton, who lived in the Time of Robert II. & III. He having no Male Iſſue of his Body, in the 1396 married his only Daughtera to John Stewart Eſq Son and Heir of Sir William Stewart Sheriff of Teviotdale b. They with Conſent and Aſſent of each other, in the 1418c, give to Sir John Stewart Lord Grytoun, the Barony of Callie, in comitatu Gallovidioe, which is all I have found memorable concerning him, ſave that he left a Son,

Sir William Stewart of Dalſwinton, who made a conſiderable Figure in the Reign of King James II. by whom he was made a Knight, ſometime before the 1453d. He had Iſſue three Sons, Alexander his Succeſſor, Sir Thomas Stewart of Minto Knight, Anceſtor to the preſent Lord Blantyre e, Walter, of whom camef the Stewarts of Tongrie.

Which Alexander Stewart of Garlies obtain'd a Grant of the Barony of Dalſwinton, upon the Reſignation of Sir William his Father, 13 January 1453g, and in the 1465, he reſigns ſundry Lands in Teviotdale in favours of Alexander Scot of Howpaſlet. By Eliſabeth Stewart his Wife, he had Iſſue John his eldeſt Son, who dyed without Succeſſionh, and

Sir Alexander his Succeſſor, who departing this Life Anno 1490i left Iſſue Alexander a Son, and Agnes a Daughter, who was married to John Lord Maxwel k, and had Iſſue.

Which Alexander was Knighted in the Time of King James IV. being then a powerful Baron. He was ſlain at the Battle of Flowdon 9th September 1513, leaving Iſſue a Son Alexander to ſucceed him, by Chriſtian his Wife, Daughter of Sir Archbald Douglaſs of Cavers, Sheriff of Teviotdale l.

This Sir Alexander Steuart of Garlies was much favoured by King James V. of whoſe Privy-Council he was. He married firſt Catherine Daughter of Sir James Crichton of Cranſton-riddel m. 2dly Margaret Daughter of Patrick Dunbar of Clugſton, by whom he had two Sons, Alexander, and John Stewart Parſon of Kirkmahoe n, Progenitor of John Stewart of Phiſgill, in Vicecomitatu de Wigtoun. His third Wife was Catherine Daughter to William Stewart of Barcly, by whom he had William, firſt of the Houſe of Clarie, and Robert, who in the Year 1561 purchaſed the Lands of Cardonald in Renfrew ſhire by the Marriage of Mary Daughter and Co Heir of James Stewart of Cordonald o, and Helen married to William Gordon of Murefade, in Vicecomitatu de Wigton.

Alexander Stewart younger of Garlies, was in the Intereſt of King James VI. in the ſaid King's Minority, and was ſlain at the ſurpriſe of the Town of Stirling by the Earl of Huntly and the Laird of Buclugh, 3d September 1571p, leaving Iſſue by Catherine [Page 158] his Wife, Daughter and Co-heir of Andrew Lord Herris of Terregles.

Alexander, who ſucceeded his Grandfather, and obtained the Honour of Knighthood, at the Coronation of Queen Anne, Wife of James VI. Anno 1590a. He married Chriſtian, Daughter of Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig, Anceſtor to the Duke of Queensberry b. By her he had Alexander, the firſt Earl, and William Steuart of Mains, Anceſtor to Sir Jame Stewart of Burrow Baronet; likewiſe two Daughters. 1ſt. Helen, married to John Douglas of Stanhouſe. 2d. Jean, to James Kennedy of Colzean. He departing this Life in October 1596c, his Eſtate deſcended to

Alexander his Son, who was firſt knighted by King James VI. then by his Majeſty's ſpecial Favour raiſed to the Dignity of Lord Garlies, by Letters Patent 2d of September 1607d, his Deſcent from the illuſtrous Family of Lennox, being one of the principal Reaſons for beſtowing the Honour. Further, his ſaid Majeſty was pleaſed to create him Earl of Galloway, 9th of September 1523e. He married Griſel Daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochenvar, in Vicecomitatu de Wigtoun: By whom he had, 1ſt. Alexander Lord Garlies, who married Margaret Daughter of William Earl of Monteith, by whom he had a Son Alexander, who died young. 2d. Sir James Steuart Baronet; likewiſe Anne, married to Andrew Agnew of Lochnaw. This Earl died very aged, Ann [...] 1649f, his Eſtate and Honour devolving on

Sir James his Son and Heir, who during the Uſurpation, was very active in the King's Cauſe, and on that accound ſuffered in the common Calamity with other Loyaliſts, ſurviving the Uſurpation eleven Years, he gave way to Fate in June 1671g' leaving Iſſue by Nicolas his Wife, Daughter of Sir Robert Grierſon of Lag, three Sons and a Daughter, viz. Alexander his Succeſſor, Robert Steuart of Reimſtoun, William Steuart of Caſtle-Steuart, Griſel married to Alexander Viſcount of Kenmure.

Which Alexander married Mary Daughter of James Earl of Queenſberry, by whom he had Alexander his Succeſſor, who died unmarried, Anno 1694. 2d. James, now Earl of Galloway. 3d. Colonel John Steuart of Sorbie. 4th. Andrew Steuart Eſq who died in the Expedition to Darien in the 1699. 5th. William Steuart Eſq 6th. Robert Steuart Eſq alſo two Daughters, 1ſt. Margaret, marrried to John Clark of Penniecook Junior, one of the Barons of Exchequer, and had Iſſue. 2d. Heurietta, to William Earl of Glen [...]airn.

Which James ſo ſucceeding into the Eſtate and Honour of Galloway, upon the Deceaſe of his Brother, was conſtituted one of the Lords of her Majeſty's Privy-Council. Soon after her Acceſſion to the Throne, his Lordſhip was appointed one of the Committee of Parliament, 18th of June 1702, for reviſing the Accompts of Money laid on by the former Seſſions of that Parliament. And in the great Affair of the Union of the two Kingdoms. I find his Lordſhip diſſenting from the Court in ſeveral very momentous Articles of the Treaty, as appears from the Minutes of the laſt Parliament. He married Catherine Daughter of Alexander Earl of Eglintoun, by whom he has Iſſue Alexander Lord Gairlies, &c.

102.1. ARMS.

A Feſs Checquie, Azure and Argent, [Page 159] ſurmounted of a Bend Gules, within a double Treſure Flower'd and Counterflower'd of the laſt, ſupported on the Dexter with a Savage, and on the Siniſter by a Lyon Rampant Gules. Creſt, a Pelican feeding her Young, Proper. Motto, Vireſcit vulnere virtus.

103. CRAWFURD, Viſcount of Garnock.

THE Sirname of the Family of Kilbirny was firſt Barclay, deſcended of Sir Walter Barclay, who executed the Office of Lord high Chamberlain of Scotland, the 9th of King William the Lyon a Anno Dom. 1174b. From this noble Perſon the ſeveral Ancient Families of that Sirname in the Counties of Aberdeen, Fyfe, and Air, derive themſelves. The firſt Perſon of Note of this Branch, was Sir Hugh Barclay of Kilbirny Knight, who flouriſhed under King David II. in the 18th of whoſe Reign, he gave to his Vaſſal John Mackmoran, his Lands of Haymore, for Services done by him, and to be donec. This Sir Hugh was ſucceeded in his Inheritance by Hugh his Son, who obtain'd the Honour of Knighthood from Robert III. For I have found him deſigned Hugo Barclay de Kilbirny miles, Anno 1397d. He left behind him, but by whom I have not diſcovered, two Sons, David the eldeſt, and Archbald e firſt of the Branch of Ladyland, in Vicecomitatu de Air, which determin'd in Sir Hugh Barclay Knight, who died without Male Iſſue in 1596. Which David obtained a Grant of the whole Lordſhip of Kilbirny, and half of Ladyland from King James I. upon the Reſignation of his Father Sir Hugh, 26 of May 1431f. He was ſucceeded by John his Son, who dying without Male Succeſſion the 10th of King James III. 1470g, with him the Male Line of the Barclay's determined, after having flouriſhed in great Splendor for a conſiderable ſpace, the Barony of Kilbirny devolving to Marjory his Daughter and ſole Heir, married to Malcolm Crawfurd Eſquire.

Tho the Crawfurds have not poſſeſſed Kilbirny above 243 Years, yet were they a very ancient Family before. A Branch of the Houſe of Loudoun came firſt to poſſeſs the Barony of Eaſter-Greenock in Renfrew-ſhire, about the Time of Robert III. Malcolm Crawfurd Eſq then taking to Wife . . . . . . . . . Daughter and Co-heir of Malcolm Galbraith of Greenock, an ancient Family in thoſe Partsh, by whom he had Malcolm Crawfurd Eſq his Son and Heir, who came to be Kilbirny in Right of Marjory Barclay his Wife aforeſaid, whereupon he aſſumed the Coat of Barclay and impail'd it with his own: Here it may be remarked, that all the Eſtate the [Page 160] Family ever had, or yet poſſeſſes, was acquired to them by Marriage; or Lands ſo obtained were exchanged for others lying more contiguous to the reſt of their Fortune, which gave occaſion to a Friend to apply to them the following Diſtich,

Aulam alii jactent, at tu Kilbirnie nube,
Nam qua Fors aliis, dat Venus alma tibi.

This Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirny, by Marjory Barclay his Wife, had Iſſue

Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirny.

James Crawfurd firſt of the Line of Monock, in Vicecomitatu de Air.

Thomas.

John.

Iſobel, married to Sir Adam Cuningham of Capringtoun Knighta, in Vicecomitatu de Air, Mother by him of Sir John Cunningham, and of Margaret Wife of Andrew Lord Ochiltree,

Malcom Crawfurd, Son and Heir of Marjory Barclay of Kilbirny, had a Charter of the Barony of Kilbirny and othersb, upon the Reſignation of his Mother, 24th of April 1499, which Malcolm married Marion Crichton c Daughter to Robert Lord Sanquhar, Anceſtor to the preſent Counteſs of Dramfries, by whom he had two Sons, Robert his Succeſſor, and John Crawfurd Eſq

Which Robert had a Charter of the whole Lordſhip of Kilbirny, following on his Father's Reſignation, he reſerving a Competency to himſelf, 8th of May 1499d, which was ratified by King James IV. by a Charter under the Great-Seal; his Death happening not long after, viz. in the 1500e. This Robert Crawfurd of Kilbirny in Anno 1505, had a Diſpenſation from James Beaton Abbot of Dunfermling, the Pope's Delegate, for marrying Margaret Semple f, notwithſtanding of their Conſanguinity within the Degrees prohibited by the Canon Law. He dying about 1513, left Iſſue by the ſaid Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Sir Thomas Semple of Eliotſtoun,

Lawrence his Son and Heir, a Perſon of eminent Note in thoſe Days, both for the conſiderable Lands he held in diverſe Counties, and the many Services to his Country; in Conſideration whereof, he had ſeveral beneficial Grants from the Crown, in Reward of his good and laudable Services, but living in a Reign of no great Action, there is not any thing to be ſeen further memorable of him, but that he exchanged the Barony of Crawfurd-John, the ancient Inheritance of his Anceſtors, with Sir James Hamilton of Finart, for the Lands of Drumray, in the County of Dunbarton, by a ſolemn Agreement, bearing date 29th of January 1528g, and founded a Chaplainry in the little Church of Drumray, of his own Patronage, for certain Prieſts, to celebrate Divine Service for the Soul's Health of his late Sovereign Lord King James V. the good State of himſelf, and Helen Campbel his Wife, during their Lives here; likewiſe for the Well-fare of their Souls after their Departure out of this World, their Children, Succeſſors, and all the faithful deceaſed, to which he appends his Sealh. Living to the Age of about 41, he departed this Life the 4th of June 1547, happily taken away from ſeeing the ſad Calamity of his Country by abloody War that ſoon followed after, leaving a numerous Family by Helen Campbel his Wife Daughter of Sir Hugh Campbel [Page 161] of Loudoun, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of that Name,

Hugh his Succeſſor.

William Crawfurd died without Iſſue.

Robert Crawfurd Eſq

John Crawfurd of Greenock-Eaſter.

David Crawfurd of Campel.

Thomas, Progenitor of the Crawfurds of Jordan-hill, alſo of Cartsburn a in Renfrew-ſhire, who taking himſelf to Arms, was early engaged in the Service of his Country, more particularly when in the utmoſt Danger of being ruined by the Engliſh, Anno 1547, & was preſent in the Battle of Pinkie-field, where he had the miſfortune to be taken Priſonerb, and for ſome time remained in Durance, till by a Sum of Money his Ranſom was procured. Seeing his native Country imbroil'd in a War, he retired into France An. 1550, & liſted himſelf in the Service of Henry II. in the Quality of one of the Gensd' Arms, then under the Command of James Earl of Aran c, where his prudent Conduct and generous Behaviour gain'd him a general Eſteem. Upon the Demiſe of Francis II. he returned with Queen Mary to his native Country, Anno 1561, and ſo far as I can diſcover, he liv'd in a private Capacity till the Nation was alarmed with the Murder of Henry Lord Darnly, Queen Mary's Husband, to whom he had the Honour to be nearly related: Then it was he entred into an Aſſociation with the Earls of Argyle, Morton, Athole, Mar, Glencairn, Lindſay, Boyd, and others, for the Defence of the young Prince King James VI. who was in Danger of being murdred by the Earl of Bothwel, as his Father had been: This they ſolemnly declared, and that they had no other View but the Honour and Safety of Her Majeſty's Perſon, and the Preſervation of their Natural Prince, and to bring the Regicide to a fair Trial. How a Civil War broke out, I need not mention in this place, the Anarchy and Confuſion of the ſucceeding Times, I rather paſs over in Silence, than enter on the Detail of ſo ungrateful a Subject: But true it is, that this Gentleman was on the young King's ſide againſt Queen Mary, and commanded in ſeveral Expeditions againſt the Loyaliſts, with abundance of Reputation for his Valour and Conduct, being then Captain of the King's Forces all the time of theſe unhappy Troubles. He ſignaliz'd himſelf in the Siege of the Caſtle of Edinburgh, as appears at large by Mr. Hume's Annalsd, and in ſurpriſing Dunbarton Caſtle, then he'd out for Queen Mary by John Lord Fleeming, 2d of April 1572e, a Strength which was in theſe Days thought impregnable: In Conſideration of which Services, he obtained from the King the Lands of Blackſtoun, Barns, Biſhops-Meadow, with an Annuity of 200 l. out of the Biſhoprick of St. Andrews, to enjoy it during Life, Pro remuneratione dicto Thomae Crawfurd Capitaneo, militi prudenti ac in rebus bellicis audaci & experto, ob Caſtrum Dunbritonenſe omnium judicio inexpugnabile labore & induſtria ipſius Thomae captum & expugnatum f. He married firſt Marion, Daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luſs g, by whom he had only Marion, married to Sir Robert Fairly of that Ilk, in Vicecomitatu de Air; after her Death, Janet, eldeſt Daughter and Heir of Robert Ker of [Page 162] Kerſland, an ancient Family in Air-ſhire, by whom he had two Sons and a Daughter, 1ſt. Daniel, who ſucceeded to his Mother's Eſtate, and therefore changed his Name to Ker a. 2d. Hugh Crawfurd of Jordan-hill, Heir of his Father's Fortune, and Suſanna married to Colin Campbel of Elengreg, in Vicecomitatu de Argyle. Having ſo prudently ſettled his Eſtate, as that both the Families might be ſupported, he made his Exit out of this to another World the 3d of January 1603, and lyes buried at the Church of Kilbirny, under a plain Tomb, where you may ſtill diſcover the Figure of a Man in full length in Armour, with a Coat of Arms, wherein Crawfurd quartered with Barclay is to be ſeen, and this Inſcription upon the Pedeſtal,‘Here lies Captain Thomas Crawfurd of Jordan-hill, Sixth Son to Laurence Crawfurd of Kilbirny, and Janet Ker, eldeſt Daughter of Robert Ker of Kerſland, his Spouſe.’

Catherine, eldeſt Daughter of Laurence Crawfurd of Kilbirny, was married to David Fairly of that Ilkb.

Iſabel the ſecond, married to Gavin Blair of Hally, in Vicecomitatu de Air.

To Laurence ſucceeded Hugh Crawfurd his Son and Heir, of whom there is nothing recorded in Hiſtory till the breaking out of the Civil Troubles in Queen Mary's time, Anno 1568. He was a forward Aſſerter of her Right, and faithfully adhered to her Intereſt. He was the ſame Year one of the Barons who ſigned a Bond for Defence of the Queen's Majeſty, againſt all Perſons whatſoever, and againſt all deadly, (as they ſpeak) and marched in Perſon with two of his Sons, and ſeveral of his Vaſſals and Retainers to the Field of Lang-fide; which Action happened 13th of May 1568, for which he was obliged to accept of a Remiſſion from the Regentc. He firſt married Margaret Daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luſs d, in Vicecomitatu de Dunbartoun, by whom he had Malcolns his Son and Heir. Next Eliſabeth, Daughter of David Barclay of Ladyland e, who bore him a Son William Crawfurd of Knights-wood in Vicecomitatu de Dunbartoun: And three Daughters.

1. Margaret, married to James Galbraith of Kilcroich, in Vicecomitatu de Stirling f, and afterwards to Sir Aulay Mackaulay of Ardincaple.

2. Marion, to John Boyle of Kelburn, Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Glaſgow, and had Iſſue.

3. Eliſabeth, to David Brody of Caſtletoun g, in Vicecomitatu de Clackmanan, and had Iſſue. There being nothing more memorable concerning this Loyal Gentleman, I ſhall only notice, that he dying in the Year 1576, was ſucceeded by,

Malcolm his Son and Heir, who took to Wife Margaret Daughter of John Cuningham of Glengarnock, in Vicecomitatu de Air h, by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of John Lord Fleeming, by whom he had John and Alexander; likewiſe a Daughter Anne, married to William Cuningham of Leglane, Anceſtor to Sir William Cuningham Baronet. He departing this Life, Anno 1592i.

John his Son ſucceeded, who ſpent much of his Time in Foreign Parts, and died young, viz. 16th of January 1622k. He left Iſſue by Margaret [Page 163] his Wife, Daughter of John Blair of that Ilk, by Griſel his Wife, Daughter of Robert Lord Semple, John his Succeſſor, Malcolm Crawfurd of Newtoun, James Crawfurd of Knights-wood; Alſo two Daughters.

1. Margaret, married to Hugh Kennedy of Ardmillan, in Vicecomitatu de Air, and had Iſſue.

2. Jean, to John Lindſay of Blackſolme, in Vicecomitatu de Renfrew, 2dly. To John Buchanan of Drumiekill, and had Iſſue.

Which John liv'd in great Plenty and Reſpect, and agreeably ſpent his Time in Re-building the Houſe of Kilbirny, a large and magnificent Fabrick from the very Foundation, which he finiſhed in the 1627. His Wife was Mary, Daughter of James Earl of Glencairn: By her he had John his Succeſſor, James who died unmarried; alſo two Daughters, Anne married to Alexander Cuningham of Corſehill, in Vicecomitatu de Air, and Margaret to Colonel William Crawfurd elder Brother to Thomas Crawfurd of Carſe, ſans Iſſue. He died the 12th of November 1629, his Eſtate deſcending to

John his Son, who obtained the Honour of Knighthood from King Charles I. Anno 1642, and had the Command of a Regiment in the time of the Civil War, but lived retir'd during the Uſurpation, which he had the Happineſs to ſurvive. He was elected a Member of Parliament for the County of Air a, which began the 1ſt of January 1661, John Earl of Midletoun being his Majeſty's High Commiſſioner; in which Year he alſo died at Edinburgh, from whence his Body was convoyed to Kilbirny Church, and was buried among his Anceſtors. By Margaret his firſt Wife, Daughter of Robert Lord Burleigh, he had no Children came to Maturity: But by Magdalen his ſecond Wife, Daughter of David Lord Carnegy, he had two Daughters, Anne married to Sir Archbald Steuart of Blackhall Baronet, and Margaret, on whom, by a ſpecial Entail, he ſettled his Eſtate, and to the Heirs Male or Female to be procreate betwixt her and Mr. Patrick Lindſay Son of John Earl of Crawfurd, upon Condition every ſuch Heir ſhould carry the Sirname and Arms of Crawfurd: She died in the 29th Year of her Age, the 4th. of October 1680, leaving Iſſue by the aforeſaid Mr. Patrick Lindſay her Husband, John Crawfurd of Kilbirny her Son and Heir, Patrick Crawfurd Eſq Captain Archbald Crawfurd; Likewiſe three Daughters.

1. Margaret, married to David Earl of Glaſgow.

2. Anne, to Maſter Harry Maul of Kelly, Brother to James Earl of Panmure.

3. Magdalen, to George Dundaſs of Duddingſtoun, in Vicecomitatu de Linlithgow, and has Iſſue.

Which John was born the 12th of May 1669. He had his Education in Grammar at Irvine, and his Academical in the Univerſity of St. Andrews, where he ſpent the uſual Years. The Revolution coming about in 1689, upon his firſt Appearance in the World, he engaged with the Party who were active in it. I find he was one of thoſe Perſons to whom the Militia of Air-ſhire was intruſtedb, and which on a ſurmiſe of an Invaſion from Ireland (if I be not miſtaken) he once commanded. After the Convention was turned into a Parliament, He was in the 1693 choſen to ſerve for Air-ſhire, which he did without Interruption, till the Diſſolution thereof upon the Death of King William, [Page 164] 8th of March 1702. Her Majeſty Queen Anne, upon her Acceſſion to the Crown, appointed him one of the Commiſſioners on the Part of Scotland for treating of an Union between both Nations, and the 4th of February 1703, named him one of the Lords of the Privy-Council. He was again choſen to ſerve for the County of Air, to her Majeſty's firſt Parliament, which met at Edinburgh the 6th of May 1703, where he merited ſo well of the Queen, that ſhe was pleaſed in the ſecond Year of her Reign to make him a Peer, by creating him Viſcount of Mount-Crawfurd, which he changed again to the Title of Garnock: And among other Reaſons for conferring the Honour, her Majeſty declares, this was not the leaſt, propter multa & conſpicua officia per Predeceſſores ejus Crawfurdios de Kilbirny, pro Coronae noſtrae & Monarchiae ſuſtentatione peracta. Tho this Lord was one of the Commiſſioners for the Treaty of Union, Anno 1702, yet I don't find his Name among thoſe appointed for that Affair in the 1706, to which however his Lordſhip being in the Meaſures of the Court, contributed, when the Articles came to be conſidered in Parliament. After which he continued in the Council till its Diſſolution. In the Month of March 1708 he was taken ill with an Aſthma and a Cough, the Malignity of which all the Art of his Phyſicians not being able to remove, it put an End to his Days on the 24th of December thereafter, and upon the 13th of January 1709, he was depoſited in a Vault within the Church of Kilbirny among his Anceſtors, where I leave him, how ſoon I have given this Epitaph upon him.

Ante diem, querimur, tua cingi buſta cupreſſo,
Crawfurdae gentis lauſque decuſque tuae.
Invida [...]rs paucis paſſa eſt te vivere luſtris,
Et generi & pr [...]vis noluit eſſe parem:
Saepe laboranti patriae, qui ſaepe tulerunt
Regi, cum promeret civis iniquus, opem.
At, ſi vita tibi ſeros manſiſſet in annos,
Fulſiſſet magnis gloria major avis.

By the only Wife he ever had, and who ſurvived him, viz. Margaret Daughter of James Stewart 1ſt. Earl of Bute, he had Patrick now Viſcount of Garnock, John, James, David, and Charles: Alſo three Daughters,

Margaret.

Anne.

Magdalen. All Young.

103.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th Gules, a Feſs Ermine, 2d and 3d Azure, a Chiveron betwixt three Croſs Patees Or, ſupported by two Gray-Hounds, Creſt, an Ermine Argent, Motto, Sine labe nota.

A learned Gentleman of this Namea paraphras'd on this Coat of Arms in theſe fine Elegiacks.

Sanguineum ſcutum praecingit balteus albens,
Quem variant nigrae ſed ſine labe notae.
Sic labem ut vitet, muſtela Armenica ſtrictum
In ferrum & ſtructos non timet ire rogos:
Martia vis animi, vacuum formidine pectus,
Cana fides, nulla labe notatus honos:
Haec Crafurdiacae gentilia ſymbola ſtirpit,
Artibus his veteres emicuere patres.

104. RUTHVEN, Earl of Gaurie.

FROM the Barony of Ruthven in Perth-ſhire, did Walter the Son of Alan, Proprietar of the ſaid Lands [Page 165] aſſume a Denomination, which before that Time appears not to have been Hereditary. However, he was a Perſon of ſo much Conſideration, that he obtained the Lands of Cowgask in Marriage with Cecily, Daughter of Gilbert Earl of Strathern a. in the Reign of Alexander II.

He left a Son Walter de Rochven, who obtained a Confirmation from Maliſe Earl of Strathern of the Lands above-mentioned, which Gilbert his Father had formerly given Walter filio Alani & Ceciliae filiae ſuae.

Walter de Rochven his Succeſſor in the 13th of Alexander III. reſigns his Right of the Lands of Fowlis per deceſsum aviae ſuae Ceciliae filiae Domini Willielmi Maule Militis b. This noble Family continued for many Generations in the County of Perth, where they were hereditary Sheriffs among the ſuperior Rank of the Gentry, till the Reign of King James III. that Sir William Ruthven of that Ilk came to be ranked among the Parliamentary Barons. I find he married to his firſt Wife, Iſabel Livingſton c, Relict of Walter Lindſay of Beaufort, by whom he had Sir William his eldeſt Sond, who was killed at Flowdon e; alſo a Daughter Jean, married to Alexander Earl of Buchan, and again to John Erskine of Dun, in Vicecomitatu de Forfar f, Mother by him to Sir John Erskin of Dun, Superintendent of Angus. He married 2dly Chriſtian Daughter of Sir John Forbes of Pitſligo g, by whom he had William Ruthven of Banden, in vicecomitatu de Perth h, Grand-father of Patrick Earl of Forth, and a Daughter Eliſabeth, married firſt to William Earl of Errol, and again to Ninian Lord Roſs i, and had Iſſue.

To William Lord Ruthven ſucceeded William his Grandſonk, who augmented his Fortune by the Marriage of Janet, one of the three Daughters and Co-heirs of Patrick Lord Dirletoun l, and thereon added to his own Coat of Arms Argent, a Bend Azure. He was made Lord Privy-Sealm Anno 1547, upon the removal of John Abbot of Paiſly, which he held till the 1553. By the aforeſaid Janet his Wife, he had Iſſue Patrick his Succeſſor, & Alexander of Freeland, and Daughters, 1ſt. Lilias, married to David Lord Drummond n, 2d. Catherine, to Colin Campbel of Glenurchie, 3d. Cecilia, to Sir David Weems of Weems, 4th. Barbara, to Patrick Lord Gray, 5th. Janet, to John Crichton of Strathurd o. 2dly to Laurence Mercer of Addie p, in Vicecomitatu de Perth. 6th. Margaret, to James Johnſton of Elphinſtoun, in Vicecomitatu de Haddingtoun. 7th. Chriſtian, to Mr. William Lundy of that Ilkq, in Vicecomitatu de Fife.

Patrick Lord Ruthven his Son, was very active in the Reformation of Religion, which indeed was very commendable and Praiſe-worthy; but that which lyes heavieſt on this Lord's Memory, is, the Hand he had in the Murder of David Rizio, a Deed ſo odious, both in it ſelf, and attended with ſuch Circumſtances, that none will take upon them to juſtify. His Wife was Jean, natural Daughter of Archbald Earl of Angus r, by Margaret Daughter of James Steuart of Traquair, by whom he had two Sons, William and Alexander; likewiſe [Page 166] two Daughters, Jean, married to Henry Lord Methven, 2dly to Andrew Earl of Rothes a, Iſabel to Sir James Colvil of Eaſter-Weems, in Vicecomitatu de Fife. This Lord gave Way to Fate on the 13 Day of June 1566b, and was ſucceeded by

William his Son, who was on the King's Side in the Minority of James VI. by whom he was conſtituted Lord high Theſaurer of Scotland 24th of June 1571c, and created Earl of Gourie 23 of Auguſt 1681d; but three Years after he entred into a Conſpiracy to ſeize the King's Perſon, and remove ſome Councellours from the Court, for which he was attainted of Treaſon, and loſt his Head 28th April 1584e, leaving Iſſue by Dorothea his Wife, Daughter of Henry Lord Methven, & of Janet Daughter of John Earl of Athole, 1ſt. James. 2d. John, 3d. Alexander, 4th. Patrick Ruthven Doctor of Medicine: Alſo ſeven Daughters,

1. Margaret married to John Earl of Montr [...]ſe.

2. Mary to John Stewart Earl of Athole.

3. Sophia to Lodovick Duke of Lennox, ſans Iſſue.

4. Jean to James Lord Ogilvy.

5. Beatrix, to Sir James Hume of Colding knows in Vicecom. de Berwick.

6. Iſabel, to Sir Robert Gordon of Lochenvar, 2dly to Hugh firſt Lord Londo [...]n.

7. Dorothea, to John Weems of Pittencrief f, in Vicecomitatu de Fife.

James Son of William Earl of Goury was reſtored to his Eſtate and Honour, Anno 1586, but dying young in 1588 John his Brother became his Heir. This Earl, with Alexander Ruthven his Brother, entred into a moſt helliſh Conſpiracy to have murder'd the King at his own Houſe in the Town of Perth, on the 5th of Auguſt 1600, which was by the good Providence of God detected at the very inſtant of Execution, both the Earl and his Brother being killed in the Enterprize. Thereafter, upon the 19th of October their dead Bodies were carried to the common Place of Execution in the City of Edinburgh, hanged on a Gibbet, and their Heads cut off and affixed on the Jayl, there to remain till the Wind ſhould blow them off g. The Earldom of Goury was annexed to the Crown, and the Sirname of Ruthven diſcharged by Act of Parliament, and the 5th of Auguſt ordered in all time coming to be religiouſly obſerved as a Day of Thankſgiving, in remembrance of his Majeſty's happy Deliverance.

104.1. ARMS.

Three Coats quarterly, 1ſt and 4th Argent, three Bars Gules. 2d Or, three Bars Gules, 3d Or, on a Bend Azure, three Lozanges of the firſt, all within a Border Or flowr'd and Counter-flowr'd Gules, ſupporred by two Goats proper, Creſt, a Goats Head cabos'd, iſſuing out a Crown Or, Moto, Facta Probant, and on the Dexter a Chivaleer garniſh'd with the Earl's Coat of Arms, pointing with a Sword upward to an imperial Crown, with this Deviſe, Tibi ſoli h.

105. Francis Abercromby, Lord Glasfurd.

THIS Francis was the Son and Heir of Alexander Abercromby of Fiterneir, in Vicecomitatu de [Page 167] Aberdeen, by Jean Daughter of John Seto [...] of Newark, branched from the Family of Birkenbog, ſeated in the Shire of Banff, before the Time of King Robert I. as appears from the Authorities [...]re citeda: Which Francis having married Anne Baroneſs of Semple, was in Reſpect thereof, and in Reward of his Father's Loyalty during the civil Commotions in the time of King Charles I. honour'd with the Title of Lord Glasfurd, for his own Life, by King James VII. 25th of July 1685.

The Brothers of this Lord are, John Abercromby Eſq and Patrick Abercromby Doctor of Medicine, my worthy Friend, who has obliged his Country with a moſt exact and curious Hiſtory of Scotland, refined from the Droſs and Errors of our former Authors, and put our Affairs in ſuch a Light, that no Nation I know of can ſhew any Performance of that kind done with greater Exactneſs and Ingenuity.

106. CUNINGHAM, Earl of Glencairn.

THE Sirname of Cuningham, which properly ſignifies the King's Habitation, has no doubt been taken from the Bailliary of Cuningham in the Shire of Air, the Patrimony of the Morvils, formerly Conſtables of Scotland, to whom the Cuninghams of Kilmaures were Vaſſals. The firſt of them I have found is Robertus filius Varnebaldi de Cuningham, who is Proprietar of Kilmaures, in the Reign of K. William the Lyon. He gave in pure & perpetual Alms to the Monks of the Abby of Kelſo the Patronage of the Church of Kilmaures, cum dimi [...]ia carucata terrae ad dictam Eccleſiam pertinen. pro ſalute animae ſuae, which is ratified by Richard Morvil before the Year 1189b. He married Richenda Daughter and Heir of Umphray Barclay Knightc, They had a Son Robert, who deſigns himſelf Robertus filius Roberti filii Warnebaldi de Cuningham, in a Grant which he made to the Religious of Arbroth of the Lands of Glenfarquharlin, in Vicecomitatu de Kincardin, pro ſalute animae ſuae, Patris & Matris ſuae, ac pro animabus omnium anteceſſorum & ſucceſſorum: Hence deſcended Sir William Cuningham of Kilmaures Knight, who purchaſed the Lands of Waterſtoun in Renfrew ſhire, from William Waterſtoun of that Ilk, Anno 1384d. He left two Sons, William his Succeſſor, and Thomas firſt of the Houſe of Capringtoun e, of whom came the Cuninghams of Leglan and Enterkin.

Which Sir William Cuningham of Kilmaures, in the Reign of King Robert III. added to his old patrin onial Inheritance the Barony of Fynlaſtoun in Renfrew-ſhire, Kilmaronock in the County of Dunbartoun, Redhall and Collingtoun in Lothian, by the Marriage of Margaret, Daughter, and [Page 168] one of the two Co-heirs of Robert Denniſton Lord of Denniſtoun a Knight. He founded the Prebendaries of Kilmaures b, or more properly the collegiate Church there, by his Charter the 13th of May 1403, conſiſting of a Provoſt and ſix or eight Prebends; and doted certain Lands both within that Barony and elſewhere for their Support and Subſiſtance, which was diſſolved upon the Reformation. To the Abbot and Convent of Kilwining, he gave the Lands of Grange for the Health of his Soul, and the ſafety of the Souls of his Anceſtors and Succeſſors for everc. By the ſaid Margaret his Wife he had Iſſue Robert his Succeſſor, and William firſt of the Branch of Cuningham-head in Air-ſhired.

This Robert the next of the Line, was one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James I. who honour'd him with Knighthood, Anno 1424e, and afterward put him in Commiſſion with Alexander Lord Montgomery in the Joint Government of Kintyre and Knapdale f. He married Janet Daughter of Alexander Lord Montgomery, by whom he had

Alexander Lord of Kilmaures his his Son and Heir, who was one of the Lords of the Privy-Council to King James III. He faithfully adhered to that Prince in his good and bad Fortune: In Conſideration of which he was by a very formal Patent 28th May 1488, created Earl of Glencairn g, which Honour he did not long enjoy, for he loſt his Life with his Maſter the King at the Field of Bannockburn, 11th June 1488. He had Iſſue by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of Patrick Hepburn Lord Hales h, Robert his Succeſſor, and William Cuningham of Craigends i, in Vicecomitatu de Re [...]ew, of whom the Families of Robertland, Carncuren, Bedlan, Achinharvy, and Achenyards are ſprung.

Which Robert marrying Marjory Daughter of Archbald Earl of Angus, had Cuthbert Earl of Glencairn his Son, who was of the Privy-Council to King James IV. Anno 1509k. He married Marion Daughter of John Lord Lindſay l, by whom he had

William Earl of Glencairn his Son and Heir, who was of the Privy-Council, to King James V. He was taken Priſoner at the Battle of Solway by the Engliſh, Anno 1542, for his Ranſom I find he paid 1000 l. Sterl. m. The next enſuing Year he was joined in Commiſſion with Sir George Douglas, William Hamilton of Sanquhar, James Learmonth of Balcomy, and Mr. Henry Balnavis of Hall-hill, Secretary of State to treat with the Engliſh about a Marriage betwixt Queen Mary and King Edward VI.n which was much oppoſed by all who were in the French Intereſt. He married firſt Catherine Daughter of William Lord Borthwick o. 2dly. Eliſabeth Campbel; and dying Anno 1547, he left behind him, 1ſt. Alexander, 2d. Andrew, Anceſtor of Sir Alexander Cuningham of Corſe-hill p Baronet, 3d. Hugh Progenitor of the Cuninghams of Waterſtoun and Carlung q, 4th. Robert, Miniſter of the Miſtry [Page 169] or Priory of Fell in vicecomitatu de Air 5. William, who was Biſhop of Argyle, alſo a Daughter Eliſabeth married to John Cuningham of Capringtoun.

Which Alexander for Diſtinction, called The Good Earl, was one of the firſt of the Peers of Scotland who concur'd in the Reformation of the Church from Popery, and was a ſtrenuous aſſerter of King James's Title to the Crown, when his Mother Queen Mary reſign'd the Government Anno 1567. Upon the Diſſolution of the Religious Houſes, he obtained a Grant of the Abby of Kilwinning, a Seat formerly of Benedictine Monks, and of which one of his Sons came to be Titular Commendator. He married firſt Jean Daughter of James Earl of Aran, and had William the next Earl, Andrew the ſecond Son, and James Prior of Liſmahago; alſo a Daughter Margaret, Wife of John Wallace of Craigie a, in Vicecomitatu de Air. 2dly Jean Daughter of John Cuningham of Capringtoun, by her he had a Son Alexander, and a Daughter Jean, married firſt to Archbald Earl of Argyle, 2dly. to Sir Humphray Colquhoun of Luſs, Knight, in Vicecomitatu de Dunbarton. This Earl dying in the Year of God 1574b, his Eſtate and Honour deſcended to

William his Son, who had to Wife Janet Daughter of James Gordon of Lochenvar, who bore him a Son James, and four Daughters, 1ſt. Jean married to George Haldan of Gleneagles in Vic. de Perth. 2d. Margaret to Hector Macklain of Dowart, in Vic. de Argyle. 3d. Jean to James Crawfurd of Achinnames; after his Death to Alexander Cuningham of Craigends. 4th. Suſanna to John Napier of Kilmahew, in Vic. de Dunbartoun.

Which James was one of the Lords of the Privy Council to King James VI. and in ſome Degree a Favorite of that wiſe Prince, who named him one of the Commiſſioners on the Part of Scotland to treat upon a nearer Union with England the Year immediately after his Majeſty's Acceſſion to that Crown, viz. in 1604. This noble Earl left Iſſue by Margaret his Wiſe Daughter of Colin Campbel of Glenurquhie, William Earl of Glencairn, John Cuningham of Camſkeith, Catherine married to Sir James Cuningham of Glengarnock, in Vic. de Air, Anne to James Marquis of Hamilton, Margaret to Sir James Hamilton of Evandale, 2dly. to Sir James Maxwel of Calderwood, Mary to John Crawfurd of Kilbirny, Suſanna to Alexander Lauder of Hatton.

Which William the ſucceeding Earl, was married to Janet Daughter of Mark, Earl of Lothian, by whom he had Iſſue William his Son and Heir, and Colonel Robert Cuningham; alſo four Daughters,

Eliſabeth married to Sir Lodovick Stewart of Minto.

Jean to John Blair of that Ilk.

Margaret to David Beaton of Crich.

Marion to James Earl of Finlater.

He died in October 1631c, and was ſucceeded by William his Son. This noble Lord, during the Uſurpation of Oliver Cromwel, being highly ſenſible of the Calamities brought upon this Nation by the Ruin of the Monarchy, in order to the Reſtauration of his Sovereign, and the Redemption of his Country from the Slavery it was in, cordially put himſelf in Arms, having before obtained a Commiſſion from the King as General of all the Forces he could raiſe for his Majeſty's Service, in which Character he behaved himſelf very worthily, and gave General Monk much Trouble; but upon the arrival of General Middleton, he delivered up to him (ſays a noble Hiſtorian)d, His thin unarmed Troops, and retired firſt to his own Houſe, and then made his Peace with [Page 170] Monk, that he might live quietly, and retain his Affection and Fidelity to the King, which [...]e made manifeſt afterwards in a more favourable Conjuncture, and at the ſame time he excuſed himſelf for giving over an Enterprize he was not able to proſecute, but living to ſee the King reſtored, he was conſtituted Lord high Chancellour of Scotland on the 19 January 1661, in which Office he continued till the 10th of July 1664. when he made his Exit out of this World. By Anne his firſt Wiſe Daughter of James Earl of Finlater. he had Iſſue,

1. James Lord Kilmaures, who married Eliſabeth Daughter of William Duke of Hamilton, but dyed without Iſſue.

2 Alexander his Succeſſor.

3. John who ſucceeded his Brother in the Honour.

Jean eldeſt Daughter, was married to William Earl of Kilmarnock, Margaret the ſecond to William Lord Bargany, Eliſabeth the third to VVilliam Hamilton of Orbiſtoun.

Alexander Earl of Glencairn his Son married Nicolas Daughter and Coheir of Sir James Stewart of Stra brock and Kirkhill in Vicecomitatu de Linlithgow, by whom he had one Daughter Margaret married to John Earl of Lawderale, and departing this Life the 26 of May 1670a, his Eſtate and Honour devolved to

John his Brother, who was one of the Peers who in the firſt and only Parliament of King James VII. Anno 1686 appeared againſt the repealing of the Laws againſt Popery, and for ſecuring the Proteſtant Religionb. Upon King VVilliam's Acceſſion to the Corwn, he was named a Privy Councellour 1ſt. May 1689, and conſtituted Colonel of a Regiment of Foot, as his Lordſhip was alſo Captain and Governour of the Caſtle of Dunbartoun in the Reign of Queen Anne.

He married firſt Jean Daughter of John Earl of Mar, and after her Death Margaret Daughter and Heir of John Napier of Kilmahew, Relict of Patrick Maxwel of Newark, and departing this Life in the end of the Year 1703, he was ſucceeded by

VVilliam his Son and Heir, who married Henrietta Daughter of Alexander Earl of Galloway, and has Iſſue. VVilliam Lord Kilmaures, &c.

106.1. ARMS.

Argent, a ſhake Fork Sable, ſupported by two Rabbets Proper, Creſt, an Unicorns Head Coupé, Motto, Over Fork over.

107. BOYLE, Earl of Glaſgow.

THAT this Family has been of great Antiquity in Air-ſhire, and poſſeſſed of a fair Inheritance in thoſe parts, where they ſtill remain, undeniably appears from ſeveral old Deeds and evidences ſtill preſerved in the Family: For in the Reign of Alexander III. Richard Boyle Dominus de Caulburn, had an Acquittance from Walter Cummin Dominus de Rougallan, de quadraginta ſolidis annui-redditus terrarum de Malderland cum Multuris dictae Terrae in Tenemento ſuo de Rougallan, in quibus dictus Ricardus & Anteceſſores ejus mihi & Anteceſſoribus meis annuatim ſolvere tenebantur. Teſt. Dno Galfredo de Roſs, Willielmo de Keith, Willielmo Abbate de Kilwining, Willielmo Sympl, Adam [...] filio Ucttredi c. This Richard [Page 171] married Marjory Daughter of Sir Walter Cummin Knight of Rowallan a, and left Robert his Son to ſucceed him, whom I find one of the Barons in Air-ſhir, who took an Oath of Fidelity to Edward I. King of England, to whom all, or moſt of the Kingdom of Scotland rendered a Submiſſion, Anno Dom. 1296b. A Deſcendent of the former Robert was Hugo de Boyle, who gave to the Abby of Paſly, and to the Monks there in free Alms, dimidiam petram Cerae de firmis terrarum ſuarum de Ryſholm ex eo quod ipſe & Janeta uxor ſua ſuſcepti ſunt tanquam frater & ſoror in Domo de Paſlit & in toto ordine Cluniacenſi. Data ſeptimo Februarii milleſſimo trecenteſimo nonageſimo nono c. Since which time they have remarkably continued in a direct Line ſpreading themſelves into ſeveral Branches by the way, as were the Boyle's of Wamfray in Dumfries-ſhire, and of Rayſholm in Air-ſhire. Much likewiſe might be ſaid as to their Matches with Perſons eminent for their Parentage; As alſo of the Acquiſitions made to their perſonal Inheritance by Marriage, and otherwiſe; but omitting ſeveral things, I ſhall obſerve that after a long and continued Series of worthy Anceſtors deſcended John Boyle of Kelburn, who loſt his Life and Fortune for his loyal Adherence to King James III. in the Battle of Bannockburn, 11 June 1488, againſt the Rebellious Barons of that Age; but upon the general Indemnity in the third of King James IV. John his Son obtained the King's Precept to the Sheriff of the County for Reſtitution of the ſame. This John obtained a Grant from King James V. of the Lands of South Bullochmartin in the Iſle of Cumra, to be held of the Crown, 8th of April 1536d, and being then Aged, he had by the King's favour an Exemption indemnifying him from attending the royal Army in time of Ware, and lived till the 1549. (his Wife Agnes, a Daughter of the Family of Roſs ſurviving him,) He had three Sons, David who died before himſelf, John the ſecond, of whom the Boyle's of Halks-hill, Belliecun and Portray derive themſelves. He had by a Grant of King James V. to himſelf and Chriſtian Wallace his Spouſe, and their Heirs, the Lands of Beliecun, with the hereditary Crowrary of the Iſle of Cumra on the the 8th of April 1536f. The third Robert, who was Anceſtor of Bullochmartin, another Branch of this Family that exiſted long in theſe Parts, he had from his Father a Charter of the Lands of Bullochmartin, 6th of October 1554g. This John was ſucceeded by John his Grand-ſon, in whoſe Favour he reſign'd the Barony of Kelburn, and his other Lands, on the 28 of April 1549h. Which John marrying Jean Daughter of John Fraſer of Knock, an ancient Family in Air-ſhirei, by her he had John his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Margaret married to John Cuningham of Caddel.

John Boyle of Kelburn his Son, was a moſt zealous Loyaliſt in the Service of Queen Mary, during the Civil War, in the Minority of King James VI. He took to Wife Marion Daughter of Hugh Crawfurd of Kilbirny, Anceſtor to the Viſcount of Garnock, by whom he had John his Son and Heir, and Six Daughters.

Jean married to William Barclay of Pearſtoun, in Vic. de Air.

Marion to Matthew Roſs of Haining, and afterward to Dr. James Law Arch-Biſhop of Glaſgow.

[Page 172] Margaret to Robert Bruce of Achinbowie, in Vic. de Stirling.

Eliſabeth to Robert Sempel of Milbank, in Vic. de Renfrew.

Agnes to Robert Boyle of Bullochmartin, in Vic. de Bute.

Mary to William Hamilton Eſq of the County of Down, in Regno Hiberniae, and all the Six had Poſterity.

Which John ſo ſucceeding, being a Perſon much eſteem'd for his Abilities, was joined in Commiſſion with diverſe of the firſt Quality to reviſe and rectify the Practice of our Law, Anno 1630a, the 5th of Charles I. When the Civil War broke out in that Reign Anno 1639, he did ſignally manifeſt his Loyalty to his ſaid Majeſty, whoſe Intereſt he zealouſly aſſerted during that fierce and unnatural War, for which he ſuffered no leſs than Ten Years Baniſhment, to the Ruin almoſt of his Eſtate, for his being reckoned amongſt the number of Loyaliſts. He was married to Agnes only Daughter of Sir John Maxwel of Pollock, in Vicecomitatu de Renfrew, by Margaret Daughter of William Cuningham of Capringtoun, by whom he had only one Daughter Griſel his ſole Heir, whom he wiſely married, (after having rejected many Offers) to Terms of great Advantage for his Family with David Boyle of Halks-hill, a near Relation of his ownb, who being a prudent and vertuous Man in all his Affairs, he improv'd his Eſtate, and took care to let it deſcend entire to Poſterity, and died in 1672. leaving Iſſue by the ſaid Griſel his Wife, John his Son and Heir, James Boyle of Montgomeriſtoun c, and Patrick: Alſo a Daughter Griſel married to William Wallace of Shewaltoun, in Vic. de Air.

Which John being a Man of Parts and Buſineſs, made a great Addition to his Eſtate, the bulk of which he ſettled on his eldeſt Son. He was choſen Member for the Shire of Bute to the Parliament 1681, where his Royal Highneſs James then Duke of York ſat High Commiſſionerd, and from thence forward without Interruption, continued a Member till his Death, which happened on the 7th of October 1685e. He married twice, firſt Marion Daughter of Sir Walter Stewart of Allantoun, in Vic. de Lanark, and next Jean Daughter of Sir William Mure of Rowallan: By the firſt he had David Earl of Glaſgow, William one of the Commiſſioners of the Cuſtoms for Scotland, and Margaret married to Sir Alexander Cuningham of Corſehill Baronet, in Vic. de Air.

Which David having been return'd a Member of the Convention of Eſtates to the Shire of Bute, in the Year 1689, which declared the Prince of Orange King of Scotland, his ſaid Majeſty called him to his Council ſome time after, tho' he was not created Lord Boyle till the 31th of January 1699f.

Upon Her Majeſty's Acceſſion to the Crown, his Lordſhip was nominated one of the Commiſſioners to treat of an Union with England; which Treaty at that time not taking effect, he was ſoon after conſtituted Theſaurer Depute in the room of Adam Cockburn of Ormeſtoun, and on 10th of April 1703, raiſed to the Dignity, of Earl of Glaſgow, with Limitation of the Honour for lack of Male Iſſue of his own Body, to his Heirs Male whatſoever. Her Majeſty being again impower'd by the Parliament 1705, to appoint Commiſſioners to treat of a nearer Uniong [Page 173] between the two Kingdoms, his Lordſhip by a Commiſſion under the Great-Seal of Scotland, was appointed one of that Number under whoſe Management that great Work was accompliſhed. The ſame Year he had the Honour to repreſent Her Majeſty's Perſon as High Commiſſioner in the General-Aſſembly of the Church, and in ſeveral ſubſequent Aſſemblies; alſo in the 1708, he was made Lord Regiſter of Scotland.

He married firſt Margaret Siſter to John Crawfurd Viſcount of Garnock, by whom he had John Lord Boyle. Patrick an Advocate, Charles.

2dly. Jean Daughter and ſole Heir of William Mure of Rowallan, and by her has two Daughters Jean and Anne.

John Lord Boyle is married with Helen Daughter of William Moriſon of Preſtoungrange, and had Iſſue David a Son, and two Daughters, Janet and Margaret.

107.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th. Argent, a double Eagle diſplay'd Gules, 2d and 3d party per Bend Crenele, Argent and Gules. Over all in a Shield of Pretence, the paternal Coat of Boyle, Or, three Harts Horns Gules, ſupported on the Dexter by a Savage Proper, and on the Siniſter with a Lyon party per Bend Crenele, Argent and Gules; Creſt, a double Eagle diſplay'd party per Bend Crenele, Argent and Gules, Motto, Dominus Providebit.

108. GORDON, Duke of Gordon.

IN the Time of King Malcolm IV. 600 Years ſince, the Gordons were then a flouriſhing and numerous Family in Berwick ſhire, where they had large Poſſeſſions, beſides the Lordſhip of Gordon in that County, which they retain'd till of late Years. Richer de Gordon their Anceſtor, firſt mentioned on Record, gave in pure Alms, Deo & Sanctae Mariae de Kelſo & Monachis ibidem Deo ſervientibus eccleſiam ſuam Sancti Michaelis deGordon pro ſalute animae ſuae a. This Richer left a Son,

Thomas de Gordon, who was a Benefactor to the Religious of Kelſo, as his Father had been; for beſides what he gave himſelf, he ratified the Donation of the Tithes of his Lands of Gordon, formerly given by his Father to the Abbot and Convent of that Monaſtery for the good of his Soulb. This Thomas left behind him a Son,

Thomas, who, according to the Devotion of thoſe Times, took upon him the Sign of the Croſs, and was not behind his Anceſtors in Liberality to the Church, which the Abby of Kelſo ſhar'd of in a right liberal manner, for to them he confirmed, and amply ratified all the pious Grants quas Richer de Gordon avus ſuus aut Thomas de Gordon Fater ſuus dictis Monachis dederunt in puram & perpetuam Eleemoſin [...]m c. He dying without Male Iſſue, Alicia de Gordon his Daughter ſucceeded in his Inheritance, and was married with Adam de Gordon Knight, her Kinſman: They with Conſent and Aſſent of each other, ratified all the Mortifications, and which ſhe particularly confirms, made by Richer de Gordon, Proavus ſuus, Thomas de Gordon avus ſuus, aut Thomas de Gordon Pater ſuus Eccleſiae Sanctae Mariae de Kelſo. Moreover, ſhe appends her Seal to a Gift of certain Lands and Paſturage within the Territory of Gordon, lying betwixt the Lands of Huntly and Spotiſwood, given to the Monks of Kelſo by her Father, and expreſſes the Confirmation to [Page 174] be made pro ſalute animae ſuae & animae Adae de Gordon quondam ſpouſae ſuae. To this Adam & Alicia his Wife ſucceededa.

Sir Adam his Son, who in a Charter of Mortification to the Abby of Kelſo of a Paſturage for Thirty Oxen in Manſione ſua de Weſtrocher, deſigns himſelf Adam de Gordon filius & haeres quondam Adae de Gordon b, releaſing for ever all the Lands that had been in diſpute between him and the Abbot, in Domini [...] de Gordon, to which he appends his Seal the Friday immediately after the Feaſt of St. Peter 1308. This noble Perſon was none of the laſt Barons of Scotland who ſtuck cloſs to King Robert Bruce, and zealouſly aſſerted the Independency and Freedom of his Native Country; in Conſideration of which he had from that Prince, a Grant of the Lordſhip of Strathbogy in Aberdeen-ſhire, which was then in the Crown by the Attainder of David de Strathbogy c. By Annabell d his Wife, he left Iſſue,

Alexander de Gordon Knight his Son and Heir, who did conſiderable Service againſt the Engliſh in behalf of King David Bruce. He loſt his Life in the Battle of Durham 14 Octob. 1346, leaving Sir John his Son to ſucceed him in his Inheritance. In the 28th of King David II. he obtained a Charter of Confirmation of the Lands of Strathbogy, which had formerly been given to Sir Adam Gordon his Grandfather, by King Robert I.e By . . . . . Daughter of . . . . . . his Wife, he had Iſſue,

Sir John his Son and Heir, who obtained from King Robert II. a Charter erecting all and haill the Lands of Strathbogie into one intire Barony, narrating, that Do [...]inus Robertus illuſtris Rex Scotiae avus dicti Regis dedit quondam Adae de Gordon, Militi, proavo Domini dicti Joannis ratione forisfacturae David de Strathbogie, dated at Perth 16 June 1376. This Sir John was ſucceeded by

Sir Adam his Son, who following the Example of his loyal Anceſtors in a forward Zeal to ſerve his Country, was unhappily ſlain at the Battle of Homildon, 5 May 1401f, leaving Iſſue by Eliſabeth Keith his Wifeg, Daughter to the Lord Keith, one ſole Daughter his Heir, Eliſabeth, married in the 1408h to Sir William Seaton, Son of Sir William Seaton of that Ilk. By her he had Iſſue, Alexander Lord Gordon, and William firſt of that Branch of Meldrum, in Vic. de Aberdeen, he marrying the Heir Female of William Meldrum of Meldrum, of whom the Seatons of Pitmedden Branch themſelves.

Which Alexander Lord of Gordon, tho' then called Seaton i, was one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of King James I. Anno 1423k; alſo in the Year 1437, he was joined in Commiſſion with John Biſhop of Glaſgow, Sir Walter Ogilvy, and Sir John Forreſter Knights, to treat of a Peace with England, which they happily concluded for Nine Years. This noble Lord having performed many notable Services to King James II. in his Minority, was by him in the Year 1449, created Earl of Huntly l reſuming the Sirname of Gordon. This Earl defeated my Lord Crawfurd, then in Rebellion at Brechin, on the 18th of May 1452; and therefore King James rewarded him with the Sheriff-ſhip of Inverneſs, and diverſe other Mannors and Lordſhips: Alſo he was one of the Conſervators of the Peace with England, Anno 1457, and again in the 1459, living till the 1470, he then made his Exit out of this World. He [Page 175] married three Wives, 1ſt. Jean Daughter and Heir of Robert Keith, Grandſon of Sir William Keith Marſhall of Scotland, by whom he had no Iſſue. 2dly. Giles, Daughter and Heir of John Hay of Tillybody, in Vicecomitatu de Clackmanan a, by whom he had Sir Alexander Seaton Knight, firſt of the Family of Touch in Stirling-ſhireb. 3dly. Margaret Daughter of William Lord Crichtoun Chancellour of Scotland, to whoſe Poſterity it ſeems the Honour was limited. By her he had George his Succeſſor, and Sir Alexander Gordon of Mid-mar Knightc; alſo three Daughters, Janet married to James Dunbar Earl of Murray, Eliſabeth to William Earl Marſhal, Chriſtian to William Lord Forbes d.

George his Son, was one of the Privy Council to King James III. and in 1484, when a Peace was concluded by the Commiſſioners of both Kingdoms betwixt Scotland and England, this Earl was one of the Conſervators thereofe, what Part his Lordſhip acted in that turbulent Reign, our Hiſtorians are altogether Silent: But upon King James IV. his Acceſſion to the Crown, he was ſworn of his Privy Council, and conſtituted Lieutenant of the Northern Parts of Scotland beyond the River of North-Esk, on the 13th of May 1491f. Likewiſe in the 10th of the ſame Reign, preferred to be Lord high Chancellour in place of Archibald Earl of Angus; in which eminent Station he continued till his Death, which happened on the 8th of June 1507g. He married firſt the Lady Jean Stewart Daughter of King James I.h and after her Death Agnes Daughter of William Earl of Errol i, and left behind him four Sons, and as many Daughters.

Alexander his Succeſſor in the Honour.

Sir Adam Gordon of Aboyne, who came to inherit the Title of Earl of Sutherland, by Marriage of Eliſabeth Daughter of John, Siſter, and at length ſole Heir of John 13th Earl of Sutherland.

Sir William Gordon of Gight, who was ſlain in the fatal Year 1513, at the Battle of Flowdon k.

Sir James Gordon of Letterfury Admiral of Scotland in the Reign of James IV.

Catherine eldeſt Daughter married to Perkin Werbeck the pretended Duke of York.

Janet to Alexander, Son and Heir of David Earl of Crawfurd, and again to Patrick Lord Gray l.

Agnes to Sir James Ogilvy of Finlater, and had Iſſue.

Mary to Sir William Sinclair of Weſtraw m, in Vic. de Caithneſs.

Sophia to Sir Gilbert Hay Knightn.

Which Alexander was one of the Lords of the Council to K. James IV. he accompanied that Prince to the Battle of Flowdon, and commanded the Van of the Army with Valour and Conducto Surviving that fatal Day, he was in the Minority of James V. made Lieutenant of the North beyond the River of Forth: Alſo in 1517, appointed one of the Governours to the young King, the Earls of Aran, Angus, and Argyle being joined in the Commiſſion with him. He married Jean Daughter of John Earl of Athole p, by whom he had

1. John Maſter of Huntly, who married Jean, natural Daughter of King James IV. by Margaret Daughter of John Lord Drummond, and had Iſſue, George who ſucceeded his Grand-father, [Page 176] and Alexander, who being a Perſon of Learning, as the Times went, was preferred to the Biſhoprick of the Iſles, 26 November 1553a when but young. In which Station, when he had ſome time continued, he was tranſlated to the Epiſcopal See of Galloway Anno 1558.

2. William, who applying to the Service of the Church, was firſt made Chancellour of Elgin, and then preferred to the Biſhoprick of Aberdeen, a Man of great Power and Authority in thoſe Days.

3. Sir Alexander Gordon of Strathavin b Progenitor to Cluny.

Alſo ſeveral Daughters, 1ſt. Janet, married to Colin 3d Earl of Argyle. 2d. Iſobel to . . . . . Lord Innermeath c. This Earl dying aged at Perth 16 July 1523d, was interr'd in the Eſtate of the Carthuſians there, his Priory and Honour deſcending to

George his Grand-ſon and Heir, who being a Nobleman of great and eminent Parts, was conſtituted Lieutenant of Scotland, Anno 1536, when the King went to France to Eſpouſe Queen M [...]gdalen e, being then one of the Privy Council; alſo in the 28 of the ſame Reign, he was ſent againſt the Engliſh, to prevent their Incurſions upon the Borders, in which he was ſucceſsful, having repuls'd them with Loſs. Upon the Death of his Maſter, he was one of the Peers who ſign'd and ſeal'd that Aſſociation to oppoſe the intended Match betwixt Queen Mary and Edward VI. of England, Anno 1543, and three Years after, he was promoted to be Lord high Chancellour of Scotland f, upon the deceaſe of Cardinal Beaton: Likeas, he was perſonally preſent at the Battle of Pinkie-Cleugh, in Defence of his Country againſt the Engliſh, where he was taken Priſoner, and after one Years Confinementg made his eſcape: Then it was in Conſideration of his extraordinary Services to the Crown, that he had a Grant of the Earldom of Murray and Lordſhip of Abernethy h, which he enjoy'd for diverſe Years. This Earl continued ſometime in great Favour with Queen Mary, both on the account of his Religion, which was Roman Catholick, and his approv'd Loyalty, till from ſome Motives of State, he attempting to ſurpriſe her Majeſty's Royal Perſon in Progreſs to the North, was ſlain in the heat of the Action at Corichie, 28th of October 1563.

This great Earl left Iſſue by Eliſabeth Daughter of Robert Son and Heir apparent of William Earl Marſhal,

1. Alexander Lord Gordon, who married Margaret Daughter of James Duke of Chattlerault, but dyed without Succeſſion.

2. George, of whom and his Deſcendents more will be ſaid hereafter.

3. John Gordon of Finlater, who was executed after the Battle of Corichie.

4. James who entred into a Religious Order abroad.

5. Sir Adam Gordon of Achingown, who appeared eminently for Queen Mary in the time of the Civil War.

6. Sir Patrick Gordon of Gartly.

1ſt. Jean Eldeſt Daughter, married to James Earl of Bothwel, and 2dly to Alexander Earl of Sutherland,

2d. Eliſabeth to John Earl of Athole,

3d. Margaret to John Lord Forbes.

George, Son of George Earl of Huntly, was parliamentarly reſtor'd to the Title of Honour and Eſtate loſt by his Father's Forſaulture, by the ſpecial Favour of Queen Mary, 27th June 1566i, and conſtituted one of her Majeſty's Privy Council. Upon the breaking out of the Civil War in the 1567, he heartily Eſpous'd the Queen's Intereſt, and obtain'd [Page 177] a Commiſſion not only to be Lord Chancellor upon the Earl of Morton's Removal, but alſo to be a Lieutenant General of all the Forces rais'd, or to be rais'd in the North, for her Intereſt; and his Lordſhip being a Perſon of great Honour and Fortune, quickly engaged thoſe Parts into a chearful Aſſociation for her Service, and rais'd a conſiderable Body of Horſe and Foot, which gave the other Party who adhered to the young King's Intereſt much Trouble. He died in the Month of May, of the Year 1576, leaving Iſſue by the Lady Anne his Wife, Daughter of James Duke of Chatlerault, George his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Jean, married to George Earl of Caithneſs.

Which George being a Nobleman of great Spirit and Courage, was much in the Favour of King James VI. from whom he had a Grant of the diſſolved Abbacy of Dunfermling, then in the Crown by the Diſſolution of the Church-Lands: Soon after which he was conſtituted Lieutenant of the North, and by Letters Patent the 17th of April 1599, rais'd to the Honour of Marquis of Huntly; and dying the 15th of October 1636, left Iſſue by the Lady Henrietta his Wife, Daughter of Eſmae Duke of Lennox, George his Succeſſor, John Viſcount of Aboyne, likewiſe Four Daughters,

Lady Anne married to James Earl of Murray.

Lady Elizabeth to Alexander Earl of Linlithgow.

Lady Mary to William Marquis of Douglaſs,

Lady Jean to Cloud Hamilton, Lord Strabane, of the Kingdom of Ireland.

Which George was Captain of the Scots Gens d' Armes, to Lewis XIII. of France, while he was only Lord Gordon, in the Lifetime of his Father, upon the breaking out of the Troubles in the Reign of King Charles I. He was very firm to that Prince's Intereſt, and had a Commiſſion to be Lieutenant of the North, during the Rage of the Civil War, at the End of which he was executed for his Loyalty at Edinburgh, 30th of March 1649. By Anne his Wife, Daughter of Archbald Earl of Argyle, he left Iſſue,

George Lord Gordon, who was kill'd in the King's Service at the Battle of Aldford, Anno 1645.

Lewis Marquis of Huntly.

Charles Earl of Aboyne.

Lady Anne married to James Earl of Perth.

Lady Henrietta to George Lord Seaton, and again to John Earl of Traquair.

Lady Jean to Thomas Earl of Haddingtoun.

Which Lewis married Iſobel, Daughter of Sir John Grant of That-Ilk, by whom he had George his Succeſſor; likewiſe Three Daughters,

Lady Anne married to the Count de Crolly.

Lady Mary to Adam Urquhart of Meldrum, and again to James Earl of Perth.

Lady Jean to Charles Earl of Dunfermling.

George Marquis of Huntly, was Parliamentarly reſtored to his Eſtate; which had been forfaulted during the Time of the Civil War in the 1661, and was by King Charles II. created Duke of Gordon, by Letters Patent, 1ſt November 1684. Upon the Acceſſion of King James VII. to the Crown, his Grace the Duke was made one of the Lords of the Treaſury, one of his Majeſty's moſt honourable Privy - Council, Governour of Edinburgh-Caſtle, and one of the Twelve Knights of the moſt noble, and moſt antient Order of the Thiſtle. At the Revolution the Duke held out the Caſtle of Edinburgh for King James's Intereſt ſome Time, but ſeeing no Hope of Relief from his Maſter, and that [Page 178] Prince's Condition growing every Day worſe and worſe, he thought it the moſt adviſable Courſe to ſurrender the Caſtle and referred himſelf and the Gariſon to King William's Diſcretion.

His Grace married the Lady Elizabeth Howard, Daughter of Henry Duke of Norfolk, of the Kingdom of England, by whom he had Alexander Marquis of Huntly, and a Daughter Lady Jean, married to James Lord Drummond.

Alexander Marquis of Huntly, in his Father's Lifetime married Henrietta, Daughter of Charles Earl of Peterborough, of the Kingdom of England, and has Iſſue.

108.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt, Azure, Three Boars Heads coupé Or, 2d Or, Three Lions Heads eraz'd Gules, 3d Or, Three Creſcents within a double Treſſure counter-flower'd, Gules, 4th Azure, Three Frazes Argent, ſupported by Two Hounds Argent, collar'd Gules, charged with Three Buckles, Or. Creſt, a Hart's Head Coupé. Motto, Bydand.

109. GRAY, Lord Gray.

AS many Families in Britain and France, and in moſt Parts of Europe, derive their Sirnames from the Lands which their Anceſtors poſſeſt, when Sirnames became firſt faſhionable; ſo 'tis not to be doubted, but the Sirname of Gray has the ſame Derivation: Some are of Opinion, that it took its Riſe from a City in the Franche Compte, which is ſtill ſo named; others, and among thoſe Francis de Bellowforeſt derives the Sirname of Gray from the Caſtle of Gray in Picardy; and adds, That one Rollo, Chamberlain to Robert Duke of Normandy, who poſſeſt the aforeſaid Caſtle, was the firſt who aſſumed that Sirname: However, 'tis certain one Anchitil de Gray came over to England with William the Conqueror; and that when the general Survey was made in the 20th of that King's Reign, he held many Lands in Oxford-Shire and elſewhere; From him many great and illuſtrious Families in England are deſcended, as the Dukes of Kent and Suffolk, the Earl of Stamford, the Barons Gray of Chilingham and Werk, with their numerous Cadets, whoſe Names and Heroick Actions are frequently to be met with in the Engliſh Hiſtory.

That the Lord Gray in Scotland has his Deſcent from ſome of theſe, cannot be doubted. Mr. Camden the great Engliſh Antiquary, and others of our own Country alſo, are miſtaken as to the Time of their Anceſtors coming to Scotland, as will appear afterward; but they aſſert, and with great Probability, That the firſt of this moſt noble Family was a Son of the Houſe of Chilingham (indeed the Armorial Bearing of both Families are ſtill the ſame); and 'tis obſervable, that the Lands of Browfield, the firſt Inheritance of the Grays in Scotland, ly in the County of Roxburgh or Teviotdale, at no great Diſtance from Chilingham in Northumberland, which Lands were given off in the Reign of King Robert I. to Sir Andrew Gray his Son, who, and his Poſterity enjoyed the ſame for ſeveral Generations, till Andrew Lord Gray, who was Juſtice-General in the Time of King James III. exchanged them with the Earl of Angus for Brughtie-Caſtle, Bagilo, and the Fiſhings thereof. Now, every Body knows, that ſome Northern Counties of England, and Northumberland in particular, were ſome Times poſſeſt by the Kings of Scotland; and 'tis well known, that ſome of thoſe who held Lands of the Crown of Scotland, in the Northern Counties [Page 179] of England had alſo Poſſeſſions within Scotland; the Bruces and Baliols, and many others did ſo: And when War broke out betwixt the Two Nations, the Families ſo ſtated divided among themſelves, and adhered to either of the Kings in whoſe Dominions they had largeſt Poſſeſſions. Thus it is probable, that Sir Andrew Gray, the firſt whom we find on Record with us, adhered to King Robert the Bruce, whoſe Subject he was, upon the Account of his Scots Eſtate. This Sir Andrew was undoubtedly a brave Man, and a great Favourite of that glorious Monarch Robert I. from whom he had a Grant the 12th of February, the 5th Year of his Reign, Anno 1315, of the Barony of Long forgan, in the Shire of Perth, and of many other Lands in Forfar-Shire, for his good and faithful Services, as the Charter bearsa. He alſo acquired the Lands of Broxmouth in the County of Roxburgh, from Sir Alexander Fraſer Kt. and theſe Two Records which I my ſelf have ſeen and peruſed, tho' there were no other extant, do ſufficiently confute a very groſs Miſtake of Boethius, Buchanan, and Camden, who ſay, That the firſt of this noble Family came only to Scotland with King James I. when he was relieved from his Captivity out of England, Anno 1424, whereas the Chief of this Family, another Sir Andrew Gray was by the Eſtates of Scotland ſent to England, one of the Hoſtages for that King's Ranſom; but of this afterward. With whom this gallant Sir Andrew was married it does not appear; but from the Archives of the Family of Gray 'tis evident he left a Son Sir John Gray, who ſucceeded him in his Eſtate, who in ſeveral Records is ſtil'd Lord of Broxmouth, as are ſeveral of his Deſcendents after him.

This John Gray de Gray, Dominus de Broxmouth, had a Grant of the Lands of Craigie, in the County of Forfar, from William de Troup, for a very valuable Conſideration mentioned therein, and that Grant was confirmed to him by King David II. the 8th of September, the Twenty Seventh Year of his Reign, Anno 1356, with whom it would appear he was no leſs in Favour than his Father had been with the great King Robert. I find this noble Perſon had very great Superiorities beſide his own proper Eſtate, as a Proof of which there is a Charter granted to him by Hugode Giffard, whereby he acknowledges Sir John Gray to be Superior Lord to Henry de Fotheringham, of the Lands of Lourenſton and Huhcuman, now call'd Littleton, of the Date at Langforgan, ultime Februarii 1355b. I find alſo, that John Gray was Cuſtos Rotulorum & Regiſtri, in the Reign of King David Bruce, and likewiſe of his Succeſſor King Robert II. who had for Penſion during Life ducentos ſolidos Sterlingorum, out of the Profits of the Court of the Chamberlain and Juſticiaryc, a Sallary that has been obſerved by a learned and judicious Perſon, to amount to as much as the Conſtable or Mariſchal enjoyed as the Fees of their Offices in thoſe Days. To whom Sir John Gray, the Lord of Broxmouth, was married, it does not appear from any Record of the Family, but 'tis clear that he left Two Sons, John the eldeſt, who was one of the Hoſtages for the Ranſom of his Royal Sovereign King David, Anno 1357d, with whom he had been made a Priſoner at the Battle of Durham in the Year 1346, and Sir Patrick who ſucceeded him in his great Eſtate, and in the Royal Favour, for King Robert II. in a Charter to this Sir Patrick Gray, deſigned Lord of Broxmouth, and to Margaret his Wife, of ſundry Lands in the Barony of Longforgan, the King gives [Page 180] him the diſtinguiſhing Appellation of Co [...]ſanguineus Noſter a; likeas, he had by the ſaid King pro Retinentia ſua, a yearly Penſion of 26 L. 13 s. 4 d. Sterling, and that during Lifeb, which is all I have found memorable of him. By Margaret his Wife aforeſaid, but of what Name or Family the Record doth not mention, he left Iſſue Four Sons, Andrew, Alexander, Patrick and George; alſo Two Daughters, . . . . married to . . . . Lindſay of Crawfurd, and Elizabeth to Andrew Moncur of That-Ilk.

Sir Andrew Gray, the next of this noble Family, added to the old Paternal Eſtate of his Family, the Barony and Lordſhip of Fowlis in Perth-Shire, by his Marriage with Janet, Daughter and ſole Heir of Sir Roger Mortimer Kt. Lord of Fowlis c. It was this Sir Angrew Gray who in his old Age had the Honour to be one of the Hoſtages for the Redemption of King James I. when he was relieved out of England, in the Year 1423d, by the aforeſaid Lady his Wife, he left Iſſue Sir Andrew his Succeſſor; and ſeveral Daughters, 1ſt . . . . married to Sir Alexander Ogilvie of Auchterhouſe, 2d Elizabeth to Sir Thomas Maule of Panmure, and thereafter to Sir Andrew Murray of Tillibardin, and had Iſſuee. 3d . . . . to John Roſs of Kinfauns, 4 . . . . . . to . . . . . Herring of Glaſclune. 5 . . . . to William Auchterlony of Kelly. 6 . . . . . . to David Annand of Melgum.

Sir Andrew Gray of Fowlis, made a very bright Figure in the Time of King James I. and II. and was in that Reign one of the great Barons who were fixed Hereditary Lords. He was in the 1452, conſtituted Magiſter Hoſpitii f, which Office he enjoyed for ſeveral Years thereafter, about which Time he got a Royal Licence to build the ſtrong and beautiful Caſtle of Huntly in the Carſe of Gowry, now call'd Caſtle-Lyon g, which continued with his Family for many Ages thereafter. He married Elizabeth, Daughter of Sir John of Weems, Lord of Rires h. By her he had Iſſue Sir Andrew his Succeſſor, and Two Daughters, Elizabeth married to Robert Lord Lyle, and . . . . to . . . . Crichton of Strathurd.

Andrew Lord Gray, Son to the laſt Andrew, married Elizabeth, Daughter of Sir Walter Buchannan, Kt. by whom he had Patrick, and Andrew, Author of that Branch of the Grays of Bal [...]gerno.

Sir Patrick Gray his eldeſt Son, in the Life-time of his Father, was Gentleman of the Bed-chamber to, and a great Favourite to King James II. He married firſt Margaret, Daughter of Sir Malcolm Fleeming, Lord of Biggar, by whom he had no Iſſue, and thereafter Annabella, Daughter of Sir Alexander Forbes, Lord of Forbes, by whom he had Andrew his Grandfather's Succeſſor; and Three Daughters. 1ſt Elizabeth married to Sir David Rollo of Ballachie and Manmore, 2d . . . to Andrew Monorgund of That-Ilk, 3d . . . . . to . . . . Coleſs of Bonymoon: He died before his Father in 1462.

To Andrew Lord Gray ſucceeded Andrew his Grandſon. He was retoured Heir to his Grandfather, October 31ſt, 1471. He was a Nobleman of very great Parts, and much augmented the Wealth and Grandeur of his Family.

In the 1488, upon the Acceſſion of King James IV. to the Crown, he was nam'd one of the Lords of the Privy-Council, and conſtituted High-Sheriff of Forfar-Shire, upon the Surrender of David Duke of Montroſe; alſo in 1489, his Lordſhip was made Juſtice-General beſouth the River of Forth, on the Forfaulture of the [Page 181] Lord Lyle; and was at length appointed Juſtice General of all Scotland; and he held the Office till his Death in the Month of February 1514. He married firſt, Janet, only Daughter of John Lord Keith, Son to William Earl Marſhal. By her he had Patrick his Succeſſor, and Two Daughters, Elizabeth married firſt to John Lord Glamis, next to George Earl of Hunt [...]ey; and laſt of all to George Earl of Rothes, and Iſabel to Alexander Straton of Lauriſtoun, in Vic de Kincardine, and had Iſſue. His ſecond Wife was Elizabeth, Daughter of John Earl of Athole, Niece to King James II. By her he had Robert Gray of Lutfie, who was ſlain at the Battle of Flowdoun, leaving no Iſſue. Gilbert Gray of Buttergask, and Andrew Gray of Muretoun, who by Marriage of the Heir Female of Schives in Aberdeen-Shire, was the Root of that Branch of the Grays and the Paternal Anceſtor of the preſent Lord Gray: He had alſo Four Daughters, 1. Iſabel married to Sir James Scrimzeor, Conſtable of Dundee, and thereafter to James Crichton of Ruthven. 2 Janet, firſt to John Charters of Cuthlegourdy, and again to Sir David Weems of that Ilk, and had Iſſue. 3. Jean to Alexander Blair of Bethayck; next, to Hugh Lord Lovat; and laſt of all to David Earl of Crawfurd. 4. Marjery to . . . . . Kininmount of that Ilk

Patrick the next Lord Gray was firſt betrothed to Chriſtian, Daughter of David Ogilvy of Inchmartin Paternal Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Findlater, and afterward married to Janet, Daughter of Alexander Earl of Huntley, Widow of Alexander Maſter of Crawfurd: By her he had ſeveral Daughters, 1 Margaret married to Sir William Keith of Innerugie, by whom he had two Daughters his Co-heirs, Elizabeth married to William Earl Marſhal, and Mary to William Lord Forbes, 2. Marjory to Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Inch martin, 3. Iſobel to Sir Adam Crichton of Ruthven, and afterward to Sir John Ca [...] of Lundy, Ld high Treaſurer of Scotland, and 4 . . . . to . . . Monorgund of that Ilk, and dying without Male Iſſue at his Caſtle of Huntley, the . . . . Day of April 1541, was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by,

Patrick Gray his Nephew, Son and Heir of Patrick Gray of Buttergask, and of Giles his Wife, Daughter of Sir Laurence Mercer of Aldie. This noble Lord, in the 1541, was one of the Peers who accompanied King James V. to the Battle of Soloway; where his Lordſhip was taken Priſoner: but upon the paying a Ranſom of L. 500 Sterling, he was ſoon thereafter releaſed. In the Minority of Queen Mary he was among the firſt of his Quality who concurr'd and countenanc'd the Reformation of Religion, which came to be happily eſtabliſhed Anno 1560; and departing this Life Anno 1581, left Iſſue by Marion his Wife, Daughter of James Ld. Ogilvy of Airlie, Patrick his Succeſſor, and another Son, Sir Patrick Gray of Innergowrie, James who was Archer to Queen Mary's Guards, Robert. Gray of Drumelie, alſo ſeven Daughters.

1. Margaret married to Patrick Maſter of Ruthven [...]ans Iſsue. 2. Mary to William Maſter of Ruthven. 3. Margaret to Mr. James Ogilvy of Balfour. 4. Agnes to Sir Robert Logan of Reſtalrig next to Alexander Lord Home, and again to Sir Thomas Lyon of Aldbar, Lord High Treaſurer of Scotland. 5. Lilias to David Tyrie of Drumki [...]o, and after his Death to John Maſter of Oliphant, and had Iſſue. 6. Elizabeth to Laurence Bruce of Cultmali [...]die. 7. Anne to Patrick Douglas of Kilſpindie.

Which Patrick married firſt B [...]rbara, Daughter of Patrick Lord Ruthven, by whom he had Patrick the brave Maſter of Gray, ſo fam'd in the Hiſtory of King James VI James Gray Eſq Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Gilbert Gray of Bandirran, who left two Daughters his Heirs, Eupham married to Sir Patrick Kinnaird of Inchture, Anceſtor to the Lord Kinnaird, and . . . . . to Hay of Kirkland, and Robert Gray of Milhill; alſo Four Daughters, Mary married to David Seton of Parbroath, C [...]mptroller of Scotland, Helen to Sir Hugh Maxwell of Tyling, Iſabel to David Strachan [Page 182] of Carmylie, and had Iſſue; and Elizabeth to William Gordon of Aberzeldie; and dying in the Year 1611, was ſucceeded by

Patrick his Son and Heir, who was Gentleman of the Bed chamber, and Maſter of the Wardrop to King James VI. in 1584. He was conſtituted one of his Majeſty's moſt honourable Privy-Council, and ſent Ambaſſador to Queen Elizabeth, to interpoſe in Behalf of Queen Mary, then under Sentence of Death. He was alſo Commendator of the Abbacy of Dunfermling, beſide ſeveral other Beneficial Gifts and Grants he had from the Crown. He married firſt Elizabeth, Daughter of John Lord Glamis, Chancellor of Scotland, but by her he had no Iſſue; and next Mary, Daughter of Robert Stewart Earl of Orkney, by whom he had Andrew his Succeſſor, and Seven Daughters, Jean married to John firſt Earl of Weems, Agnes to William Earl of Menteith and Strathern, Preſident of the Council in the Reign of King Charles I. Mary to James Lord Lindores, Elizabeth to Sir John Leſly of Newtoun, Brother to the Earl of Rothes, Agnes to Alexander firſt Lord Halkertoun, Helen to Andrew Bruce oo Earlſhall, . . . . . to Robert Carnegy of Dunichen, and all had Iſſue.

Andrew Lord Gray, Son and Heir to the laſt Lord Patrick, was Lieutenant to the Gens d' Armes in France, under the Duke of York, Captain thereof; which honourable and advantagious Poſt, he reſign'd at the Deſire of King Charles II. and of his Brother the ſaid Duke when in Exile, in Favours of Monſieur Schomberg, thereafter Marſhal Schomberg, which Office for many Generations had been enjoyed by Scotſmen, but ſince could never be recovered; he was alſo engaged by King Charles I. to reſign the heretable Juriſdiction of the Sheriffdom of Angus, which had continued in the Family near 200 Years, for which he got his Majeſty's Bond for 50000 Merks, which was never recovered by Reaſon of the enſuing Troubles of that Reign; he was alſo fined in the Sum of 1500 lib. Sterl. for his Loyalty, and forced to flee the Kingdom. This with his other Sufferings and Loſſes of the Family, brought his Eſtate very low, which for many Generations paſt, had been amongſt the moſt opulent in the Kingdom. He married Dame Anna Ogilvy, Counteſs of Buchan, Daughter to Walter Ogilvy, Lord Deskford, and Siſter to James the firſt Earl of Findlater. He died Anno 1663, and had Iſſue by her Patrick Maſter of Gray, who was ſlain at the Siege of . . . . . in France, unmarried, and one Daughter Anna, to whom he provided his Eſtate. His Second Wife was Dame Catharine Caddel, with whom he had only one Daughter, Frances, married to Captain . . . . Mackenzie, Son to the Biſhop of Murray.

The ſaid Anna Mrs. of Gray, was married with the Advice and Conſent of her Father and Friends to William Gray, eldeſt Son and Heir to Sir William Gray of Pittendrum, Knight, and Bart., whereupon his Majeſty [Page 181] King Charles I. was pleaſed to grant a Patent of Honour upon the 8th January 1638, to the ſaid William Gray and his Heirs Male to be procreate betwixt him and the ſaid Lady, which faillieing to the Heirs Male of his own and his Father's Body whatſomever; and becauſe Andrew Lord Gray his Lady's Father was not yet dead, he is thereby allowed to take upon him the Stile and Title of, Maſter of Gray, and to enjoy the ſame Precedency as if he had been a Son of his own Body. This Patent was ratified in Parliament 17th November 1541, and is very ample, containing an Account of the Antiquity, Alliances, Offices Civil and Military &c. of the Houſe of Gray, and aſſerts the ſaid William Gray to be lineally and fairly deſcended of the ſaid Houſe.

This William Maſter of Gray, (as his Father-in law and Father) was a firm and reſolute Abettor of the Royal Cauſe, for which he ſuffered much both in his Perſon and Fortune: He had the Command of a Regiment Anno 1650, which he kept together for the moſt Part on his own Charge, till the total Subverſion of the Royal Family after the Battle of Worceſter, and he had the Satisfaction to ſurvive the Reſtauration, but died ſoon after in September 1660, leaving Iſſue by Anna Mrs. of Gray, Patrick Lord Gray, William who died unmarried, and Mr. Charles Gray Advocate.

Patrick Lord Gray, eldeſt Son to William Maſter of Gray, married Barbara, Daughter to Andrew Lord Balvaird, and Siſter to David Viſcount of Stormount, by whom he had one Daughter Marjory, who only ſurvived him, married to John Gray of Crichie, her Father's Couſin-German, and Grandſon by his Father to the above mentioned Sir William Gray of Pittendrum, by Conſequence next Heir-Male in the laſt Patent of Honour to Patrick Lord Gray, and his Brother Mr. Charles, who having both reſigned in his Favours before the Union of the Two Kingdoms, a new Patent of Honour was obtained to him and his Heirs whatſomever. Patrick Lord Gray died 30th January 1711.

John the preſent Lord Gray, had by his above-mentioned Lady Marjory Mrs. of Gray, John Maſter of Gray, William, and Alexander; likewiſe Three Daughters, Barbara, Catharine married to James Paterſon of Kirktoun, Advocate, and Elizabeth.

John Maſter of Gray, in the Lifetime of his Father, married Helen, Daughter of Alexander Lord Blantyre, and has a Son John.

109.1. ARMS.

Gules, a Lyon rampant within a Border ingraled Argent. Supporters, two Lyons rampant, guardant Gules. Creſt, an Anchor, Motto, Anchor, faſt Anchor.

110. RAMSAY, Viſcount of Haddingtoun.

SIR John Ramſay of Eaſt-Barns, a Branch of the Family of Dalhouſie, in Conſideration of his good Services in Reſcuing King James from the traiterous Attempt of the Earl of Gowry and his Brother at Perth, 5th of Auguſt 1600, was created Viſcount Haddingtoun; and accompanying his Majeſty to England, he was created a Peer of that Realm, by the Title of Earl of Holderneſs; but dying without Iſſue, his Honours died with himſelf, Anno 1625.

111. HAMILTON, Earl of Haddingtoun,

IS deſcended from the Family of Innerwick. Thomas the firſt Earl of Haddingtoun was the Son of Thomas Hamilton of Prieſtfield, by Elizabeth his Wife, Daughter of James Heriot of Trabrown, who being bred to the Law, he ſoon made an eminent Progreſs in that honourable Profeſſion, in Reputation and Practice; inſomuch [Page 182] as he was when very young, advanced firſt to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, and then to be Lord Advocate Anno 1595, which Office he diſcharged to his Majeſty's Satisfaction for many Years thereafter. In the 1612, Sir Thomas Hamilton was made Lord Regiſter, and ſhortly after Secretary in Place of Sir Alexander Hay, and without parting with the Secretary's Place, he was in 1616, preferred to be Preſident of the Seſſion, on the Demiſe of Sir John Preſton, and raiſed to the Dignity of a Peer by the Title of Lord Binny; and thereafter created Earl of Melroſs, 20th March 1619, which with his Majeſty's Approbation, he exchanged to the Title of Earl of Haddingtoun.

In the 1627, the Earl was removed from the Secretary's Place, and was thereupon made Privy Seal, and he continued in the Office till his Death, May 29th, 1637.

He married firſt Margaret, Daughter of James Borthwick of Newbuyres, by whom he had a Daughter Chriſtian, married to Robert Lord Lindſay, and after his Deceaſe to Robert Lord Boyd; next Margaret Daughter of . . . . . . Fowlis of Colingtoun, by whom he had Thomas his Succeſſor, Sir James Hamilton of Prieſtfield, Sir John Hamilton of Reidhall; likewiſe three Daughters, Iſobel married to James firſt Earl of Airly, Margaret to David Lord Car [...]agie, Son of David Earl of Southesk, and after his Death to James Earl of Hartfiel, and Jean to John Earl of Caſſils: His laſt Wife was Julian, Daughter of Sir Thomas Ker of Ferniehirſt, Widow of Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth, by whom he had a Son Patrick, who was ſlain at the blowing up of the Houſe of Dunglaſs.

Thomas the ſecond Earl of Haddingtoun, in the Beginning of the Troubles was on the Side of the Covenant, and when the Scots Army marched toward England, he had the Command of the Gariſon of Dunglaſs, which by the Treachery of his own Page, an Engliſh Boy, was blown up, by firing the Magazine, whereby the Earl and ſeveral Gentlemen of Quality, miſerably periſhed on the 30th of Auguſt 1640. By Catharine his Wife, Daughter of John Earl of Mar, he had Thomas his eldeſt Son, who married a Lady of Quality in France, o [...] the Family of Chatilon, but died without Iſſue, and John Earl of Haddingtoun; alſo by Jean, Daughter of George Marquis of Hantl [...], his ſecond Wife, he had a Daughter Margaret, married to John firſt Earl of Kintore.

John the next Earl of Haddingtoun married Chriſtian, Daughter of John Earl of Crawfurd, by whom he had Charles his Son and Heir, and Three Daughters, Margaret married to John Hope of Hopetoun, Eleanor to Sir William Anſtruther of That-Ilk, one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, Suſanna to Adam Cockburn of Ormiſtoun, Lord Juſtice-Clerk, and all had Iſſue. He dying the 1ſt of September 1669, was ſucceeded by

Charles his Son, who married Margaret Counteſs of Rothes, eldeſt Daughter of John Duke of Rothes. By her he had John the preſent Earl of Rothes, and Thomas Earl of Haddingtoun, who married Helen, Daughter of John Hope of Hopetoun, and has Iſſue, Charles Lord Binning, John, Margaret, Chriſtian.

111.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt and 4th Gules on a Chiveron betwixt Three Cinque Foils, Argent, a Buckle Azure betwixt Two Spots of Ermine, all within a Border, Or, charged with eight Thiſtles Vert, 2d and 3d Argent, a Feſs wave betwixt Three Roſes, Gules. Supporters, Two Spaniel Dogs. Creſt, Two Dexter Hands holding betwixt them a Branch of Lawrel. Motto, Praeſto & Perſto.

112. HALIBURTON, Lord Haliburton.

SIR James Dalrymple, a very learned Perſon in the Antiquities of his Country, upon good Grounds, [Page 183] is of Opinion, that the Sirname of Haliburton was taken at firſt from the Chappel of Haliburton, depending upon the Church of Green-Law in Berwick-ſhire, as appears from a Grant thereof by David Filius Tructe about the Time of Malcolm IV. as may be inferred from a Charter by Philip de Haliburton, deſigning the fore-mentioned David the original Granter his Grand-father, Anno 1261. In the Reign of Robert I. the Haliburtons came to be Lords of the Barony of Dirltoun, by Right from the Vauſſes, an ancient Family, whoſe Arms they carried, and ſo probably, by Marriage of an Heir Female. The Family came to be conſidered as Lords in the Time of King James II. in the Perſon of Sir Walter Haliburton of Dirltoun. He was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by John Lord Haliburton, who flouriſhed under King James III. Patrick Lord Haliburton was his Son, who obtain'd a Grant to himſelf and Margaret his Wife Daughter of Patrick Hepburn of Hales of the Barony of Dirltoun, on his Father's Reſignation. George Lord Haliburton was his Succeſſor, and James Lord Haliburton ſucceeded him. After this James, Patrick was Lord Haliburton, who dying without Male Iſſue, in the Reign of King James V. the Honour failed, and his Eſtate came to his three Daughters Coheirs thus married.

1. Janet to William Lord Ruthven.

2. Marion to George Lord Hume.

3. Margaret to George Ker of Faudenſide in Vic. de Roxburgh.

112.1. ARMS.

Quarterly 1ſt. and 4th. Or, on a Bend, Azure, 3 Lozanges of the 1ſt, 2d, and 3d Or, a Bend Gules.

113. FALCONER, Lord Halkertoun.

THIS ancient Family is derived from one Ranulphus filius Walteri de Lenorp, who was Falconer to King William of Scotland, as appears by a Deed of the ſaid Prince to him of the Lands of Lachra and Balbegno, in Vic. de Kincardin, wherein he is deſigned Falconario noſtro a. In proceſs of time his Deſcendants roſe to be [Page 184] great Barons, and were well known by the Deſignation of Halkertoun, their principal Reſidence in the County foreſaid. They have for many Years enjoyed the Honour of Knighthood, and have been frequently elected to ſit in Parliament as Knights of the Shire, and in other publick Stations have ſerved their Country on occaſions with great Reputation.

Sir Alexander Falconer of Halkertoun, the firſt who attained the Honour of Peerage, was Son and Heir of Sir Alexander Falconer by Agnes his Wife Daughter of Mr. David Carnegie of Coluthie Anceſtor to the Earl o [...] Southesk, being a Gentleman well vers'd in Learning, and competently skill'd in the Laws, was by the Favour of King Charles I. promoted to be one of the Lords of Council and Seſſion 19th of July 1639a, and deporting himſelf both in Parliament and otherways with Honour and Honeſty in the King's Service during the Civil War, his Majeſty was graciouſly pleaſed to put a laſting Mar [...] of his Eſteem upon him and his Family, by creating him Lord Halkertoun on the 20 of December 1647b, and living to ſee his Royal Maſter King Charles II. reſtor'd; his Lordſhip was again nominated to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, in which Imployment he continued till his dying Day, the 1ſt. of October 1671c, leaving Iſſue by Anne his Wife, Daughter to John Lord Lindſay Anceſtor to the Earl of Crawfurd Alexander his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Agnes married to George Lord Banff.

Which Alexander married Margaret Daughter of James Earl of Airly. and departing this Life the 4th of March 1684d, was ſucceeded in his Eſtate and Honour by David the preſent Lord his Son, who is not married, and conſequently has no lawful Iſſue. His neareſt Relation on the Male Line is Sir Alexander Falkoner of Glenfarquhar, his preſumptive Heir.

113.1. ARMS.

Azure, a Falcon diſplay'd Argent crown'd Or, betwixt three Stars of the ſecond, and on her Breaſt a Mans Heart proper, Supporters Or, two Eagles proper, Creſt, an Angel incircl'd with Lawrel, Motto, Vive ut Vivas.

114. BOTHWEL, Lord Haly-Rud-Houſe.

WHEN King James V. did Inſtitute the College of Juſtice, Anno 1532e, he promoted Mr. Francis Bothwel, a Perſon well vers'd in the Civil and Canon Law, to be one of the Lords of Council and Seſſion. By Anne his Wife, Daughter to the Lord Livingſton he had two Sons, Richard Bothwel Provoſt of Edinburgh in the Reign of Queen Mary, Anceſtor of Bothwel of Glencorſs in Vic. de Edinburgh, and Mr. Adam Bothwell who having gone through the Courſe of his Studies at the Univerſity and the Inferior Schools, applyed himſelf particularly to Theology; and after ſome inferior Station in the Church, which no doubt he paſſed through, he was elected Biſhop of Orkney by the Chapter, and obtained the Royal Aſſent thereto, the 8th of October 1562f,f f [Page 185] that See being then void by the Deceaſe of Biſhop Reid, and two Years after nominated to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſticea. He was one of the four Popiſh Biſhops who imbraced the Proteſtant Religion, and zealouſly concured in reforming the Errors in Doctrine of the Romiſh Church till then eſtabliſhed in the Nation by Law, and continued long in the exerciſe of his Biſhoprick, notwithſtanding of the Prejudice the Church then had to that Orderb. In the 1570, he made an exchange of the Revenue of the Epiſcopal See of Orkney, then in his Perſon, and which he was impower'd to diſpoſe of as he had a mind, with Robert Stewart Prior of Haly-Rud-Houſe, and thereby came to be Commendator of that Abbey, which he enjoyed till the the 23 of Auguſt of 1593. He was called from this tranſitory to an Eternal Life, and was interred in the Abbey-Church of Haly-Rud-Houſe, near his Grave was affixed this Inſcription and Epitaph, ‘Hic reconditus jacet Nobiliſſimus Vir, Dominus Adamus Bothuelius, Epiſcopus Orcadum & Zetlandiae; Commendatarius Monasterii Sanct [...] Crucis; Senator & Conſiliarius Regius: qui Obiit anno aetatis ſuae 67. 23. die Menſis Augusti, anno Domini, 1593’

Epitaphium,
N [...]te Senatoris magni; magne ipſe Senator;
Magne Senatoris, triplice laude, Parens;
Tempore cujus opem poſcens Eccleſia ſenſit;
Amplexa eſt cujus Cura forenſis opem;
Vixiſti, ex animi voto: Jam, plenus Honorum,
Plenus opum, ſenii jam quoque plenus obit.
Sic nihil Ʋrna Tui, niſi membra ſenilia, celat;
Teque vetat Virtus Vir tua Magne mori.
I faelix Mortem requie ſuperato ſuprema;
Sic, Patriae & Liberis, Fama perennis erit.

Mr. John Bothwel of Allhammar c his Son ſucceeded him in the Commendatory of Haly-Rud-Houſe, who being a very polite and learned Perſon, was by the Bounty of King James VI. promoted to be one of the Senators of the College of Juſtice, upon the Dimiſſion of his Father, 26th June 1593d, he was one of thoſe the ſaid King choſe to accompany him into England, Anno 1603, when he went to take Poſſeſſion of that Crown, being then one of his Majeſty's moſt honourable Privy Council, and continuing much in his Maſters Favour and Eſteem. He obtained a Charter and Patent bearing Date at Whitehall 20th of December 1607, erecting Totas & integras terras & Baroniam de Dunrod, nec non Terras de Mikle & Little Kirklands jacent in Seneſchallatu de Kirkcudbright & Vicecomit. de Drumfries ac etiam omnes & ſingulas feudae firmarum augmentationis annuus redditus ad conventum & conventuales fratres Monaſterii & Abbaciae de Haly-rud-houſe pro tempore ſolvi ſolit. & Conſuet. ac etiam totas & integras Terras & Baroniam de Alhammer alias Whitekirk in unam liberam Baroniam & Regalitatem; nec non Damus & Concedimus Magiſtro Joanni Bothwell ſuiſque heredibus & aſſignatis Heredita [...]iae totum & integrum Monaſterium & Abbaciae locum de Haly-rud houſe una cum omnibus & ſingulis decimis garbalibus aliiſque decimis quibuſcunque tam rectoriarum quam vicariarum omnium & ſingularum Eccleſi [...]rum & Parochiarum de Whitekirk, Libertoun, Tranent, Crawfurd-Lindſay, St. Cuthberts, & Haly-rud-houſe, per prius ad dictum Monaſterium & Abbaciam de Haly-rud-houſe, tanquam ſpiritualitatem ejuſdem ſpectan. quas omnes Terras, Baronia & Abbacias erigimus [Page 186] unimus, & annexamus in unum integr [...] & liberum temporale dominium omni tempore futur [...], Dominium de Halyrud houſe [...]cupa [...]d. praefato Magiſtro Joanni Both [...]el, ſuiſque heredibus Maſculis de Corpore ſuo legitime procreatis ſeu procreandis, quibus deficien. heredibus maſculis qu [...]ndam Adami Epiſcopi Orcaden. ſui Patris, quibus deficientibus legitimis & propinquioribus heredibus & aſſignatis dicti Magiſtri Joannis quibuſcunque. This Lord married Mary Daughter of Sir John Carmichael o [...] that Ilka, and dying in November 1609b, he left a Son John to ſuccee [...] him in the Honour, who died unmarried Anno 1635, to whom Alexander Bothwel of Glencorſs was ſerved and retoured Heirc on the 4th o [...] February 1704.

114.1. ARMS.

Azure a Cheveron betwixt three Trefoils Or, ſupported on the right Side by a Gray-Hound, and on the other with a Goſe-Hawlk Proper, Creſt, a Palm Tree, with a naked Boy on it, Motto, Surgendum adverſus urgentia,

115. HAMILTON, Duke of Hamiltoun.

AS this illuſtrious and moſt noble Family is the firſt of the Peerage of Scotland, ſo it is one of the moſt conſiderable, whether we Reſpect the Nobleneſs of its Extraction, the Multiplicity of its Branches, or the Grandeur of its Alliances; and tho' they are not of ſo long a Continuance in this Realm, as ſome others mentioned in this Work; yet 'tis ſufficient to ſay, That this noble Houſe has been eſtabliſhed by an undenyable and uninterrupted Succeſſion of full Four Hundred Years, and had the Honour to be grac'd with the Intail of the Crown, and imperial Dignity of this Realm, One Hundred and Sixty Years ago, which was ratified in a full Aſſembly of the three Eſtates of Parliament, to which all of them ſet their Seals.

I muſt acknowledge I have not had the Honour to peruſe the more ancient Writes of the Family of Hamiltoun, wherefore I am obliged to rely upon the Account given me from Mr. Hamilton of Wiſhaw, an Antiquary of no little Fame, who ſays, ‘"That Sir Gilbert Hamilton, the firſt of this illuſtrious Race who tranſplanted himſelf from the Kingdom of England, was extracted from the ancient Earls of Liceſter, of whoſe Grant his Progenitor had Lands in that County, called Hamilton, from whence they aſſumed a Sirname, and that the occaſion of his coming to Scotland is delivered by Hiſtorians, after this manner:"’ Sir Gilbert (ſay they) at the Court of Edward II. chanced to talk with Honour and Reſpect of the great Merit of King Robert the Bruce, whereupon one John del Spencer gave him a Blow, which arrogant Treatment he reſented ſo highly, that encountering him the next Day, he killed him; and to avoid puniſhment, fled to Scotland, where he was well received by King Robert: Who to make amends for what he had forfaulted on his account at home, generouſly rewarded him with the Barony of Cadzow, in the county of Lanerk, then an appendage of the Crown. He was a very brave Man, and to him are aſcribed a vaſt many great Exploits, particularly, that he diſtinguiſhed his Valour and Conduct in the deciſive Battle of [Page 187] Bannock-burn, (which happened on the the 25th of July 1314,) ſo eminently, that he was knighted in the Field, and got a Gift of diverſe Lands. My former Author further informs me, that he was matched with a Lady of the Family of the Randolphs, rais'd in that Reign to the Honour of Earl of Murray, by whom he had two Sons, Sir Walter his Succeſſor, and Sir John Hamilton of Roſs-aven Knight, of whom ſprung the Family of Preſtoun in Vicde Edinburgh, and its Branches. To Sir Gilbert's Memory this Epitaph was compoſed by a famous Author.

Iure ego deſerui patriam, vetereſque penates,
Nempe fidem, jus, fas deſerit illa prius.
Jam nova jura libens inii ſub rege benigno,
Qui profugo patriam, qui potiora dedit.
Hinc res, at que decus, fortunaque laeta ſecuta eſt,
Hinc regum thalamis nobilitata domus.
Esto, ſolum verti, at patriam inveni, haec dedit auxit,
Quae modo perdideram: quae potui, illa dedi.

Sir Walter his Son was a Man of great Fame and Character, he had ſeveral Military Commands in the Service of Robert I. which he perform'd with great Diligence and Succeſs, in Conſideration whereof, he had by that Prince's Grant a Charter of the Barony of Cadzow, to be held in as ample manner as Sir Gilbert his Father held the ſame: Alſo in the 9th of the ſame Reign, to reward his great Merit and acceptable Services, he had a Grant of the Barony of Machan-ſhire in the County of Lanark, which formerly belonged to John Cumin Knight. Further, in the 1324, the King beſtowed on him the Lands of Kinneil, Larber, Brimage, and Auldcathie in the Shire of Linlithgow, and the very ſame Year the Lands of Kirkinder and Kirkowen in the County of Wigtoun, for good Services done and to be done by him, as the Charter bears. Thus by his Princes Bounty and Favour arriving to great Wealth and Honour, he ſtrengthened his Family by a very noble Alliance, taking to Wife Iſobel Daughter of William Earl of Roſs a, and Neice to the King by her Mother, by whom he had two Sons, who ſurvived him, Sir David, and Sir John Hamilton, from whom the Families of Innerweek Ballincrieff, and the preſent Earl of Haddingtoun are deſcended.

To Sir Walter Hamilton ſucceeded Sir David his Son, who ſerved King David II. in his Wars againſt the Engliſh: He was with the King at the unfortunate Battle of Durham, Anno 1348, where he was taken Priſoner with his Maſterb, but paying a Ranſom he was releaſed. That he had great eſteem from that King, is plain enough, for in the 40th of his Reign, he had a ſpecial Grant of all the Lands which belonged either to Sir Gilbert his Grand-father or Sir Walter his Father in any part of the Realm;c and at the ſame time the King was pleaſed to diſcharge for ever to him and his Heirs, a Feu-duty that had been formerly payable to the Exchequer out of the Barony of Cadzow, a Sign of the Prevalency of his Intereſt at that Prince's Court, where Men of Merit were only imployed. In the 4th of King Robert II. Anno 1373, he had Summons to Parliament, and appends his Seal to the Act recognizing his Majeſty's Title to the Crown, and in ſettling the Succeſſion upon all the King's Children lawfully begotten, either by Eliſabeth Mure his firſt Wife, or Euphame Roſs then his Queend. What is further remarkable of this Sir David, is, That according to the Devotion of that Age, when Donatives to the Church could ſanctifie and merit for any Perſon, he gave in pure and perpetual Alms to the Cathedral [Page 188] Church of Glaſgow an Annuity of Ten Merks Sterl out of the Barony of Kinneil, for the Support of a qualified Perſon to celebrate Divine Service at the Altar of the Bleſſed Virgin Mary, in the ſaid Church, Pro ſalute animae Roberti quondam Regis Scotiae, nec no [...] pr [...] proſperitate ſereniſſimi Principis Domini David Regis Scotiae, ac etiam pro ſalute animae ſuae, & animarum omnium antec [...]ſſorum & ſucceſſorum ſuorum in perpetuum a. My former worthy Authorb informs me, that this Sir David dying in the 1373, left Iſſue by Margaret his Wife Daughter of Walter Leſly Lord of Roſs, by Euphame Daughter and Heir of William Earl of Roſs, David his Succeſſor, and Walter Progenitor of the Branch of Camskeith, in Vic. de Air c and its Cadets.

Which Sir David attained the Honour of Knighthood from King Robert II. in the 7th of whoſe Reign he had a Grant of the Lands of Bothwell-Mure, in the County of Lanark d, and by other Acquiſitions, he raiſed a great Fortune. Marrying Janet Daughter of Sir William Keith Mariſhal of Scotland e, by her he had five Sons and a Daughter.

Sir John who continued on the Line of the Family.

Sir William the ſecond Son, was Anceſtor of the Hamilton's of Bathgate in Vic. de Linlithgow f.

Sir Robert the third, from whom the Family of Bruntwood and Udſtoun did deſcend, out of which branched the Hamiltons of Barncluth, the Lord Belhaven, Roſehall, Pencaitland, and Wiſhaw.

George the fourth Son, was Author of the Family of Boarland, in Vic. de Air.

David the fifth, who fixed his Reſidence in the County of Stirling, where he acquired a fair Eſtate by the marrying one of the Co-heirs of Galbreath, a great Baron in thoſe Parts, and became the Root of the Hamiltons of Bardowie, who ſtill continue there.

Eliſabeth only Daughter, married to Sir Alexander Fraſer, Thane of Cowie and Dores g.

But to return to Sir John Hamilton Lord of Cadzow, who appears to have been a Perſon of ſpecial Account, but living in a Time of no great Action under Robert III. a peaceable Prince, I could not procure any Memoirs of him proper to be inſerted here. His Wife was Janet Daughter of Sir James Douglaſs of Dalkeith, Anceſtor to the Earl of Morton. By her he had

Sir James his Succeſſor.

David, who firſt founded the Family of Dalſerf, in Vic. de Lanark, of whom the Hamiltons of Blackburn, Allarſhaw, Ladyland, Green, and others derive themſelves.

Thomas, of whom deſcended the Houſe of Raploch, out of which iſſued the Hamiltons of Torrence, Stanhouſe, Woodhall, Aikenhead, Dechmont, Barns, and ſeveral flouriſhing Branches in the Kingdom of Ireland, of which the Earl of Glenbryſall was the Head.

Having done with the younger Brothers, I proceed with Sir James Hamilton of Cadzow the eldeſt Son, who in the 1411, with David his Brother, obtained Letters of ſafe Conduct from Henry IV. to come into England, as far as the Caſtle of Calthorp, in the County of Lincoln, yet on what occaſion is not ſaidh: And twelve Years after, when the Sum of [Page 189] Fourty Thouſand Pound Sterling was agreed on as the Ranſom of King James I. He was ſent into England as one of the Hoſtages for the payment thereofa, an Evidence he was then looked upon as one of the moſt conſiderable Barons of Scotland. Soon after which, King James conferred on him the Honour o [...] Knighthood, and called him to his Privy Council. In the Reign of King James II. when our Conſtitution of Parliaments came to be modelled according to the Frame they are now in, this noble Perſon was in the 8th of the ſame King, Anno 1445, entred among the Lords of Parliament, all his Lands being then erected into a Lordſhip in all time coming, to be called the Lordſhip of Hamilton b. Alſo in the 1449, he was joined in Commiſſion with John Biſhop of Glaſgow, Andrew Abbot of Melroſs, Patrick Cockburn Provoſt of Edinburgh, Peter Young Dean of Dunkeld, to treat with the Engliſh touching a Peace betwixt the two Nations, which they concludedc. Upon the Rebellion of the Earl of Douglaſs, he was with the Earl of Angus ſent to command againſt the Rebels, by whom they were intirely routed: In Conſideration of which ſignal Service, he was rewarded with the Baronies of Drumſhargard and Carmonock, with the heritable Sheriffſhip of Lanark ſhire, then in the Crown, by the Forfaulture of the ſaid James Earl of Douglaſs d. This noble Lord founded, and amply endowed the Collegiate Church of Hamilton in the 1451, which was ratified and approven by the Popes Bull, which he went to Rome in Perſon to procure, being accompanyed with James Lord Livingſtoun and Gavin Hamilton Provoſt of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell, having got a ſafe Conduct from Henry VI. to paſs through England e. He was likewiſe a Benefactor to the Univerſity of Glaſgow, then founded by Biſhop Turnbull, by his Charter of Mortification, bearing Date the 14th of January 1459f, which he did not long ſurvive, departing this mortal Life in the Year 1460g, tho' I cannot meet with the Day and Month. His firſt Wife was Janet Daughter to Sir Alexander Livingſton of Calendar h, by her he had

1. James his Succeſſor Lord Hamilton.

2. Andrew firſt of the Hamiltons of Silver-Town-Hill, in Vic. de Lanark.

3. Gavin, Provoſt of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell, Anceſtor of the Family of Orbiſtoun, of whom alſo Haggs, Kilbrachmont, Dalztel, Monkland, Bothwel-haugh, Parkhead, and Bar i.

4. John Hamilton of Whiſleberry k, in Vic. de Lanark.

His ſecond Wife was Euphame Daughter of Patrick Graham Earl of Strathern, Counteſs Dowager of Douglaſs, by whom he had a Son and two Daughters,

Sir John Hamilton of Shawfield, in Vic. de Lanark.

Mary, married to William Earl Mariſhal.

Eliſabeth to David Earl of Crawfurd afterward Duke of Montroſe.

[Page 190] 708 James Lord Hamilton was ſucceeded by James his Son, who was conſtituted one of the Lords of the Privy Council, Anno 1440; in which Station he continued, till from ſome Miſtake he entred into that memorable League with the Earls of Douglaſs, Roſs, Crawfurd, Murray, and Ormond, wherein they ſolemnly ſwore never to deſert one another during their Lives; that Injuries done to any one of them, ſhould be conſidered as done to them all; that they ſhould concurr againſt whatſoever Perſons within or without the Realm, and ſpend their Lives, Goods and Fortunes in Defence of each other. But when Sir James Hamilton diſcerned their violent purpoſes againſt the King, he ſever'd himſelf from them, and returned to his Duty, whereupon enſued the ruin of the Earl of Douglaſs, who perſiſted in his Rebellion. In the Reign of King James III. he was no leſs conſidered and valued than he had been by the former King; for in the 1471, when a Treaty of Peace was ſet on foot with the Engliſh, he was one of thoſe noble Perſons who met the Lord Howard and other Commiſſioners on the Part of the King of England, and treated of a [Page 191] League and Amity betwixt the two Nations. Thereafter on the 6th of March 1472, he was with William Biſhop of Aberdeen, David Earl of Crawfurd, John Lord Darnly, and Archibald Whitelaw Secretary of State, by a Commiſſion under the Great Seal, appointed to treat with the Ambaſſadours of England upon a laſting Peace betwixt the two Realms. His excellent Qualities and heroick Virtues gain'd ſo much upon his Sovereign King James III. that he was pleaſed to beſtow upon him his Siſter the Lady Mary Counteſs of Arran in Marriage, the greateſt Honour any Subject was capable of. With this moſt vertuous Lady he lived in all conjugal Affection, till the 6th of November 1479, he departed this Lifea, leaving Iſſue James his Succeſſor, and a Daughter Eliſabeth married to Matthew Earl of Lennox, Grand-mother by him of Henry Lord Darnly Duke of Albany Father of King James VI. firſt Monarch of Great Britain.

Which James being a Nobleman endowed with all the great Qualities ſuitable to his high Birth, began early to diſtinguiſh himſelf in the publick Service in the Reign of King James IV. for when he was very young his Majeſty called him to his Privy Council, and in the 1503 ſent him to England to conclude his Marriage with Margaret eldeſt Daughter to Henry VII. Soon after which the ſaid King being ſenſible of his great Merit and eminent Services, was pleaſed to give him the Earldom, and create him Earl of Arran on the 10th of Auguſt 1503, where the remarkable Expreſſions uſed by his Majeſty, as the juſt Motives of beſtowing the Honour, are ſufficient to illuſtrate thoſe of his Poſterity, and are thus ſet furth in the preamble of his Patent.

Sciatis nos, propter propinquitatem ſanguinis inter nos & dilectum conſanguineum noſtrum Jacobum Dominum Hamilton, & pro ſuo gratuito ſervitio nobis impenſo & impendendo, ac pro ſuis magnis laboribus & expenſis factis & ſuſtentatis pro noſtro & Regni noſtri honore, tempore contractus Matrimonii noſtri in facie Eccleſiae ſolemnizati apud noſtrum Monaſterium Sanctae Crucis prope Edinburg ac cum aviſamento & conſenſu noſtri Concilii, ac trium noſtri Regni ſtatuum; pro tempore praedicto mature aviſatos & ex noſtra expreſsa ſcientia ac proprio motu dediſse, conc [...]ſſiſſe, & hac preſenti charta noſtra confirmaſſe eidem Jacobo Domino Hamilton totum & integrum Comitatum de Arran jacen. in Vicecomitatu [...]e Bute &c.b,

[Page 192] His Lordſhip being now higher in Dignity, the Year following had the Command of the Forces ſent from Scotland to the Aſſiſtance of Chriſtian II. of Denmark; which Service he happily perform'd with Conduct, Diligence, and Fidelity. Having gone thus ſucceſsfully through this Affair, his royal Maſter again intruſted him with the Command of the Four Thouſand Men ſent into France to the Aſſiſtance of Lewis XII. where he acquired immortal Honour; and when that Service was over, he returned Home richly rewarded by that Prince, beſides a Penſion during Life. While he ſtay'd in France the Death of King James IV. happned in the unfortunate Battle of Flowdon; then he returned home to ſettle the diſturbed State of his Native Country, which ordinarily falls out in all Minorities, and ſtood fair to have been elected Regent to the young King. Many, ſays my Author, gave their Voices for him, as being neareſt in Blood to the King, and a Man affecting Peace more than others, and every way ſufficient for ſuch a Charge; but he generouſly and juſtly yielded his Pretenſions to his Couſin-German John Duke of Albany, who was as near to the King in the Male, as his Lordſhip was in the Female Line. Upon the Duke's Promotion to the Supreme Government, his Lordſhip was named Captain of the Caſtle of Edinburgh a, Provoſt of that City, and not long after Warden of the Marches toward England. Alſo in the 1517, this Earl was appointed one of the Six Guardians of the Realm, who were to Rule by Turns, when John Duke of Albany went to France to renew the ancient League which had been kept inviolable for many Centuries paſt betwixt the two Realms: There being nothing more to be found in Hiſtory concerning this great Earl, we ſhall draw toward the Cloſe of his Life, and obſerve his Marriages and Iſſue.

His firſt Wife was Beatrix Daughter of John Lord Drummond b, by whom he had only one Daughter Margaret, married to Andrew Stewart Lord Evandale and Ochiltree c, and after her Death, Eliſabeth Siſter to Alexander Lord Hume, Lord High Chamberlane of Scotland; but being divorced from herd, he was again enabled to marry, ſo he next took to Wife Janet Daughter of Sir David Beaton of Crich in Vic. de Fife Comptroller in the Reign of King James IV. Widow of Sir Robert Livingſton of Eaſter-Weems, by whom he had,

James Earl of Arran.

Helen married to Archibald Earl of Argyle.

Jane to Alexander Earl of Glencairn.

[Page 193] This Earl giving way to Fate in the 1530, was ſucceeded by

James his Son, a Perſon of ſingular Prudence and Integrity, as will appear in the whole Conduct of his Life. In the 1536, when he was but a very young Man, he was one of the Lords who attended King James V. by his ſpecial Appointment in his Voyage to France, when he eſpouſed Magdalen Daughter to Francis I.a, afterward in 1539, when the foreſaid King had a Prince born to him by Mary of Lorrain his next Queen he had the Honour to ſtand God-father to himb. His Lordſhip was very forward in offering the King his Service toward the ſuppreſſing the Incurſions of the Engliſh, under the Command of Sir Thomas Wharton, and had the Command of that Body which was ſent to Deſend the Eaſt-Border, where he ſoon heard the mortifying News of the Loſs of the Army at Solway, which was not long after attended with the Death of that Monarch, who yielded his laſt Breath on the 14 of December 1542: Then my Lord Arran was, by the unanimous Conſent of Parliament choſen Protector to the young Queen Mary, and Governour of Scotland, which was ratified by an Act of the three Eſtates, in which, The Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commiſſioners of Burghs, declare James Earl of Arran Lord Hamilton, ſecond Perſon of the Realm, and neareſt to ſucceed to the Crown of the ſame, failling of our Sovereign Lady, and the Bairns lawfully to be begotten of her and none others; and by Reaſon thereof Tutor lawful to the Queen's Grace and Governour of the Realm, and he to uſe the ſaid Office in all things until the perfect Age of our ſaid Sovereign Lady, and all the Leiges of this Realm, to Anſwer and Obey the ſaid Earl as Tutor lawful to her Grace, and Governour foreſaid, in all things concerning the ſaid Office, conform to the Act made hereupon c.

As ſoon as the Earl was in Poſſeſſion of the Government, he ſent the Earl of Glencairn, Sir George Douglaſs, William Hamilton of Sanquhar, James Learmont of Balcomy, and Mr. Henry Balnaves of Hall-hill, Secretary of State unto England, in order to treat both about a Peace, which was become neceſſary, by reaſon of the King's Death, and other concurring Circumſtances, and a Match betwixt the Infant Queen and Edward Prince of England. Accordingly a Peace, or at leaſt an Abſtinence, as it was then termed, and a Marriage betwixt the Queen and Prince Edward were agreed to, and ratified by a great Majority in the Parliament, which met at Edinburgh in Auguſt 1543.

I need not mention in this place, how this advantagious Union was ſpoiled by the then Clergy and the French Faction, it being ſo fully treated on by Biſhop Leſly and Mr. Buchanan, only I ſhall add what neither of them have taken much notice of, That the Earls of Huntly, Argyle, Montroſe, Bothwel, Monteith, Lord Fleeming, and a great many more of all Ranks, entred into a moſt ſolemn Bond; and notwithſtanding of the Act of Parliament, bound and obliged themſelves to oppoſe the intended Match with England, and conſequential Union, with all their Power, tho' with the hazard of their Fortunes and Lives, at the ſame time they endeavoured all they could to bring the Governour into a Complyance with the breach of the Treaty, and the more effectually to win him over to them, they propoſed to ſecure the Crown to his Poſterity, by beſtowing the Infant Queen upon the Lord Hamilton, his eldeſt Son. But ſo invincibly was he attached to what he thought the Intereſt of his Country and his own Reputation and Honour [Page 194] in the Obſervation of a Treaty he himſelf had cauſed to be ratified in Parliament, that he kept it inviolated on his part, till King Henry VIII. not only refuſed to ratify it on the other Part, but alſo cauſed his Officers to ſeiſe upon a great many Scots Ships that had ſailed to England loaden with French and Scots Commodities, upon the Faith of the Treaty of Peace before concluded. This undenyable Breach of the Articles condeſcended on, the Governour reſented to that degree, that he called a Parliament in December 1543, and in it declared the Treaty to be void and null, in regard the Engliſh had broke it firſt. Then he applyed himſelf with the utmoſt Diligence to carry on a War, and immediately raiſed what Forces he could, to oppoſe the Engliſh Army that had invaded Scotland, under the Command of the Lord Evers, whom he encountred at Ancrum in Teviotdale; and tho' they were 7000 to not above 800, put them to the rout with conſiderable Loſs on their Side, and ſcarce a Man on his Lordſhip's. Not long after this, he was join'd by Monſieur de Lerges Count of Montgomery, with 3500 French Auxiliaries, and marched toward England in ſearch of the Earl of Hartford, who to retrieve the former Loſs, had entred Scotland, and had already laid waſte a great part of the Merſe and Teviotdale, but retir'd upon the approach of the Scots Army. The Governour in his Turn invaded England, beat the Enemy where ever he found them, ravag'd the Country, and return'd with the Glory of having defeated one Army, and given the Chaſe to another in one Campaign. Neither am I to forget, that at this time King Francis I. ſent him the Enſigns of the moſt noble Order of St. Michael. To proceed, in the 1547, when the Duke of Somerſet was made Protector of England, and Tutor to Edward VI. upon the demiſe of Henry VIII. in Proſecution of the War, he invaded Scotland upon the head of a mighty Army, ſeconded by a Fleet by Sea. His Grace haſtning to raiſe all the Force he could to oppoſe him, ſo advancing toward Pinkie-cleugh, where the Enemy were incamped, the Engliſh obtained the Victory on the 10th of September 1547, and left Eight Thouſand Scots killed on the Field. After which they ravaged the Country five Miles round, ſacked Leith, and made an Attempt upon Edinburgh, but by the Activity of the Governour they were repulſed with Loſs. After which his Lordſhip repaired to Stirling, where he had appointed the Nobility to meet him. In this Aſſembly he appeared not at all dejected or diſpirited, but addreſſed himſelf in this Speech, that Monſieur de Larrey has thought fit to inſert in his French Hiſtory of England, tranſlated by an ingenious Author, from whom I have preſumed to borrow it.

‘"I Doubt not but that many of you, My Lords, and more of the Vulgar, (whoſe forward prepoſterous Underſtandings ſeldom judge of Things but by the various Events they are liable to) may be apt to diſapprove a War that has been attended with Conſequences ſo fatal to moſt of us. I own that I advis'd you to Undertake it; and as then, ſo I am ſtill of Opinion, that 'tis one of theſe Evils the Glory and Liberty of the Nation do not allow us to avoid: I know not but you may have other Sentiments at this time, and have therefore call'd you together, to congratulate your Magnanimity, if you remain unſhaken, as I am, in your Reſolution to repulſe the Encroachments made upon us; [Page 195] and, if you are otherwiſe diſpos'd, as I hope you are not, to upbraid your Fear, the Inglorious Enemy of Reaſon and Courage. When I took the Command of our Armies upon me, you unanimouſly preferr'd an Honourable War, to a Peace you thought equally Unſafe and Diſgraceful; and ſhall we be ſo Mean as to yield to the firſt Signal Injuſtice of Fortune? No: I am perſwaded, that, as Grating as our Misfortune at Pinky muſt needs be to you all, you'll nevertheleſs chooſe to purſue a Noble Revenge, rather than ſit down with the Affront, or ſubmit to the threatn'd Slavery. Come on't what will, I am fix'd in my firſt Opinion; and I had rather preſerve the Monarchy at any rate, I mean, tho' at the Expence of ſuch of the Subjects Fortunes and Blood as have been, or may yet chance to be waſted, than to ſpare the Eſtates and Lives of private Men, tho' ever ſo Great or Deſerving, with the Loſs of our Common Country. Let us labour by all Means to ſave the Ship, that ſaves all; and to effect this, let us not grudge to cut down the Maſt, nor to ſee our own Shares of the Loading thrown over Board: If the Foundation of an Edifice ſtands firm, 'tis no great Matter what comes of the Ceiling or Furniture. Our private Loſſes are ſo many Sacrifices that are due to the Publick, they weaken the State, I own it, but the Ruin of the State it ſelf muſt needs involve us all in Univerſal Irretrivable Miſeries. Conſider, My Lords, with what an Enemy we have to do, and on what Terms we may purchaſe a Peace. Our Enemy, is he not the ſame old Inveterate One, whoſe Avarice has, by Unjuſt Wars, ſo often attempted to Devour our Exiſtence? And is not this preſent War alone ſufficient to make us tremble at the very Thought of, falling under the Power of Tyrants ſo unconſcionably Implacable? We cannot deſcend to the Terms they propoſe, without ſtooping under the Imperious Yoke of a People that thirſt for our Blood, and whoſe Inſolence is whetted with Fury. Caſt your Eyes, on the other Hand, on your Ancient Unalterable Allies the French; they never yet fail'd us in our greateſt Exigencies, and will not in the preſent Juncture of our Affairs: Neither do we want Friends in Italy: Nay, there are few Potentates in Europe, that will unconcernedly look on and behold our Deſtruction. Reſolve, in fine, Whether we had beſt Defend our Liberties, or give them up; Whether 'tis moſt expedient to die, if it muſt be ſo, Free and Independent, or to live Eternal Slaves to our greateſt Foes. 'Tis true, they offer us fair Things; our Laws and Rights are, by the Treaty, to remain untouch'd: But pray, who is Guarrantee for this? And if the Engliſh ſhall, in an After-game, either Break or Encroach upon the Articles agreed to, Who will Redreſs our Grievances? To what Tribunal ſhall we appeal? 'Tis a Jeſt to offer to ſet up either for Liberty or Property, when in effect we ſhall have given them away. We muſt begin, by ſurrendering our Miſtreſs to a Husband, that is, to a Maſter; which done, I don't ſee why he may not, as ſuch, ſubject her Crown to his own, or rather Unite and Confound them in one: And thus Scotland muſt inevitably become a County or Province of England. 'Tis impoſſible to reflect on the Ambitious Project without Horror and Deteſtation: And how can we chooſe, but to have the meaneſt Sentiments of, and greateſt Contempt imaginable [Page 196] for ſuch of our Countrymen as ſhall ſhew themſelves Villains enough to comply. The uncertain Events and Length of the War, may perhaps intimidate ſome of us: But is't the firſt time that Scotland has ſeen herſelf expos'd to Dangers of this kind? When reduc'd to the like Extremities, did ever our Anceſtors heſitate to prefer their Honour to Life? And are we ſo far Degenerated as to render our ſelves, their Off-ſpring, unworthy of the ineſteemable Treaſure they purchas'd with ſo much Valour, and tranſmitted to us with ſo much Glory? Had the malign Influence of our Birth involv'd us in Slavery, how far we had been oblig'd to endeavour the Recovery of that Freedom we had never enjoy'd, I ſhall not determine; but ſince we were born Free, 'tis plain, that our Poſterity can never pardon our Cowardice, if we become willing to reſign the Independency our own Birth and Forefathers Courage have entitl'd us to. I [...] but a part of our Eſtates and Honours were invaded, we might plead ſome Pretence or Excuſe for diſpenſing with it: But the Body of the Nation is attack'd; our Country, nothing leſs than our Country, is at Stake; its Ancient Laws and Fundamental Conſtitution are on the Point of being ſubverted. I cannot diſown, but that 'tis hard to tell what Succeſs it ſhall pleaſe the Almighty to give to our Arms; 'tis certain however, that as we muſt bear with Patience thoſe Maladies the Infirmity of Nature has made us liable to, ſo we are oblig'd to ſuffer with Conſtancy ſuch further Loſſes as the Enemy's good Fortune may procure us. 'Tis not only in theſe our Days that the Scots Nation, equal to the Romans in this Point, have ſtood firm in the midſt of Dangers, or that they have conquer'd their hard Fate by the Steddineſs of their Courage: Let us for no reaſon affront the Memory of thoſe Heroes that gave us a Being, and far from following the Example of thoſe in the March and Teviotdale, let us rather deteſt the Infamy of their Defection. The more Vigor we ſhall expreſs by our Unanimity in this Meeting, ſo much the more may we expect the Aſſiſtance of our Friends beyond Seas: Nay, Fortune her ſelf ſeems to take Pleaſure in raiſing that Virtue ſhe has in vain attempted to depreſs. One thing at leaſt we are ſure of, the Boldneſs of our Reſolutions cannot fail of conveying the Praiſes we ſhall deſerve, down to the old Age of Time; whereas our Cowardice, if expreſs'd on this Occaſion, would render us Infamous and Unhappy at once."’

This Speech ſo lively, and ſo admirably well adapted to the Humour of the Nation at that time, had its deſired Effect: The Nobility applauded his Deſign, they talked of nothing but of Means to proſecute the War; and whatever the Event might be, they reſolved to hazard all, rather than ſubmit to the Engliſh. So it was agreed to have recourſe to the King of France, who they thought alone able to retrieve their Loſſes, and to tranſact with him about marrying the Queen when fit for a Husband, to Francis the firſt his Son the Daulphine. Then the ſaid King was pleaſed to create his Lordſhip Duke of Chattlerault in that Kingdom, and to aſſign him for the better ſupport of the Honour a Revenue of 30000 Livres a Year to him his Heirs and Aſſigneys for ever. After which his Grace continued Governour of Scotland for ſix Years, till the 1555, he reſigned that great Poſt in full Parliament to the Queens Mother. He was again declared to [Page 197] be the preſumptive Heir of the Crown, failing Queen Mary and the Iſſue of her Body, and this at a Time when he had deveſted himſelf of all Authority, delivered up the Regalia, and conſequently was not in a Condition to influence the Members, nor byaſs the Judgment of the Nation; after which his Grace liv'd much at Home in a State ſuitable to his Quality, imploying himſelf in the Service of his Country upon all Occaſions with untainted Honour.

When Queen Mary returned Home from France, Anno 1561, her Majeſty was pleaſed prudently to make choice of a new Privy Council, all or moſt of whom were Proteſtants, the better to conform her ſelf to the preſent poſture of Affairs; and confiding much in the Duke of Chattlerault, he was choſe one of that Number, wherein he worthily ſerved her Majeſty in ſettling the Kingdom, then in no ſmall Ferment, always ſhowing a great ſteddyneſs to the Intereſt of his Country and the Proteſtant Rel [...]gion. The Queen having found the benefit of his faithful Services at Home, was pleaſed in 1566a to ſend him over to France to take care of her Intereſt there, where he did all the Service he could that was conſiſtent with his Honour and the Proteſtant Cauſe. Here he continued till the Queen was forc'd to make the Reſignation of the Government in favours of her Son the Prince: Then the Duke of Chattlerault was called home to be the Head of the Loyaliſtsb. So ſoon as he came to Scotland, his Grace uſed his utmoſt endeavours to have had the Earl of Murray then Regent, degraded from his uſurped Authority, the Queen reponed to the Exerciſe of her royal Power, and the Peace of the Country reſtored; and for that end by vertue of a Commiſſion from her Majeſty, he gathered together what Forces he could raiſe in ſo ſhort a time; but ſeeing no manner of hopes of Aſſiſtance from England, and knowing that a Civil War was juſt breaking out in France, he reſolved to make no other uſe of his Arms than to obtain to himſelf and his Friends honourable Conditions of Peace, and the benefit of living quietly at Home, till indulgent Providence ſhould afford him an Opportunity of ſerving his Queen and his Country, for which End the Biſhop of St. Andrews his Brother, was ſent to the Regent to procure a ſafe Meeting, in order to bring their Differences to an Accomodation; and the Time and Place being agreed to, after many Diſputes on both Sides, the following Articles were drawn up, and mutually ſigned, which I ſhall ſet down in the primitive Style.

‘"IT is deſired for the part of my Lord Regent, that my Lord Duke and his Adherents, ſhall recognoſce the King and his Authority, and acknowledge themſelves to be his Subjects, and promiſe unto him Service, Obedience and Fidelity, in all time coming, as their Sovereign."’

"IT is required on the part of the Duke's Grace and his Adherents, that every Nobleman be admitted to have his Place in Council, as their Predeceſſors have been in all time of other Princes of this Realm? And my Lord Regent bearing the King's Authority, ſhall be ſworn ſolemnly, from that time forward, to behave himſelf uprightly and indifferently to them, as the remanent Noblemen of this Realm, in all their honeſt and juſt Cauſes, without Particularity, or remembrance of any Offence, conceived amongſt them during the time of their Contraverſies."

"Item, That all theſe who ſhall be content in time coming to behave themſelves as faithful Subjects to [Page 198] the King, and acknowledge their Obedience to him, ſhall be reſtored to their Lands, Bounds, Heritages, and Poſſeſſions, notwithſtanding the Doom of forefaulture led againſt them. Providing always that this Benefit ſhall not extend to them, that has been forfaulted for Art and Pa [...]rt of the Slaughter of umquhile the King's Father."

"Item, That my Lord Regent, and remanent Noblemen joyned with himſelf, ſhall condeſcend to ſick Heads and Articles, as may redound [...]o the Queen's Honour, Advancement and Commodit [...], and may beſt ſerve her Turn, providing that the ſame be not prejudicial to the King nor his Sovereignty, whereupon depends the Security of all Noblemen and others, profeſſing themſelves to be his Subjects."

"And becauſe my Lord Regent, and others on his part, are as well content to yield to thir reaſonable Deſir [...]s foreſaid; as to crave the Performance of his Deſire towards the King's Obedience at their hands, and w [...]lleth that all come toge [...]her at a time, becauſe now publick Leiſure cannot ſerve to compleat theſe things that are neceſſary to be done to the Queen, it is thought convenient, that on tenth day of April next to come, ſhall be aſſembled and conveened together at Edinburgh, in quiet and peaceable manner, thir Perſons following, They are to ſay, my Lord Regent, my Lord Duke, the Earls of Huntly, Argyle, Athol, Mortone, Marr, Glencairn, and my Lord Herries."

"And in caſe of Abſence of any of thir Nine Perſons, be Sickneſs or other lawful Impediment, ane other Nobleman of that Party ſhall be choſen to ſupply his Place. And there in Friendly manner to Treat, Conclude and Agree, upon ſick Heads as ſhall be performed to the Queen, and what the ſaids Perſons ſhall find redound to her Honour, (without prejudice to the King) the hail Noblemen on both ſides, ſhall condeſcend thereto. And for the Security of the coming of the Nobility foreſaid, my Lord Regent promiſes on his Honour, that they ſhall be Skaithleſs, and without Danger, in their Coming, Remaining, and Returning."

"Item It is agreed that my Lord Duke Chattlerault, nor his Adherents, ſhall not Challenge, Uſe nor Execute, no Authority of Lieutenandry be any Commiſſion of the Queen, or that any Impediment be made be them, againſt the King's Authority in the mean time, and ordains Forces of fenſible Men on all ſides to be diſſolved, that no Injury be done to any Subject be way of Deed."

"The Regent promiſes to perform upon his Honour, ſo far as concerns his Part; and therefore Wills the Duke's Grace, the Earl of Caſſilis, and my Lord Herries to enter ſufficient Pledges preſently, for performance of their Parts; to wit, for the Duke, one of my Lord Duke's Sons, for the Earl of Caſſilis, the ſaid Earl's Brother, and for my Lord Herries, the ſaid Lord's eldeſt Son."

According to Articles, moſt of the Perſons concerned met at Edinburgh on the 10th of April 1569, to treat at large of a thorow Agreement, and eſpecially of ſuch Points as related to the baniſhed Queen. Being all in one Room, the Regent firſt roſe, and drawing out a Paper, asked the Duke, if he would inſtantly ſubſcribe an Acknowledgment of the young King's Authority, or not, to which he modeſtly replyed, That he and his Friends had laid down their Arms conditionally, nor could he think himſelf, or them, obliged to ſubſcribe their Allegiance to the King, unleſs according to [Page 199] theſe Conditions, the Regent at the ſame time ſhould grant what might be reaſonably demanded, in behalf of the diſtreſſed Queen, and therefore hoped he would not proceed to Acts of Force and Fraud too, ſince not only he and his Friends, but their Hoſtages likewiſe were in his Hands, deſiring him to remember that they had religiouſly obſerved every Article of the late Treaty, and had come ſecure and unarmed as to a Friend, faithfully relying on his Honour, and thoſe aſſurances of Safety he had given them in the moſt ſolemn manner under his own Hand. To this eaſie Remonſtrance of the Duk's, Murray made no manner of return (ſays my Author)a but againſt all the Laws of Honour ſent him to the Caſtle of Edinburghb, where he was kept cloſe Priſoner till the Regent was murdered by James Hamilton of Bothwell-haugh on the 23 of January 1570, then he had his Liberation, after having purged himſelf by Oath from all manner of Suſpicion in that Affair.

What a loyal and honeſt Part my Lord Duke of Chattlerault acted for the Intereſt of his Sovereign Queen Mary in the time of her greateſt Diſtreſs, is ſo well known & was ſo frequently own'd & acknowledg'd, by her Majeſty, that I don't think it neceſſary to be further inſiſted on herec, and that his Loyalty was not eaſie to him, is evident from the manifold Sufferings and Hardſhips he underwent during the continuance of the Civil War; for as ſoon as the Earl of Lennox was elected Regent, he burnt down the Caſtle & Town of Hamiltoun; and that theſe honeſt Patriots might be heartily humbled, not ſo much as the Corn-Fields and Trees belonging to a Hamiltoun were ſpared, the Duke himſelf with his two Sons, and moſt of the Gentlemen of the Name of Hamilton were all forfaulted for their Rebellion againſt the young King; notwithſtanding he reſolutely perſiſted in the Queen's Service, and had a large ſhare in the Misfortunes of that unfortunate Queen, but being aged, for the better Security of his Perſon from the violence of his Enemies, he retired into France, where he ſtayed ſome time during the Rage of the War, which had reduced his Country to the laſt extremity; and returning home he gave way to Fate on the 22 of January 1575. As for his Character, notwithſtanding the Envy of ſome, and the Malice of others, it ſhone very bright, in that great and difficult Truſt of Governour of Scotland, which he held in the moſt difficult Times, ſo he diſcharged it for twelve Years with no leſs Prudence and Dexterity than Honour and Reputation, a Praiſe which few of his Enemies ever denyed him in any time. For in his Court, ſays a reverend Hiſtoriand, There was nothing to be ſeen the ſevereſt Eye could cenſure in the publick Adminiſtration, ſuch a Moderation was kept as no Man was heard to complain. And continues my Author, He was a Nobleman well inclined, plain, and without all Diſſimulation and Fraud, that by the goodneſs of God, who always favoureth the Upright, he was carryed thro many Difficulties, and died in Peace and Honour, well advanced in Age.

This noble Duke married Margaret eldeſt Daughter of James Douglas Earl of Morton, by whom he had Iſſue,

James Earl of Arran his eldeſt Son, a Gentleman of the higheſt Expectations, who gave early Proofs of inheriting all the Vertues of his Anceſtors to an eminent Degree, but he became Defective in his Underſtanding, and thereupon retired from the World, dying without Succeſſion, Anno 1609.

Lord John, thereafter Marqueſs of Hamilton.

Lord Claud Progenitor to the Earl of Abercorn.

Lord David who dyed a young Man.

[Page 200] Lady Margaret married to Alexander Lord Gordon, Son and Heir of George Earl of Huntly, ſans Iſſue, and after his Death to James Lord Fleming, Anceſtor to the Earl of Wigton.

Lady Anne to George Earl of Huntly, Lord High Chancellour of Scotland, Progenitor to the preſent Duke of Gordon.

Lady Jean married to Hugh 3d Earl of Eglingtoun, but had no Succeſſion.

His Succeſſor in the Honour was James Earl of Arran his eldeſt Son, but he being non compos mentis, John his next Brother repreſented the Family. This noble Lord was born in the 1532, and had by the bounty of King James V. the Commendatory of Arbroath Abbey, one of the richeſt Benefices in Scotland, beſtowed on him, Anno 1541a, by which Title he was deſigned for ſome time after. We hear not much of his Conduct till the breaking out of the Civil War in Queen Mary's Time Anno 1567, that he moſt faithfully adher'd to her Majeſty's Intereſt, and upon her Impriſonment in the Caſtle of Lochlevin, his Lordſhip with ſeveral others entered into an Aſſociation, wherein they promiſe ‘"To uſe their utmoſt Endeavours by all reaſonable Means to procure her Majeſty's Freedom and Liberty, upon ſuch honeſt Conditions as may ſtand with her Majeſty's Honour, the Commonweal of the whole Realm, and Security of the whole Nobility, who at preſent have her Majeſty in keeping. Whereby this our Native Rea [...]m, may be govern'd, rul'd, and guided by her Majeſty and her Nobility, for the common Quietneſs, the Adminiſtration o [...] Juſtice, and Weal o [...] the Country. And in caſe the Noblemen, who have at preſent her Majeſty in their Hands, refuſe to ſet her at Liberty upon ſuch reaſonable Conditions, as ſaid is, in that Caſe, We ſhall employ our Selves, our Kindred, Friends, Servants and Partakers, our Bodies and Lives to ſet her Highneſs at Liberty, as ſaid is; and alſo to concur to the Puniſhment of the Murther of the King her Majeſty's Husband; and for ſure Preſervation of the Perſon of the Prince, as We ſhall Anſwer to God, and on our own Honours and Credit; and to that effect ſhall concur every one with other at our utmoſt Power. And if any ſhall ſet upon Us, or any of Us, for the doing, as aforeſaid, in that Caſe, We promiſe faithfully to eſpouſe one another's Intereſt under pain of Perjury and Infamy, as We ſhall anſwer to God."’

My Lord Hamilton's moſt Loyal and firm Adherence to the Crown was very dear to him, for the contrary Faction who were Maſters of the young King, proſecuted him and his Family with the utmoſt Severity, for no other Reaſon but becauſe they owned Queen Mary's Authority, and therefore in one of their Parliaments held in October 1579, both he and his Brother Lord Claud were forfaulted. My Lord John to avoid the Storm that threatned him, fled on Foot in a Sea-mans Habit into England, and from thence made his Eſcape into France, where he was kindly entertained by James Beaton Biſhop of Glaſgow, then Ambaſſador at the French Court for Queen Mary, here he had great Offers made him by the Houſe of Guiſe, if he would change his Religion, and imbrace Popery, but ſuch was the goodneſs of God toward him, that he perſever'd in his Religion, which tho' it loſt him [Page 201] the Favour of the French Court, it preſerv'd him the Peace of his Conſcience, which he ever afterward reckoned one of the moſt ſignal Favours of Heaven toward him. Notwithſtanding the hard Uſage his Lordſhip met with, he continued true and faithful to the Queen to the laſt, of which her Majeſty was ſo ſenſible, that when that ſevere and unparalleled Sentence of Death was paſſed on her in England, ſhe took a Ring off her Finger and gave it to one of her Servants, and order'd him to carry it to her Couſin Lord John Hamilton, and tell him that, that was all ſhe had to Witneſs her great Senſe of his Families conſtant Fidelity to her, and their Sufferings for her Intereſt, and deſired it might be ſtill kept in the Family as a laſting Evidence of her Kindneſs to it a.

This noble Lord in the Courſe of his Exile ſojourned in diverſe foreign Parts till ſome time after King James IV. came to manage by his own Councils, that he returned to Scotland, and on the firſt of November 1585, together with ſeveral other Lords and Barons, petitioned the King to redreſs certain Grievances of the Nationb, repreſenting to him in a humble manner, That the hard handling by partial Perſons about his Majeſty, had compelled them upon plain Neceſſity, and for their laſt Refuge to take the boldneſs to come into his Preſence in Arms for the Surety of their Lives and Lands; Adding, That they were ever humbly minded to ſerve his Majeſty, and obey him hereafter, as became dutiful and loyal Subjects. To which the King replyed, That tho' their Enterpriſe was Treaſonable yet in Reſpect of their Neceſſity, and in hope of their good Behaviour in time coming, he would remit the Crime: And further directing himſelf to my Lord Hamilton, He ſaid, My Lord, I did never ſee you before, and muſt confeſs, that of all this Company you have been the moſt wronged, you were a faithful Servant to the Queen my Mother in my Minority, and when I underſtood not, as I do now, the State of Things, hardly uſed. Hereupon a Parliament was called, wherein the Act of Forfaulture of the Hamilton's was repealed, and the Family again reſtored to all the Titles of Honour, Eſtate and Precedency, loſt either by the Attainder of himſelf, or of James Earl of Arran his Brother; and the ſame Year his Lordſhip was ſworn of the Privy Council, and conſtituted Captain of his Majeſty's Caſtle of Dumbartoun. The King placing great Confidence in the Fidelity of this Lord, was pleaſed in the 1588c to give him a Commiſſion under his Privy Seal to be Ambaſſador Extraordinary to accompliſh the Marriage betwixt his Majeſty and the Princeſs Anne of Denmark, and this with full Conſent of his Privy Council; but his Lordſhip declining that Honour by reaſon of his Age, and the King himſelf going in Perſon to Denmark, his Majeſty named my Lord Hamilton Lieutenant of the South of Scotland, which great Truſt he diſcharged fully to his Majeſty's Satisfaction, and the Expectations he had conceived of him. The Royal Favour toward his Lordſhip did not ſtop here, but the King in Memory of his long and faithful Services, was pleaſed to raiſe him, to the Degree and Dignity of Marqueſs of Hamilton with great Ceremony on the 19 of April 1599d, continuing ever afterward without any the leaſt Interruption in great Eſteem with that Prince who gave him frequent Viſits at his Palace of Hamilton, and treated him with the ſame Reſpect, the Queen his Mother had done the Duke of Chattlerault, and called him always Father. To conclude, this [Page 202] noble Perſon died in the higheſt Favour with Prince and People, the 12th of April 1604a, and was interr'd among his Anceſtors in the Collegiate Church of Hamilton, leaving a Son and a Daughter behind him by Margaret his Wife, Daughter of John Lord Glamis, Anceſtor to the Earl of Strath more, James his Succeſſor, and Margaret married to John Lord Max well Anceſtor to the preſent Earl of Nithſdale.

John Marqueſs of Hamilton was ſucceeded by James his Son, who was born in the 1589. After his Acceſſion to the Honour, he was appointed one of the Lords of his Majeſty's Privy Council, and afterward preferred to be one of the Gentlemen of the Bed Chamber; and that he might the better ſupport his Character, his Majeſty was pleaſed to diſſolve from the Crown the Abbey Lands, with the Patronages and Tithes of the Monaſtery of Arbroath in Forfar-ſhire, and to e [...]ect them into a temporal Lord ſhip in favour of my Lord Marqueſs, and that eſpecially in Conſideration of his Fathers Faithfulneſs and Sufferings for Queen Mary, by his royal Charter bearing Date the 5th of May 1608b.

Beſides this vaſt Augmentation of his Fortune in Lands, he likewiſe bore ſeveral great Offices in that Princes Reign, as Lord High Steward of his Majeſty's Houſhold, and Lord High Commiſſioner to the Parliament which began on the 25 of July 1621c, wherein the five Articles of Perth Aſſembly were ratified, and after having ſurmounted all the Difficulties that occurred in that Tickliſh Juncture, he put a period to that Seſſion on the 27th Day of Auguſt enſuing. His Lordſhip highly meriting for his Services to the Crown, his Majeſty was pleaſed in Recompence thereof, on the 16 of June 1619 to creat him a Peer of England by the Honour of Earl of Cambridge (a Title that had only been born by very illuſtrious Perſons, all of the Royal Family of England:) And as a further Inſtance of his Royal Favour, to admit his Lordſhip into the moſt noble Order of the Garter, and accordingly he was inſtalled at Windſor 7th of July 1623; from henceforth living in the higheſt Favour with his Prince, whoſe Affection and Eſteem he had a greater Power over than any Man of that time, ſays one, the Duke of Buckinghame only